Facilitating Group Development

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How to promote group development in psychoeducational groups.

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Facilitating Group Development

  1. 1. Facilitation Skills Promoting Group Development<br />
  2. 2. Facilitation Skills Promoting Group Development<br />Having participants assume responsibility for the group and their learning will increase <br />their involvement and <br />potential to learn.<br />There are some very concrete tasks the facilitator can do to help the groups transition from one stage to the next.<br />Member involvement<br />The progression in the Sages of Group Development outlined in the presentation presents a linear model. In reality, the group may have periods of regressing to earlier stages and then continuing the development process.<br />
  3. 3. Facilitation Skills Promoting Group Development<br />In traditional group therapies there is a fifth stage, Termination, that is often perceived as another opportunity for learning.<br />In psychoeducational groups this stage is used as a therapeutic learning opportunity . <br />However, this final stage is a chance for evaluating and recognizing learners success.<br />Member involvement<br />
  4. 4. First slide<br />What are the stages of group?<br />Performing <br />Shared risk taking<br /> Attending to task or to other <br /> members<br /> “It or us”<br />Norming<br /> Cohesion, <br /> Inclusion “near or far” <br /> Group think, “us versus them”<br />Storming<br /> Conflict, <br /> Searching for role<br /> Dominance “top or bottom”<br />Forming<br />Orientation,<br /> Affiliation “in or out”<br /> Dependency or rejection<br />
  5. 5. First slide<br />Valiance and stages of group development<br />Member involvement<br />Forming<br />Storming<br />Norming<br />Performing <br />
  6. 6. First slide<br />Valiance and stages of group development<br />Member involvement<br />"In Reality"<br />Forming<br />Storming<br />Norming<br />Performing <br />
  7. 7. "In Reality"<br />First slide<br />Valiance and stages of group development<br />Member involvement<br />Performing <br />Forming<br />Storming<br />Norming<br />
  8. 8. "In Reality"<br />First slide<br />Valiance and stages of group development<br />Member involvement<br />Storming<br />Performing <br />Forming<br />Norming<br />
  9. 9. "In Reality"<br />First slide<br />Valiance and stages of group development<br />Member involvement<br />Performing <br />Forming<br />Storming<br />Norming<br />
  10. 10. "In Reality"<br />First slide<br />Valiance and stages of group development<br />Member involvement<br />Performing <br />Forming<br />Storming<br />Norming<br />
  11. 11. First slide<br />Facilitation skills and the stages of group development<br />Member involvement<br />Performing <br />Forming<br />Storming<br />Norming<br />
  12. 12. First slide<br />Facilitation and stages of group development<br />Facilitators Tasks<br />Orientation<br /><ul><li>Clarify purpose of group
  13. 13. Tell what to expect
  14. 14. Establish guidelines</li></ul>Forming<br /><ul><li> Orientation,
  15. 15. Affiliation “in or out”
  16. 16. Dependency or rejection</li></ul>Affiliation<br /><ul><li>Introduction of members
  17. 17. Expectations yours and theirs</li></ul>Member involvement<br />Dependency or Rejection<br /><ul><li>Clarify program requirements
  18. 18. Emphasize everyone needs a chance </li></ul>Performing <br />Storming<br />Norming<br />Forming<br />
  19. 19. First slide<br />Transition Helpers<br />1] At beginning of new session, facilitator reviews what was discussed during last session.<br />2] Try to include as many positive comments about members interactions in previous session.<br />3] Use the word “group” at least every 3 minutes [or when appropriate].<br />Forming to Storming<br />Member involvement<br />Performing <br />Forming<br />Storming<br />Norming<br />
  20. 20. First slide<br />Facilitators Tasks<br />Conflict<br /><ul><li>Clarify guidelines
  21. 21. Accept and recognize patients are “buying in”</li></ul>Storming<br /><ul><li> Conflict,
  22. 22. Searching for role
  23. 23. Dominance “top or bottom”</li></ul>Roles<br /><ul><li>Give members opportunities for establishing a role [i.e. time keeper, writing on board, charting]</li></ul>Member involvement<br />Dominance<br /><ul><li>Keep your role
  24. 24. Pair members on tasks
  25. 25. Reinforce participation</li></ul>Performing <br />Forming<br />Storming<br />Norming<br />
  26. 26. First slide<br />Transition Helpers<br />1] Ask specific members to be ready to report in next session what was covered today.<br />2] Have other members give brief overview of guidelines.<br />3] Accept that “kill the leader” is part of the storming to norming process.<br />Storming to Norming<br />Member involvement<br />Performing <br />Forming<br />Storming<br />Norming<br />
  27. 27. First slide<br />Norming<br /> Cohesion, <br /> Inclusion “near or far” <br /> Group think, “us versus them”<br />Member involvement<br />Performing <br />Forming<br />Storming<br />Norming<br />
  28. 28. First slide<br />Facilitator Tasks<br />Cohesion<br /><ul><li>Use terms like we, the group
  29. 29. Let group make reasonable decisions</li></ul>Norming<br /> Cohesion, <br /> Inclusion “near or far” <br /> Group think, “us versus them”<br />Inclusion<br /><ul><li>Focus on members making progress
  30. 30. Get input from all members</li></ul>Group Think<br /><ul><li>Reinforce this is one, just one, of the components of their treatment
  31. 31. Discuss their growth and potential for other meaningful relations</li></ul>Member involvement<br />Forming<br />Storming<br />Norming<br />Performing <br />
  32. 32. First slide<br />Facilitator Tasks<br />Norming<br /> Cohesion, <br /> Inclusion “near or far” <br /> Group think, “us versus them”<br />Transition Helpers<br />1] Give members chance to correct course of the group.<br />2] IF, members are beginning to form as a group and decision needs to be made, say “well it is your group.”<br />Member involvement<br />Forming<br />Storming<br />Norming<br />Performing <br />
  33. 33. First slide<br />Valiance and stages of group development<br />Congratulations!<br />You have optimal group performance.<br />Performing <br />Shared risk taking<br /> Attending to task or to other members<br /> “It or us”<br />Member involvement<br />Forming<br />Storming<br />Norming<br />Performing <br />
  34. 34. Facilitation Skills Promoting Group Development<br />Having participants assume responsibility for the group and their learning greatly increases their involvement and potential to learn.<br />

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