5. Transferring national policy to practical action


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Experiences of implementing a climate change program at the provincial level - by Ian Wood, Winrock International

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5. Transferring national policy to practical action

  1. 1. www.winrock.orgwww.winrock.orgTransferring nationalpolicy to practical actionExperiences with implementing aclimate change program at theprovincial levelIan Wood04 June 2013
  2. 2. www.winrock.orgOverall frameworkNational policiesNational Target Program forresponding to CC (NTP-RCC)Support Program forResponding to CC (SP-RCC)National climate changestrategy (NCCS)Green growth strategy (GGS)National action plan forresponding to climate changeSector CC action plansProvincial CCprogramResearchProjectsCommunicationPlanning
  3. 3. www.winrock.orgRESEARCHInforming decisions with
  4. 4. www.winrock.orgThree questions for research1. What is happening now?(Identifying trends)2. How will this change?(Climate projections based on science)3. What does this mean?(Applying what we learn)
  5. 5. www.winrock.orgCoastal trends in Quang Nam
  6. 6. 1988 19891999 2000Research Centerfor Managementand CoastalDevelopment,Department ofMapping, RemoteSensing and GISHue University
  7. 7. 240m erosion in10 years
  8. 8. • Research should start by considering what ishappening now• Short- and intermediate-term decisions shouldrely on current situation and emerging trends
  9. 9. www.winrock.orgCC projections and uncertaintyParameter Year Source of information on projection1MONRE,2009MONRE,2011ICEM2,2013Temperatureincrease, oC2050 1.3oC 1.0oC – 1.2oC 2.6oC2100 2.6oC 2.5oC – 2.8oC -Rainfall,% increase2050 0.7% 3% 5% - 6%2100 1.9% 8% - 9% -Sea levelrise, cm2050 33cm 26cm – 30cm 30cm2100 100cm 105cm -1. High emissions scenario. 2. Mekong ARCC Synthesis report, March 2013
  10. 10. www.winrock.orgWhat is certain?• Temperatures are increasing• The sea level is rising• Rainfall is becoming more variableMeaning that:The region will continue to suffer from floods,droughts, high temperature and salinity impacts
  11. 11. www.winrock.orgPROJECTSDesigning effective
  12. 12. www.winrock.orgWhat is a climate changeadaptation investment project?
  13. 13. www.winrock.orgClimate change encompasses a broadspectrum of issues and sectorsThe difficultly is prioritization ofinvestment limited resources
  14. 14. www.winrock.orgAllocation of funds from Support programfor responding to CC (SP-RCC)61 ApprovedProjects, 2012Total budget:$682 million
  15. 15. www.winrock.orgProject selectionat provincial level• Project selection is a complex process• Combine top-down priorities with bottom-up needs• Ensure consistency with a long-term vision• Package projects to create an integratedsolution
  16. 16. www.winrock.orgExample of a multi-functioncommunity shelter• Commune health clinic, acts as ashelter during emergencies, withpriority for elderly or less mobilepeople• Health clinic including treatmentrooms, doctors offices andmeeting room space• Provision for emergencyequipment such as an electricalgenerator, back-up water supplytanks and communicationsreceiver/transmitter• Shelter will become the focal pointfor local response duringemergenciesMulti-function Shelter Binh Dao commune,Thanh Binh District, Quang Nam
  17. 17. www.winrock.orgCOMMUNICATIONRaising awareness and promoting action through
  18. 18. www.winrock.orgKey messages forawareness raising
  19. 19. www.winrock.orgKey points for communicating• CC can seem scary, which can lead to inaction,people need to be alert, but not alarmed• 5 excuses for inaction:– Traditional threats are more important than CC– Already too busy with existing problems– Existing activities build resilience therefore already doingadaptation– Experts have all the answers and they will do everything– We don’t have enough data to start, there is too muchuncertaintySource: Shaun Martin, WWF
  20. 20. www.winrock.orgLONG-TERM PLANNING FORLAND USEUnderstanding climate change to support
  21. 21. www.winrock.orgNeed to avoid Thailand flood situation• US $45billion in damages,fifth most expensivedisaster in history• Most losses occurred inindustrial estates, many ofwhich had been built inthe last 20 years on flood-prone land, but withoutadequate flood protection• Now the government isinvesting $95 million forflood protection dikes
  22. 22. How do we allow future development but take intoaccount the impacts of climate change?How do we allow future development but take intoaccount the impacts of climate change?
  23. 23. www.winrock.orgPrinciples for land allocationand development1. Avoid hazards– Allocate land for development in low-risk areas2. New development should not create newproblems– Development (dykes, roads, industry, houses)should not create new problems for other areas3. Minimum performance standards in design– Development should not add to the burden ofemergency services. Need minimum floor levels,ways of egress, contingency plans for emergency.
  24. 24. Tra Khuc River in Quang Nam province
  25. 25. Investigation of impact of proposed roaddevelopment
  26. 26. Increase in flood level due to roadconstruction
  27. 27. www.winrock.orgMainstreaming CC forinfrastructure and development• Build away from shore lineto allow for sea level riseand erosion• Ensure roads, houses andbuildings are built highenough to be flood free• Improve design andconstruction standards totake into account wind loads
  28. 28. www.winrock.orgClimate change mitigationand land use planning• Land use planning andregulations to minimize lossof forest, both coastal andinland• Allow for green space indeveloping urban areas toreduce temperature effects• Allow for future use of landfor renewable energy suchas wind or solar power
  29. 29. www.winrock.orgConclusion• Think clearly about the existing situation and theemerging trends• Focus on existing problems with a view to addressingmedium term issues• Reassure people that, while climate change is different,its not so different and that actions now are possible• Smart planning decisions today will avoid biggerproblems later
  30. 30. www.winrock.orgXin chân thànhc m ơn!Xin chân thànhc m ơn!