Introduction: “Green”      Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty   1
Define Green !!             Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty   2
Meaning: Green                             Money                  New/Beginner          Environment Friendly             P...
“Green” in today’s perspective             It’s used in a way which                    portrays an                environm...
The Way forward !!                     Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty   5
Terms: Impact on the Planet             Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty   6
Ecological Footprint     It is a measure of human demand on the      earth’s ecosystem.     It’s a tool for estimating t...
Bio-Capacity                Itis the earth’s capacity to                 regenerate its resources                The    ...
Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty   9
Ecological Overshoot       It is the deficit created when the human footprint        is larger than the biocapacity     ...
Five Factors influencing Ecological Overshoot                  Population                  Consumption of goods and serv...
Population                Fewer offspring                Offering women access to better                 education, econ...
Consumption                 Reduction of goods and services per                  person                  •   Potential de...
Intensity of the Footprint                  The amount of resources consumed                   during production of goods...
Bioproductive area                     Lands which are degraded can be                      reclaimed     through     car...
Bioproductivity                 The yield or productivity of an area                 Depends on the ecosystem and the wa...
India’s Ecological Footprint (2003): 0.8 ghg per person         • Ranked 125 th out of 152 nations measured         • Desp...
Global Ecological Footprint                    1.5                          Human Demand on Biosphere:                    ...
Ecological debt         India: An ecological deficit of 100% approx          •   Ecological Footprint: 0.78 gha per perso...
Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty   20
Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty   21
Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty   22
Water Footprint• India has the Largest Total Water Footprint of any country in the world      • 987 billion m3 per year• I...
Life Spans of people, assets and                         infrastructurePresenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty   24
India’s Ecological Footprint                                                             India Footprint, Biocapacity and ...
How to approach this deficit ?              Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty   26
Sustainability                 Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty   27
Sustainability           “Sustainable development meets            the needs of the present without            compromisi...
Sustainability - Approach             Triple Bottom Line (TBL) or (3BL)              •   Captures an expanded spectrum of...
People            Human Capital            Perceives on implying fair and beneficial             business practices towa...
Planet            Natural Capital            Sustainable Environmental Practices            Few issues like:           ...
Profit            Economic capital            Within a sustainability framework, the             ‘profit’ is seen as the...
How to aware people of these activities of thecompanies ?                Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty   33
Sustainability Reporting            The trend of publishing Financial reports annually             or quarterly has been ...
Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty   35
Application Level              Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty   36
Third Parties Involved with assurance for Sustainability reporting                         Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty...
Greenhouse Effect            Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty   38
“Venus is too hot, Mars is too cold, and Earth is justright."        Reason – Green House effect !                    Pres...
A planets climate is decided by its mass, its distance from      the sun and the composition of its atmosphere            ...
"Venus is too hot, Mars is too cold, and Earth isjust right."     Temperature depends on Green      House effect     Mar...
Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty   42
Green House Gases (GHG)            Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty   43
GHG Concentration levels            GHG           Unit      1750         2007          GWP1     CO2                 ppm   ...
Average temp of earth : 15 deg C   Without GHG : -17.8 deg C        Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty   45
Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty   46
What is Global Warming ?            Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty   47
Global Warming          The Greenhouse effect helps sustain life           on planet Earth !!           •   The Greenhous...
Global Warming – Stats !!           Global Warming            •   1880 – 1970 : 0.4°C            •   In 2008, the global ...
* NASA GISS dataPresenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty   50
Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty   51
Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty   52
Climate Change !            Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty   53
Climate Change      Impact of GHG on climate change       •   Proven beyond doubt      Several countries       •   Alrea...
Climate Change - Potential Impacts                   Sea Level                     •   Rise of 1-3 feet in the next 100 y...
Effect on Glaciers                     Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty   56
Himalayan Glacier    Covers 17% of greater Himalayan region    Largest area after polar regions       •   113,000 square...
Gangotri Glacier Retreat                  Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty   58
Effect of sea level rise6 Crore people have to shift in Calcutta and Bangladesh                       Presenter: Ravi Teja...
Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty   60
How to tackle this at a global level ??              Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty   61
Albert Arnold “Al” Gore Jr               45th Vice President of US (93-01)                served under President Bill Cli...
Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty   63
IPCC            http://www.ipcc.ch/          Intergovernmental             Panel    for           Climate Change        ...
