Causes of the American Revolution

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Causes of the American Revolution

  1. 1. CAUSES OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
  2. 2. Summary:Why Colonist Went to War:"For over two centuries, the occupants of the AmericanColonies lived peacefully under the rule of the Englishgovernment. But, by 1775 the colonists had grown tired ofbeing unfairly controlled by King George III and is parliament"."Colonist wished to be treated like adults, not children. Eachside refused to give in, which led to an all out war andeventual independence for the colonies".
  3. 3. Timeline of Events Leading up to American Revolution 1763 1765 1765 1767 1770 1773 1774 Boston IntolerableProclamation Stamp Act Massacre Quartering Townshend Boston Tea Party
  4. 4. Proclamation of 1763 •The colonists helped the British win the French and Indian war. •The victory gave England the land west of the Appalachian Mountains, all the way to the Mississippi River. •The King made a PROCLAMATION or an announcement in 1763 that the colonists could not go past the Appalachian Mountains. •This Proclamation angered the colonists since they also helped fight for that land!
  5. 5. Quartering Act 1765 •King George III sent British soldiers to the colonies to "protect" the colonists from the French. •To pay for the protection that the colonists were receiving, they were required to provide supplies and barracks (housing) for the British troops. •The colonist were ordered to provide housing, food and 5 17 6 transportation. This was a way for t g Ac the King to put an indirect tax on r in rte the colonists.Q ua
  6. 6. The Stamp Act-1765 •The Stamp Act was a law passed which imposed a tax on all American colonists. It required them to pay a tax on every piece of printed paper they used.Examples of a •The Stamp Act required all legal documents,stamp showing licenses, commercial contracts, newspapers,that colonist paid pamphlets and playing cards to carry a tax.the stamp tax •The money collected by the Stamp Act was to be used to help pay the costs of the British soldiers who were in America protecting the frontier. •Colonists boycotted British goods in order to get the Stamp Act repealed.
  7. 7. Townshend Act-1767•After the Stamp Act was repealed, a man by the name of CharlesTownshend imposed an indirect tax on items such as lead, glass,paper, and tea.•Townshend hoped that the colonists would not notice the priceincrease.•This indirect tax was collected at the sea ports before itemsreached colonial stores. Therefore, when colonists went to butthese items, that tax was already included in the price. (Unlike theAct, where the colonists were aware of the added tax)•The colonists did recognize the indirect tax and once againboycotted British goods. Colonists were extremely upset with theunjust form of "Taxation without Representation!"
  8. 8. Boston Massacre-1770 •Tensions were growing higher between the colonists and the British soldiers. •On march 5, 1770 a crowd of people gathered in front of the Customs House began harassing a British soldier. •The soldier called for helped and nine more soldiers were sent.Engraving by Paul Revere •Insults and snowballs were thrown at the soldiers and in the commotion someone yelled "Fire!". •Many shots were fired and when the smoke cleared a total of 5 townspeople had beenClick the newspaper to read killed.the March 12, 1770 edition ofthe Boston Gazette reporting •The people of Boston were furious andon the Boston Massacre. demanded that the soldiers be tried and executed for the killings.
  9. 9. Boston Tea Party 1773• On December 16, 1773 the Sons of Liberty, who were led by SamuelAdams, dressed up as Mohawk Indians and headed to the Boston Harbor.•These Radical Patriots quickly and quietly boarded three different shipsarming themselves with axes and hatchets.•The group disguised as Native Americans threw 342 crates of teaoverboard, destroying the precious British tea.•This act of defiance made King George III furious and he told the Patriotswould be punished!
  10. 10. Intolerable Acts ~ 1774 •Due to Massachusetts constant resistance to parliamentary rule and as punishment for the Boston Tea party, the King and his Parliament passed a series of laws to limit political and geographical freedoms. These laws were called the Coercive Acts or Intolerable Acts. 5.The Boston Harbor would be closed until the East India Tea Company was repaid fully for the tea lost a the "Tea Party". 6.Quartering Act was extended to publicly occupied buildings. 7.British Officials could not be tried in colonial courts for their crimes; instead, they would be sent back to Britain to receive punishment. 8.Colonial charters, which stated rules and government set up, were annulled and British Governors were in complete control of town meetings. 9.The border of Canada was now extended into the western colonies of Connecticut, Massachusetts and Virginia KG
  11. 11. First Continental Congress 1774•The American colonists banded together to fightback after the British enforced the IntolerableActs.•Representatives met in Philadelphia to try tofigure out a compromise that could be made withEngland.•Congress voted to cut off colonial trade withGreat Britain until Parliament abolished theIntolerable Acts.•Congress also decided to train men for war,fearing was with England was inevitable.•King George III and Parliament did notacknowledge or respect the requests of thecolonists.
  12. 12. BATTLE OF LEXINGTON AND CONCORD-1774* The British soldiers marched out of Boston to seize the colonists gunpowderand firearms on Concord, Massachusetts.*Paul Revere helped alert the Minutemen that the British were on the move byhanging lanterns in the church steeple. He also rode through the town to warnthat, "The British are coming!"*Although the Minutemen were ready for the British in Lexington,Massachusetts they were out numbered and defeated.*Messengers were able to warn colonists in Concord, Massachusetts and onlya portion of the supplies were destroyed.
  13. 13. •Now that you have read and reviewed the reasons for theAmerican Revolution, click on the different activities to how much you have learned!! The Road to the RevolutionThe American Revolution Interactive QuizBoston Massacre Secret Agent CaseInteractive Crossword PuzzleGlencoe: Causes of American Revolution Self Check Quiz
  14. 14. The Road To Revolution" Test your knowledge about the American Revolution, and see if you navigate your way to independence, Every correct answer gets you closer to liberty!" Click on the map to begin your journey to independence!
  15. 15. The American Revolution: Interactive Quiz Click on the picture and go to QUIZ for the following lesson topics. Each event can also be reviewed by clicking LESSON on the websiteLesson 4: Boston Massacre and Boston Tea partyLesson 5: First Continental CongressLesson 6: The Minutemen and The Battle of Lexington and Concord
  16. 16. Boston Massacre FILESYou are a secret agent and have been sent on a mission to find out whathappened on the evening of March 5, 1770. Click on the detective to begin the investigation!
  17. 17. Interactive Crossword Puzzle Take the crossword puzzle challenge! oFill out the puzzle using the terms from the word list. If you need help,Click the crossword click on the box labeled puzzle to begin! "INSTRUCTION". oWhen you finish, click the "CHECK" box and see if you met the challenge!
  18. 18. Works CitedAmerican Revolution Interactive Quizzes:http://www.mce.k12tn.net/revolutionary_war/american_revolution.htmBoston Gazette Article:http://www.earlyamerica.com/review/winter96/massacre/massacrepage1.htmBoston Massacre Game: http://www.invivia.com/game/Glencoe Crossword Puzzle:http://www.glencoe.com/sec/socialstudies/tutor/ushistory/ahey2001/puzzles/ahey2001_07Road to Revolution Game: http://www.pbs.org/ktca/liberty/road_q1.html

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