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Introduction to sustainability

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  • 1. Introduction to Sustainability Soc Trang, 25.10.2013
  • 2. Seite 2 Implemented byImplemented by 03.07.2014  What does Sustainability mean?  Challenges to Sustainability  Systems View of Life  Principles for Sustainability  Sustainability Visions Outline
  • 3. Seite 3 Implemented byImplemented by 03.07.2014 • “Enough for everyone, forever.” • “Living in such a way that we minimize our negative impact on the earth and the people we share it with, doing our best to preserve the world in its healthiest form for future generations.” • “What I think of is very basic. Survival. Take only what you need, then let it replenish/regrow at a rate that keeps the source producing so that it can be taken again without depleting it completely.” • “I think sustainability is about living and acting according to 'human-based' values. This involves considering the long-term consequences of every action and the ability to look at the big picture.” • “I’m not really crazy about the word sustainability. It means things stay the same. I like the idea of things thriving. Since we don’t have a good word for that, we use sustainability.” Daryl Hannah What does Sustainability mean to you?
  • 4. Seite 4 Implemented byImplemented by 03.07.2014
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  • 6. Seite 6 Implemented byImplemented by What human needs are? 03.07.2014 Maslow’s hierachy of human needs Max-Neefs’s fundamental human needs
  • 7. Seite 7 Implemented byImplemented by Sustainability explanation (Video) 03.07.2014
  • 8. Seite 8 Implemented byImplemented by 03.07.2014 Challenges to Sustainability
  • 9. Seite 9 Implemented byImplemented by 03.07.2014 Where do we go from here? (Video)
  • 10. Seite 10 Implemented byImplemented by 03.07.2014
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  • 12. Seite 12 Implemented byImplemented by 03.07.2014 Water scarcity
  • 13. Seite 13 Implemented byImplemented by 03.07.2014
  • 14. Seite 14 Implemented byImplemented by 03.07.2014
  • 15. Seite 15 Implemented byImplemented by 03.07.2014 Deforestation & Natural Resource Exploitation
  • 16. Seite 16 Implemented byImplemented by Urbanization 03.07.2014
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  • 19. Seite 19 Implemented byImplemented by 03.07.2014
  • 20. Seite 20 Implemented byImplemented by Pollution 03.07.2014
  • 21. Seite 21 Implemented byImplemented by 03.07.2014
  • 22. Seite 22 Implemented byImplemented by Climate Change 03.07.2014
  • 23. Seite 23 Implemented byImplemented by Current Energy Issues 03.07.2014 Source: REN21: Renewables 2012 Global Status Repor
  • 24. Seite 24 Implemented byImplemented by 03.07.2014
  • 25. Seite 25 Implemented byImplemented by Fossil fuel related issues 03.07.2014 • Resource depletion • Environmental pollution • Climate change
  • 26. Seite 26 Implemented byImplemented by Nuclear power related issues 03.07.2014 • Safety of operation • Plant decommissioning • Radioactive wastes disposal • Thermal pollution • Threat of nuclear weapons • Uranium is a finite resource
  • 27. Seite 27 Implemented by Conventional uranium mining has caused dust and radon inhalation by workers, resulting in high rates of lung cancer and other diseases, and mining has caused serious contamination of groundwater. 03.07.2014
  • 28. Seite 28 Implemented byImplemented by 03.07.2014
  • 29. Seite 29 Implemented by Global Peace Index (Video) 03.07.2014
  • 30. Seite 30 Implemented by 03.07.2014
  • 31. Seite 31 Implemented byImplemented by 03.07.2014
  • 32. Seite 32 Implemented byImplemented by 03.07.2014 “Every issue is connected to all the others.”
  • 33. Seite 33 Implemented byImplemented by 03.07.2014
  • 34. Seite 34 Implemented byImplemented by 03.07.2014 “In order to understand what’s behind our sustainability challenges, we need to step back and look at the big picture, see the connections, identify the root causes of our problems and find the leverage points for change.” (Baxter et al. 2009).
