Facilitating Group Development

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How to promote group development in psychoeducational groups.

How to promote group development in psychoeducational groups.

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  • 1. Facilitation Skills Promoting Group Development
  • 2. Facilitation Skills Promoting Group Development
    Having participants assume responsibility for the group and their learning will increase
    their involvement and
    potential to learn.
    There are some very concrete tasks the facilitator can do to help the groups transition from one stage to the next.
    Member involvement
    The progression in the Sages of Group Development outlined in the presentation presents a linear model. In reality, the group may have periods of regressing to earlier stages and then continuing the development process.
  • 3. Facilitation Skills Promoting Group Development
    In traditional group therapies there is a fifth stage, Termination, that is often perceived as another opportunity for learning.
    In psychoeducational groups this stage is used as a therapeutic learning opportunity .
    However, this final stage is a chance for evaluating and recognizing learners success.
    Member involvement
  • 4. First slide
    What are the stages of group?
    Performing
    Shared risk taking
    Attending to task or to other
    members
    “It or us”
    Norming
    Cohesion,
    Inclusion “near or far”
    Group think, “us versus them”
    Storming
    Conflict,
    Searching for role
    Dominance “top or bottom”
    Forming
    Orientation,
    Affiliation “in or out”
    Dependency or rejection
  • 5. First slide
    Valiance and stages of group development
    Member involvement
    Forming
    Storming
    Norming
    Performing
  • 6. First slide
    Valiance and stages of group development
    Member involvement
    "In Reality"
    Forming
    Storming
    Norming
    Performing
  • 7. "In Reality"
    First slide
    Valiance and stages of group development
    Member involvement
    Performing
    Forming
    Storming
    Norming
  • 8. "In Reality"
    First slide
    Valiance and stages of group development
    Member involvement
    Storming
    Performing
    Forming
    Norming
  • 9. "In Reality"
    First slide
    Valiance and stages of group development
    Member involvement
    Performing
    Forming
    Storming
    Norming
  • 10. "In Reality"
    First slide
    Valiance and stages of group development
    Member involvement
    Performing
    Forming
    Storming
    Norming
  • 11. First slide
    Facilitation skills and the stages of group development
    Member involvement
    Performing
    Forming
    Storming
    Norming
  • 12. First slide
    Facilitation and stages of group development
    Facilitators Tasks
    Orientation
    • Clarify purpose of group
    • 13. Tell what to expect
    • 14. Establish guidelines
    Forming
    • Orientation,
    • 15. Affiliation “in or out”
    • 16. Dependency or rejection
    Affiliation
    • Introduction of members
    • 17. Expectations yours and theirs
    Member involvement
    Dependency or Rejection
    • Clarify program requirements
    • 18. Emphasize everyone needs a chance
    Performing
    Storming
    Norming
    Forming
  • 19. First slide
    Transition Helpers
    1] At beginning of new session, facilitator reviews what was discussed during last session.
    2] Try to include as many positive comments about members interactions in previous session.
    3] Use the word “group” at least every 3 minutes [or when appropriate].
    Forming to Storming
    Member involvement
    Performing
    Forming
    Storming
    Norming
  • 20. First slide
    Facilitators Tasks
    Conflict
    • Clarify guidelines
    • 21. Accept and recognize patients are “buying in”
    Storming
    • Conflict,
    • 22. Searching for role
    • 23. Dominance “top or bottom”
    Roles
    • Give members opportunities for establishing a role [i.e. time keeper, writing on board, charting]
    Member involvement
    Dominance
    • Keep your role
    • 24. Pair members on tasks
    • 25. Reinforce participation
    Performing
    Forming
    Storming
    Norming
  • 26. First slide
    Transition Helpers
    1] Ask specific members to be ready to report in next session what was covered today.
    2] Have other members give brief overview of guidelines.
    3] Accept that “kill the leader” is part of the storming to norming process.
    Storming to Norming
    Member involvement
    Performing
    Forming
    Storming
    Norming
  • 27. First slide
    Norming
    Cohesion,
    Inclusion “near or far”
    Group think, “us versus them”
    Member involvement
    Performing
    Forming
    Storming
    Norming
  • 28. First slide
    Facilitator Tasks
    Cohesion
    • Use terms like we, the group
    • 29. Let group make reasonable decisions
    Norming
    Cohesion,
    Inclusion “near or far”
    Group think, “us versus them”
    Inclusion
    • Focus on members making progress
    • 30. Get input from all members
    Group Think
    • Reinforce this is one, just one, of the components of their treatment
    • 31. Discuss their growth and potential for other meaningful relations
    Member involvement
    Forming
    Storming
    Norming
    Performing
  • 32. First slide
    Facilitator Tasks
    Norming
    Cohesion,
    Inclusion “near or far”
    Group think, “us versus them”
    Transition Helpers
    1] Give members chance to correct course of the group.
    2] IF, members are beginning to form as a group and decision needs to be made, say “well it is your group.”
    Member involvement
    Forming
    Storming
    Norming
    Performing
  • 33. First slide
    Valiance and stages of group development
    Congratulations!
    You have optimal group performance.
    Performing
    Shared risk taking
    Attending to task or to other members
    “It or us”
    Member involvement
    Forming
    Storming
    Norming
    Performing
  • 34. Facilitation Skills Promoting Group Development
    Having participants assume responsibility for the group and their learning greatly increases their involvement and potential to learn.