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industrial accidents and their types , preventions

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wht is industrial accident ?? what are the basic types of industrial acidents ?? what are the basic steps of accident prevention.

wht is industrial accident ?? what are the basic types of industrial acidents ?? what are the basic steps of accident prevention.

Published in: Health & Medicine, Business

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  • hello Mr. younus your presentation is so useful to me ,please send to my email address johnmorris15@yahoo.com,thanks
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  • it really help me,,hope you can share with me,,
    wanrajagopal@gmail.com
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  • PLEASE MAIL YOUR PPT TO pacrmani@gmail.com at the earliest possible for the benefit of my students. thanks.
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  • Good day to you, how are you? Your presentation is very helpful to me as an industrial trainer. I hope that you will share it to me. Thank you... avena_ads12@yahoo.com
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  • could you please send me your presentation to : alaaelcharbini@yahoo.com. thanks
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  • 1.  
  • 2. Presented by , Mohammad younus (08in70) Mehran university of engineering and technology , jamshoro sindh Pakistan INDUSTRIAL ACCIDENTS
  • 3. CONTEXT….!!!!
    • INTRODUCTION
    • WHAT IS AN ACCIDENT ???
    • WHAT IS AN INDUSTRIAL ACCIDENTS ???
    • TYPES OF ACCIDENTS.
    • CATEGORY OF ACCIDENTS.
    • CAUSES OF ACCIDENTS.
    • INVESTIGATION OF ACCIDENTS.
  • 4. INTRODUCTION
    • In today's a highly competitive atmosphere every organization having a no. of problems and one of such problem is industrial accidents.
    • In rare sense / means we can an industrial accidents is part of an industry.
    • Due to increase in the literacy rate , freedom to the media , and activeness of labors unions higher management to lower staff manger are all strive to reduce the accidents and prefer on the safety action.
    • Due to advancement in the technology and automation increase this also leads to a different and very harmful type of accidents.
    • A little careless ness may cause a very harmful accidents.
  • 5. WHAT IS AN ACCIDENT ???
    • “ An accident is an unplanned & uncontrolled event which causes or is likely to cause an injury”.
    • It is some thing which un-expected , un-predictable or intended or not desired.
    • An accidents may cause a result of some unsafe activity, act, working condition etc ,…..
  • 6.
    • It can be define as “An accident or occupational accident is an event of accident that suddenly occurs when one or no. of employees / workers placed in plant.
    • For instance, In an organization a person / labor while working receiving an electric current, a labor cut his finger from machine, blast in chemical industry because of various reasons, fired in textile section etc..
    • These are all the example of industrial accidents.
    WHAT IS AN INDUSTRIAL ACCIDENT ???
  • 7. TYPES OF ACCIDENTS
    • It can be classified as,
    1- ACCORDING TO LENGTH OF RECOVERY i-FIRST AID ACCIDENTS ii-LOST TIME ACCIDENTS iii-HOME- CASE ACCIDENTS Here these worker receives first aid at plant hospital and then return to the job. here worker loses a day or shift in which accidents occur. Compensation is given to the employee by employer for the severity of accident. worker loses reminder of shifts or turn on which the accidents has occurred
  • 8. 1- ACCORDING TO THE NATURE OF INJURY i-FATAL ACCDIENTS ii-TEPORARY DISABLEMENT iii-PERMANENT DISABLEMENT
    • it includes the accidents that could result in the death of the injured worker. The death could occur on the spot due to the unbearable injuries.
    • it includes the accidents that could result in the death of the injured worker. The death could occur on the spot due to the unbearable injuries.
    • it includes the accidents that could result in the death of the injured worker. The death could occur on the spot due to the unbearable injuries.
    • accident that reduces the earning capacity of an employee when he engaged in the injury. But once he got ok he start work again ….
