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Edu 290   powerpoint part 1
 

Edu 290 powerpoint part 1

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    Edu 290   powerpoint part 1 Edu 290 powerpoint part 1 Presentation Transcript

    • United States Government: Basic Structure and Function
      By:
      Greg Prusakiewicz
      EDU 290
    • The U.S. Constitution
      Basis of all structure and power
      Supreme law of the land
      Provides limitations to protect rights of U.S. citizens.
      Separation of Powers
      Expressed in first three articles.
    • The Bill of Rights
      Protects citizens’ basic civil rights.
      Made up of the first ten Amendments.
      Introduced by James Madison.
      Federalists and Anti-Federalists.
      Anti-Federalists wanted a Bill of Rights.
      Compromise.
    • Three Branches of Government
      Executive Branch
      Legislative Branch
      Judicial Branch
      The three branches work
      as a system of checks and
      balances.
    • Executive Branch
      Includes a number of Federal Agencies.
      Power is vested in the President of the United States.
      President is commander-in-chief of the armed forces.
      President enforces laws implemented by Congress and appoints heads of Federal Agencies.
    • Cabinet and Federal Agencies
      Executive Office of the President (EOP).
      Responsible for day-to-day enforcement and administration of federal laws.
      The cabinet is an advisory body and runs 15 major federal bodies.
      E.g. Department of Defense, Agriculture, Commerce, etc.
    • Department of Defense
      The largest government agency.
      Aim is to provide military forces to protect the security of the country.
      Consists of:
      Army
      Navy
      Air Force
      Many offices and commands, including the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
    • Legislative Branch
      Consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate.
      Together they form the United States Congress.
      Oversees the executive branch.
      Maintains equality through checks and balances.
    • House of Representatives
      Speaker of the House is the presiding officer.
      3rd line of succession to the President.
      435 members divided among states based on state’s population.
      Members are elected every 2 years.
    • The Senate
      100 Senators.
      2 from each state.
      Vice President is the President of the Senate.
      Senate tries impeachment cases.
      Both House and Senate must pass a bill in order to pass legislation.
    • United States Congress
      Constitution enumerates powers of congress.
      Necessary and Proper Clause.
      Art. 1 Sec. 8 of Constitution.
      Establishes annual budget.
      Levies taxes and tariffs.
    • Judicial Branch
      Made up of:
      Supreme Court
      Lower Courts
      Special Courts
      Congress determines shape and structure of federal judiciary.
    • The Supreme Court
      Highest Court in the land.
      Members are appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate.
      Number of Supreme Court Justices is decided by congress.
      There are currently 9
      Judges serve no fixed term and can only be impeached by the House of Representatives.
    • Judicial Process
      Article III of Constitution guarantees every person the right to a fair trial.
      Fourth, Fifth, and Sixth Amendments provide additional protections.
      The appeals process.
      Judicial Review.
      Court’s power to review laws and government acts that violate the Constitution.
    • Summary
      The Constitution grants and limits the powers of each branch.
      System of checks and balances.
      Equal separation of power between branches.
    • Works Cited
      Information on slides 2-14 found on:
      http://www.whitehouse.gov/our-government
      Necessary and Proper Clause slide 11 found in:
      “The United States Constitution,” Article 1, Section 8, Clause 18.