Worktrek 2

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Week 2 of Worktrek Towards Jerusalem June 2011

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Worktrek 2

  1. 1. Worktrek 2<br />Towards Jerusalem<br />June 2011<br />
  2. 2. Itinerary<br />Mon: Tel Aviv to Jericho<br />Tue: Jericho, Ramallah, Nablus<br />Wed: Nablus, Sebastia, Nazareth<br />Thu: Galilee, Capernaum, Nazareth<br />Fri: Galilee, Banyas, Golan, Nazareth<br />Sat: Bet Sean, Qumran, Wilderness<br />Sun: Bethlehem, Wilderness<br />Mon: Bethlehem<br />The second week was based in Bethlehem, with visits to Herodium, Hebron, Jerusalem, Masada, Engedi, Dead Sea<br />Mon: via YadVashem to Tel Aviv<br />
  3. 3. The Wall<br />Week 2 Monday<br />
  4. 4.
  5. 5. UN Resolution 194, Article 11:<br />Resolves that the refugees wishing to return to their homes and live at peace with their neighbours should be permitted to do so at the earliest practicable date, and that compensation should be paid for the property of those choosing not to return and for loss of or damage to property which, under principles of international law or in equity, should be made good by the Governments or authorities responsible. <br />Instructs the Conciliation Commission to facilitate the repatriation, resettlement and economic and social rehabilitation of the refugees and the payment of compensation, and to maintain close relations with the Director of the United Nations Relief for Palestine Refugees and, through him, with the appropriate organs and agencies of the United Nations;<br />
  6. 6. Resolution 194<br />Rejected or reinterpreted by Israel<br />USA regularly vetoes UN resolutions calling on Israel to act justly<br />Keys are used as a symbol of the right of return<br />Channel 4 - “The Promise”<br />
  7. 7.
  8. 8. Dheisheh Refugee Camp<br />Just south of Bethlehem<br />1948 - Arab-Israeli war<br />1949 - Camp established<br />Temporary tent refuge for 3,400 Palestinians from Hebron and 45 villages<br />Now about 10,000 people in 1 km2 with narrow paved streets and concrete buildings<br />
  9. 9. Dheisheh Refugee Camp<br />Connected to mains water and electricity<br />Water is taken by Israel from under Palestinian land and sold to Palestinians<br />Only switched on once a month<br />Palestinian houses all have water tanks on the roof<br />Palestinian families like to live nearby, so they need to build upwards<br />
  10. 10. Dheisheh Refugee Camp<br />Many refugees are now third or fourth generation<br />Schools have a shift pattern <br />Class size up to 50 (max)<br />“Sardine rooms”<br />Some houses are not connected to mains sewage, so they use common percolation pits<br />
  11. 11. Dheisheh Refugee Camp<br />6 families in this yard shared 1 WC<br />Children are taught how to plant trees<br />
  12. 12. Settlement<br />
  13. 13. Road being built for Israeli use<br />ISRAELI<br />PALESTINIAN<br />
  14. 14. Tuesday<br />
  15. 15. Herodium<br />
  16. 16. Herod the Great<br />Born in 74 BCE<br />‘King of the Jews’ in 40 BCE<br />Called ‘Great’ because of his building and irrigation projects:<br />Caesarea, Masada, Temple Mount<br />Heavy taxes<br />Ruthless, hated, paranoid<br />Slaughter of innocents in Matthew 2<br />
  17. 17. Herod the Great<br />10 wives – all political<br />15 children<br />Favourite wife - Mariamne<br />Conspired against him<br />Killed her, then regretted it <br />Preserved her in honey<br />
  18. 18. Herodium<br />Near Tekoa (Amos) on site of Herod’s victory over Parthians<br />Summer palace and fortress<br />Man-made mountain<br />Earth from nearby mountain was moved to make the fortress look like a hill.<br />
  19. 19. Herodium<br />
  20. 20. Herodium<br />
  21. 21. Travel to Hebron<br />Biggest commercial centre in West Bank – pottery and glass<br />Very important in ancient times<br />Currently difficult<br />5 Jewish settlements in city<br />Israel’s aim – connect them all to another outside the city<br />Strategy – daily harassment <br />Commercial life almost dead<br />Shoppers intimidated, soldiers just watch<br />1500 soldiers for 400 settlers<br />
