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Panama Canal Expansion
 

Panama Canal Expansion

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    Panama Canal Expansion Panama Canal Expansion Presentation Transcript

    • The Panama Canal Expansion Program José Barrios Ng Deputy Administrator Panama Canal Authority April 2010
    • Program Components 15.8 M m3 $5.25 billion investment Atlantic Ocean Post-Panamax Locks - Increasing Gatun Lake’s Atlantic Side Maximum Operational Level Deepening and Widening of the Atlantic Entrance Post-Panamax Locks – Pacific Side 26.7 m 27.1 m Deepening and Widening of Gatun Lake’s and Gaillard Cut’s Navigational Channels 8.7 M m3 Access Channel to Post-Panamax Locks - Pacific Side Deepening and Widening of the 49 M m3 Pacific Entrance Pacific Ocean
    • Locks and vessels sizes Existing locks' maximum vessel size: 4,400 TEU 33.5 m (110’) 32.3 m (106’) 12.4 m (39.5’) 55 m (180’) 12.8 m (42’) 49 m (160’) 18.3 m (60’) 15.2 m (50’) New locks' maximum vessel size: 12,600 TEU
    • Pacific Access Channel - Phase 1 Programmed 100% Actual 100% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Contract Scope: 7.4 Mm3, cleaning 146 hectares of MEC and relocation of a 3.6 km stretch of Borinquen Excavated 7.3 M m3 road July 15, 2009 Awarded: 17 July, 2007 136 m Amount Awarded: B/.41,094,000.00 Amount Paid: B/. 40,431,196.00 46 m • Contractor passed final inspection – project is completed Original • Administrative closure in process Original 2009 July 15, MEC 1 146 Has cleaned Borinquen Road 4
    • Pacific Access Channel - Phase 2 Programmed 99.9% Actual 99.6% 7.4 M m3 excavated 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Excavation COMPLETED Contract scope : 7.5 Mm3 - excavation, relocation of a 1.3 Km. stretch of Borinquen road, diversion of a 3.5 Km. stretch of Cocoli River. Contract Awarded to the consortium Cilsa- Minera María for B/. 25,489,200.30. Award date: November 27, 2007. •Contractor passed final inspection – project is completed •Administrative closure in process Carretera Borinquen Río Cocolí PAC - 2 5
    • Projects Under Execution Awarded: 16-DEC-2008 Company: Constructora MECO, S.A. Pacific Access Channel - Phase 3 Excavation: 8.0M m3 Cleaning remaining 190 has in T6 area Programmed 51% Actual 63% 4.47 M m3 excavated 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 190 hectares cleared PAC 3 MEC 190 Ha 140 140 ELEVATION 110 110 80 PAC-1 80 50 50 PAC-2 PAC 3 20 PAC-4 20 9 9 6+480 6+160 5+840 5+520 5+200 4+880 4+560 4+240 3+920 3+600 3+280 2+960 2+640 2+320 2+000 1+680 1+360 1+040
    • Pacific Access Channel – Phase 4 26 M m3 of dry excavation • Bid announcement: July 31, 2009 • Proposals receipt: 22-DEC-09 • Awarded: 6-JAN-10 Programmed 9% • Awarded to: FCC-ICA-MECO Consortium Actual 9% • Order to proceed: 22-JAN-10 • Expected works startup date: 27-APR-10 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% • Estimated completion date: 2-AUG-13 (1,288 days) PAC 3 PAC 4 PAC 2 PAC 1 Borinquen Dam 140 140 ELEVATION 110 110 80 PAC-1 80 50 50 PAC-2 PAC 3 20 PAC-4 20 9 9 6+480 6+160 5+840 5+520 5+200 4+880 4+560 4+240 3+920 3+600 3+280 2+960 2+640 2+320 2+000 1+680 1+360 1+040
    • Borinquen Dam Pacific Access Channel Rocks Miraflores Lake Clay core
    • Projects Under Execution Dredging areas in Gatun Lake and Gaillard Cut Programmed 28% Gatun Lake Actual 27% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 6.8 M m3 dredged Barro Colorado Gamboa
    • Projects Under Execution Gatun Lake’s critical dredging areas New prism line once the island is removed
    • Projects Under Execution Pacific Entrance Deepening and Widening (8.7 M m3) 4.88 M m3 dredged Programmed contractual 47% Actual 52% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Awarded: April 1, 2008 Company: Dredging International Amount: B/. 177,500,676.78 Dredged volume: 8.7 M m3
    • Atlantic Side Dredging
    • Atlantic Entrance Dredging