UNFCCC                   http://unfccc.int/            United      Nations    Framework             Convention on Climate...
Kyoto Protocol     An International Agreement on Climate Change      •   Adopted in Kyoto, Japan      •   16th February 2...
WRI        http://www.wri.org/         World Resources Initiative         Introduction          •   A Global Environment...
CIIwww.cii.in/          Confederation of Indian Industry          Introduction           •     Non-government, Not-for-P...
CII – Godrej GBC              http://www.greenbusinesscentre.com/           Sohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre        ...
Few more Lectures on !!        Energy Efficiency & Renewable        New Concepts in the Green World        GHG & Climat...
Summary            Defined    Green !            Terms                 •    Ecological Footprint                 •    Bi...
Thank YouRavi Teja Pabbisettyravi546@gmail.com      Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty   72
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Green & Sustainability - Introduction

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A brief introduction on "Green" and "Sustainability".

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Green & Sustainability - Introduction

  1. 1. Introduction: “Green” Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 1
  2. 2. Define Green !! Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 2
  3. 3. Meaning: Green Money New/Beginner Environment Friendly Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 3
  4. 4. “Green” in today’s perspective It’s used in a way which portrays an environment friendly quality of an activity or a product Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 4
  5. 5. The Way forward !! Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 5
  6. 6. Terms: Impact on the Planet Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 6
  7. 7. Ecological Footprint  It is a measure of human demand on the earth’s ecosystem.  It’s a tool for estimating the consumption (or) depletion of earth’s resources for our day-to-day needs and activities  It is a standard measurement of a unit’s influence on its habitat based on CONSUMPTION and POLLUTION  Units: Global Hectares (gha) Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 7
  8. 8. Bio-Capacity  Itis the earth’s capacity to regenerate its resources  The total amount of productive area available Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 8
  9. 9. Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 9
  10. 10. Ecological Overshoot  It is the deficit created when the human footprint is larger than the biocapacity  It first happened in mid of 1980’s and kept on increasing ever since  In 2003,  Total Biocapacity: 11.2 gha  1.8 gha per person  Ecological Footprint: 14.1 gha  2.2 gha per person  Demand exceeded supply by 25%  Took 1.25 years for earth to regenerate the resources consumed by humans in the year 2003. Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 10
  11. 11. Five Factors influencing Ecological Overshoot  Population  Consumption of goods and services per person  Footprint Intensity  Bioproductive area  Bioproductivity Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 11
  12. 12. Population  Fewer offspring  Offering women access to better education, economic opportunities, health care opportunities are proven approaches  These investments also enhance the health and educational outcomes of their children Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 12
  13. 13. Consumption  Reduction of goods and services per person • Potential depends on the economic situation  People living below the poverty line have to increase consumption to move out of poverty  The more affluent people can reduce consumption without compromising their quality of life !! Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 13
  14. 14. Intensity of the Footprint  The amount of resources consumed during production of goods and services can be significantly reduced • Energy Efficiency • Manufacturing process and equipment • Home appliances • Minimizing waste generation • Reuse and Recycle • Efficient Transport • Reduced usage of distance goods Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 14
  15. 15. Bioproductive area  Lands which are degraded can be reclaimed through careful management  Through Terracing and Irrigation, marginal lands can be more productive  Good land management will ensure that the bioproductive areas are not lost Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 15
  16. 16. Bioproductivity  The yield or productivity of an area  Depends on the ecosystem and the way it is managed  Agricultural tech can boost productivity but can also diminish bio-diversity  Energy Intensive agriculture and heavy reliance on fertilizer • May yield results but at a larger footprint associated with increased inputs • Impoverish soil which leads to reduced soil fertility  Climate change mitigation can also help maintain yield !! Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 16
  17. 17. India’s Ecological Footprint (2003): 0.8 ghg per person • Ranked 125 th out of 152 nations measured • Despite this low average consumption per person, due to its large population, India has the 3 rd largest total Footprint , exceeded by USA and China Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 17
  18. 18. Global Ecological Footprint 1.5 Human Demand on Biosphere: Ecological Footprint 1961 - 2003 Number of Earths 1.0 Humanity’s food, fiber, built-up land and nuclear Footprint Humanitys food, fiber, built-up land and nuclear footprint 0.5 CO2 Portion of Humanity’s Ecological Footprint CO2 portion of humanitys Ecological Footprint 0.0 1961 1966 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001Source: Global Footprint Network, USA Our Present requirement – 1.51 earths ! (2007) Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 18