  • 35. Seite 35 Implemented byImplemented by 03.07.2014 Systems View of Life
  • 36. Seite 36 Implemented byImplemented by All is One – Our interconnection & interdependence 03.07.2014 • Life itself is made up of complex and interdependent systems. • When one key element of a system in our lives changes, it simultaneously affects many other elements in our lives. • Unity through Diversity “We are merely a strand in the web of life. Whatever we do to the web, we do to ourselves”
  • 37. Seite 37 Implemented byImplemented by Why is systems thinking valuable? 03.07.2014 • Systems thinking is founded on some basic, universal principles. • It can help you design smart, enduring solutions to problems. • It gives you a more accurate picture of reality. • It also encourages you to think about problems and solutions with an eye toward the long-term and bigger view.
  • 38. Seite 38 Implemented byImplemented by 03.07.2014 We sometimes fix on our part of the system, and miss the whole. The whole is not sum of the parts.
  • 39. Seite 39 Implemented byImplemented by 03.07.2014 The solution of one problem may cause another problem (unintended results).
  • 40. Seite 40 Implemented byImplemented by 03.07.2014 We may act to produce short-term benefits and long-term costs.
  • 41. Seite 41 Implemented byImplemented by Then, systems thinking help us… 03.07.2014 • to see “cause and effect” over long periods of time and far away in space, (avoid actions that are favorable now and harmful later). • to recognize solutions that will cause more problems. • to see the ”whole”. • to find the powerful leverage points for systemic change.
  • 42. Seite 42 Implemented byImplemented by Systems thinking is… 03.07.2014 • Environment or ”contextual” thinking: thinking in terms of connectedness, relationships and context. • Network thinking: emphasizes on the relationships among objects more than separate objects themselves. Small catalytic events can cause large change in a system. Systems thinking promotes organizational communication at all levels. • Process thinking: focuses on processes more than outcomes as a way of managing. Every structure is seen as the manifestation of underlying processes. If we want to change the results, we must first change the process that led to the results.
  • 43. Seite 43 Implemented byImplemented by Systems thinking 03.07.2014 Moves the focus away from events and patterns of behavior (which are symptoms of problems) and toward systemic structure and the underlying mental models. • Holistic thinking: widens the circle of understanding to comprehend connections that exist between all things.  A strategy for handling complexity. • Backward thinking: involves testing assumptions and asking many questions to get to the root of the problem.  A core of where to start in systems thinking.
  • 44. Seite 44 Implemented byImplemented by Dancing with Systems 03.07.2014 • Expand the boundary of caring. The real system is interconnected. No part of the human race is separate either from other human beings or from the global ecosystem. • Think from the perspective of the whole system rather than the individual.
  • 45. Seite 45 Implemented byImplemented by Systems Intelligence in Everyday Life 03.07.2014 A philosophy of life, a way out of egocentricity. → Systems approach starts when you see the world through the eyes of another person. * Appreciation * No judgements * Interest * Humor * Listening * Thanking * Encouragement * Friendliness  Live a more satisfying and effective life.  Better able to deal with the growing complexity of modern society.
  • 46. Seite 46 Implemented by “To see a world in a grain of sand, And a heaven in a wild flower, Hold infinity in the palm of your hand, And eternity in an hour.” William Blake
  • 47. Seite 47 Implemented byImplemented by 03.07.2014 Sustainability Visions Principles for Sustainability
  • 48. Seite 48 Implemented byImplemented by Principles for Sustainability 03.07.2014 • Sustainability literally means the capacity to endure over time. • Sustainability refers to what is of true values, what is good, genuine and resilient, which can stand the test of time. • Sustainability associates with balance and equity in a comprehensive approach, which acknowledges our dependence on the health of natural systems for our survival and well-being, the limit carrying capacity of the Earth and the detrimental impact of unchecked human activities.
  • 49. Seite 49 Implemented byImplemented by Principles for Sustainability – Balance & Equity 03.07.2014 Sustainability strives for balance among the interconnected ecological, economic and social systems. Sustainability requires a long term, intergenerational perspective. Equity should be maintained, not only across communities within generation but also between generations.
  • 50. Seite 50 Implemented byImplemented by Principles for Sustainability - Systems Thinking 03.07.2014 • Appreciation of Nature as a symbol of Integrity, Stability and Beauty. • Celebrate Complexity and respect Diversity • At the system level, the overwhelming force in nature is cooperation (symbiosis), not competition. • Caring for the whole mostly means caring for future generations – for our children. • See the big picture – to understand and act upon the interconnectedness of all things – to operate in harmony with others and with nature.
