Cambodia
Presentation
Cambodia Fast Fact
Area: 181,035 sq km
Population: 14 millions
Capital: Phnom Penh
Official Languages Khmer, French, Engli...
Cambodia
History in Short
600's - 1500's the Khmer civilization 1863 – F
1970 - Sihanouk is deposed 1975 – Year Zero
1993 ...
Cambodia Political System (1863-Present)
No Year Political System Name Leader Influenced by
1 1863-1953 Monarchy
(Protecto...
Cambodia Political System (1863-Present)
No Year Political System Name Leader Influenced by
5 1979-1989 Communist Party
(C...
12th century
The Largest religious
Temple in the world
was built, Angkor Wat
1963-1953
French Colonization
Rediscover of A...
- 19th century, Cambodia was in the
midst of repression between Thailand
and Vietnam.
- King Norodom requested a French
pr...
- French Company was able to operate
freely in the Kingdom
- Cambodia still remain Buddhism
religion
- All the land own by...
- November 9, 1953. King Norodom Sihanouk succeed
in gaining Complete Independent from French with
diplomacy without blood...
Population 5,000,000
Agriculture Rice and Rubber
Trade France, United States, Malaya
Education Primary School (1957)= 1,03...
- Killing Fields refer to a number of sites in Cambodia where large number of
people were murdered and buried in the Khmer...
Around 20,002 mass grave sites was found by DC- Cam
At least 1,386,734victim of execution (Yale University)
- After the fall of Pol Pot, Cambodia was under the Vietnam Occupation. Cambodia still
have the civil war between the Phno...
- On October 23, 1991, all the parties signed on the most importance treaty to end the
civil war in Cambodia . The Paris P...
Hun Sen, the second Prime Minister ousted Prince
Ranariddh, the first Prime Minister
The press called it the "bloody coup ...
Hun Sen, Cambodia People Party Kem Sokha and Sam Rainsy,
Cambodian National Rescue Party
-July 8, 2013 Cambodian Opposition Leader, Sam Rainsy vows to return
home
-July 10, 2013 US Politicians push to cut aid to...
-Yesterday, Sam Rainsy returned to Cambodia after the King’s pardon last week
Over 10 thousands of crowd welcomed his retu...
-According to the Economist, Cambodia rarely gets the chance to shine on the international
stage
-Cambodia is the member o...
- While having long historical dispute with Cambodia,
Thailand is the main investor and the largest Import source.
- Japan...
Population
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
1960
1962
1964
1966
1968
1970
1972
1974
1976
1978
1980
1982
1984
1986
1988
1990
1992
1994...
-4
-3
-2
-1
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
1960
1962
1964
1966
1968
1970
1972
1974
1976
1978
1980
1982
1984
1986
1988
1990
1992
1994
1996
1...
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
1960
1962
1964
1966
1968
1970
1972
1974
1976
1978
1980
1982
1984
1986
1988
1990
1992
1994
1996
1998...
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1960
1962
1964
1966
1968
1970
1972
1974
1976
1978
1980
1982
1984
1986
1988
1990
1992
1994
1996
1998
2000...
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Adolscent Fertility Rate
(b...
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Poverty Headcount Ratio at ...
Economy
$0.00
$2.00
$4.00
$6.00
$8.00
$10.00
$12.00
$14.00
1960
1962
1964
1966
1968
1970
1972
1974
1976
1978
1980
1982
198...
0
0.02
0.04
0.06
0.08
0.1
0.12
0.14
1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2...
$0.00
$1.00
$2.00
$3.00
$4.00
$5.00
$6.00
$7.00
$8.00
Household Consumption Expenditure (in USD) Government Consumption Ex...
-0.06
-0.04
-0.02
0
0.02
0.04
0.06
0.08
0.1
0.12
0.14
1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 200...
76%
1%
6%
12%
Total Employment by Economic Activity
(2004 population)A. Agriculture, Hunting and Forestry
B. Fishing
C. Mi...
0
0.05
0.1
0.15
0.2
0.25
0.3
0.35
0.4
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
High Technology Exports
...
