1. Can Tho & Mekong Delta - Climate change issues and challenges

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Nguyen Minh The, DONRE Can Tho

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1. Can Tho & Mekong Delta - Climate change issues and challenges

  1. 1. CLIMATE CHANGE COORDINATION OFFICEwww.biendoikhihau.cantho.gov.vnvpbdkhct@cantho.gov.vnSYMPOSIUM ON INNOVATION AND TECHNICAL CLIMATE RESPONSE IN THE CSYMPOSIUM ON INNOVATION AND TECHNICAL CLIMATE RESPONSE IN THE CSYMPOSIUM ON INNOVATION AND TECHNICAL CLIMATE RESPONSE IN THE CSYMPOSIUM ON INNOVATION AND TECHNICAL CLIMATE RESPONSE IN THE COMMUNITYOMMUNITYOMMUNITYOMMUNITYCanCanCanCan ThoThoThoTho & Mekong Delta:& Mekong Delta:& Mekong Delta:& Mekong Delta:Climate Change Issues and ChallengesClimate Change Issues and ChallengesClimate Change Issues and ChallengesClimate Change Issues and Challenges
  2. 2. Inundation by floodInundation by tideNATURAL OF CAN THO• Area: 1400km2; # 3.5% Mekong delta• Distance from: HCMC-169km; East Sea-75 km• At the end of Mekong, Hau river 190Bm3/year• Flat and low land and subsidence• Rainy season 05-11• Inundation July- November; deepest Sep-Nov annually• 2 inundation areas: by Mekong flood and by tideSYMPOSIUM ON INNOVATION AND TECHNICAL CLIMATE RESPONSE IN THE COMMUNITY
  3. 3. SOCIO-ECONOMICS OF CAN THO• Population: 1,200 M; # 7% Mekong Delta• Labors: 0,590M; People density: 856 p/km²• Economic structure: first area 11%; secondarea 44.5% and third area 44.5%SYMPOSIUM ON INNOVATION AND TECHNICAL CLIMATE RESPONSE IN THECOMMUNITY
  4. 4. CLIMATE CHANGE IN CAN THO CITYI. Physical problems-Main expression1. Higher temperature: (daytime average temperature higherthan 35OC and increasing)2. Abnormal hydrology regime (Severe dry season at thebeginning of the year and greater inundation at the end ofthe year)3. Saltwater intrusion (Even in the dry season and the wetseason)4. Extreme weather events increase (Hurricanes, tornados,lightning, etc.)SYMPOSIUM ON INNOVATION AND TECHNICAL CLIMATE RESPONSE IN THECOMMUNITY
  5. 5. CLIMATE CHANGE IN CAN THO CITYII. Physical problems-Factors make CC more dangerous1. Ground surface deformation (river bank erosion, landsubsidence...)2. Environmental pollution (solid waste, wastewater, airpollution…)3. Unsustainable development (urbanization andindustrialization, hydropower dam...)4. Ecological imbalance (natural rice degraded, both blackand white fish decline)SYMPOSIUM ON INNOVATION AND TECHNICAL CLIMATE RESPONSE IN THECOMMUNITY
  6. 6. CLIMATE CHANGE IN CAN THO CITYII. Social problems-make CC more1. Low public income2. Lack of localized CC information3. No CC specialized institutes4. Difficulties in coordination5. CC budget is not available.SYMPOSIUM ON INNOVATION AND TECHNICAL CLIMATE RESPONSE IN THECOMMUNITY
  7. 7. Impacts of CC IN CAN THO CITYI. Community health problems (increased cases ofDengue fever; Diarrhea; flu; hand foot and mouthdisease; SARS)II. Social production reduced (agricultural output reduced=> industrial processing of agricultural products, reduced=> export revenues decreased => commercial sectorservice was brought to a standstill)III. Livelihoods of the community unstable (Socialproduction decreased => labor income reduced + healthproblems => unstable life => migration => disorderedsociety)SYMPOSIUM ON INNOVATION AND TECHNICAL CLIMATE RESPONSE IN THECOMMUNITY
  8. 8. HOW TO RESPOND TO CC IN CAN THO CITYI. Principles1.Good adaptation (minimize damage/impacts on thecommunity first, then reduce climate change)2. Ensure a stable life (green life, stable income,appropriate housing)3. No regrets (still applied even if there’s climate change ornot)4. Bottom-up and top-down planning (create conditions forthe vulnerability, local government participating inpreparation, implementation and monitoring of plans torespond to climate change)SYMPOSIUM ON INNOVATION AND TECHNICAL CLIMATE RESPONSE IN THECOMMUNITY
