5. Transferring national policy to practical action
www.winrock.orgwww.winrock.orgTransferring nationalpolicy to practical actionExperiences with implementing aclimate change program at theprovincial levelIan Wood04 June 2013
www.winrock.orgOverall frameworkNational policiesNational Target Program forresponding to CC (NTP-RCC)Support Program forResponding to CC (SP-RCC)National climate changestrategy (NCCS)Green growth strategy (GGS)National action plan forresponding to climate changeSector CC action plansProvincial CCprogramResearchProjectsCommunicationPlanning
www.winrock.orgRESEARCHInforming decisions with
www.winrock.orgThree questions for research1. What is happening now?(Identifying trends)2. How will this change?(Climate projections based on science)3. What does this mean?(Applying what we learn)
• Research should start by considering what ishappening now• Short- and intermediate-term decisions shouldrely on current situation and emerging trends
www.winrock.orgCC projections and uncertaintyParameter Year Source of information on projection1MONRE,2009MONRE,2011ICEM2,2013Temperatureincrease, oC2050 1.3oC 1.0oC – 1.2oC 2.6oC2100 2.6oC 2.5oC – 2.8oC -Rainfall,% increase2050 0.7% 3% 5% - 6%2100 1.9% 8% - 9% -Sea levelrise, cm2050 33cm 26cm – 30cm 30cm2100 100cm 105cm -1. High emissions scenario. 2. Mekong ARCC Synthesis report, March 2013
www.winrock.orgWhat is certain?• Temperatures are increasing• The sea level is rising• Rainfall is becoming more variableMeaning that:The region will continue to suffer from floods,droughts, high temperature and salinity impacts
www.winrock.orgWhat is a climate changeadaptation investment project?
www.winrock.orgClimate change encompasses a broadspectrum of issues and sectorsThe difficultly is prioritization ofinvestment limited resources
www.winrock.orgAllocation of funds from Support programfor responding to CC (SP-RCC)61 ApprovedProjects, 2012Total budget:$682 million
www.winrock.orgProject selectionat provincial level• Project selection is a complex process• Combine top-down priorities with bottom-up needs• Ensure consistency with a long-term vision• Package projects to create an integratedsolution
www.winrock.orgExample of a multi-functioncommunity shelter• Commune health clinic, acts as ashelter during emergencies, withpriority for elderly or less mobilepeople• Health clinic including treatmentrooms, doctors offices andmeeting room space• Provision for emergencyequipment such as an electricalgenerator, back-up water supplytanks and communicationsreceiver/transmitter• Shelter will become the focal pointfor local response duringemergenciesMulti-function Shelter Binh Dao commune,Thanh Binh District, Quang Nam
www.winrock.orgCOMMUNICATIONRaising awareness and promoting action through
www.winrock.orgKey points for communicating• CC can seem scary, which can lead to inaction,people need to be alert, but not alarmed• 5 excuses for inaction:– Traditional threats are more important than CC– Already too busy with existing problems– Existing activities build resilience therefore already doingadaptation– Experts have all the answers and they will do everything– We don’t have enough data to start, there is too muchuncertaintySource: Shaun Martin, WWF
www.winrock.orgLONG-TERM PLANNING FORLAND USEUnderstanding climate change to support
www.winrock.orgNeed to avoid Thailand flood situation• US $45billion in damages,fifth most expensivedisaster in history• Most losses occurred inindustrial estates, many ofwhich had been built inthe last 20 years on flood-prone land, but withoutadequate flood protection• Now the government isinvesting $95 million forflood protection dikes
How do we allow future development but take intoaccount the impacts of climate change?How do we allow future development but take intoaccount the impacts of climate change?
www.winrock.orgPrinciples for land allocationand development1. Avoid hazards– Allocate land for development in low-risk areas2. New development should not create newproblems– Development (dykes, roads, industry, houses)should not create new problems for other areas3. Minimum performance standards in design– Development should not add to the burden ofemergency services. Need minimum floor levels,ways of egress, contingency plans for emergency.
Investigation of impact of proposed roaddevelopment
Increase in flood level due to roadconstruction
www.winrock.orgMainstreaming CC forinfrastructure and development• Build away from shore lineto allow for sea level riseand erosion• Ensure roads, houses andbuildings are built highenough to be flood free• Improve design andconstruction standards totake into account wind loads
www.winrock.orgClimate change mitigationand land use planning• Land use planning andregulations to minimize lossof forest, both coastal andinland• Allow for green space indeveloping urban areas toreduce temperature effects• Allow for future use of landfor renewable energy suchas wind or solar power
www.winrock.orgConclusion• Think clearly about the existing situation and theemerging trends• Focus on existing problems with a view to addressingmedium term issues• Reassure people that, while climate change is different,its not so different and that actions now are possible• Smart planning decisions today will avoid biggerproblems later
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