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CC Presentation Peter Troxler


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Introduction to Creative Commons Licenses for Fab Academy, 5 May 2010 -- please read notes for explanations, links and additional material

Introduction to Creative Commons Licenses for Fab Academy, 5 May 2010 -- please read notes for explanations, links and additional material

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  • Is Creative Commons an alternative to copyright?Image source:Creative Commons Swag Contest 2007_2 by TillarX (Tyler Stefanich), CC-BY 2.0,
  • No, it is not. Creative Commons is *based* on copyright legislation. That means, Creative Commons licenses are only good to use for works that fall under copyright protection, typically “works of art”, see
  • Copyright legislation is national legislation. There are certain international conventions (such as the Berne convention, that stipulate common principles.However, national legislation differs in details:what can be protectedterms of protectionand various other issues. For details see e.g. the public domain calculators page here
  • Creative Commons stands in the tradition of copyleft – i.e. not primarily protecting the monopoly of the rights owner, but primarily protecting (cultural) works
  • Creative Commons are part of the copyleft universe.Image source:Cover of “A Guide To Open Content Licences”,, by Femke Snelting, CC-BY-NC-SA
  • Creative Commons provide licenses that allow people to use otherwise copyrighted works under certain conditions.For a history of Creative Commons, see Source:dsc05797.jpg by Michael Linksvayer (mlinksva), CC-BY 2.0
  • Creative Commons is an international endeavour, see here for where it has been ported to: source:Airborne by Berne Guerrero,
  • Porting means translating the licensesin terms of languagein terms of legal systemimage source:CC Hong Kong Launch by Ryanne Lai, Hong Kong (
  • Creative Commons licenses consist of three partsthe Commons Deed, a description in laymen terms (called “user readabla”)the Legal Code, the legally binding text of the license (called “lawyer readable”)the Digital Code, a semantic web system that allows for adding meta-data and RDFa identifiers to works so the license terms are “machine readable”source:
  • This is an example of a Commons Deed in Dutch, conforming to the Dutch copyright legislation
  • The same in English (still conforming to the Dutch copyright legislation)
  • This is the legal code … in Dutch
  • Examples of the digital code
  • For the definition of the symbols, check this page:, combined “commercial” and CC licensing is possible with CC (see there is a “Public Domain Dedication” tool (see
  • Use of CC licenses – excerpt from this movie: Media That Matter, Commonscreative-MediaThatMattersACCCaseStudy347.m4v,CC-BY, from, licensed under
  • This is an example, how open content (public domain or CC licensed) can be sold profitably. The story is here: (download the paper and go to page 10 to read it).source:Excerpt from Handy, Jam (Producer) (1937). Chevrolet Leader News, Vol. 3, No. 1. Available online at
  • see slide 17source:Excerpt from Handy, Jam (Producer) (1937). Chevrolet Leader News, Vol. 3, No. 1. Available online at
  • see slide 17source:Dog eagerly awaits being fed. He sits up and begs, Clip #: 83547542,
  • Transcript

    • 1. An Alternative to Copyright?
      Dr Peter Troxler
    • 2. NO!
      Creative Commons is NO alternative to copyright
      But it is probably the best way to deal with copyright in the 21st century

    • 3. ©
    • 4. © flipped
    • 5. Copyleft
      Protection of the (open access to the) work replaces the protection of the distributors’ profits
      Image source:
    • 6. Creative Commons
    • 7. Creative Commons – Erfgoed delen
      International Framework / Standard
    • 8. Adapted to National Legislation
    • 9.
    • 10. Human Readable
    • 11. Human Readable
    • 12. Human Readable
    • 13. Lawyer Readable
    • 14. 10-11-2008
      Creative Commons – Erfgoed delen
      Machine Readable
      <?xpacket begin='' id=''?>
      <x:xmpmeta xmlns:x='adobe:ns:meta/'>
      <rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf=''>
      <rdf:Description rdf:about=''
      <xapRights:Marked>True</xapRights:Marked> </rdf:Description>
      <rdf:Description rdf:about=''
      <rdf:li xml:lang='x-default' >This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Netherlands License.</rdf:li>
      <rdf:Description rdf:about=''
      <cc:license rdf:resource=''/>
      <?xpacket end='r'?>
      <div class=”license”>
      <a rel="license" href="">
      <img alt="Creative Commons License" style="border-width:0”
      src="" />
    • 15. Modular System
      CC 0
    • 16. Is It Used? Is It Useful?
    • 17.
    • 18.
    • 19. The Prelinger Archives
      Caption: Dog eagerly awaits being fed. He sits up and begs
      Clip #: 83547542
      Licence type: Rights-ready
      Filmmaker: Prelinger
      Collection: Archive Films
      Clip length: 00:00:08:11
      Originally shot on: 35mm 486 29.97i More information
      Final delivery options: SD digital download NTSCSD digital download PALOther digital and analogue formats available. Please contact us for assistance.
      Release information: Not released. More information
    • 20. Sources
      See notes of slides.