Open Educational Resources and Professional Teaching

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Jute 2013
XXI Jornadas Universitarias de Tecnologia Educativa
Universidad de Valladolid
27 y 28 de Junio, 2013

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Open Educational Resources and Professional Teaching

  1. 1. International Center of Studies for Educational Research and AdvancedTraining Ca’ Foscari University ofVenice - Italy PaoloTosatoPaoloTosato Open Educational ResourcesOpen Educational Resources and ProfessionalTeaching
  2. 2. WebWeb developmentdevelopment 6/27/2013 2 Jute 2013 Paolo Tosato Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License From a static, unchanging world of information to a From a static, unchanging world of information to a constantly changing one  A growing number of "Open" and freely accessible teaching/learning content hubs
  3. 3. Open EducationalOpen Educational ResourcesResources 6/27/2013 3 Jute 2013 Paolo Tosato Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License Portals such as MACE, Share.TEC, OpenScout, MERLOT, allow to access to hundreds of thousands of educational resources in digital format … and Portals such as MACE, Share.TEC, OpenScout, MERLOT, allow to access to hundreds of thousands of educational resources in digital format … and new projects are in progress  OportUnidad (http://www.oportunidadproject.eu/)  Open Discovery Space (http://www.opendiscoveryspace.eu/)
  4. 4. Open AccessOpen Access RepositoriesRepositories 6/27/2013 4 Jute 2013 Paolo Tosato Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License
  5. 5. Open AccessOpen Access RepositoriesRepositories 6/27/2013 5 Jute 2013 Paolo Tosato Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License Data provided by: ROAR & OpenDOAR (http://maps.repository66.org/) From 1990 to 1995From 1990 to 1995
  6. 6. Open AccessOpen Access RepositoriesRepositories 6/27/2013 6 Jute 2013 Paolo Tosato Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License Data provided by: ROAR & OpenDOAR (http://maps.repository66.org/) From 1990 to 2000From 1990 to 2000
  7. 7. Open AccessOpen Access RepositoriesRepositories 6/27/2013 7 Jute 2013 Paolo Tosato Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License Data provided by: ROAR & OpenDOAR (http://maps.repository66.org/) From 1990 to 2005From 1990 to 2005
  8. 8. Open AccessOpen Access RepositoriesRepositories 6/27/2013 8 Jute 2013 Paolo Tosato Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License Data provided by: ROAR & OpenDOAR (http://maps.repository66.org/) From 1990 to 2010From 1990 to 2010
  9. 9. Open AccessOpen Access RepositoriesRepositories 6/27/2013 9 Jute 2013 Paolo Tosato Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License Data provided by: ROAR & OpenDOAR (http://maps.repository66.org/) From 1990 to 2013From 1990 to 2013
  10. 10. WhatWhat isis the impact inthe impact in educationeducation?? 6/27/2013 10 Jute 2013 Paolo Tosato Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License Despite an increasing number of institutions have decided to share their educational resources, there is still a Despite an increasing number of institutions have decided to share their educational resources, there is still a  little evidence in the use of these materials  predominance of traditional teaching methods It is necessary to investigate the impact of open educational resources It is necessary to investigate the impact of open educational resources  on teaching and learning quality ("Paris OER Declaration", 2012, European Commission, "Rethinking Education strategy", 2012)  on teachers’ professional practices
  11. 11. 6/27/2013 11 Jute 2013 Paolo Tosato Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License UNESCO – COL Guidelines for Open Educational Resources in Higher Education (2011) producer UNESCO – COL Guidelines for Open Educational Resources in Higher Education (2011)  underline the importance of end-user-producer communities  advise teachers to leverage networks and communities of practice TeachersTeachers’ community’ community && resourceresource--usingusing experiencesexperiences Educational resources as a product of a process of reification and Educational resources as a product of a process of reification and participation that involves the whole community of learning (Wenger, 1998)  What makes a digital object "educational" is the information that surrounds a resource, emphasizing its use in a particular learning context (DeWaal, 2007)
  12. 12. 6/27/2013 12 Jute 2013 Paolo Tosato Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License Supporting community of teachers and the sharing of material best practices, promotes Supporting community of teachers and the sharing of material best practices, promotes efficient use of resources and improves teachers’ didactic Development of two platforms Development of two platforms  Repository: http://projectschool.wikispaces.com/  Wiki: http://www.projectschool.it/minerva/  Support a community of teachers (Minerva), which uses these platforms HHypothesisypothesis
  13. 13. 6/27/2013 13 Jute 2013 Paolo Tosato Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License SampleSample 130 teachers of secondary school (primary and secondary 130 teachers of secondary school (primary and secondary level)  A group of 38 teachers members of Minerva community (M)  A group of 92 teachers (NM)  31 members of a community
  14. 14. 6/27/2013 14 Jute 2013 Paolo Tosato Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License ResultsResults Share resource-using experiences (NM)Share resource-using experiences (NM)  88.04% of teachers consider important the sharing of resource-using experiences  78.18% of teachers that share their resources online, states that the sharing of resource-using experiences helped them to reuse the resources. Share resources (NM)Share resources (NM)  90.92% of teachers consider their community an important support to share materials  Do you share your materials online?  Teachers that are not members of a community (Yes: 59.78%)  Members of a community (Yes: 77.42%)
  15. 15. 6/27/2013 15 Jute 2013 Paolo Tosato Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License ResultsResults Professional practices Is the community helpful to improve your practices and to develop new Professional practices  Is the community helpful to improve your practices and to develop new educational activities?  M (Yes: 34.21%)  NM (Yes: 12.24%) Create new resourcesCreate new resources  Is the community helpful to create new materials?  M (Yes: 76.67%)  NM (Yes: 69.23%)  Are you available to share freely (without restrictions) your resources online?  M (Yes: 34.21%)  NM (Yes: 27.17%)
  16. 16. ConclusionsConclusions A repository of educational resources can not change teachers' practices. To do this, teachers have to Therefore, it will be important Schools will need to provide tools A repository of educational resources can not change teachers' practices. To do this, teachers have to  accept collaboration  participate in teachers' networks Therefore, it will be important  interweave teachers' communities with digital object repositories  share resource-using experiences Schools will need to provide tools to facilitate  communication among teachers  the sharing of content and experiences Jute 2013 Paolo Tosato 6/27/2013 16 Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License Real-world information is not held inside silos like academic institutions pretend Real-world information is not held inside silos like academic institutions pretend (De Rossi, 2012)
  17. 17. Email ptosato@unive.it Wiki http://projectschool.wikispaces.com Repository http://www.projectschool.it/minerva/ Jute 2013 Paolo Tosato 6/27/2013 17 Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License “Coming together is the beginning. Keeping together is progress.Working together is success.” - Henry Ford -

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