    • an accident that reduces completely reduces the earning capacity of an employee…..!!!!
  • 9. CATEGORY OF ACCIDENTS
    • There are FOUR category of accidents…..
    • MINOR ACCIDENTS
    • REPORTABLE ACCIDENTS
    • FATAL ACCIDENTS
    • ACCIDENTS DUE TO DANGERIOUS OCCURANCE
  • 10. 1) MINOR ACCIDENTS
    • It includes all those accidents that are
    • Less harmful in nature to the worker
    • Preventing employees from working for the period less than 48 hours from the time of accidents.
    • These accidents are not reported to the higher management.
    • These accidents are easily control.
  • 11. REPORTABLE ACCIDETNS
    • It includes the category of accidents which is little complicated then of minor accidents.
    • Here the injuries caused to the worker prevent him from working for the period of 48 hours or more.
    • Here supervisor is responsible to report to the higher management and arrange another worker so that the production could not be affected.
  • 12. ACCIDENTS DUE TO THE DANGRIOUS OCCURANCES
    • These occurs due to
    • Bursting of vessel for containing steam under pressure greater then atmospheric pressure.
    • Failure of crank or other appliances.
    • Explosion of fire causing damage to any room or place where person are employed.
    • Explosion of container used for storage of any gas or liquid at a pressure greater than atmospheric pressure.
  • 13. CAUSES OF ACCIDENTS
    • As we know that an accidents is an unplanned activity and hence an accidents don’t have any specific cause to occur , the causes of accident vary from situation to situation.
    • In general sense an accident may be cause due to ……….
    • Technical cause
    • Human cause
  • 14. 1- TECHNICAL CAUSES TECHNICAL CAUSES Mechanical factors Environment factors UNSAFE CONDITION
  • 15. MECHANICAL FACTORS
    • The mechanical factors includes
    • Unsafe mechanical design and construction, Hazards arrangement ,In proper machine guarding, defective device, improper material handling, leaking and value etc
    ENVIRONEMENTAL FACTORS
    • The environmental factors includes
    • Two low and too high temperature to cause shivering and sweating respectively, too high humidity to cause fatigue and drownsiness, defective and illumation, inadequate rest and brakes b/w working hours, poor housekeeping, noise, bed order and flash coming from near by machinary, equipment or process etc …
  • 16. 2- HUMAN CAUSES Personal factors HUMAN CAUSES Unsafe acts
  • 17. PERSONAL FACTORS
    • It includes
    • Age
    • Health
    • Lack of knowledge & skill
    • Improper attitudes towards work.
    • Emotional in stability such as jalousy.
    • Mental worries
    • Non use safety device
    • Working and unsafe speed.
    • Improper use of tools.
  • 18. Accidents Investigation
    • Investigation can be done according to the category of accidents and therefore the procedure for investigation is vary from situation to situation.
    • There are three types of procedure for investigating the accidents.
    • Procedure for investigating Minor Accidents.
    • Procedure for investigating Reportable Accidents.
    • Procedure for investigating Fatal & Poissons Accidents.
  • 19. 1- Procedure for investigating of Minor Accidents
    • The procedure for investing such types of accidents is that as soon as accidents occur first aid shall be given to the injured. These accidents are not reported to the higher management and they are easily controlled by foreman and supervisor.
    2- Procedure for investigating of Reportable Accidents
    • In this type of accidents head of the department choose a senior person for inquiry after receiving report of supervisor. Also it is duty of supervisor to report to the higher management to temporary arrange another worker so that the production could not affected.
  • 20. Procedure of investigating the Fatal Accidents.
    • In case of fatal accidents the following officers shall be intimated through message
    SAFETY OFFICER WORKERS MANGER LABOUR OFFICER OF FACTORY
  • 21.
    • The officer on receiving intimation shall immidiately informed the following authorized persons
    LABOUR OFFICER OF FACTORY INSPECTOR OF FACTORY NEAREST POLICE STATION WORKERS FAMILY
  • 22. Thank You !
  • 23. Questions