Abc bilingualism in irish education 6.05.13
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Abc bilingualism in irish education 6.05.13 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Bilingualism in IrishEducationPádraig Ó Duibhirpadraig.oduibhir@spd.dcu.ie6th May 2013
  • 2. Outline of presentation Biography Background to Irish Current situation in schools Structure of schools Governmentstrategy
  • 3.  Primary school teacher – Irish-medium,immersion In-service coordinator Lecturer in L2 methodologiesfor Irish St Patrick’s College◦ 1,200 BEd 600 BA students◦ 130 Graduate diploma◦ Masters, PhD, EdDSt Patrick’s College, DCU
  • 4. Background to Irish language• Irish is an official language(minority)• Students in all schools studyIrish from entry to completionAccording to 2011 Census:• 1.77m (41.4%) able to speakIrish• Only 77,185 (1.8%) dailyspeakers outside education• Schools in ‘Gaeltacht’ (Irish-speaking) & Irish immersion(all-Irish) schools throughoutthe country
  • 5. An Ghaeilge agus Muintirna hÉireann (2009) 1,015 – 40-minuteinterviews 93% in favour of Irish◦40.9% revive◦52.5% preserve◦6.6% discard Irish people verysympathetic to Irish
  • 6.  on endangered language list intergenerational transmission is decreasing in‘Gaeltacht’ areas current generation may not experience completeacquisition Stage 5: Language is still very much alive andused in community. Stage 4: Language is required in elementaryschools. Elements of Stage 2 apply - Irish languagetelevision www.tg4.ie and radio stationswww.rte.ie/rnag.ieFishmans eight stages oflanguage loss
  • 7.  1922 – Twenty-six of the 32 counties of Irelandgained independence from United Kingdom Irish was seen as critically important in forging aseparate identity revitalisation was the objective Irish was given a central role in education all elementary schools were to teach through themedium of Irish as far as possible and particularly inKindergarten – CLIL/immersion 1930 – 300 elementary ‘immersion’ schools 1972 – only 11 elementary ‘immersion’ schools Government policy changed to one of bilingualism,CLIL deceased greatly in 1960’sHistorical background to Irish-medium education (immersion)
  • 8.  all students learn Irish as a subject throughoutelementary and high school, typically 14 years results are disappointing – ‘drip-feed’ approach30-40 minutes per day 7.5% of elementary students in Irish-medium tremendous growth over last 40 years parent-led movement 174 elementary schools and 40 highschools on island of Ireland approx. 41,000 studentsCurrent situation
  • 9. Source: www.gaelscoileanna.ie
  • 10.  early total immersion approx. 85% of school day through Irish and thisremains constant to end of schooling very successful in achieving fluency in Irish atno loss to English or Mathematic skills additive bilingualism – students enjoy benefitsof bilingualism grammatical inaccuracies in productive skills use of Irish outside of school setting is a majorchallengeImmersion education
  • 11. Schooling Ages & Phases Compulsory attendance 6 – 16 years First Level / Primary School 4 – 12 years◦ National (State) Schools◦ Special Schools◦ Private Schools Second Level / Post-Primary School 12 – 18 years◦ Voluntary Secondary Schools◦ Community and Comprehensive Schools◦ Vocational Schools◦ Special Schools◦ Further Education 17 + years
  • 12. Primary SchoolA Brief Description of the Irish Education System Page 9www.education.ie4/5 Junior Infants5/6 Senior Infants6/7 First Class7/8 Second Class8/9 Third Class9/10 Fourth Class10/11 Fifth Class11/12 Sixth Class
  • 13. Second Level / Post-Primary SchoolA Brief Description of the Irish Education System Page 1312/13 years 3 year Junior Cycle13/14 Junior Certificate Examination14/15-----------------------------------------------------------------------------15/16 Transition Year (optional)-------------------------------------------------------------------------16/17 2 year Senior Cycle17/18 Leaving Certificate Examination
  • 14. Straitéis 20 Blain don GhaeilgeGovernment 20 year strategy for Irish2011 2030StrategyNumber of people speaking Irisheveryday outside education system77,185 250,000Number of people speaking Irishevery week outside educationsystem110,642 ????
  • 15. Straitéis 20 Bliain don Ghaeilge:Government 20 year strategy for Irish Partial immersion (CLIL) in infants– teachsome subjects through the medium of Irish Teach some subjects through the medium ofIrish on teacher-education courses We are implementing this in St Patrick’sCollege Investment will be provided!! – in-service,online courses, education centres Wide range of materials will be supplied
  • 16. Curaclamna Bunscoile(1999)Primary School Curriculumwww.curriculumonline.ie
  • 17. Go raibh maith agaibhMuchas graciasThank youpadraig.oduibhir@spd.dcu.ie