Abc plurilingualism france

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Abc plurilingualism france

  1. 1. Dr Didier Combeau, FranceBilingualisman experimentin the French Education SystemLycée français de Delhi
  2. 2. Didier Combeau, FranceBilingualism in the French System: an experimentThe French System• A very centralized system : curriculum and methods defined by thecentral government• A strong linguistic identity : « Le français est la langue de laRépublique »
  3. 3. Didier Combeau, FranceBilingualism in the French System: an experimentThe French System•Few bilingual schoolsEcole Active BilingueEcole AlsacienneLycée international de Saint-Germain-en-LayeSections internationales du Lycée de SèvresEcoles Diwan (Breton)…• Classes bi-langues and sections européennes or orientales• In most cases, international teaching added to a regular Frenchcurriculum
  4. 4. Didier Combeau, FranceBilingualism in the French System: an experimentThe Lycée français de Delhi•A K-12 school in a global networkAgence pour l’Enseignement fraçais à l’étranger (AEFE)480 accredited schools in 130 countries•A strong political impulse to develop bilingualism in this network withinthe national curriculumfor « strategic » reasonsto meet the demand of the families•A lot of autonomy left to the schools to implement bilingualism
  5. 5. Didier Combeau, FranceBilingualism in the French System: an experimentThe Lycée français de Delhi• 450 students from 3 to 18 (K-12)…Children of the expatriate community(privileged background, very high academic expectations)3 to 4 years in the school as an average•…coming from French or from foreign schools…•…leaving for French or for foreign schools• Limited choice of schools for the expatriate community, in particularfor the French-speaking community.
  6. 6. Didier Combeau, FranceBilingualism in the French System: an experimentThe road map• Integrating studentsnon French-speakersnon English-speakers• Make the students able to further their studies either in the Frenchsystem or in an English-speaking systemlinguisticallyin terms of content (French system)
  7. 7. Didier Combeau, FranceBilingualism in the French System: an experimentOur choices• Start with kindergarten and elementary school• All classes bilingual• The French part taken in charge by a French teacher,the English part by a native speaker of English• 50% of the time for each languageequal status for each languagebetter coordination between the « French » and « English » teacherseasier to organize
  8. 8. Didier Combeau, FranceBilingualism in the French System: an experimentPedagogical engineering• Rhythmall possibilities left opened (one day for each language / half a day, etc.)• PlacesOne classroom per class for 1st yearsOne classroom per language for older students• Adjusting the curriculum to each languageeach subject studied in both languagesfundamental notions studied in one language systematically reactivated in the othertime devoted to the study of the French language equivalent to time spent in theregular French system
  9. 9. Didier Combeau, FranceBilingualism in the French System: an experimentChallenges• Overcome the resistance of teachers and of some parents• Hiring and training of teachersC1 or C2 requirement in English for the French teachermaster’s degreetraining of “English” teachers to teach the French curriculum• Pedagogical resourcestaylor-made teaching materials• Lack of evaluation toolsquestionnaire sent to former parentsresults of students in 1st ear of secondary school• Development of bilingualism in secondary school
  10. 10. Didier Combeau, FranceBilingualism in the French System: an experimentReturns from former parents•former students are amongst the best in their schools• enhanced linguistic capabilities• bilingualism induced flexibility in their thinking and in their adaptationcapabilities• parents resent the lack of bilingual schools in France
  11. 11. Didier Combeau, FranceBilingualism in the French System: an experimentChallenges• Overcome the resistance of teachers and of some parents• Hiring and training of teachersC1 or C2 requirement in English for the French teachertraining of “English” teachers to teach the French curriculum• Pedagogical resourcestaylor-made teaching materials• Lack of evaluation toolsquestionnaire sent to former parentsresults of students in 1st ear of secondary school• Development of bilingualism in secondary school

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