  22. 22. Hebron<br />
  23. 23. Hebron<br />Settlers live above street<br />Throw rocks and sewage out of windows<br />Chicken wire as protection<br />Ethnic cleansing? <br />City divided into H1 (Palestinian) and H2 (Israeli)<br />
  24. 24. Tomb of the Patriarchs (Mosque)<br />
  25. 25. Tomb of the Patriarchs (Mosque)<br />
  26. 26. Tomb of the Patriarchs (Mosque)<br />
  27. 27. HRC<br />Hebron Rehabilitation Committee<br />Aims to restore buildings and culture<br />Cars are not allowed, so horses and donkeys bring building materials<br />
  28. 28. Wali at HRC Building<br />
  29. 29. Solomon’s Pools<br />Huge reservoirs – main water source for Jerusalem, Bethlehem and Hebron <br />
  30. 30. Efrata Settlement<br />
  31. 31. Efrata Settlement<br />Southern West Bank between Bethlehem and Hebron<br />Part of a cluster of settlements, known as Gush Etzion<br />Palestinians not allowed in<br />Guarded by armed soldiers<br />Long thin settlement, maximising disruption for Palestinians<br />
  32. 32. Efrat Synagogue<br />
  33. 33. Ardie Goldman<br />Secular Jewish upbringing in Chicago<br />Became an orthodox Jewish Zionist<br />Family moved to Efrat<br />The land was promised to Abraham and his descendents forever<br />Nothing has changed that<br />Jews have a right and responsibility to claim the land<br />I want to be able to travel to Jinin and order a kosher meal<br />
  34. 34. Early start<br />Wednesday<br />Queue at checkpoint<br />To apply for a work permit, Palestinian men must be<br />over 30<br />married with children<br />no record of trouble<br />Only work for young men:<br />building the wall<br />building settlements<br />
  35. 35.
  36. 36.
  37. 37. 6.30 – Getting light<br />
  38. 38.
  39. 39.
  40. 40. Holy Land Trust Mission Statement<br />Through a commitment to the principles of nonviolence, the Holy Land Trust seeks to strengthen and empower the Palestinian community in developing spiritual, pragmatic and strategic approaches that will allow it to resist all forms of oppression and build a future that makes the Holy Land a global model and pillar of understanding, respect, justice, equality and peaceful coexistence.<br />To strengthen international involvement and advocacy in order to achieve this purpose, Holy Land Trust has created unique travel and encounter programs as well as authentic and comprehensive media and news programs.<br />
  41. 41. PICTURE IN THE FOYER<br />
  42. 42. BeitSahour YMCA<br />Nidal Abu Zulof<br />Joint author of Kairos document calling for an end to occupation<br />Panel of 16 authors<br />Now endorsed by most churches<br />JAI – coalition of Christians in Bethlehem area<br />encourages church groups to engage with peace and justice<br />
  43. 43. Olive Tree Campaign<br />Since 2001 over 500,000 olive trees have been destroyed by settlers and soldiers<br />Plant 8,000 trees per year<br />Financed by sponsorship<br />50,000 planted so far<br />Easy way to get involved<br />Visit in 5 years to see your tree<br />Come and pick olives – see for yourself<br />
  44. 44. Boycott Israeli goods<br />International Court of Justice advised that Israel’s wall is illegal<br />Israel continues to build it<br />Israel continues discrimination <br />Israel continues to colonise East Jerusalem & the West Bank<br />Hundreds of UN resolutions condemn Israel’s actions as illegal<br />All attempts at negotiation have failed<br />All that remains is an international boycott of Israeli goods.<br />
  45. 45. Falafel Takeaway<br />
  46. 46. Manger Square<br />
  47. 47. Manger Square<br />
  48. 48. AmalNassar - Tent of Nations<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_cPS6CznSI4<br />
  49. 49. Journey to Jerusalem<br />Thursday<br />
  50. 50. Journey to Jerusalem<br />Thursday<br />
  51. 51. Waiting for Rotan<br />
  52. 52. Rotan<br />
  53. 53.
