Jibs keynote (draft)

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  • Back to the Future and into the Cloud30 mins'The Frictionless Library - following Ranganathan: Towards "Five Principles for Networked Libraries"' as a starting point, what happens if we replace "books" with "resources" and then reimagine the laws in the context of online networks, social graphs, and frictionless resource recommendation and discovery?
  • Take inspiration from the title
  • There is a risk in me – an outsider – taking what may or may not be a foundational,naïve, taken for granted or thoroughly debunked view of Library Science and using as the keystone of my presentation, but we have to start somewhere. And much constitutional theorists in the United States often tries to address today’s concerns of the framers,
  • Historical, textual, structural, doctrinal, ethical, prudential
  • It could be interesting to try to get into the mind of Ranganathan by treating him as a framer and applying the techniques of the constitutional theorists to his 80 year old laws in order to help us interpret them in the contemporary context. But time is short, I’m too much of a butterfly mind for embarking on a very deep critique, and I don’t have a very deep understanding of either Ranganathan’s laws, or the different approaches to constitutional theory, either, so if anyone here would like to take up the challenge, send me a link;-)
  • As well as time saved, we might have “strength of support”
  • Hierachies once ruled the world, because hierarchical classification was efficient.
  • Processing overheads might relate to filetype conversion
  • What’s the scarce quantity? The time of the researcher?
  • What’s the scarce quantity? The time of the researcher?
  • Access ito appropriate…?
  • There is an issue here – do you refer people to best possible resource, or the best possible resource they can access?
  • The ranking algorithm is no longer a one-size-fits-all approach.
  • The invisible librarian takes away the pain…
  • Personal collection development
  • As well as time saved, we might have “strength of support”
  • Jibs keynote (draft)

