Court of justice


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Court of justice

  1. 1. 1952, creation of the Court of the EuropeanCoal and Steel Community (ECSC) by theTreaty of Paris (1951).1957 transformation Court of the EuropeanCommunities.1999, the ECJs powers are expanded afterthe entry into force of the Amsterdam Treaty.2009, renamed Court of the European Union.
  2. 2. 1952–1958  Massimo Pilotti1958–1964  Andreas Matthias Donner1964–1967  Charles Léon Hammes1967–1976  Robert Lecourt1976–1980  Hans Kutscher1980–1984  Josse Mertens de Wilmars1984–1988  John Mackenzie-Stuart1988–1994  Ole Due1994–2003  Gil Carlos Rodríguez Iglesias2003–  ?  Vassilios Skouris
  3. 3.  Each Member State has the ability to appoint a judge, so that their number matches the number of states most of the time. Judges are elected for a period of six years, and renews half of its staff in three. Judges, the Advocates-General shall be selected from individuals totally independent, eligible to access the highest judicial office in their country, or jurists of recognized competencia.4 Judges must take the following oath, in the first public hearing of the Court to attend, and before entering upon their duties 5:
  4. 4.  The figure of the general counsel plays a special role in the Court, the judges giving their opinion with complete impartiality and independence. No part of the deliberations of the Court, whose judges will finally bring the final decision. Significantly, despite its name, has nothing to do with lawyers, prosecutors or lawyers of the State, as their functions are placed closest to the judicial sphere. Although his advice is usually taken into account, it is possible that the Court itself in a direction different from that general counsel had raised. Five of the eight Advocates General are appointed respectively by Spain, France, Italy, Germany and the UK. The other three are elected by the remaining 22 countries, following a shift alphabetically. Poland has insisted on getting a sixth place to permanently appoint an attorney general. At the request of the Court, the Council of the European Union, acting unanimously, increase the number of Advocates-General. The attorneys general are appointed by the Council acting unanimously. Today is the siguientes6:
  5. 5.  — Eleanor Sharpston (Reino Unido). — Ján Mazák (Eslovaquia). — Juliane Kokott (Alemania). — Niilo Jääskinen (Finlandia). — Paolo Mengozzi (Italia). — Pedro Cruz Villalón (España). — Verica Trstenjak (Eslovenia). — Yves Bot (Francia).
  6. 6.  Cargo similar to the clerk of courts, who is elected by the Court for a period of six years and may be reappointed. It also serves as the Secretary General of the institution, besides acting as a notary public in the processes. The Court may assign one or more assistant secretaries. He helps the plenary halls, the President and the Judges in all their official functions. He is responsible for the secretariat of the Court, responsible for the receipt, transmission and custody of documents and applications entering the institution. It is also the custodian of the seal of the Court, and is responsible for the archives and publications of this. It has other tasks as may be the financial management of the institution, role supported by an administrator.
  7. 7.  Meet the 27 judges of each Member State is in this court, and it is a very unusual formation. This court is presided over by the President of the ECJ and the quorum for deliberation there are 15 judges. The plenary meeting in cases of particular importance, as the possible dismissal of the Ombudsman or the removal of members of the European Commission. [edit] Grand Chamber The Grand Chamber shall consist, for each subject, by the Chief Justice, the Presidents of the Chambers of five Judges, the Judge-Rapporteur and the number of judges needed to reach a total of thirteen. [edit] Halls They gather in formation of three or five judges of the Court of Justice of the European Union [edit] Jurisdiction and procedures The Court now known primarily of seven kinds of resources, except for provisional measures. These resources are:
  8. 8.  Fin por: Alberto cañete Villena 3eso A