It applies to verbal and also to other deliberate actions, such a placing a certain family photo in the office, office décor or an empathic gesture, such as touch or a certain sound (Barnett, 1998; Gutheil & Gabbard, 1998; Mahalik, Van Ormer & Simi, 2000 ; Zur, 2007). There are two types of deliberate self-disclosures. The first one is self-revealing, which is the disclosure of information by therapists about themselves. The second type has been called self-involving, which involves therapists' personal reactions to clients and to occurrences that take place during sessions (Knox, Hess, Petersen, & Hill, 1997). Natural: age, handicap, SES, marital status, perhaps religious affiliation Accidental: Unplanned outside the office, grocery stores, restaurants (company), sporting events
Small group someone in perceived authority disclosure How did it impact Are there themes that hold true
Self Disclosure in Ethics Education Pedagogical Tool Or Educational Philosophy
Professional Development: Training for Professionalism as a Foundation for Competent Practice in Psychology. By Elman, Nancy S.; Illfelder-Kaye, Joyce; Robiner, William N. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice. 2005 Aug Vol 36(4) 367-375
7.04 Student Disclosure of Personal Information Psychologists do not require students or supervisees to disclose personal information in course- or program-related activities, either orally or in writing, regarding sexual history, history of abuse and neglect, psychological treatment, and relationships with parents, peers, and spouses or significant others except if (1) the program or training facility has clearly identified this requirement in its admissions and program materials or (2) the information is necessary to evaluate or obtain assistance for students whose personal problems could reasonably be judged to be preventing them from performing their training- or professionally related activities in a competent manner or posing a threat to the students or others.