Understanding Groups You will discover the characteristics, importance, & purpose of groups & The ways to effectively part...
Groups <ul><li>Groups are defined as a limited gathering of people with a shared goal who meet face to face over a period ...
Groups- typically benefit two areas <ul><li>Organization </li></ul><ul><li>Increase  Productivity of Organization </li></u...
Kinds of Groups <ul><li>Task Groups-  complete an assignment or job </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Information Gathering </li></ul>...
Try This... <ul><li>At your table “groups”, make a list of the groups you all are a part of and indicate if they are eithe...
Effective Participation <ul><li>Planning is the most important step in group participation...Why? </li></ul><ul><li>When p...
Effective Participation <ul><li>The strongest groups are those who  </li></ul><ul><li>effectively problem solve. You must ...
Try This... <ul><li>To practice problem solving in groups you will need to create a method of protecting a raw egg from br...
Egg Drop Soup.. <ul><li>Which group seemed to use the most planning? </li></ul><ul><li>What did your group do that was eff...
How groups work... <ul><li>In the last exercise, you should have noticed that the people in your group behave in different...
The Initiator- <ul><li>Works to get the group started toward achieving the goal. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Positive Behaviors-...
The Facilitator- <ul><li>Adds energy to the group by helping group members follow through on tasks. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>...
The Agitator- <ul><li>A usually nonproductive & negative role found in most group situations.  This personality can be div...
The Dangers of “Groupthink”... <ul><li>Groupthink is the name for poor decision making in a group because the members have...
Determining Roles <ul><li>Tear small pieces of paper to match the number of people at your table. </li></ul><ul><li>On the...
Discussions <ul><li>Which person in your group was the most successful at their role? </li></ul><ul><li>What did they do t...
Group Discussion <ul><li>Once the group has established its roles, group discussion may begin.  There are four qualities t...
Group Discussion <ul><li>Usually groups have a person assigned to guide the discussion as facilitator.  However, all group...
If you are the facilitator: <ul><li>Make sure every group member can see every other group member </li></ul><ul><li>Obtain...
Now that you know how groups work: <ul><li>You will participate in all of the areas of group behavior by: </li></ul><ul><l...
You will have five segments- <ul><li>Three news stories: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 International/National News Story </li></...
Time : <ul><li>The total broadcast will be ten minutes arranged with each segment taking up two minutes.  The segments tak...
Supplies : <ul><li>For this project you will need to bring pen or pencil and paper to class everyday.  </li></ul><ul><li>Y...
Group Facilitator : <ul><li>One person in the group must take responsibility for leading group meetings and for organizing...
Assignments: <ul><li>Initial submission of responsibilities  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(1 grade for group) </li></ul></ul><ul>...
Today <ul><li>You need to come up with the initial submission of responsibilities. </li></ul><ul><li>Decide who is produci...
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Understanding groups