  • 51. Seite 51 Implemented byImplemented by Principles for Sustainability – The Earth Charter 03.07.2014  The Earth Charter is a global consensus, a product of a decade-long, worldwide, cross- cultural dialogue on common goals and shared values.  As “a vision of hope and a call to action”, it provides us with inspiration and guidance to a sustainable future.  In October 2003, UNESCO adopted a resolution recognizing the Earth Charter as an important ethical framework for sustainability. www.earthcharterinaction.org
  • 52. Seite 52 Implemented byImplemented by Principles for Sustainability – The Earth Charter 03.07.2014
  • 53. Seite 53 Implemented byImplemented by Principles for Sustainability – The Earth Charter 03.07.2014  Respect and Care for the Community of Life  To respect Earth and life in all its diversity;  To care for the community of life with understanding, compassion and love;  To build democratic societies that are just, sustainable, participatory and peaceful; and  To secure Earth's bounty and beauty for present and future generations.
  • 54. Seite 54 Implemented byImplemented by Principles for Sustainability - Spiritual Values 03.07.2014 • Spiritual values are essential as an inner guiding light which helps us to develop our worldview, to seek wisdom of truth and wholeness, to find meaning of our existence and to connect with a greater transcendent reality. • Spiritual connection is the basis for love, compassion and community. Our desire to deeply connect can be the most powerful force for good. “Justice and compassion spring from the hearts of people who recognize our profound interdependence and interrelatedness with one another and the Earth” (Lamborn).
  • 55. Seite 55 Implemented byImplemented by Principles for Sustainability - Spiritual Values XXX03.07.2014 • The virtues of justice, humility, service and compassion can motivate us to address our social and environmental challenges and to build a world of peace and harmony. • Creating a culture of sustainability which cherishes those values of tolerance, love, care, respect… is essential in empowering and transforming community towards a sustainable future.
  • 56. Seite 56 Implemented byImplemented by Dimensions of Sustainability 03.07.2014 Ecological balance Cultural vitality Social inclusion Low-carbon economy Good Governance Social and Economic Justice Ecological Integrity Democracy, Nonviolence, and Peace
  • 57. Seite 57 Implemented byImplemented by 03.07.2014 Sustainability Visions
  • 58. Seite 58 Implemented byImplemented by One Planet Living 03.07.2014 • A global initiative developed by BioRegional and WWF • A practical vision that help us to focus on how we can take action for a sustainable future. www.oneplanetliving.org
  • 59. Seite 59 Implemented byImplemented by One Planet Living – 10 Guiding Principles 03.07.2014
  • 60. Seite 60 Implemented byImplemented by One Planet Living – 10 Guiding Principles 03.07.2014
  • 61. Seite 61 Implemented byImplemented by Social Inclusion and Cultural Vitality 03.07.2014 Social and cultural intertwined dimensions of sustainability
  • 62. Seite 62 Implemented byImplemented by Good Governance 03.07.2014
  • 63. Seite 63 Implemented byImplemented by 03.07.2014 Good Governance Accountable Transparent Responsive Equitable & Inclusive Effective & Efficient Follows the rule of law Participatory Consensus oriented (Source: UNESCAP) Key attributes of good governance
  • 64. Seite 64 Implemented byImplemented by Economic Development 03.07.2014 “It’s business as usual that’s the utopian fantasy, while creating something very new and different is the pragmatic way forward.” James Gustave Speth The proper purpose of an economy is to secure just, sustainable, and joyful livelihoods for all (David Kosten). A humane economy: social responsible enterprises which have safe working conditions for labours, reasonable working time, holidays and decent wages. A green economy: green business with environmental consciousness, energy and resource saving, using renewable energies, local and natural materials.
