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United States Government:  Basic Structure and Function<br />By:<br />Greg Prusakiewicz<br />EDU 290<br />
The U.S. Constitution<br />Basis of all structure and power<br />Supreme law of the land<br />Provides limitations to prot...
The Bill of Rights<br />Protects citizens’ basic civil rights.<br />Made up of the first ten Amendments.<br />Introduced b...
Three Branches of Government<br />Executive Branch<br />Legislative Branch<br />Judicial Branch<br />The three branches wo...
Executive Branch<br />Includes a number of Federal Agencies.<br />Power is vested in the President of the United States.<b...
Cabinet and Federal Agencies<br />Executive Office of the President (EOP).<br />Responsible for day-to-day enforcement and...
Department of Defense<br />The largest government agency.<br />Aim is to provide military forces to protect the security o...
Legislative Branch<br />Consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate.<br />Together they form the United States...
House of Representatives<br />Speaker of the House is the presiding officer.<br />3rd line of succession to the President....
The Senate<br />100 Senators.<br />2 from each state.<br />Vice President is the President of the Senate.<br />Senate trie...
United States Congress<br />Constitution enumerates powers of congress.<br />Necessary and Proper Clause.<br />Art. 1 Sec....
Judicial Branch<br />Made up of:<br />Supreme Court<br />Lower Courts<br />Special Courts<br />Congress determines shape a...
The Supreme Court<br />Highest Court in the land.<br />Members are appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate....
Judicial Process<br />Article III of Constitution guarantees every person the right to a fair trial.<br />Fourth, Fifth, a...
Summary<br />The Constitution grants and limits the powers of each branch.<br />System of checks and balances.<br />Equal ...
Works Cited<br />Information on slides 2-14 found on:<br />http://www.whitehouse.gov/our-government<br />Necessary and Pro...
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Edu 290 powerpoint part 1

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  1. 1. United States Government: Basic Structure and Function<br />By:<br />Greg Prusakiewicz<br />EDU 290<br />
  2. 2. The U.S. Constitution<br />Basis of all structure and power<br />Supreme law of the land<br />Provides limitations to protect rights of U.S. citizens.<br />Separation of Powers<br />Expressed in first three articles.<br />
  3. 3. The Bill of Rights<br />Protects citizens’ basic civil rights.<br />Made up of the first ten Amendments.<br />Introduced by James Madison.<br />Federalists and Anti-Federalists.<br />Anti-Federalists wanted a Bill of Rights.<br />Compromise.<br />
  4. 4. Three Branches of Government<br />Executive Branch<br />Legislative Branch<br />Judicial Branch<br />The three branches work<br />as a system of checks and<br />balances.<br />
  5. 5. Executive Branch<br />Includes a number of Federal Agencies.<br />Power is vested in the President of the United States.<br />President is commander-in-chief of the armed forces.<br />President enforces laws implemented by Congress and appoints heads of Federal Agencies.<br />
  6. 6. Cabinet and Federal Agencies<br />Executive Office of the President (EOP).<br />Responsible for day-to-day enforcement and administration of federal laws.<br />The cabinet is an advisory body and runs 15 major federal bodies.<br />E.g. Department of Defense, Agriculture, Commerce, etc.<br />
  7. 7. Department of Defense<br />The largest government agency.<br />Aim is to provide military forces to protect the security of the country.<br />Consists of:<br />Army<br />Navy<br />Air Force<br />Many offices and commands, including the Joint Chiefs of Staff.<br />
  8. 8. Legislative Branch<br />Consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate.<br />Together they form the United States Congress.<br />Oversees the executive branch.<br />Maintains equality through checks and balances.<br />
  9. 9. House of Representatives<br />Speaker of the House is the presiding officer.<br />3rd line of succession to the President.<br />435 members divided among states based on state’s population.<br />Members are elected every 2 years.<br />
  10. 10. The Senate<br />100 Senators.<br />2 from each state.<br />Vice President is the President of the Senate.<br />Senate tries impeachment cases.<br />Both House and Senate must pass a bill in order to pass legislation.<br />
  11. 11. United States Congress<br />Constitution enumerates powers of congress.<br />Necessary and Proper Clause.<br />Art. 1 Sec. 8 of Constitution.<br />Establishes annual budget.<br />Levies taxes and tariffs.<br />
  12. 12. Judicial Branch<br />Made up of:<br />Supreme Court<br />Lower Courts<br />Special Courts<br />Congress determines shape and structure of federal judiciary.<br />
  13. 13. The Supreme Court<br />Highest Court in the land.<br />Members are appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate.<br />Number of Supreme Court Justices is decided by congress.<br />There are currently 9<br />Judges serve no fixed term and can only be impeached by the House of Representatives.<br />
  14. 14. Judicial Process<br />Article III of Constitution guarantees every person the right to a fair trial.<br />Fourth, Fifth, and Sixth Amendments provide additional protections.<br />The appeals process.<br />Judicial Review.<br />Court’s power to review laws and government acts that violate the Constitution.<br />
  15. 15. Summary<br />The Constitution grants and limits the powers of each branch.<br />System of checks and balances.<br />Equal separation of power between branches.<br />
  16. 16. Works Cited<br />Information on slides 2-14 found on:<br />http://www.whitehouse.gov/our-government<br />Necessary and Proper Clause slide 11 found in:<br />“The United States Constitution,” Article 1, Section 8, Clause 18.<br />
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