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Understanding groups

  1. 1. Understanding Groups You will discover the characteristics, importance, & purpose of groups & The ways to effectively participate in groups
  2. 2. Groups <ul><li>Groups are defined as a limited gathering of people with a shared goal who meet face to face over a period of time. </li></ul><ul><li>Groups frequently set goals and implement them over a cycle. One of the most effective is: </li></ul>Implement solution or present findings to management group Last few meetings Implementation Interact, research, & develop goals, conclusion on completion of goals Middle meetings Action Introductions, set goals, divide responsibilities 1-2 meetings Orientation
  3. 3. Groups- typically benefit two areas <ul><li>Organization </li></ul><ul><li>Increase Productivity of Organization </li></ul><ul><li>Increase Accuracy </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage Creative Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Create Organizational Commitment </li></ul><ul><li>Create a Community Presence </li></ul><ul><li>Individual </li></ul><ul><li>Create Political Influence- local, state, & national </li></ul><ul><li>Influence Career Advancement- positive development of participation skills </li></ul><ul><li>Job Satisfaction- groups create a more positive work environment </li></ul>
  4. 4. Kinds of Groups <ul><li>Task Groups- complete an assignment or job </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Information Gathering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Policy Making </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Action Groups </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social Groups- voluntary participation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Formal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Informal </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Try This... <ul><li>At your table “groups”, make a list of the groups you all are a part of and indicate if they are either a task group or a social group. </li></ul><ul><li>Now, what is one goal of each group? Write that down, too. </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss the benefits and drawbacks of being a part of these groups. </li></ul><ul><li>Come to a consensus of the best three groups to be a part of and list why. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Effective Participation <ul><li>Planning is the most important step in group participation...Why? </li></ul><ul><li>When planning for a group meeting what elements should you consider? </li></ul>
  7. 7. Effective Participation <ul><li>The strongest groups are those who </li></ul><ul><li>effectively problem solve. You must be able to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Understand the nature of the problem- define & analyze </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create alternative solutions- establish criteria for best solution & list all possible solutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Determine which solution is best </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implement that solution </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Try This... <ul><li>To practice problem solving in groups you will need to create a method of protecting a raw egg from breaking in a 4 foot drop. </li></ul><ul><li>Using only 3 feet of tape, scissors, & 15 sheets of paper, create a way to keep an egg from breaking from that height. </li></ul><ul><li>You must follow the problem solving method on the previous screen. Your steps must be written down for successful completion of the experiment. </li></ul><ul><li>You will not be given a egg to use until your methods are written down and your construction is built. </li></ul><ul><li>Any person breaking an egg by irresponsible means (i.e. by throwing the egg at another person or object) will be referred; no questions, no excuses </li></ul>
  9. 9. Egg Drop Soup.. <ul><li>Which group seemed to use the most planning? </li></ul><ul><li>What did your group do that was efficient & effective? </li></ul><ul><li>What was inefficient & ineffective about what your group did? </li></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><li>Which drop method was the most successful? </li></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul>
  10. 10. How groups work... <ul><li>In the last exercise, you should have noticed that the people in your group behave in different ways. </li></ul><ul><li>Any examples? </li></ul><ul><li>How did you behave? </li></ul><ul><li>Participators in groups fall into three different categories: </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Initiator- <ul><li>Works to get the group started toward achieving the goal. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Positive Behaviors- begins the meeting, makes lists, establishes contacts, encourages participation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Negative Behaviors- too aggressive, tries to control the group, creates a hostile relationship with other group members </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. The Facilitator- <ul><li>Adds energy to the group by helping group members follow through on tasks. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Positive Behaviors- listens & cooperates, volunteers, makes sure everyone is heard, compliments others’ ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Negative Behaviors- assumes too much responsibility, does not delegate, tries to keep too much peace within the group- stifling useful conflict </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. The Agitator- <ul><li>A usually nonproductive & negative role found in most group situations. This personality can be divided into six categories: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-participant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distracter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clown </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Complainer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Critic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Absentee </li></ul></ul>The best way to deal with this behavior is for the facilitator to move the group on before the agitator’s negative energy has a chance to influence the group.
  14. 14. The Dangers of “Groupthink”... <ul><li>Groupthink is the name for poor decision making in a group because the members have a stronger desire to agree with one another than to solve the problem. </li></ul><ul><li>Disagreement in groups in not always negative. Some of the best ideas come from finding the solution to conflict. </li></ul><ul><li>Agitators can provide the necessary catalyst to prevent groupthink. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Determining Roles <ul><li>Tear small pieces of paper to match the number of people at your table. </li></ul><ul><li>On the paper write initiator, facilitator, and agitator repeating whatever your group wants. </li></ul><ul><li>Have each member draw a paper and prepare to play that role in a table discussion. </li></ul><ul><li>Your topic, “What programs should the school implement to encourage attendance and discourage truancy?” </li></ul><ul><li>Have the discussion in your character role. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Discussions <ul><li>Which person in your group was the most successful at their role? </li></ul><ul><li>What did they do to indicate the behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>What conclusions did the group come up with for the problem? </li></ul><ul><li>Was this a successful or unsuccessful discussion? </li></ul>
  17. 17. Group Discussion <ul><li>Once the group has established its roles, group discussion may begin. There are four qualities that effective group discussion must show: </li></ul><ul><li>Group Discussion must be: </li></ul><ul><li>interactive . </li></ul><ul><li>focused . </li></ul><ul><li>organized . </li></ul><ul><li>cooperative . </li></ul>
  18. 18. Group Discussion <ul><li>Usually groups have a person assigned to guide the discussion as facilitator. However, all group members must participate in the consensus building process. </li></ul><ul><li>Working together includes deciding on the meeting time and place, the agenda, and planning and implementation of any final decisions. </li></ul>
  19. 19. If you are the facilitator: <ul><li>Make sure every group member can see every other group member </li></ul><ul><li>Obtain enough chairs for everyone to be seated </li></ul><ul><li>Regulate the room temperature to be comfortable for most members </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure the room is ready at the appointed time </li></ul><ul><li>Locate & provide (including set up) any necessary presentation equipment. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide an agenda for the other members </li></ul>
  20. 20. Now that you know how groups work: <ul><li>You will participate in all of the areas of group behavior by: </li></ul><ul><li>CREATING A NEWS BROADCAST!! </li></ul><ul><li>In groups of five you will each write, produce, and film a segment of a news broadcast which you will show to the class. </li></ul>
  21. 21. You will have five segments- <ul><li>Three news stories: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 International/National News Story </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 State/Local News Story </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 Feature Story </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sports/Weather </li></ul><ul><li>A Commercial/Public Service Announcement </li></ul><ul><li>It may be a real or fictitious story. Each group member must write one segment as an individual grade. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Time : <ul><li>The total broadcast will be ten minutes arranged with each segment taking up two minutes. The segments taking less than two minutes must have an additional program to make up the time. (a public service announcement, an additional commercial, another news story, etc) </li></ul><ul><li>You will be timed. </li></ul>10:00 Minutes
  23. 23. Supplies : <ul><li>For this project you will need to bring pen or pencil and paper to class everyday. </li></ul><ul><li>You might also need poster board, markers, collage magazines, transparencies, visual aid materials, and research materials to class as the need arises. I cannot provide these things for you. </li></ul><ul><li>You will also need to procure a tape to tape upon. (VHS or Mini DV, depending on your choice of camera) </li></ul>
  24. 24. Group Facilitator : <ul><li>One person in the group must take responsibility for leading group meetings and for organizing the group to make sure every duty is completed by the due date. This person will receive extra points for taking this responsibility if the broadcast is successful. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Assignments: <ul><li>Initial submission of responsibilities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(1 grade for group) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Production storyboards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(1 grade per producer) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Scripts in split-page format </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(1 grade per writer) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Performance grade </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(1 grade per anchor) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cooperation grade </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(1 grade per group) - contingent on ease of production </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Final product grade </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(1 grade per group x 3) </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Today <ul><li>You need to come up with the initial submission of responsibilities. </li></ul><ul><li>Decide who is producing each story, writing each story, and filming each story. </li></ul><ul><li>Also decide on three meeting times and places (one must be outside of class) and an agenda for each meeting. </li></ul><ul><li>This must be turned in today. </li></ul>

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