$0.00
$1.00
$2.00
$3.00
$4.00
$5.00
$6.00
$7.00
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002...
$0.00
$0.10
$0.20
$0.30
$0.40
$0.50
$0.60
$0.70
$0.80
$0.90
$1.00
Foreign Direct Investment, Net Inflows (in million USD)
...
Foreign Assistance
$0.00
$100.00
$200.00
$300.00
$400.00
$500.00
$600.00
$700.00
$800.00
$900.00
1960
1962
1964
1966
1968
...
0 50 100 150
Japan
France
China
Sweden
Republic of Korea
Denmark
ODA
ODA
Official development Assistance (ODA)
Traditional...
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
China
S. Korea
Like China, South Korea’s ODA to Cambodia has increased
significantly from...
Education
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
Ratio of Girls to Boys in Primary and
Secondary Education (%) 1971-2011
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
200...
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Births Attended by Skilled Heal...
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
Improved Sanitation Facilities, Urban
(% of urban population with access) 1990-2010
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
Improved Water Source
(% of population with access) 1990-2010
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001...
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Contraceptive Prevalen...
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1
1.2
1.4
1.6
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
...
Happy Planet Index
Happy Planet Index (HPI) is an index of human well-being and
environmental impact that was introduced b...
Color signifies Highest rank
through to lowest rank; grey
indicates Information not
available . (2006)
Cambodia
2006 2009
Cambodia - presentation before national election
Cambodia - presentation before national election
Cambodia - presentation before national election
Cambodia - presentation before national election
Cambodia - presentation before national election
Cambodia - presentation before national election
Cambodia - presentation before national election
Cambodia - presentation before national election
Cambodia - presentation before national election
Cambodia - presentation before national election
Cambodia - presentation before national election
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Cambodia - presentation before national election

516 views
377 views

Published on

Published in: Economy & Finance, Travel
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
516
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
10
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Cambodia - presentation before national election

  1. 1. Cambodia Presentation
  2. 2. Cambodia Fast Fact Area: 181,035 sq km Population: 14 millions Capital: Phnom Penh Official Languages Khmer, French, English Government: multiparty democracy under a constitutional monarchy Religion: Buddhist , Muslim , other Agriculture Rice, rubber, corn, vegetables, cashews, tapioca, silk
  3. 3. Cambodia History in Short 600's - 1500's the Khmer civilization 1863 – F 1970 - Sihanouk is deposed 1975 – Year Zero 1993 –Election in Cambodia
  4. 4. Cambodia Political System (1863-Present) No Year Political System Name Leader Influenced by 1 1863-1953 Monarchy (Protectorate of France) French Protectorate of Cambodia French Indochina French 2 1953-1970 Constitutional Monarchy Kingdom of Cambodia Norodom Sihanouk (PM) Nonaligned neutral 3 1970-1975 Republic Republic of Kumpuchea Lon Nol Son Sann American 4 1979-1980 Maoist Agro Communism Democratic Kampuchea (DK) Khmer Rouge: Pol Pot (Saloth Sar) Ieng Sary Noun Chea Agrarian socialism Maoist Theory Marxism- Leninism Communism Extreme
  5. 5. Cambodia Political System (1863-Present) No Year Political System Name Leader Influenced by 5 1979-1989 Communist Party (Central and Local committee) People’s Republic of Kampuchea ( PRK Pen Sovann Chea Sim Heng Samrin Hun Sen Vietnamese Soviet Union (cold war and Indochina) 6 1989-1991 Communist Party (Central and Local committee) State of Cambodia (SC) Chea Sim Heng Samrin Hun Sen Vietnamese and Soviet Union 7 1991-1993 United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia Supreme National Council (SNC) Sihanouk Hun Sen Khiev Samphan Son Sann United Nation 8 1993-Present Constitutional Monarchy Kingdom of Cambodia Norodom Ranariddh Hun Sen Independent
  6. 6. 12th century The Largest religious Temple in the world was built, Angkor Wat 1963-1953 French Colonization Rediscover of Angkor Ruins 9 November 1953, Cambodia Independent from French 1975, The Killing Field and Year Zero 1993, election organized by UNTAC, The end of civil war.