  19. 19. Ecological debt  India: An ecological deficit of 100% approx • Ecological Footprint: 0.78 gha per person • Biocapacity: 0.40 gha per person  Debt due to: Rapid growth of population • India’s per capita Footprint to decrease • Increased per capita consumption of Fossil fuels • Greater Carbon Footprint • Decrease in India’s per capita biocapacity • 1961: 0.7 gha per person • 2003: 0.4 gha per person Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 19
  20. 20. Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 20
  21. 21. Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 21
  22. 22. Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 22
  23. 23. Water Footprint• India has the Largest Total Water Footprint of any country in the world • 987 billion m3 per year• India contributes • 17% to global population • 13% to global water footprint Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 23
  24. 24. Life Spans of people, assets and infrastructurePresenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 24
  25. 25. India’s Ecological Footprint India Footprint, Biocapacity and GDP 0.90 600 Footprint 0.80 500Global hectares per capita 0.70 GDP per capita. constant 2000 US$ Biocapacity 0.60 400 Ecological Debt 0.50 Growing over time 300 0.40 GDP 0.30 200 0.20 100 0.10 0.00 0 1961 1966 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Source: Global Footprint Network, USA Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 25
  26. 26. How to approach this deficit ? Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 26
  27. 27. Sustainability Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 27
  28. 28. Sustainability  “Sustainable development meets the needs of the present without compromising the future generations ability to meet their own” World commission on Environment and Development, UN in 1983 Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 28
  29. 29. Sustainability - Approach  Triple Bottom Line (TBL) or (3BL) • Captures an expanded spectrum of values and criteria for measuring organizational success • Economic (or) Financial • Social • Ecology (or) Environment • Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) • Initiatives followed by firms demonstrating their TBL approach and activities • “People, Planet & Profit” (or) “The Three Pillars” Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 29
  30. 30. People  Human Capital  Perceives on implying fair and beneficial business practices towards labour, the community in the region of their business  Few issues like: • No child labour • Fair pay for its workers • Maintain safe work environment • “Give Back” • By contributing strength and growth of its community such as health care and education  Quantifying this bottom line is subjective and also problematic • Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) has come up with guidelines to enable corporations and NGO’s to comparably report on the social impact of a business Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 30
  31. 31. Planet  Natural Capital  Sustainable Environmental Practices  Few issues like: • No harm to the environment • Operating at better SEC values • Reducing Manufacturing waste generation • “Cradle-to-Grave” • Uppermost approach for Manufacturing businesses • Conducting a “Life Cycle Assessment” • Will determine the true impact of the manufactured product on the environment/ecology • No disposal of toxic and other harmful wastes into the environment  TBL approach: “ Ecologically destructive manufacturing must not be given a free ride in the society” Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 31
  32. 32. Profit  Economic capital  Within a sustainability framework, the ‘profit’ is seen as the real economic impact the organization has on its economic environment  In TBL approach • Traditional accounting profit + Social & Environmental impacts, unless the profits of other entities are included as social benefits Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 32
  33. 33. How to aware people of these activities of thecompanies ? Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 33
  34. 34. Sustainability Reporting  The trend of publishing Financial reports annually or quarterly has been a practice • Done for displaying the financial position of the firm to the stakeholders  As the awareness on the environmental issues has risen, the stakeholders are required to know the environmental impact of the firm  This led to publishing “Sustainability Report”  The key organization which standardized the reporting format and ensures the quality of the report is “Global Reporting Initiative (GRI)” • Update: GRI G3.1 guidelines released on 23rd march 2011 Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 34
  35. 35. Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 35
  36. 36. Application Level Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 36
  37. 37. Third Parties Involved with assurance for Sustainability reporting Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 37
  38. 38. Greenhouse Effect Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 38
  39. 39. “Venus is too hot, Mars is too cold, and Earth is justright." Reason – Green House effect ! Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 39
  40. 40. A planets climate is decided by its mass, its distance from the sun and the composition of its atmosphere Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 40
  41. 41. "Venus is too hot, Mars is too cold, and Earth isjust right."  Temperature depends on Green House effect  Mars has a thin atmosphere  0.03 % of atmosphere is CO2  Temp of (-) 50°C  Lower than our deep freeze !  Venus has a thick cloud  95 % of atmosphere is CO2  Temp of 420°C  Bake a cake ! Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 41