  54. 54. British Mandate<br />Britain will look favourably on the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people without prejudicing the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or of Jews in any other country.<br />1897 Zionism<br />1917 Balfour Declaration<br />1920-1948 British Mandate<br />1936 Arab Revolt against Jewish and British targets<br />1947 UN Partition Proposal<br />
  55. 55. UN Proposals 1947<br />Jewish state (56% of land)<br />Arab state (42% of land)<br />UN-administered Jerusalem (2%)<br />
  56. 56. UN Proposals 1947<br />Jewish state<br />Arab state<br />UN-administered Jerusalem<br />“Israel agreed, Arabs refused”<br />British withdrew 1948<br />Arab-Israeli War 1948:<br />“War of Independence”<br />“the Catastrophe” (al-Nakba)<br />
  57. 57. 1948<br />Israel declared independence<br />Took 78% of the land (UN had proposed 56%)<br />750,000 Palestinian refugees<br />
  58. 58. After 1948<br />Jordan controlled West Bank<br />Egypt controlled Gaza Strip<br />Syria controlled Golan Heights<br />1950 Jewish Law of Return<br />European Jews settled near coast<br />1 m Arab Jews settled near border<br />Palestinian Refugee Camps in Gaza, West Bank, Jordan, etc.<br />
  59. 59. Continuing Tension<br />Jordan controlled West Bank<br />Egypt controlled Gaza Strip<br />Syria controlled Golan Heights<br />1950 Jewish Law of Return<br />European Jews came to coast<br />1 m Arab Jews settled near border<br />Palestinian Refugee Camps in Gaza, West Bank, Jordan, etc.<br />1967 6-day war<br />1970’s Israeli Black Panthers<br />1990’s First Intifada<br />
  60. 60. 1993 - Oslo Accord<br />Israeli forces withdraw from Gaza & West Bank<br />PLO renounces violence<br />PLO recognised Israel<br />Israel recognised PLO<br />5-year interim period<br />1995 – Oslo 2 - ABC<br />
  61. 61. Swiss Cheese Map<br />USA/Israeli Proposal<br />“Bantustan”<br />Why did PLO sign?<br />
  62. 62. 2000 – Camp David<br />USA/Israel proposed interim “bantustan” as the final partition.<br />PLO refused to sign.<br />Israel resorted to force.<br />Second intifada<br />Massacres by Israeli army<br />Palestinian suicide bombings<br />Operation Defensive Shield <br />
  63. 63. Operation Defensive Shield 2002<br /><ul><li>Build Wall
  64. 64. Settlement Master Plans
  65. 65. Settlement blocs
  66. 66. “Greater Jerusalem”</li></li></ul><li>Free Gilad<br />
  67. 67. Free Gilad<br />
  68. 68. East Jerusalem<br />
  69. 69. Black Panther Territory<br />Poor area settled by Arab (Ashkenazi) Jews<br />1971 Black Panthers<br />Uneducated youth protest movement<br />Downfall in 1973<br />1977 Likud party spoke to Middle Eastern Jews<br />
  70. 70. Black Panther Territory<br />Many joined Likud<br />Disillusioned<br />SHAF party now speaks for middle-Eastern Jews in parliament<br />
  71. 71. Ancient .....<br />
  72. 72. Ancient ..... and Modern<br />
  73. 73. Lunch at the Jerusalem Hotel<br />
  74. 74. AviShushani<br />Centre for Middle Eastern Classical Music <br />
  75. 75. East Jerusalem<br />250,000 Israelis and 250,000 Palestinians.<br />Palestinians built homes on land leased from Jordanians.<br />After 1967 war, land was controlled by Israel.<br />Many Palestinians evicted or homes demolished. <br />
  76. 76. East Jerusalem<br />Small house shared by 2 Palestinian families.<br />One moved out and their half was occupied by Zionist settlers.<br />
  77. 77. Meeting with Saleh (refugee)<br />
  78. 78. Saleh (refugee)<br />After our house was taken, we started to work with an Israeli peace group. We met every Friday as a protest. <br />We think the current Israeli government is racist, and does not want peace. But at least we have international support for a 2-state solution. This is important to us. <br />
  79. 79. Saleh (refugee)<br />There is acceleration of taking over spaces in East Jerusalem.<br />Britain has done bad things in the past, but there is now a lot of support from Britain.<br />
  80. 80. Loss of ID<br />Refugees lose their East Jerusalem ID if they are absent (have no Jerusalem address) for 3 years.<br />The white building is used as an address for absent refugees. <br />
