September19Winston Churchill calls for a "kind of United States of Europe" in aspeech he gives at the University of Zurich.December17The European Federalists Union is founded in Paris, France.
May14Fostered by Winston Churchill, the United Europe Movement iscreated. It is hostile to supranational organs and in favour ofintergovernmental cooperation.June1René Courtin creates the French Council for a United Europe that willlater be absorbed by the European Movement (1953). Fostered byChristian Democrats, the Nouvelles Equipes Internationales, whichlater known as the European Union of Christian Democrats (1965), iscreated.3The Socialist United States of Europe Movement is created. In 1961 itwill be renamed European Left.
The Marshall Plan, set up for the economic revival of Europe, isannounced.August27-31The European Union Federalists Congress is held inMontreux, Switzerland.December13-14Federalist and Unionist organisations meet within the InternationalCoordination of Movements for the Unification of Europe Committee.
January1The custom convention between Belgium, Luxembourg and theNetherlands enters into force.March17The Western Union Treaty (Brussels Treaty) is signed byBelgium, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom.
April16The Organisation for European Economic Cooperation (OEEC) is created tocoordinate the Marshall Plan.May7-11Fostered by the International Coordination of Movements for theUnification of Europe Committee, the Europe Congress meets in TheHague, The Netherlands. It is chaired by Winston Churchill and is attendedby 800 delegates. Participants recommend that a European deliberativeassembly and a European special council be created to take charge ofpreparing political and economic integration of European countries. Theyalso recommend the adoption of a human rights charter and the creation of aCourt of Justice to ensure the respect of such a charter.