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CC Presentation Peter Troxler


Introduction to Creative Commons Licenses for Fab Academy, 5 May 2010 -- please read notes for explanations, links and additional material

Introduction to Creative Commons Licenses for Fab Academy, 5 May 2010 -- please read notes for explanations, links and additional material

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    No notes for slide
  • Is Creative Commons an alternative to copyright?Image source:Creative Commons Swag Contest 2007_2 by TillarX (Tyler Stefanich), CC-BY 2.0,
  • No, it is not. Creative Commons is *based* on copyright legislation. That means, Creative Commons licenses are only good to use for works that fall under copyright protection, typically “works of art”, see
  • Copyright legislation is national legislation. There are certain international conventions (such as the Berne convention, that stipulate common principles.However, national legislation differs in details:what can be protectedterms of protectionand various other issues. For details see e.g. the public domain calculators page here
  • Creative Commons stands in the tradition of copyleft – i.e. not primarily protecting the monopoly of the rights owner, but primarily protecting (cultural) works
  • Creative Commons are part of the copyleft universe.Image source:Cover of “A Guide To Open Content Licences”,, by Femke Snelting, CC-BY-NC-SA
  • Creative Commons provide licenses that allow people to use otherwise copyrighted works under certain conditions.For a history of Creative Commons, see Source:dsc05797.jpg by Michael Linksvayer (mlinksva), CC-BY 2.0
  • Creative Commons is an international endeavour, see here for where it has been ported to: source:Airborne by Berne Guerrero,
  • Porting means translating the licensesin terms of languagein terms of legal systemimage source:CC Hong Kong Launch by Ryanne Lai, Hong Kong (
  • Creative Commons licenses consist of three partsthe Commons Deed, a description in laymen terms (called “user readabla”)the Legal Code, the legally binding text of the license (called “lawyer readable”)the Digital Code, a semantic web system that allows for adding meta-data and RDFa identifiers to works so the license terms are “machine readable”source:
  • This is an example of a Commons Deed in Dutch, conforming to the Dutch copyright legislation
  • The same in English (still conforming to the Dutch copyright legislation)
  • This is the legal code … in Dutch
  • Examples of the digital code
  • For the definition of the symbols, check this page:, combined “commercial” and CC licensing is possible with CC (see there is a “Public Domain Dedication” tool (see
  • Use of CC licenses – excerpt from this movie: Media That Matter, Commonscreative-MediaThatMattersACCCaseStudy347.m4v,CC-BY, from, licensed under
  • This is an example, how open content (public domain or CC licensed) can be sold profitably. The story is here: (download the paper and go to page 10 to read it).source:Excerpt from Handy, Jam (Producer) (1937). Chevrolet Leader News, Vol. 3, No. 1. Available online at
  • see slide 17source:Excerpt from Handy, Jam (Producer) (1937). Chevrolet Leader News, Vol. 3, No. 1. Available online at
  • see slide 17source:Dog eagerly awaits being fed. He sits up and begs, Clip #: 83547542,


  • 1. An Alternative to Copyright?
    Dr Peter Troxler
  • 2. NO!
    Creative Commons is NO alternative to copyright
    But it is probably the best way to deal with copyright in the 21st century

  • 3. ©
  • 4. © flipped
  • 5. Copyleft
    Protection of the (open access to the) work replaces the protection of the distributors’ profits
    Image source:
  • 6. Creative Commons
  • 7. Creative Commons – Erfgoed delen
    International Framework / Standard
  • 8. Adapted to National Legislation
  • 9.
  • 10. Human Readable
  • 11. Human Readable
  • 12. Human Readable
  • 13. Lawyer Readable
  • 14. 10-11-2008
    Creative Commons – Erfgoed delen
    Machine Readable
    <?xpacket begin='' id=''?>
    <x:xmpmeta xmlns:x='adobe:ns:meta/'>
    <rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf=''>
    <rdf:Description rdf:about=''
    <xapRights:Marked>True</xapRights:Marked> </rdf:Description>
    <rdf:Description rdf:about=''
    <rdf:li xml:lang='x-default' >This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Netherlands License.</rdf:li>
    <rdf:Description rdf:about=''
    <cc:license rdf:resource=''/>
    <?xpacket end='r'?>
    <div class=”license”>
    <a rel="license" href="">
    <img alt="Creative Commons License" style="border-width:0”
    src="" />
  • 15. Modular System
    CC 0
  • 16. Is It Used? Is It Useful?
  • 17.
  • 18.
  • 19. The Prelinger Archives
    Caption: Dog eagerly awaits being fed. He sits up and begs
    Clip #: 83547542
    Licence type: Rights-ready
    Filmmaker: Prelinger
    Collection: Archive Films
    Clip length: 00:00:08:11
    Originally shot on: 35mm 486 29.97i More information
    Final delivery options: SD digital download NTSCSD digital download PALOther digital and analogue formats available. Please contact us for assistance.
    Release information: Not released. More information
  • 20. Sources
    See notes of slides.