  7. 7. - 19th century, Cambodia was in the midst of repression between Thailand and Vietnam. - King Norodom requested a French protectorate over his kingdom. - July 1863, Norodom signed a treaty acknowledge a French protectorate over the Kingdom - The treaty remained the Cambodian monarchy. - French would appointed adviser for the Kingdom called “Resident” - However, France controlled the foreign and trade relations as well as provide military protection. - The Kingdom of Siam (Thailand) recognized Cambodia under the protectorate of France and returned province to Cambodia
  8. 8. - French Company was able to operate freely in the Kingdom - Cambodia still remain Buddhism religion - All the land own by the king and French started to privatize the land in order to get tax - Land tax and other repression of the French caused a lot of revolution throughout the country - One of the famous revolution was in the early 1900s in Kompong Chhnang called “Phum Derachhan” literally called ៉the cruel village” by French - The villagers killed the French residents who came to collect the tax from the poor. - Corfield, J. (1997) The History of Cambodia.
  9. 9. - November 9, 1953. King Norodom Sihanouk succeed in gaining Complete Independent from French with diplomacy without blood shed - 1953-1970 Constitutional Monarchy Under the leader of King Norodom (Sokum Reas Niyum) - Sokum ReasNiyum litterally Popular Socialist Community - 1955 Sihounouk win 88% of seat at the NA - The Neutral state was called (Island of Peace) - Sokum Reas Niyum focus on development rather than creating Army - “He put his nation on a modern footing in the 1960s, especially bolstering the education system” ( Becker & Mydan, 2012) - Opening a sea port city in 1960 less depend on South Vietnam sea port - In the five years, Cambodia has been the recipient of some $300 million in American military, economic, and technical assistance. It has also received considerable aid from France, the Soviet Union, and Communist China.
  10. 10. Population 5,000,000 Agriculture Rice and Rubber Trade France, United States, Malaya Education Primary School (1957)= 1,032, 350,000 students Religious Primary school= 1400, 75,000 students Private Primary School= 204, 17,117 students Armed Forces 35,000 men source: http://sophal.faithweb.com/CAMBODIA/1960.html
  11. 11. - Killing Fields refer to a number of sites in Cambodia where large number of people were murdered and buried in the Khmer Rouge Regime - Year Zero, applied to the overthrow of Cambodia in 1975 by Pol Pot/Khmer Rouge - the Term was given by Francois Ponchaud who is a French Catholic Priest Missionary -The idea behind Year Zero is that all culture and traditions within a society must be completely destroyed or discarded and a new revolutionary culture must replace it, starting from scratch. - Most of the scholars like teacher, doctors and even artist were singled out. -The Khmer Rouge government completely reform the Cambodia Society. No religion, no school, no private ownership -Khmer Rouge Government turned the country into the agrarian country Estimated of 1.7 million people died in the regime
  12. 12. Around 20,002 mass grave sites was found by DC- Cam At least 1,386,734victim of execution (Yale University)