    • Reforestation Projects Under Execution PAC-1/ Camino de Cruces National Park (Panama) 70% PAC-2 /Campana National Park (Western Panama) 70% PAC-3/ ANAM Center for Forestry Reearch (Chiriqui) 52% PAC-3/ Gral. Omar Torrijos (Piedras Gordas – Cocle) 52% PAC-2/ Parque Nal. Gral. Omar TorrijosNational Park (Bajo Grande/Ojo de 48% Agua–Cocle) Dreding of the Lake / Baru Volcano National Park (Chiriqui) 47% PAC-3/ Chagres National Park (Panama-Quebrada Oscura) 52% PAC-2 /Gral. Omar Torrijos National Park (La Rica/Caño Sucio–Cocle) 38% Rev. March-2010 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Chagres Baru Campana 40 Ha Volcano 30 Ha 30 Ha Camino de Cruces 115 ha Cenetr for Forestry Research 50 Ha Gral. Omar Torrijos 180 Ha
    • Locks Design and Construction Programmed 2.78% Actual 1.57% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%
    • Analyzed components Mathematical model Basins intake Intake Trifurcation Flow divider Connection to Ports Central connection secondary culvert
    • Physical Model in Lyon, France
    • Pacific Locks
    • New Atlantic Locks
    • Bid Price Behaviour of Principal Expansion Program Projects B/. 388M below Budget BUDGET $ 302,374,000 Pacific Access Channel - 4 FCC-ICA-MECO $ 267,798,795.99 - 11% BUDGET $ 105,821,000 Atlantic Entrance Dredging JAN DE NUL, NV $ 89,617,317 - 15% BUDGET $ 3,481,0000,000 Locks GUPC $ 3,221,631,384 - 7% BUDGET $ 68,067,623 Pacific Access Channel - 3 Constructora MECO, S.A. $ 36,659,852.28 - 46% BUDGET $ 181,096,000 Pacific Entrance Dredging Dredging International $ 177,500,676.78 - 2% BUDGET $ 48,459,296 Pacific Access Channel - 2 CILSA - MINERA MARÍA $ 25,489,200.30 - 47% BUDGET $ 61,208,966 Pacific Access Channel - 1 Constructora Urbana S.A. $ 41,094,000 - 33% 25% 50% 75% 100%
    • Summary Schedule of Main Projects with Baseline and Contingency as of March 31, 2010* % 06 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Activity Progress 4T 1T 2T 3T 4T 1T 2T 3T 4T 1T 2T 3T 4T 1T 2T 3T 4T 1T 2T 3T 4T 1T 2T 3T 4T 1T 2T 3T 4T 1T 2T 3T 4T Specifications and Locks Models 100% Locks Design & Build Post-Panamax Locks 2% Excavation Contract 1 100% Access Channel Excavation Contract 2 100% Excavation Contract 3 63% Excavation Contract 4 and Dams 9% Dredging of the Pacific Entrance 52% Dredging Deepening and Widening of Gatun Lake and 27% Deepening of Gaillard Cut Dredging of the Atlantic Entrance 5% Increase Operating Level of Gatún Lake <1% Expanded Canal Begins Operations Specifications and Design Bidding and Contracting Execution Contingency Beginning of operations Baseline* Baseline Baseline against baseline * Baseline from December 31, 2006 including contingency.
    • Some business opportunities linked to the Canal Expansion Aggregates Heavy equipment B/.400M Sand B/.13M Rock B/.19M Cement B/.95M Forms B/.68M Goods and Concrete services required B/.700M for the Expansion Project Diesel B/.176M Steel B/.300M Excavation B/.420M
    • Potential Impact of the Panama Canal Expansion
    • WORLD MAIN LOGISTICS HUBS ROTTERDAM NY/NJ HAMBURG SHANGHAI BUSAN HAMPTON LA/LB RDS. SHENZHEN SAVANNAH ALGECIRAS FREEPORT HONG KONG KINGSTON DUBAI PANAMÁ SINGAPORE Panama is the main logistical, transportation and transshipment hub of the Americas.
    • U.S. East and Gulf Coast Ports
    • Port Authorities Expansion Projects Location Project Estimated Completion Georgia Ports Authority Deepening of the Savannah River Channel 2014 from 42’ to 48’. Port of Miami Deepening draft from 42’ to 50’ and the 2014 construction of Port of Miami Tunnel Project to expedite delivery of goods. Philadelphia Regional Dredging the main shipping channel of the Within 5 – 7 Port Authority Delaware River from 40’ to 45’. years Port Authority of New Harbor deepening project to 50’; $10 Harbor York & New Jersey million approved to analyze alternatives for deepening to be Bayonne Bridge (height: 151’). completed in phases from 2010 to 2014. Port of Houston The Bayport Container & Cruise Terminal All phases Authority project (Phase 1 is completed); future completed in capacity of 2.3M TEU. 15-20 years Broward County’s Port Inauguration of Cruise Terminal 18 for Nov. 2009 Everglades Department megaships. Source: MERC with information provided by port Authorities, January 2010.