  9. 9. HOW TO RESPOND TO CC IN CAN THO CITYII. Measures1. Establish Steering committee of Decision 158 (to focusthe attention, the power of the entire local agencies)2. Establish CCCO (on behalf of the Steering Committee ofDecision 158, to coordinate all the local adaptations toclimate change)3. Develop and implement response plansNote:Decision 158: decision on the implementation of national target programs on climatechange.CCCO: Climate change coordination officeSYMPOSIUM ON INNOVATION AND TECHNICAL CLIMATE RESPONSE IN THECOMMUNITY
  10. 10. CAN THO CITY CC ADAPTATION ACTIVIESI. CCCO working plan activitiesa. Climate change propagating awareness and capacitybuilding (for more than 1200 local staff)b. Web page: http//:biendoikhihau.cantho.gov.vn (to storeand provide information about climate change for everyone)c. Research "The link between vulnerability and climatechange” (to build a reasonable climate change response strategyfor the vulnerabilities)d. Study three climate change adaptation indicators (to bethe base for evaluating the effectiveness of local agencies resilienceactivities)e. Building long-term climate change resilience activitiesplan 2015-2030SYMPOSIUM ON INNOVATION AND TECHNICAL CLIMATE RESPONSE IN THECOMMUNITY
  11. 11. CAN THO CITY CC ADAPTATION ACTIVIESII. CCCO intervention projects:a. Dengue fever and climate change research(DOH, 2012 - 2014)b. Saltwater intrusion monitoring system (DONRE,2012-2014)c. Community-based flood prevention (Ninh Kieu,2013-2015)SYMPOSIUM ON INNOVATION AND TECHNICAL CLIMATE RESPONSE IN THECOMMUNITY
  12. 12. D. CAN THO CITY CC ADAPTATION ACTIVIESIII. CCCO intervention cooperation activitiesa. Project to strengthen national capacity to respond to climatechange, CBCC (IMHEN, MONRE&UNDP, 2009-2013)b. Project to improve the adaptive capacity through themanagement of water resources (CTU & CSIRO, 2010-2012)c. Can Tho – Resilience Planning for Integrated Flood RiskManagement (SCE, the World Bank, 2012-2013)d. Study about effective communication on climate change(NISTPASS & AMDI, 2012-2014)e. ACCCRN youth initiative program, AYIP (Challenge to Change2012-2013)f. Project training and development activities to respond toclimate change for farmers (ADRA, Australia, 2013)SYMPOSIUM ON INNOVATION AND TECHNICAL CLIMATE RESPONSE IN THECOMMUNITY
  13. 13. Organizational chart of activities CCCOCan Tho peoplecommitteeSC 158 CCCOCity GovernmentdepartmentDistrict PCCBCCprojectSCE-WBprojectCTUCSIROprojectDOHprojectDONREProjectAYIPNISTPASSprojectOrganization relationshipCooperation relationshipworking planactivitiesADRAprojectNINH KIEUProjectSYMPOSIUM ON INNOVATION AND TECHNICAL CLIMATE RESPONSE IN THECOMMUNITY
  14. 14. D. CAN THO CITY CC ADAPTATION ACTIVIESIV. Photos of CCCO activitiesClimate Change TrainingSYMPOSIUM ON INNOVATION AND TECHNICAL CLIMATE RESPONSE IN THECOMMUNITY
  15. 15. D. CAN THO CITY CC ADAPTATION ACTIVIESIV. Photos of CCCO activitiesIntervention activitiesSYMPOSIUM ON INNOVATION AND TECHNICAL CLIMATE RESPONSE IN THECOMMUNITY
  16. 16. D. CAN THO CITY CC ADAPTATION ACTIVIESIV. Photos of CCCO activitiesIntervention activitiesSYMPOSIUM ON INNOVATION AND TECHNICAL CLIMATE RESPONSE IN THECOMMUNITY
  17. 17. Recommendations for the future- Establish Center for Mekong delta climate changesupport base on the CCCO- Research for water integrated management based onland use- Research on cost-benefit assessment (CBA) fordykes system to against inundation, floodSYMPOSIUM ON INNOVATION AND TECHNICAL CLIMATE RESPONSE IN THECOMMUNITY
  18. 18. THANK YOUCan Tho Climate Change Coordination Officewww.biendoikhihau.cantho.gov.vnvpbdkhct@cantho.gov.vnSYMPOSIUM ON INNOVATION AND TECHNICAL CLIMATE RESPONSE IN THECOMMUNITY

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