Usbellows101 06092010
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U.S. Bellows 101: Expansion Joints

U.S. Bellows 101: Expansion Joints

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Usbellows101 06092010 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Attention all Attendees… Welcome! To listen to the audio portion: 1.) Make sure your speakers or headset are on and turned up. OR 2.) Dial the phone number listed in your confirmation e-mail: 10:00 am Time Slot • U.S. #: 323 417 4600 • Access Code: 162-742-431 * If you are located outside the U.S., please refer to your confirmation e-mail for a list of phone numbers to call for your area. Thank you for attending. We will be starting shortly. www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795
  • 2. U.S. Bellows, Inc. presents: Expansion Joint Webinar May 27th 2010 www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795
  • 3. Certifications & Manufacturing Facility Certifications Manufacturing Facility • EJMA Member • ASME U-Stamp • ASME R-Stamp • ASME NS Certified • ISO 9001:2000 Certified • Minority Business Enterprise • Houston, Texas USA (MBE) by City of Houston • 450,000 Square Feet of Covered • Houston Minority Business Shop Space on a 35 Acre Council (HMBC) Property • Located Near the Port of Houston www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795
  • 4. This Presentation Will Cover • Bellows Movement & Motion • Bellows Creation and Terminology • Expansion Joint Testing • Type and Applications of Expansion Joints • Expansion Joint Accessories www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795
  • 5. Applications ▪ Fossil Fuel ▪ Chemical & ▪ Stationary Engine ▪ Pulp & Paper Power Plant Petrochemical Exhaust ▪ Power ▪ Heat ▪ Municipal Water ▪ Aerospace Turbo Exchangers Districts Engine Exhaust ▪ District ▪ FCC Units ▪ Waste Water ▪ Truck Exhaust Energy Treatment ▪ Gas Turbines ▪ U.S. Navy ▪ Solid Waste ▪ Heavy Metal Incineration ▪ Steam ▪ Kilns ▪ Environmental ▪ Marine Piping & Distribution Applications Exhaust ▪ Geothermal ▪ Furnace Sealing Power Plants Bags ▪ HVAC Building ▪ Liquefied Natural Heating & Cooling Gas (LNG) Service Systems ▪ Refinery ▪ Research & Development www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795
  • 6. Types of Movement Axial Movement Lateral Movement Angular Movement Torsional Movement www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795
  • 7. Bellows Basic TYPES OF BELLOWS MOTION Expansion Joint Movement Gimbal Expansion Joint Tied Single Expansion Joint www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795
  • 8. Bellows Basic ADDITONAL TYPES OF BELLOWS MOVEMENTS: Universal Expansion Joint Tied Universal Expansion Joint Hinged Universal Expansion Joint Single Expansion Joint Slotted Hinged Expansion Joint www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795
  • 9. Pipe Guide Spacing www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795
  • 10. Installation, Anchoring and Guiding Instructions www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795
  • 11. Bellows Basics Bellows Material Types DEPENDING ON THE STYLE OR DESIGN OF A BELLOWS WALL THICKNESSES MAY RANGE FROM: .010” TO .500” WALL WITH VARYING NUMBERS OF PLIES I N THE VARIOUS ALLOYS • STAINLESS STEEL – T-321, T-316, L & H, T-304, L &H • MONEL 400 • INCONEL 625 • INCONEL 625 LCF • INCOLOY 800 • INCOLOY 825 • HASTELLOY C-276 • TITANIUM www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795
  • 12. Bellows Basics EJMA Standards www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795
  • 13. U.S. BELLOWS, INC. PRODUCT ENGINEERING Data Sheet www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795
  • 14. Bellows Fabrication: Stage 1 METHOD OF MANUFACTURE – BUTT WELDED TUBE www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795
  • 15. Bellows Fabrication: Stage 2 www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795
  • 16. Bellows Fabrication: Stage 3 www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795
  • 17. Bellows Basic INSIDE DIAMETER OUTSIDE WALL THICKNESS DIAMETER PITCH LIVE-LENGTH OF BELLOWS www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795
  • 18. Bellows Basic EFFECTIVE AREA • IT IS APPROXIMATELY EQUAL TO THE AREA OF A CIRCLE LYING HALFWAY BETWEEN THE CONVOLUTION’S INSIDE AND OUTSIDE DIAMETERS. • USED TO CALCULATE END THRUST LOAD WHICH WILL BE PRODUCED. www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795
  • 19. Bellows Basic SPRING RATE • THE LOAD IN POUNDS REQUIRED TO COMPRESS A BELLOWS ONE INCH (lb/in). www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795
  • 20. Value-Added Services Performance Assurance Program • Hydrostatic Testing Burst Test • Magnetic Particle • Ultrasonic • Cycle Test • Burst Test • Helium Leak Detection • Liquid Penetrant Dye Penetration Testing • Inspection • Radiography Test • Positive Material • Identification (PMI) Test • Pneumatic Testing • Spring Rate Testing • Fatigue Testing www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795
  • 21. Value-Added Services Stresses Temperature Change Repetitive Mechanical Movements Vibrations Cycle Test on a 12" diameter A240-321SS Bellows with 8 convolutions. The bellows has met the EMJA cycle life calculation of 1,000 cycles and failed in the root of the convolutions at 1,285 cycles. www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795