    • Port Authorities Expansion Projects Location Project Estimated Completion Port of Palm Beach Development of logistics center for storage and distribution of cargo to the South Florida region. Jacksonville Port Development of container terminals by 2011 - 2012 Authority MOL (already in use) and Hanjin with total additional capacity of 1.5M TEU Maryland Port Construction of the new 50-foot berth at 2012 Administration Baltimore’s Seagirt Marine Terminal. Manatee County Port The 788 acre Logistics Port Manatee (LPM) 2011 Authority multimodal logistic park (Port Manatee’s first container terminal); directly served by CSX railroad. Source: MERC with information provided by port Authorities, January 2010.
    • PORT OF SAVANNAH: DC Activity Translates into Long-Term Carrier Options  Largest concentration of Retail Import DC’s along the East Coast  20+ DC’s within 100 miles (161 km), including Walmart, Kmart, Lowes, The Home Depot, IKEA, Dollar Tree, Pier 1, and Target to name a few  Over 200 additional Georgia DC’s from wholesale suppliers to retailers within a 5-hour drive with names like Toys “R” Us Bass Pro Shop and Academy Sports. Atlantic Ocean Downtown Savannah  Available land and building within 5 miles (8 km) of A Garden City Terminal the port. C B D E F G H A Electrolux G Heineken I B Target H The Home Depot J C IKEA II Lowes K D Whirlpool J J Dollar Tree E Icon H&F K Pier 1 Imports F F Wal-Mart
    • GEORGIA IMPORTERS: 20+ Savannah-area Import DCs, 200+ more within 5 Hours Savannah-area Import DC’s Sq. Ft. Sq. M. Academy Sports 1,000,000 92,903 Advance Auto Parts 380,000 35,303 Bass Pro Shops 600,000 55,742 Best Buy 748,000 69,491 Citi Trends Fashion 155,000 14,400 Dollar Tree 800,000 74,322 Farmer’s Furniture 250,000 23,226 Fred’s 600,000 55,742 Hugo Boss 165,000 15,329 Icon H & F 600,000 55,742 IKEA 1,700,000 157,935 Kmart-Sears 2,200,000 204,387 Kohl’s 600,000 55,742 Lowe’s 1,250,000 116,129 Midwest Air Technologies 150,000 13,935 Noritake 105,000 9,754 Oneida 500,000 46,452 Paper Tigers 115,000 10,684 Pier 1 Imports 783,000 72,743 Target 2,100,000 195,096 Note: This list is not intended to be The Home Depot 1,400,000 130,064 definitive of Georgia’s extensive list of port Tire Rack 250,000 23,226 dependent DCs. Wal-Mart (2) 3,300,000 306,580
    • Importance of the Savannah Harbor deepening project • Designed to deepen the Savannah River from 42 to 48 feet. • To be completed in 2014, in time with Canal expansion • Post Panamax vessels transiting the expanded Canal will be able make calls at the Port of Savannah. • 72 percent of total trade moving through Georgia’s ports transits the Panama Canal. • Out of the 30 liner services that transit the Panama Canal, 15 call at the Port of Savannah. • ACP expects rapid deployment of 8,000 TEUs vessels once the Canal expansion is completed.
    • GPA-ACP Strategic Alliance • Initially subscribed in 2003 to generate new business by promoting the all-water route from Asia to the USEC via the Panama Canal. • Renewed in 2008 for three additional years • Allows for joint marketing activities; exchange of market studies and information on modernization and improvement programs; technological interchange and cross training activities.
    • Governor Purdue/GPA visit to Panama Canal – Sept 09
    • International Ports Connected through the Panama Canal every Week Rotterdam Bremerhaven Tilbury Felixstowe Osaka Hamburg Nagoya Thamesport Dunkerque Halifax Shanghai Seattle Zeebrugge Kwangyang NJ/NY Boston Qingdao Wilmington Le Havre Pusan Tokyo Newport News Antwerp Keelung Shimizu Oakland Charleston Baltimore Port Said Yantian Yokohama Los Angeles . Miami Savannah Hong Kong Kobe Long Beach New Orleans Everglades Marseilles Colombo Colon Hakata Manzanillo (Mx) VeracruzKingston Manzanillo Chabang La Spezia Kaohsiung Cartagena Puerto Limón Maracaibo Balboa La Guaira Tanjung Priok Guanta Buenaventura Puerto Cabello Doniambo Manta Singapore Guayaquil Callao Arica Santos Tahiti Paranagua Iquique Brisbane Coquimbo Itajai Sydney Antofagasta Valparaíso San Antonio Auckland San Vicente Transit the Canal Melbourne Feeder services Source: ACP and ComPairData, 2007
    • Routes, ports and betweenness centralities in the GCSN Routes, ports and betweenness centralities in the GCSN. (a) The trajectories of all cargo ships bigger than 10 000 GT during 2007. The colour scale indicates the number of journeys along each route. Ships are assumed to travel along the shortest (geodesic) paths on water. (b) A map of the 50 ports of highest betweenness centrality and a ranked list of the 20 most central ports. Kaluza P et al. J. R. Soc. Interface doi:10.1098/rsif.2009.0495 ©2010 by The Royal Society