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CC Presentation Peter Troxler



Introduction to Creative Commons Licenses for Fab Academy, 5 May 2010 -- please read notes for explanations, links and additional material

Introduction to Creative Commons Licenses for Fab Academy, 5 May 2010 -- please read notes for explanations, links and additional material



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  • Is Creative Commons an alternative to copyright?Image source:Creative Commons Swag Contest 2007_2 by TillarX (Tyler Stefanich), CC-BY 2.0, http://www.flickr.com/photos/tylerstefanich/2117607887/
  • No, it is not. Creative Commons is *based* on copyright legislation. That means, Creative Commons licenses are only good to use for works that fall under copyright protection, typically “works of art”, see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copyright
  • Copyright legislation is national legislation. There are certain international conventions (such as the Berne convention, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berne_Convention_for_the_Protection_of_Literary_and_Artistic_Works) that stipulate common principles.However, national legislation differs in details:what can be protectedterms of protectionand various other issues. For details see e.g. the public domain calculators page here http://wiki.okfn.org/PublicDomainCalculators
  • Creative Commons stands in the tradition of copyleft – i.e. not primarily protecting the monopoly of the rights owner, but primarily protecting (cultural) works
  • Creative Commons are part of the copyleft universe.Image source:Cover of “A Guide To Open Content Licences”, http://www.pzwart.wdka.hro.nl/mdr/research/lliang/open_content_guide, by Femke Snelting, CC-BY-NC-SA
  • Creative Commons provide licenses that allow people to use otherwise copyrighted works under certain conditions.For a history of Creative Commons, see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Creative_commonsImage Source:dsc05797.jpg by Michael Linksvayer (mlinksva), CC-BY 2.0http://www.flickr.com/photos/mlinksva/3105627476/
  • Creative Commons is an international endeavour, see here for where it has been ported to: http://creativecommons.org/international/image source:Airborne by Berne Guerrero, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ph/
  • Porting means translating the licensesin terms of languagein terms of legal systemimage source:CC Hong Kong Launch by Ryanne Lai, Hong Kong (flickr.com/photos/laihiu/2972008480)
  • Creative Commons licenses consist of three partsthe Commons Deed, a description in laymen terms (called “user readabla”)the Legal Code, the legally binding text of the license (called “lawyer readable”)the Digital Code, a semantic web system that allows for adding meta-data and RDFa identifiers to works so the license terms are “machine readable”source:http://creativecommons.org/international/
  • This is an example of a Commons Deed in Dutch, conforming to the Dutch copyright legislation
  • The same in English (still conforming to the Dutch copyright legislation)
  • This is the legal code … in Dutch
  • Examples of the digital code
  • For the definition of the symbols, check this page: http://creativecommons.org/about/licenses/Additionally, combined “commercial” and CC licensing is possible with CC (see http://wiki.creativecommons.org/Ccplus)And there is a “Public Domain Dedication” tool (see http://wiki.creativecommons.org/CC0)
  • Use of CC licenses – excerpt from this movie: Media That Matter, Commonscreative-MediaThatMattersACCCaseStudy347.m4v,CC-BY, from http://creativecommons.org/videos/media-that-matters, licensed under http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/
  • This is an example, how open content (public domain or CC licensed) can be sold profitably. The story is here: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1597357 (download the paper and go to page 10 to read it).source:Excerpt from Handy, Jam (Producer) (1937). Chevrolet Leader News, Vol. 3, No. 1. Available online at http://archive.org/details/Chevrole1937
  • see slide 17source:Excerpt from Handy, Jam (Producer) (1937). Chevrolet Leader News, Vol. 3, No. 1. Available online at http://archive.org/details/Chevrole1937
  • see slide 17source:Dog eagerly awaits being fed. He sits up and begs, Clip #: 83547542, http://www.gettyimages.co.uk/detail/83547542/Archive-Films

CC Presentation Peter Troxler CC Presentation Peter Troxler Presentation Transcript

  • An Alternative to Copyright?
    Dr Peter Troxler
  • NO!
    Creative Commons is NO alternative to copyright
    But it is probably the best way to deal with copyright in the 21st century

  • ©
  • © flipped
  • Copyleft
    Protection of the (open access to the) work replaces the protection of the distributors’ profits
    Image source: http://pzwart.wdka.hro.nl/mdr/research/lliang/open_content_guide
  • Creative Commons
  • Creative Commons – Erfgoed delen
    International Framework / Standard
  • Adapted to National Legislation
  • Human Readable
  • Human Readable
  • Human Readable
  • Lawyer Readable
  • 10-11-2008
    Creative Commons – Erfgoed delen
    Machine Readable
    <?xpacket begin='' id=''?>
    <x:xmpmeta xmlns:x='adobe:ns:meta/'>
    <rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf='http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#'>
    <rdf:Description rdf:about=''
    <xapRights:Marked>True</xapRights:Marked> </rdf:Description>
    <rdf:Description rdf:about=''
    <rdf:li xml:lang='x-default' >This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Netherlands License.</rdf:li>
    <rdf:Description rdf:about=''
    <cc:license rdf:resource='http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/nl/'/>
    <?xpacket end='r'?>
    <div class=”license”>
    <a rel="license" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/nl/">
    <img alt="Creative Commons License" style="border-width:0”
    src="http://i.creativecommons.org/l/by/3.0/nl/88x31.png" />
  • Modular System
    CC 0
  • Is It Used? Is It Useful?
  • The Prelinger Archives
    Caption: Dog eagerly awaits being fed. He sits up and begs
    Clip #: 83547542
    Licence type: Rights-ready
    Filmmaker: Prelinger
    Collection: Archive Films
    Clip length: 00:00:08:11
    Originally shot on: 35mm 486 29.97i More information
    Final delivery options: SD digital download NTSCSD digital download PALOther digital and analogue formats available. Please contact us for assistance.
    Release information: Not released. More information
  • Sources
    See notes of slides.
    Contact: trox@fabfolk.com