Learning Goes SocialPresentation to Stevens Institute of Technology’s WebCampus BoardApril 2011By Pat Sabosik, President and Board Member 1
Online Learning Distance Education “Distance education or distance learning, is a field of education that focuses on teaching methods and technology with the aim of delivering teaching, often on an individual basis, to students who are not physically present in a traditional educational setting such as a classroom.” Wikipedia Synchronous Learning “Synchronous learning refers to a group of people learning the same things at the same time in theProgression same place. Lecture is an example of synchronous learning in a face-to-face environment and with the advent of web conferencing tools, people can learn at the same time in different places as well. “ Wikipedia Asynchronous Learning “Asynchronous learning is a student-centered teaching method that uses online learning resources to facilitate information sharing outside the constraints of time and place among a network of people. Asynchronous learning is based on constructivist theory, a student-centered approach that emphasizes the importance of peer-to-peer interactions.” Wikipedia Networked Learning “Socially networked collaborative learning extends some of the most established practices, virtues, and dispositional habits of individualized learning. include taking turns in speaking, posing questions, listening to and hearing others out. Networked learning, however, goes beyond these conversational rules to include correcting others, being open to being corrected oneself, and working together to fashion workarounds… “ Future of Learning Institutions in a Digital Age, MIT Press 2
Students’ Communications Technology Use Increases Net Generation students have more actively integrated Social networking into their lives than older students. Social Networking Services (SNS) like Facebook and Twitter increased as Instant Messaging decreased showing preference for SNS tools Source: ECAR Research Study 6 , 2009; Students and Information Technology, 2009. Figure 4-9 http://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/ers0906/rs/ers0906w.pdf 3
Student Ownership of Internet-Capable Hand-Held Devices IncreasesS Will student adoption of mobile technology outpace institutional support, or will institutions rise to the challenge…student use of mobile technology [has] opportunity to improve the educational environment for college students. Source: The Revolution No One Noticed by Alan Livingston, quoted in this ECAR report. 90% of students use social networking sitesSource: ECAR Research Study 6 , 2009; Students and Information Technology, 2009. Figure 1-5http://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/ers0906/rs/ers0906w.pdf 4
How Students Like to Learn with Technology After describing the institution’s library system as “amazing,” the student wrote, “I love it how I can send a text message on my Phone to locate the book.” The feature of real-time Chat is a great way to Stimulate class discussion [in online courses]. Networked learning is committed to a vision of the social stressing cooperation, interactivity, mutuality and social engagement for their own sakes and for the powerful productivity to which it more often than not leads.Source: ECAR Research Study 6 , 2009; Students and Information Technology, 2009. Figure 5-1 The Future of Learninghttp://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/ers0906/rs/ers0906w.pdf Institutions in a Digital Age. 5
Student Engagement with Each Other When students work together on coursework, both inside and outside of the classroom, they learn more, think more critically, and gain an appreciation for diverse perspectives. (Pascarella & Terenzini, 2005; Gerlach, 1994) Students who engaged in learning activities with their peers were more likely to participate in other effective educational practices and had more positive views of the campus learning environment.Source: National Survey of Student Engagement, Annual Results 2010http://nsse.iub.edu/NSSE_2010_Results/pdf/NSSE_2010_AnnualResults.pdf 6
Student Engagement by Selected Disciplines Seniors majoring in general business administration participated in active and collaborative learning activities more frequently than peers in other fields. Students have more time for collaboration and outside class activities.Source: National Survey of Student Engagement, Annual Results 2010http://nsse.iub.edu/NSSE_2010_Results/pdf/NSSE_2010_AnnualResults.pdf 7
10 Principles for the Future of Learning1. Self Learning …institutions of learning have changed far more slowly than the modes of inventive,2. Horizontal Structures collaborative, participatory learning offered by the Internet and an array of contemporary3. From Presumed Authority to Collective Credibility mobile technologies.4. A De-Centered Pedagogy (inductive, collectivepedagogy)5. Networked Learning A key term in thinking about these emergent shifts is participatory learning…6. Open-sourced Education—A Many to Multitudes Model includes the many ways that learners (of any age) use new technologies to participate in virtual7. Learning as Connectivity and Interactivity communities where they share ideas, comment on one another’s projects,8. Life-long Learning and plan, design, implement…ideas together.9. Learning Institutions Mobilizing Networks10. Flexible Scalability & SimulationFrom the book: Future of Learning Institutions in a DigitalAge by Cathy N. Davidson and David Theo Goldberg, with the Those coming into our educationalassistance of Zoë Marie Jones. The John D. and Catherine T. system rely on participatory learning for information about virtuallyMacArthur Foundation Reports on Digital Media and Learning, everything in their lives.published by MIT Press, 2009http://mitpress.mit.edu/books/chapters/Future_of_Learning.pdf 8
Implications for Stevens Web Campus Progression from synchronous to asynchronous learning to networked learning Progression aided by technology, particularly mobile and social networking Demographic shift, Net Generation is wired and learns in connected ways; uses social networking as part of daily communication Preference shift away from the 1:1 towards the 1:many Leading nonprofit educational foundations are investing in online learning, aided by technology, to reach more students cost effectively Learning outcomes improving 9
Appendix Cost management and hybrid learning models that help frame the discussion about the impact of social networking and student engagement on learning in post-secondary institutions 10
Faculty Model for Teaching Online Courses Unbundling the faculty roles enables faculty to focus on their areas of expertise. In online class- rooms, instruction is separated from delivery, making the process more modular and easier to identify and manage costs.Source: “Unbundling Faculty Roles in Online Distance Education Programs,” by Patricia Neely &Jan Tucker. The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning 11.2 (2010).http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/798/1543 11
Successful Uses of Technology for Student Learning Open Learning Initiative Carnegie Mellon University Adopted hybrid models of digital and classroom teaching to accelerate learning College statistics course was taught in two different ways using comparable groups of students Hybrid class lasted half as long — 7.5 weeks — as the traditional setting Students’ test scores and retained learning, measured later in the year, were as high as or higher than those of the conventional lecture class Source: Inside Higher Ed, December 28, 2009 Hybrid Education 2.0, What if you could teach a college course without a classroom, or a Hybrid approach doubled the productivity of Professor, and lose nothing? http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2009/12/28/carnegie education in that program Source: In Higher Education, a Focus on Technology, by Steve Lohr, The New York Times, Business Day section, October 10th 2010. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/10/11/technology/11online.html?_r=3 12
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