PsychExchange.co.uk Shared Resource

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PsychExchange.co.uk Shared Resource

  1. 1. Either research methods or attachment content.
  2. 2. I am not really going to keep you behind at lunch! However what behaviours was a trying to reinforce? How was I doing this?
  3. 3.  Isa theory put forward by Skinner. This is the idea that we learn through experiencing rewards and punishments. So each time you do something that results in a pleasant consequence the behaviour is reinforced. More likely then to repeat the behaviour. It works the same way if you do something that results in an unpleasant consequence.
  4. 4.  Dollard and Miller (1950) offer an explanation based on operant conditioning. Suggests that when infant feels hungry they feel uncomfortable. When the infant is fed a feeling of pleasure is produced. This feeling of pleasure is rewarding. Food is then the primary reinforcer because it ‘stamps in’ the behaviour to avoid discomfort.
  5. 5.  Thenext stage brings in elements of classical conditioning. How do you think? The caregiver is a secondary reinforcer and becomes a source of reward in their own right. Attachment occurs because the child seeks the person who can supply the reward.
  6. 6.  You are a psychologist that works for a mothering magazine. Answer the problem/ questions this Mother has written in with. Useoperant conditioning to base your answer/advice on.
  7. 7.  Criticsrefer to it as a ‘cupboard love theory’. What do you think this might mean? • It suggests that attachment is based solely on the provision of food.
  8. 8.  Super Nanny http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zvnhniam k_E

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