  81. 81. $2 million offer – stay or sell?<br />
  82. 82. Next door<br />Many nearby houses were knocked down within hours of people moving out.<br />
  83. 83. Meeting with Hamas leaders<br />
  84. 84. Meeting with Hamas leaders<br />Elected to parliament in 2006<br />Israel did not respect the results<br />64 arrested for links with Hamas<br />Imprisoned for 3½ years – lost ID<br />2010 – asked to resign from parlt<br />I refused – only electorate can ask<br />One recently arrested for living illegally in Jerusalem<br />We took refuge in Red Cross building but we cannot leave the compound<br />
  85. 85. Hamas’ Vision<br />1967 borders<br />Refugees’ right of return<br />BUT increasing occupation by settlers, demolition and eviction<br />SO we resist occupation.<br />Is violence OK? Only against army.<br />Killing by Israel is 10 times killing by Palestinians.<br />No violence by Hamas since 2005.<br />
  86. 86. Sabeel<br />Friday<br />Ecumenical liberation theology organisation<br />Started in 1990’s<br />Three aims:<br />Justice by nonviolent resistance : occupation is evil<br />Muslim-Christian reconciliation : Palestinians are one people<br />Just and durable peace<br />Youth programme<br />Weekly bible study translated into action<br />Christian project, but Muslims work with us<br />Joint action better than inter-faith dialogue<br />
  87. 87. Sabeel<br />Youth Bible Study<br />
  88. 88. Sabeel<br /><ul><li>Youth Bible Study
  89. 89. Ready for Action</li></li></ul><li>Sabeel<br /><ul><li>Youth Bible Study
  90. 90. Action</li></li></ul><li>Sabeel<br />Down to earth instructions in the loo!<br />
  91. 91. Lunch<br />
  92. 92.
  93. 93.
  94. 94.
  95. 95.
  96. 96.
  97. 97.
  98. 98. Jerusalem streets<br />
  99. 99. Jerusalem streets<br />
  100. 100.
  101. 101. Order<br />
  102. 102. Chaos<br />
  103. 103. Antonia Fortress<br />
  104. 104. Aglaia<br />
  105. 105. Church of the Holy Sepulchre<br />
  106. 106.
  107. 107.
  108. 108. Hotel Staff<br />
  109. 109. Building a house<br />Third floor just started<br />Second floor almost finished<br />First floor inhabited<br />Ground floor inhabited<br />
  110. 110. Masada<br />Saturday<br />
  111. 111. Masada<br />
  112. 112. Masada<br />
  113. 113.
  114. 114. Masada<br />
  115. 115.
  116. 116. Masada<br />Herod went to Rome to be made king around 40 BCE.<br />On return he built many cities<br />Masada was a fortress in case of trouble<br />Captured by the Zealots<br />In Jewish Revolt (66-70 CE) Romans wanted it back.<br />Position made that difficult.<br />
  117. 117. The Ramp<br />Romans built a ramp using Jewish slaves.<br />Zealots would not stone fellow-Jews.<br />Zealots’ mass death<br />2 women & 5 children were found hiding.<br />Story is in Josephus<br />
  118. 118. Engedi<br />
  119. 119. Dead Sea<br />
  120. 120.
  121. 121. Sunday<br />Breakfast<br />
  122. 122. Rabbis for Human Rights<br />In 1948 David Ben-Gurion promised equality for all = call of prophets.<br />On 60th anniversary RHR broadcast this promise, with progress report.<br />We aim to understand the prophets’ writings about justice and peace, and to apply them to human rights and social justice.<br />
  123. 123. ArikAsherman<br />Poll after poll says that both sides want peace, but each thinks that the other doesn’t.<br />All know there is no military solution.<br />Palestinians have a negative view of religious Jews. HRH can break this stereotype.<br />We work in the courts, with the press, lobbying parliament & direct action.<br />
  124. 124. Mount of Olives<br />
  125. 125.
  126. 126.
  127. 127.
  128. 128. Bread and Wine<br />
  129. 129. The Temple Mount<br />
  130. 130.
  131. 131.
  132. 132.
  133. 133.
  134. 134.
  135. 135.
  136. 136. Monday<br />
  137. 137.
  138. 138.
  139. 139. YadVashem - Holocaust Museum<br />
  140. 140.
  141. 141.
  142. 142. Avenue of the Righteousamong the Nations<br />

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