PRODUCTION CYCLE

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what is production cycle ??? and what are the basic steps of produciton cycle ??

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PRODUCTION CYCLE

  1. 2. PRODUCTION CYLE <ul><li>MUHAMMAD YOUNUS (O8IN70) (GL) </li></ul><ul><li>MUHAMMAD UMAIR (O8INO1) </li></ul><ul><li>NAVEED AHMED (O8IN42) </li></ul><ul><li>MUHAMMAD AKRAM (O8IN69) </li></ul><ul><li>HARIS KHAN (O8IN60) </li></ul>
  2. 3. Contents <ul><li>INTRODUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>PRODUCTION CYCLE </li></ul><ul><li>STEPS OF PRODUCTION CYCLE </li></ul><ul><li>Sales forecasting </li></ul><ul><li>Preparation of budget </li></ul><ul><li>Engg: department prepares detail </li></ul><ul><li>Production planning activity </li></ul><ul><li>Dispatching </li></ul><ul><li>Progressing </li></ul><ul><li>Inspection </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Stock </li></ul><ul><li>Delivery to customer </li></ul><ul><li>GRAPHICAL REPRESENTATION OF PRODUCTION CYCLE </li></ul><ul><li>PRODUCTION CYCLES WITH THE INTERACTION OF CUSTOMER AND SUPPLIER’S </li></ul>
  3. 4. I NTRODUCTION <ul><li>PRODUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>It is the set of activities develop to transform a set of input element (men, material, money, machinery) into a specified set of output element like finished product and services in proper quality and quantity to satisfy customer need and satisfaction. </li></ul><ul><li>The transformation of input element through production may be of integrated (convert raw material to finished product), disintegration (no. of component join to form new product) and it may provide services. </li></ul>
  4. 5. PRODUCTION CYCLE <ul><li>PRODUCTION CYCLE </li></ul><ul><li>Production cycle (procedure) starts with the customer and ends up with satisfying the need of the customer by delivering their required product. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s a frame work which describe how and from where the production started and when the various operations are interrelated to each other and how one is depend on other and from where its returns to its first step where it is initiated. </li></ul>
  5. 6. STEPS OF PRODUCTION CYCLE <ul><li>THE PRODUCTION CYCLE/PROCEDURE INVOLES THE FOLLOWING STEPS </li></ul><ul><li>SALES FORECAST </li></ul><ul><li>PREPARATION OF BUDGET </li></ul><ul><li>ENGG: DEPT: PREPARE DETAILS </li></ul><ul><li>PLANNING ACTIVITY </li></ul><ul><li>DISPATCH </li></ul><ul><li>PROGRESSING </li></ul><ul><li>INSPECTION </li></ul><ul><li>EVALUATION </li></ul><ul><li>STOCK </li></ul><ul><li>DILIVERY OF CUSTOMER </li></ul>
  6. 7. SALES FORCASTING/ MARKET RESEARCH <ul><li>It is the very first or initial method i-e the sales enquiry is received by sales department. </li></ul><ul><li>This enquiry may come from company's sales men, from agents, company's advertisement in order to get the customer need and necessities. </li></ul><ul><li>This information give the limiting dimension in design and consumer relation to modification. </li></ul><ul><li>The sales-forecast report is prepare and submitted to the top management. </li></ul>
  7. 8. PREPARATION OF BUDGET & ENGG: DEPT: PREPARE DETAIL <ul><li>The finance department prepares production budget in construction with the production department. </li></ul><ul><li>The proposed budget by finance department and sales forecasts, are closely interrelated and management takes decision through these two regarding the annual or semi annual quantity to be produced. </li></ul><ul><li>The engg: department is instructed to prepare drawing, part list and specification or check or modify existing one. </li></ul><ul><li>The manufacturing budget is then adjusted according </li></ul>
  8. 9. PRODUCTION PLANNING ACTIVITY <ul><li>As the technical information is received from engg: department (including drawing, part list, specifications, standards etc) the production, planning and control activity. </li></ul><ul><li>The basic function of this activity is to well informed about availability of material and expected delivery of material which is already order. </li></ul><ul><li>The production planning activity is concerned with the make of detailed schedule of activity. </li></ul><ul><li>It is also concerned to check the inventory levels in order to determine the procurement of material and standard parts that have to be issued. </li></ul>
  9. 10. DISPATCHING <ul><li>The production planning section supplies complete data on methods, machine loading, and utilization, as well as production schedules, to the control section for dispatching </li></ul><ul><li>It is the process of setting production activities in motion through release of orders and instructions. </li></ul><ul><li>Its authorizes the start of production activities by releasing material, components, tools, fixture and instruction sheet to the operator. </li></ul>
  10. 11. INSPECTION <ul><li>At this stage the material process and assembling is inspected by quality control department. </li></ul><ul><li>It gives details of specification and if specification are not made accordingly than the product is rejected and if the specification is OK than the product is ready or accepted. </li></ul><ul><li>Final inspection of the parts carried out before product leaves the shop and moves to the finished parts or products store. </li></ul>
  11. 12. PROGRESSING <ul><li>When the detail production orders specifying how when, where the operation should be perform by the production control section the control function are carried out through out the manufacturing period, and progress is constantly compared with the planned schedule so that the suitable modification can be considered and incorporate when required. </li></ul><ul><li>Its gives a permanent contact b/w the control section and the manufacturing departments, to facilitate the a constant flow of information and instructions. </li></ul>
  12. 13. EVALUATION <ul><li>Evaluation of the production operation is the main pillar of the control function and has to carried out both during and after these operations. </li></ul><ul><li>Inspection reports are one facility of Evaluation, they form a basis for corrective actions in the processes or methods, and sometimes even for modifications in the specifications of raw materials. </li></ul>
  13. 14. GRAPHICAL REPRESENTATION OF PRODUCTION CYCLE
  14. 15. PRODUCTION CYCLE Budget preparation Sales forecasts Delivery to customer Engg:dept. details preparer's Dispatching Production planning activity progressing Inspection Evaluation Stock
  15. 16. STOCK AND DILIVERY TO CUSTOMER <ul><li>When the product is completely made then finish product is transferred after inspection to stock for selling purpose in the local as well as international markets or regular customers. </li></ul><ul><li>The last stage of production cycle at which the product is deliver to the customer. </li></ul><ul><li>And the customer his self after comparing the product characteristic with of its competitors and with his exceptions is ready to contribute his views and reactions to market research means again production start that’s why it is called production cycle </li></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>PRODUCTION CYCLES WITH THE INTERACTION OF CUSTOMER AND SUPPLIER’S </li></ul>
  17. 18. SALES FORECASTING PREPARATION OF BUDGET ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT PREPAR DETAIL’S PRODUCTION PLANNING ACTIVITY DISPATCHING PROGRESSING STOCK DELIVERY TO CUSTOMER EVALUATION INSPECTION CUSTOMER SUPPLIERS
  18. 19. Thank You !
  19. 20. Questions Presented by : 08IN70, 08IN01, 08IN42, 08IN60, 08IN69 Department of Industrial Engineering and Management

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