Transcript of "PsychExchange.co.uk Shared Resource"
WALT:Criticise the behaviourist theory and consider an alternative theory
Criticisms of the behaviourist theory of atypical behaviour• One criticism of the behaviourist theory of atypical behaviour is……………this is a criticism because………………..• Another criticism of the behaviourist theory of atypical behaviour is……………this is a criticism because………………..Use the template provided to givetwo criticisms of the theory
Criticisms of the behaviourist theory of atypical behaviour HINT If asked in the exam to give a/some criticism(s)/weakness(es) of the behaviouristtheory, just remember that they are all making reference to what the theory ignores:• It ignores the thinking behind phobias• It ignores indirect experience with phobia• It ignores the role of nature in developing phobias
NAn Alternative Theory: Evolutionary TheorySurvivalReproductionInstinctiveInnateBiological preparednessIn pairs, think about how each of these wordslinks to evolutionary theory and how thetheory might explain phobias.
An Alternative Theory: Evolutionary TheoryActivity 5.7Look at the following examples of phobias. In eachcase, explain why it would be natural to fear theseobjects/situations according to the evolutionarytheory.• Fear of the dark• Fear of heights• Fear of flying• Fear of close spaces• Fear of rats
Plenary• With a heading of ‘an alternative theory: Evolutionary theory’, write a paragraph to summarise the alternative theory. Ensure that you include the key words discussed – a reminder of those words is below: Survival Reproduction Instinctive Innate Biological preparedness
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