  • 22. Types of Expansion Joints Single Expansion Joint 12" diameter single tied expansion joints with an overall length of 12", fabricated from stainless steel www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795
  • 23. Types of Expansion Joints Universal Expansion Joint 66" Metallic Tied Universal Expansion Joint www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795
  • 24. Types of Expansion Joints Universal Expansion Joint Single Expansion Joints Tied Universal Expansion Joint Tied Universal Expansion Joint with Stainless Steel Flanges www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795
  • 25. Types of Expansion Joints Hinged Expansion Joint Two 43" hinged expansion joints with 5" thick refractory lining, manufactured to be part of FCC stand-pipes in a synfuels plant www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795
  • 26. Types of Expansion Joints Gimbal Expansion Joint 55" O.D. Double Gimbal Universal Expansion Joint for an FCC Unit. The expansion joint is equipped with floating rings and Inco 625 LCF bellows. www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795
  • 27. Types of Expansion Joints In-line Pressure Balanced Expansion Joint 24" In-line Pressure Balanced Expansion Joints designed for 175 PSIG and 610°F for a petrochemical plant in Venezuela www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795
  • 28. Types of Expansion Joints Pressure Balanced Elbow Expansion Joint Pressure Balanced Elbow Expansion Joints designed for 150 PSIG and 450°F for a 42" steam line www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795
  • 29. Types of Expansion Joints 36" Pressure Balanced Elbow Expansion Joints 54" Pressure Balanced Elbow Turbine Crossover Expansion Joint (Refurbished) www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795
  • 30. Types of Expansion Joints Externally Pressurized Expansion Joint * Ability to absorb large mounts of axial travel * Pressure is applied externally to the bellows www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795
  • 31. Types of Expansion Joints Toroidal Bellows Clamshell Bellows Expansion Joint Expansion Joint (Omega Bellows Expansion Joint) • Stable at high pressures • Absorbs small amounts of movement www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795
  • 32. Types of Expansion Joints Refractory Lined Expansion Joint 44" Universal Refractory 70" Tied Universal Lined Expansion Joint Expansion Joint designed designed for 30 PSIG and for 51 PSIG and 1460°F 1400°F 36" Double Hinged Expansion Joint designed for 50 PSIG and 1000°F www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795
  • 33. Types of Expansion Joints 80" Diameter, FCU, Expansion Joint in Fab Shop www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795
  • 34. Types of Expansion Joints Thick Wall Metallic Expansion Joint Rectangular Expansion Joint 71" x 143" Round Corner Regular 108" Diameter Thick Wall Expansion Joint Expansion Joint for an oil refinery in India (with 2 convolutions) 78" I.D. x 100" O.D. Thick Wall Expansion Rectangular Metallic Joint Expansion Joint 240" x 80" and 157" x 65" www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795
  • 35. Types of Expansion Joints Slip Type Expansion Joint Fabric Expansion Joint 21' x 14' I.D. Fabric Expansion Joint 30" Slip Type Expansion Joint (Power plant in Puerto Rico) (Designed for hydrocarbon flaring system ) Rubber Expansion Joint 59" Diameter Neoprene 30" Diameter Rubber Expansion Joint Expansion Joint (Carbon Steel Angle flanges and (EPDM reinforced tube & cover, Stainless Steel Clamp Rings) telescoping linear and A516-70 flanges) www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795
  • 36. Types of Expansion Joints High-Temp 23 ¼" I.D. Fabric Expansion Joint Stitching the Fabric Belt on the 1st Layer 128" x 229" Rectangular Fabric Expansion Joint (Includes a Three Layer Belt) www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795
  • 37. Expansion Joint Accessories Protective Covers & Internal Liners www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795
  • 38. Expansion Joint Accessories Limit Rods www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795
  • 39. EJMA Standards www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795
  • 40. EJMA Standards www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795
  • 41. Value-Added Services – Emergency Response Same-Day Emergency Service on an 8" Single Expansion Joint www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795
  • 42. Value-Added Services – Emergency Services 24x7 Web-based Emergency Services 24x7 Emergency/Quick-turn Services for a Friday, 5:30pm 48" dia expansion joint Sunday Saturday www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795
  • 43. Value-Added Services – Engineering & Design Department • Engineering and Design – Piping, pipe support and structural design – 3D modeling technology – Pipe Stress Analysis • ANSYS – Finite Element Analysis • Special stress/thermal problems • Pro/E for 3-D Part Design • ANSYS for Mesh Generation + Analysis + Results Analysis – Field Testing www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795
  • 44. Technical Information www.usbellows.com Pressure Balanced Heat Exchanger Expansion Joints Shell Bellows Fatigue Testing High Temp Furnace Seal Bag www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795
  • 45. Thank You for Joining U.S. Bellows’ Expansion Joint Webinar Please forward any additional questions or inquiries to us at info@usbellows.com or visit our website at www.usbellows.com www.usbellows.com Phone: 877-660-1795