CONSTITUTIONAL-TYPE POWERS AND POWERS OF RATIFICATION Since the Single European Act (SEA), all treaties marking the accession of a new Member State and association treaties are subject to Parliaments assent. The SEA also established this procedure for international agreements having important budgetary implications for the Community (replacing the conciliation procedure established in 1975). The Maastricht Treaty introduced it for agreements establishing a specific institutional framework or entailing modifications to an act adopted under the codecision procedure. Parliament must also give its assent to acts relating to the electoral procedure (since the Maastricht Treaty). Since the Amsterdam Treaty, its assent is further required if the Council wants to declare that a clear danger exists of a Member State committing a serious breach of the European Unions fundamental principles, before addressing recommendations or penalties to this Member State. On the other hand, any revision of the Statute for Members of the European Parliament has to receive the consent of the Council. Since the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty Parliament can take the initiative for treaty revision and has the final say over whether or not a convention has to be convened in preparation of a future treaty amendment.
THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: POWERS• The assertion of Parliaments institutional role in European policy-making is a result of the exercise of its different functions. Respect of democratic principles at the European level is ensured through its participation in the legislative process, its budgetary and control powers, its implication in treaty revision and its right to intervene before the European Court of Justice.
Democratic control• In his origin this competition was referring only to the action of the Commission, but at present there have been extended the Cabinet, to the European Advice and to the Organs of political cooperation that produce accounts to the Parliament. This way so, nowadays the Parliament exercises a democratic control on the set of the community activity.• - The written or oral questions raised to the Commission, to the Advice, to the Conference of Secretaries of State.• - The approval of the appointment of the president of the European Commission and of the Commissioners.
• - The power to force the European Commission to resign for the vote of a motion of censorship (for majority of two thirds of the votes).• - The power to force the European Commission to resign for the vote of a motion of censorship (for majority of two thirds of the votes).• - The Power to ask the Commission submit an offer to the Advice (power of initiative).• - The power to constitute, to order of a fourth part of his members, a temporary commission of survey that examines the eventual infractions or cases of bad administration in the application of the community law.
• - The right of resource before the Court of Justice.• - The European Parliament receives requests of every citizen on a topic related to the European Union and that him concerns directly.• - The European Ombudsman chosen by the European Parliament for a mandate of 5 years, examines the claims of the citizens against the Institutions or the community Organs.