Open Source Software Open-Source Software (OSS): Computer software that is available in source code form for which the source code and certain other rights normally reserved for copyright holders are provided under a software license that permits users to study, change, and improve the software.
Open Access Research Publication Open Access (OA): Free, immediate, permanent online access to the full text of research articles for anyone, webwide. There are two roads to OA: 1. the "golden road" of OA journal-publishing , where journals provide OA to their articles (either by charging the author-institution for refereeing/publishing outgoing articles instead of charging the user-institution for accessing incoming articles, or by simply making their online edition free for all) 2. the "green road" of OA self-archiving, where authors provide OA to their own published articles, by making their own eprints free for all.
An open textbook is an openly-licensed textbook offered online by its author(s).
The open license sets open textbooks apart from traditional textbooks by allowing users to read online, download, or print the book at no additional cost.
Open textbooks help solve the problems of the high cost of textbooks, book shortages, and access to textbooks as well as providing the capacity to better meet local teaching and learning needs.
Students spending roughly $900-$1,000 a year on texts.
Open Textbooks http://education.newsweek.com/2011/01/25/who-needs-textbooks.print.html http://www.edmontonjournal.com/news/Alberta+student+textbook+fees+could+half/4010791/story.html “ Gov. Schwarzenegger Launches First-in-Nation Initiative to Develop Free Digital Textbooks for High School Students” “ Texas seeks open textbooks.”
Open Textbooks http://www.collegeopentextbooks.org http://oerconsortium.org
What do all these open initiatives have in common?
“ A simple but powerful idea that the world’s knowledge is a public good and that the Internet provides an extraordinary opportunity for everyone to share, use, and reuse knowledge.” Wayne Mackintosh OERF