    1. 1. ‘The Frictionless Library’Following Ranganathan Towards "Five Principles forNetworked Libraries” Tony Hirst Department of Communication & Systems, The Open University
    2. 2. “Back to the Future and into the Cloud”
    3. 3. Ranganathan `31: The Five Laws
    4. 4. Adaptive Efficient Relevant Democratic Access (to knowledge)
    5. 5. Modalities of Constitutional ArgumentThese methods of reasoning and ways of making arguments determine the ways in whichconstitutional propositions are characterized as valid from a legal point of view. Thesemethods might be divided or recategorized in different ways, but thefollowing six forms ormodalities of constitutional argument are widely accepted: (1) historical—relying on the intentions of the framers and ratifiers of the Constitution (see Original Intent;History, Court Uses of);(2) textual—looking to the meaning of the words of theConstitution alone, as they would be interpreted by an average contemporary Americantoday;(3) structural— inferring structural rules from the relationships thatthe Constitution mandates; (4) doctrinal—applying rules generated byprecedent;(5) ethical—deriving rules from those moral commitments of theAmerican ethos that are reflected in the Constitution; and (6) prudential—seeking to balance the costs and benefits of a particular rule. A modality is the way in whicha proposition is characterized as true. Read more: http://www.answers.com/topic/constitutional-interpretation#ixzz1mjX2jgoc
    6. 6. Historical Textual Structural Doctrinal Ethical Prudential1st Law2nd Law3rd Law4th Law5th Law
    7. 7. http://www.answers.com/topic/constitutional-interpretation
    8. 8. The library is a growing organism Ranganathan `31historical, textual, structural, doctrinal, ethical, prudential
    9. 9. …and the Library lives in a networked world…
    10. 10. Hierarchical data and treemaps - medalsPivot tables
    11. 11. Couple of network graphs to make the point…
    12. 12. Network activity is sensitive to network structure
    13. 13. YOU can influence the network structure
    14. 14. Page Rank
    15. 15. Persistent side-effects
    16. 16. Page Rank
    17. 17. Or maybe not-so-persistent side-effects…?
    18. 18. Edge Rank
    19. 19. Books are for use Ranganathan `31historical, textual, structural, doctrinal, ethical, prudential
    20. 20. <A>CCESS
    21. 21. “friction”
    22. 22. I’ve started to think about factors affecting reuse as being causes of friction .... Thismay not be an exhaustive list, but the things I can see that create friction in the reuse of data are:Explicit restrictions on reuseUncertainty about possible restrictions on reuseUnusual or unfamiliar interfaces and formatsLack of information on data and where the data is available Sometimes you might deliberately introduce friction – perhaps you don’t want your data to be reused by just anyone, for any purpose. I don’t see friction as bad per se – we just need to be aware of it, and especially avoid introducing friction when we don’t mean to. http://www.meanboyfriend.com/overdue_ideas/2011/11/openly-connect/
    23. 23. “static friction” Credentials Authentication Training Requirements Registration fee
    24. 24. “dynamic friction” Transaction Fees Quotas License conditions Format/representation conversions
    25. 25. DISCOVERY Find relevant resource identifiers Resolve resource identifiers to accessible locations
    26. 26. DISCOVERY Find relevant resource identifiersRECOVERY Resolve resource identifiers to accessible locations
    27. 27. DISCOVERY search terms Find relevant resource identifiers click-thruRECOVERY Resolve resource identifiers to accessible locations
    28. 28. Every reader his or her book Ranganathan `31historical, textual, structural, doctrinal, ethical, prudential
    29. 29. Democratic Access
    30. 30. DISCOVERY search terms Find relevant resource identifiers click-thruRECOVERY Resolve resource identifiers to accessible locations
    31. 31. DISCOVERY search terms Find relevant resource identifiers click-thruRECOVERY Accessible Inaccessible locations locations
    32. 32. Known Individuals Known Communities The “wider public”
    33. 33. Networks can emerge fromloosely co-ordinated action
    34. 34. Networks may codify“common knowledge”
    35. 35. Every book its reader Ranganathan `31historical, textual, structural, doctrinal, ethical, prudential
    36. 36. Relevant Democratic Access
    37. 37. Index + Search Terms -> Candidate ResultsCandidate Results + Ranking -> Results Page(s)
    38. 38. Page Rank
    39. 39. DISCOVERY search terms Find relevant resource identifiers click-thruRECOVERY Accessible Inaccessible locations locations
    40. 40. There is no Google Ground Truth any more…
    41. 41. theinvisiblelibrarian
    42. 42. “frictionless sharing”
    43. 43. Brian’s “Trusted Social Librarian”
    44. 44. Save the time of the reader Ranganathan `31historical, textual, structural, doctrinal, ethical, prudential
    45. 45. Efficient Relevant Democratic Access
    46. 46. REDISCOVERYDISCOVERY & search terms Find relevant resource identifiers click-thru RECOVERY Accessible Inaccessible locations locations
    47. 47. REDISCOVERYDISCOVERY & search terms Find relevant resource identifiers click-thru RECOVERY Accessible Inaccessible locations locations
    48. 48. Brian’s “Trusted Social Librarian”
    49. 49. “user interface friction” Pfeiffer Consulting http://www.pfeifferreport.com/trends/UIF_Report.pdf
    50. 50. User interface friction is the resistance that theimplementation and execution of a user interface featureimposes on the user of a program, device, or operatingsystem.User Interface Friction is not related to the functionality of anapplication program, and does not depend on the processingpower of a computer, although these can be mitigating factors.The same application program, functioning on two differentoperating systems can yield different overall UIF because ofdifferences in the way the user interface responds.User interface friction can result in significant productivity losswhen it occurs on frequently repeated operations.
    51. 51. open development and “issue reports”
    52. 52. The library is a growing organism Ranganathan `31historical, textual, structural, doctrinal, ethical, prudential
    53. 53. Adaptive Efficient Relevant Democratic Access
    54. 54. Network activity is sensitive to network structure and dynamics
    55. 55. YOU can influence thenetwork structure and its dynamics
    56. 56. @psychemediablog.ouseful.info

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