  • 65. Seite 65 Implemented byImplemented by A Green Economy (UNEP) 03.07.2014 • recognizes the value of, and invests in, Natural Capital. • creates jobs and enhances social equity. • substitutes renewable energy and low-carbon technologies for fossil fuels. • promotes enhanced resource and energy efficiency. • delivers more sustainable urban living and low-carbon mobility
  • 66. Seite 66 Implemented byImplemented by The Circular Economy 03.07.2014 An open, linear and unsustainable system A regenerative system with circular metabolism
  • 67. Seite 67 Implemented byImplemented by Ex: Water sensitive design (Video) 03.07.2014
  • 68. Seite 68 Implemented byImplemented by The Circular Economy (Video) 03.07.2014
  • 69. Seite 69 Implemented byImplemented by Towards a low-carbon economy XXX03.07.2014 Shifting to low-carbon economy means shifting to more diversified systems which maximize the use of locally available, environmental friendly resources. Principles for a low-carbon society (Japanese MOE, 2007)  Carbon minimization in all sectors  Shifting from mass consumption society toward simpler lifestyles that realize richer quality of life  Coexistence with Nature - maintaining and restoring natural environment 3 key sectors: transportation & urban structure, energy and greenery
  • 70. Seite 70 Implemented byImplemented by Towards a low-carbon economy 03.07.2014 Reducing energy waste (conservation) Improving energy efficiency Using renewable energy Zero emission home (ZED and METI)
  • 71. Seite 71 Implemented byImplemented by Towards a low-carbon economy 03.07.2014 Benefits of a low-carbon transport system
  • 72. Seite 72 Implemented byImplemented by XXX03.07.2014 Cycling in Copenhagen (Liveable Copenhagen and more)
  • 73. Seite 73 Implemented byImplemented by Ex: Sustainable Transport (Video) 03.07.2014
  • 74. Seite 74 Implemented byImplemented by Ex: ICT application for a low-carbon city 03.07.2014 SMART & CONNECTED CITY E- Government E- Commerce E-Health E-Services Online Media Smart LogisticsSmart Buildings Smart Grids Teleworking Paperless office E-learning
  • 75. Seite 75 Implemented byImplemented by The New Sharing Economy (Video) 03.07.2014
  • 76. Seite 76 Implemented byImplemented by Building the Sharing Economy (Video) 03.07.2014
  • 77. Seite 77 Implemented byImplemented by Collaborative Consumption (Video) 03.07.2014
  • 78. Seite 78 Implemented byImplemented by 03.07.2014
  • 79. Seite 79 Implemented byImplemented by The Story of Solutions (Video) 03.07.2014
  • 80. Seite 80 Implemented byImplemented by 03.07.2014 • Annie Leohard – The Story of Stuff Series http://storyofstuff.org • Center for a New American Dream – Community Action Kits, Guide to Going Local and Guide to Sharing www.newdream.org/communityactionkit • Center for Ecoliteracy, Designing a resilient community, Learning in the Real World, 2013 • CIRCLE-2, Adaptation Inspiration Book, 2012 • CIRIA – Water Sensitive Urban Design in the UK, 2013 • Climate Change – Cities in Action • Dream of a Nation, 2013 http://dreamofanation.org/ • IEA – A Tale of Renewed Cities, 2013 www.iea.org/tale-of-renewed-cities • Stephanie Draper, Creating the big shift: Systems Innovation for Sustainability, Forum for the Future, 2013 • Jonathan Tomkin, University of Illinois, Introduction to Sustainability, Online Course on Coursera www.coursera.org, 2012 • Monika Dittrich, Green economies around the world? Implications of resource use for development and the environment, SERI, 2012 • On the Commons http://onthecommons.org • Sustainability – Learn It – Live It http://css.snre.umich.edu/facts/index.html • Sustainable Schools www.teachernet.gov.uk/sustainableschools • Sustainable Summer School www.sustainable-summer-school.org • SUSTAINIA 100 www.sustainia.me/solutions • The Sharing Solution http://sharingsolution.com • Time Bank http://timebanks.org • Tom Theis & Jonathan Tomkin (Ed.), Sustainability – A Comprehensive Foundation, Connexions, 2012 http://cnx.org/content/col11325/1.38 • World Bank – Building Sustainability in an Urbanizing World, 2013 • World Bank – Inclusive Green Growth – Path way to sustainable development, 2012 • World Bank – Sustainable Energy for All www.sustainableenergyforall.org • World Bank – Urban Agriculture – Findings from the Four City Case Studies, 2013 • Dancing With Systems, Donella Meadows, 2001. • Systems Intelligence, Raimo P. Hämäläinen and Esa Saarinen. • Systems Thinking Introduction, presentation by John M. Gerber, 2007 • The Turning Point (1982), The Web of Life (1996) by Fritjof Capra, References
  • 81. Seite 81 Implemented by Together, we build!

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