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Enforcing Civil Rights
Enforcing Civil Rights
Enforcing Civil Rights
Enforcing Civil Rights
Enforcing Civil Rights
Enforcing Civil Rights
Enforcing Civil Rights
Enforcing Civil Rights
Enforcing Civil Rights
Enforcing Civil Rights
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Enforcing Civil Rights

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Transcript

  • 1. Equality
  • 2. Vocabulary
    • Suspect classification-a questionable classification based on race or national origin.
    • Separate but Equal- a doctrine established in Plessy v. Ferguson upholding segregation as long as public facilities were equal.
  • 3.
    • Jim Crow laws--state legislation in the South that gave official support to segregation.
    • De facto segregation - exists not by law, but in fact.
    • Ex: Citizens in different neighborhoods will attend different schools.
  • 4. Equal Protection Clause
    • Requires states to apply the law the same to every individual in the same circumstances.
    • First time civil rights protections were enforced in states by the federal government.
  • 5. Reasonable Distinction
    • When is it reasonable to distinguish between groups of people?
  • 6. Three Tests for Distinction
    • Rational Basis Test - Can be used to accomplish a LEGITIMATE goal of government.
    • Ex: In most states the driving age is 16 or older. Why?
  • 7.
    • Intermediate Scrutiny Test - the government must show an important reason for treating people differently.
    • Ex: Only men are required to register for Selective Service
  • 8.
    • Strict Scrutiny Test- Applied when a fundamental right is being restricted or classification is based on race or ethnicity (suspect classification).
    • Government needs to show a “compelling reason”.
    • Korematsu v. United States
  • 9. Segregation
    • Dred Scott (1857)- Denied African Americans U.S. citizenship even if they were citizens of a state.
    • Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)- Legally sanctioned racial discrimination.
  • 10.
    • Brown v. Board of Ed (1954) - outlawed segregation in public schools.
    • http://www. youtube .com/watch?v=D2XHob_nVbw

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