  13. 13. - After the fall of Pol Pot, Cambodia was under the Vietnam Occupation. Cambodia still have the civil war between the Phnom Penh Government and the Khmer Rouge and Funcinpec (King) - Cambodia Government in Phnom Penh Restored all the economic system focusing on socialist ideology : planned economy with markets - Introduce the pay based force - State should buy agricultural products from the peasants and should sell them manufactured goods at free-market prices according to the conference 1980 - A lot of plan was conducted to restore the country suffering from mass killing, starvation, malnutrition - “Under international pressure, Vietnam finally withdrew its occupying army from Cambodia. This decision had also been forced by economic sanctions on Cambodia (the US's doing), and by a cut-off in aid from Vietnam's own backer, the Soviet Union.” Source: http://www.ppu.org.uk/genocide/g_cambodia2.html
  14. 14. - On October 23, 1991, all the parties signed on the most importance treaty to end the civil war in Cambodia . The Paris Peace Accord. - UN has the full authority to supervise a cease fire, returned the displaced Khmer along the border with Thailand, disarm and demobilize the factional armies, and organize the Election - Funcinpec won, Hun Sen didn’t want to abandon the government. - Cambodia has two prime ministers
  15. 15. Hun Sen, the second Prime Minister ousted Prince Ranariddh, the first Prime Minister The press called it the "bloody coup by strongman Hun Sen” Hun Sen accused the Prince who smuggled Khmer Rouge Troop into Phnom Penh City In 1998, Hun Sen won election however the election organized by the National Election Committee was allegedly claimed by the International observer as flaw, violence And lack of media access
  16. 16. Hun Sen, Cambodia People Party Kem Sokha and Sam Rainsy, Cambodian National Rescue Party
  17. 17. -July 8, 2013 Cambodian Opposition Leader, Sam Rainsy vows to return home -July 10, 2013 US Politicians push to cut aid to Cambodia If election unfair -July 12, 2013 The king Pardoned the president of Cambodian National Rescue Party -July 12, 2013 The United States on Friday welcomed a decision by Cambodia's king to pardon opposition leader Sam Rainsy, allowing him to return from self-imposed exile in France to participate in general elections at the end of the month.
  18. 18. -Yesterday, Sam Rainsy returned to Cambodia after the King’s pardon last week Over 10 thousands of crowd welcomed his return. -28th July, Cambodian will cast their vote in the polling station. The decision that expert questioned “ Is the Hun Sen era coming to an end?”
  19. 19. -According to the Economist, Cambodia rarely gets the chance to shine on the international stage -Cambodia is the member of ASEAN, United Nation and other international agencies such as World bank, IMF, ADB and WTO. -Dispute with the border countries such as Vietnam and Thailand regarding offshore island And sections of the boundary with Vietnam -The recent clash between Cambodia and Thailand over the 4.6 sqKm. Near the Preah Vihear Temple still wait for the final decision from International Court in Holland. - China’s geopolitical interest in Cambodia changed significantly with the end of the Cold War. It remain the influence via the Late King Sihanouk. China provide billion of bilateral aid to Cambodia without any condition while other Western Country use conditions as mechanism influence the democracy in Cambodia
  20. 20. - While having long historical dispute with Cambodia, Thailand is the main investor and the largest Import source. - Japan is one of the largest donors in Cambodia. Prime Minister Hun Sen visited Japan 2007, and Signed on many agreement on promotion and protection of investment between both countries - The US offers Cambodia quotas for importing the garment products. However, America Periodically ban Cambodia’s products or threat to cut aid over the concern on political freedom in Cambodia - France who is the former colonial administrator still continue influence Cambodia via business and foreign Aid.
