IntroductionA quick and visual tour proposal for Etruria between Lazio and Tuscany. Easilyaccessible from Rome it is home of the Etruscan civilization (and equally rich inRoman, Medieval and Reinassence heritage) may represent a 2/3 day break mixinghistory/art, nature, food and...spas.From Rome it’s a total of about 200 Km, depending on the route. The tour could beextended to the more “classical” Tuscany (Siena, Sangimignano on to Florence), ortoward the coast.Reaching the motorway will allow to return to Rome or go to Florence and beyondin a couple of hours.
Tolfa 92 Km from Rome 39 Km from Cerveteri Medieval village that grew signiﬁcantly after 1453 when,due the fall of Costantinopoli, the area became important for its alum mines
AllumiereThe word "alumen" occurs in Plinys Natural History.Alum was imported mainly from the Middle East, and, when the fall of Costantinopolisto the Turks cut the supply, rich mines were discovered in the region.From the late 15th century onwards, the Papal States for hundreds of years suppliedalum to all of EuropeIts use there was as a dye-ﬁxer (mordant) for wool.In England, as imports from the Papal States were ceased following theexcommunication of Henry VIII attempts were made throughout the 16th century, butwithout success until early on in the 17th century to create artiﬁcial alum.An industry was founded in Yorkshire to process the shale which contained the keyingredient, aluminium sulfate, together with human urine and made an importantcontribution to the Industrial Revolution.
AllumiereMuseum in the center of town, hosted in Allumiere was on the Allies’ route from the Camera Apostolica palace Rome to the north A satellite village of Tolfa is Allumiere, named after the alum mines, that grew around the “industrial” installation for its extraction and processing.
Tarquinia 131 Km from Rome 35 Km from Tolfa Important Etruscan town that gave Rome early 3 kings. Fought against Rome but was defeated.In the early Middle Age a new town was built on a hill nearby, which was eventually incorporated into the Papal State
Tarquinia: Etruscan Frescoes in the Necropolis
Tarquinia: The Roman AcqueductAcqueduct from early XVIII Century
Vetralla 166 Km from Rome 31 Km from Tarquinia On the old Cassia Road, it was a stopping place on theway to and from Rome. Along this route you JUST HAVE to pass through it. No need to stop, really!
Tuscania 199 Km from Rome 22 Km from VetrallaEtruscan town, followed developments similar to others in the region, under Rome, free “city” , subject to the Papal State