Political groups:introductionThe political Groups of the European Parliament are the parliamentary groups ofthe European Parliament. The European Parliament is unique among supranationalassemblies in that its members (MEPs) organize themselves in such ideological groups likein traditional national legislatures. Instead, the members of other supranational assembliesform national groups. The political groups of the European Parliament are sometimes theformal representation of a European political party("Europarty") in the Parliament. Inother cases, they are political coalitions of a number of European parties, nationalparties, and independent politicals.
Requirements and privilegesWorking together in Groups benefits European political parties: forexample, the European Free Alliance (5 MEPs in 6th Parliament) and the EuropeanGreens (37 MEPs in 6th Parliament) have more power by working together intheEuropean Greens–European Free Alliance Group (42 MEPs) than they would haveas stand-alone parties, bringing their causes much-needed additional support.Further incentives for co-operating in Groups include financial subsidies from theParliament and guaranteed seats on committees which are not afforded toIndependent MEPs.For a Group to be formally recognised in the Parliament, it must fulfil the conditionslaid down in the relevant European Parliament Rule of Procedure. That Rule laysdown the minimum criteria a Group must meet to qualify as a Group. Provided thosecriteria are met, MEPs can theoretically create any Group they like
OrganisationGroups may be based around a single European political party (e.g. the EuropeanPeoples Party) or they can include more than one European party as well asnational parties and independents (e.g. the Liberal Group).Each Group appoints a leader, referred to as a "president", "co-ordinator" or"chair", who decides which way the Group should vote in Parliament. The chairsof each Group meet in the Conference of Presidents to decide what issues will bedealt with at the plenary session of the European Parliament. Groups can tablemotions for resolutions and table amendments to reports.
Position of the liberal ALDE OR ELDR:ALLIANCE OF LIBERALS AND DEMOCRATS FOR EUROPELiberal Group leader Graham Watson MEP has denounced the grand coalition and hasdescribed the aim for the liberals in the following terms: "the challenge for us is not onlyto break the inherent conservatism of the grand coalition, where a failing EPP Europe ispropped up by a Socialist poodle pinching the crumbs from the table" also expressing adesire to ensure that the posts of Commission President, Council President, ParliamentPresident and High Representative are not carved up in an agreement between the twogroups to the exclusion of third parties.During the fifth term it was the liberals who were involved in a break in the grandcoalition when they entered into an alliance with the Peoples Party, to the exclusion ofthe Socialists.
EFA AND ECR: The Greens–European Free Alliance,European Conservatives and ReformistsThe European Conservatives and The Greens/EFA group consists of twoReformists, abbreviated to ECR,is distinct European political parties -conservative, anti the European Green Party (EGP) andfederalist and Eurosceptic political group in the European Free Alliance (EFA). Thethe European Parliament it is based on EFA consists of partiesthe Movement for European Reform. The representing statelesslargest parties in the group are nations, regionalist and minoritythe Conservative Party of the United political interests. The Alliance hasKingdom,Law and Justice(PiS) and Poland generally limited its membership toComes First(PJN). Most of the member parties progressive parties. These Europeanjoined from the European Democrats section parties are joined by nationalof the EPP-ED and the Union for Europe of the parties, such as the Dutch EuropeNations. Transparent and the Swedish Pirate Party.
European United Left–Nordic Green Left AND Europe of Freedom and Democracy Europe of Freedom and Democracy (EFD) is a Eurosceptic political group inEuropean United Left/Nordic Green the European Parliament. Formed afterLeft (GUE/NGL) is a left-wing political the European parliamentary election ingroup with seats in the European 2009, it is mostly made up of elements of theParliament since 1995. now defunct Independence/Democracy and Union for a Europe of Nations Groups from the out- going parliament.
Non-InscritsNon-Inscrits (abbreviated NI; English: Non-Attached Members, abbreviated NA)are Members of the European Parliament (MEP) who do not sit in one of therecognized political groups.The MEPs may be part of a national party, or a European political party, but for a politicalgrouping in parliament to be formed there need to be 25 MEPs from seven different states.Being part of a group grants access to state funds and committee seats but the groupmembers must be ideologically tied.
EXPLAIN VIDEO European Parliament Touchscreen Explainer http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ves9cp6aDuU
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