  21. 21. Population 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 1960 1962 1964 1966 1968 1970 1972 1974 1976 1978 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 Population (in millions) 1960-2011
  22. 22. -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 1960 1962 1964 1966 1968 1970 1972 1974 1976 1978 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 Population Growth (annual %) 1960-2011
  23. 23. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 1960 1962 1964 1966 1968 1970 1972 1974 1976 1978 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 Life Expectancy at Birth (total years) 1960-2011
  24. 24. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1960 1962 1964 1966 1968 1970 1972 1974 1976 1978 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 Fertility Rate (total births per woman) 1960-2011
  25. 25. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Adolscent Fertility Rate (birth per 1,000 women ages 15-19) 1997-2011
  26. 26. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Poverty Headcount Ratio at National Poverty Line (% of population) 1997-2011
  27. 27. Economy $0.00 $2.00 $4.00 $6.00 $8.00 $10.00 $12.00 $14.00 1960 1962 1964 1966 1968 1970 1972 1974 1976 1978 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 GDP (in billion US dollars) 1960-2011
  28. 28. 0 0.02 0.04 0.06 0.08 0.1 0.12 0.14 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 GDP growth (annual %) 1994-2011
  29. 29. $0.00 $1.00 $2.00 $3.00 $4.00 $5.00 $6.00 $7.00 $8.00 Household Consumption Expenditure (in USD) Government Consumption Expenditure (in USD) in billion USD
  30. 30. -0.06 -0.04 -0.02 0 0.02 0.04 0.06 0.08 0.1 0.12 0.14 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Inflation Rate (annual %) 1994-2011
  31. 31. 76% 1% 6% 12% Total Employment by Economic Activity (2004 population)A. Agriculture, Hunting and Forestry B. Fishing C. Mining and Quarrying D. Manufacturing E. Electricity, Gas and Water Supply F. Construction G. Wholesale and Retail Trade; Repair of Motor Vehicles, Motorcycles and Personal and Household Goods H. Hotels and Restaurants I. Transport, Storage and Communications J. Financial Intermediation K. Real Estate, Renting and Business Activities L. Public Administration and Defence; Compulsory Social Security M. Education N. Health and Social Work O. Other Community,Social and Personal Service Activities P. Households with Employed Persons Q. Extra-Territorial Organizations and Bodies
  32. 32. 0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3 0.35 0.4 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 High Technology Exports (% of manufactured exports) 2000-2011
  33. 33. $0.00 $1.00 $2.00 $3.00 $4.00 $5.00 $6.00 $7.00 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Net Primary Income from Abroad (in billion USD) 1987-2008
  34. 34. $0.00 $0.10 $0.20 $0.30 $0.40 $0.50 $0.60 $0.70 $0.80 $0.90 $1.00 Foreign Direct Investment, Net Inflows (in million USD) 1992-2011
  35. 35. Foreign Assistance $0.00 $100.00 $200.00 $300.00 $400.00 $500.00 $600.00 $700.00 $800.00 $900.00 1960 1962 1964 1966 1968 1970 1972 1974 1976 1978 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 Net Development Assistance/Official Aid Received (in million USD) 1960-2011
  36. 36. 0 50 100 150 Japan France China Sweden Republic of Korea Denmark ODA ODA Official development Assistance (ODA) Traditional aid donor Development Assistance Committee : Japan, the USA, France, Sweden, Denmark Non-DAC aid donor: South Korea and china
  37. 37. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 China S. Korea Like China, South Korea’s ODA to Cambodia has increased significantly from 0.5 million in 1198 to 31.4 million USD in 2007.
  38. 38. Education 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Ratio of Girls to Boys in Primary and Secondary Education (%) 1971-2011
  39. 39. 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Internet Users per 100 People 1990-2011
  40. 40. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Births Attended by Skilled Health Staff (% of total births) 1998-2010 Health
  41. 41. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Improved Sanitation Facilities, Urban (% of urban population with access) 1990-2010
  42. 42. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Improved Water Source (% of population with access) 1990-2010
  43. 43. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Immunization to Measles (% of children ages 12-23 months) 1984-2011
  44. 44. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Contraceptive Prevalence (% of women 15-49) 1995-2010
  45. 45. 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 1.4 1.6 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Prevalence of HIV (total % of population ages 15-49) 1990-2011
  46. 46. Happy Planet Index Happy Planet Index (HPI) is an index of human well-being and environmental impact that was introduced by the New Economics Foundation (NEF) in July 2006 HPI is not a measure of which are the happiest countries in the world based on general utilitarian principles — that most people want to live long and fulfilling lives INDICATORS: • low amount of natural resources required to sustain a given country's lifestyle • relatively high levels of life satisfaction, as measured in surveys • life expectancy at birth
  47. 47. Color signifies Highest rank through to lowest rank; grey indicates Information not available . (2006) Cambodia
  48. 48. 2006 2009

×