  42. 42. Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 42
  43. 43. Green House Gases (GHG) Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 43
  44. 44. GHG Concentration levels GHG Unit 1750 2007 GWP1 CO2 ppm 280 384 12 CH4 ppb 700 1857 253 N2O ppb 270 321 2984 CFC 12 ppt 0 541 109005 HFC 134a ppt 0 49 14306 SF6 ppt 0 6.4 22800GWP – Global Warming Potential* Effect of Man-made GHG’s : Equivalent to 1 % increase in power ofsun Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 44
  45. 45. Average temp of earth : 15 deg C Without GHG : -17.8 deg C Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 45
  46. 46. Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 46
  47. 47. What is Global Warming ? Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 47
  48. 48. Global Warming  The Greenhouse effect helps sustain life on planet Earth !! • The Greenhouse Gases are responsible • Warming is the output  From the Industrial era, the amount of Greenhouse Gases have risen tremendously • This is creating greater “Warming” than required • Effect: Rising Global Temperature Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 48
  49. 49. Global Warming – Stats !!  Global Warming • 1880 – 1970 : 0.4°C • In 2008, the global average surface air temperature was +0.44°C above global mean for 1951-1980 baseline • 10 warmest years have been recorded between 1997-2008 • Average global temperatures for the years 2005 & 2010 are rated the hottest years ever recorded – NASA GISS Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 49
  50. 50. * NASA GISS dataPresenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 50
  51. 51. Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 51
  52. 52. Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 52
  53. 53. Climate Change ! Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 53
  54. 54. Climate Change  Impact of GHG on climate change • Proven beyond doubt  Several countries • Already impacted by climate change • Business, agriculture, services, economy affected  Need to evolve a holistic approach globally to combat climate change Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 54
  55. 55. Climate Change - Potential Impacts  Sea Level • Rise of 1-3 feet in the next 100 years  Melting of Glaciers • Threat for drinking water  Health Impacts • Increased disease (particularly waterborne diseases)  Climate • Erratic monsoons • Droughts • Cyclones  Agriculture • Net Loss in world’s food supply Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 55
  56. 56. Effect on Glaciers Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 56
  57. 57. Himalayan Glacier  Covers 17% of greater Himalayan region  Largest area after polar regions • 113,000 square km area  9 largest rives serving 1.3 billion people  Gangotri • Rate of depletion is 3 times more than the 200 year depletion rate Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 57
  58. 58. Gangotri Glacier Retreat Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 58
  59. 59. Effect of sea level rise6 Crore people have to shift in Calcutta and Bangladesh Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 59
  60. 60. Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 60
  61. 61. How to tackle this at a global level ?? Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 61
  62. 62. Albert Arnold “Al” Gore Jr  45th Vice President of US (93-01) served under President Bill Clinton  Received a Nobel Peace Prize along with IPCC in 2007  Award winning, popular book and documentary on “An Inconvenient Truth” (06-07)  Establishments • Generation Investment Management (founded 2004) • The Alliance for Climate Protection (founded 04-05)  Author, Businessman, Congressman and an Environmental activist Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 62
  63. 63. Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 63
  64. 64. IPCC http://www.ipcc.ch/  Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change  Introduction • Established by UNEP and WMO • To provide the world with knowledge on climate change and its potential environmental, socio and economic impacts  A Scientific body • 194 countries are a part of it • Head quarters is located in Geneva, Switzerland Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 64
  65. 65. UNFCCC http://unfccc.int/  United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change  Introduction • Various countries have joined hands in the form of an International treaty • Established with a focus on what can be done to reduce global warming and to cope with the inevitable rise in temperatures  Kyoto Protocol was framed on 11th December 1997 Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 65
  66. 66. Kyoto Protocol  An International Agreement on Climate Change • Adopted in Kyoto, Japan • 16th February 2005 (entered into force)  Introduction • Set binding targets for 37 industrialized countries and European community to reduce GHG emissions • 5% against 1990 level over 5 year period (2008-2012) • Established a mechanism to appreciate the nations which have implemented it • Emission trading • Clean Development Mechanism • Joint Implementation • These mechanism stimulated the Green Investment market !!!! Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 66
  67. 67. WRI http://www.wri.org/  World Resources Initiative  Introduction • A Global Environment Think Tank • Provides practical strategies for putting research ideas into implementation on environmental fronts  Work with government, companies and civil society to build solutions to urgent environmental challenges Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 67
  68. 68. CIIwww.cii.in/  Confederation of Indian Industry  Introduction • Non-government, Not-for-Profit, Industry led and Industry managed organization • CII catalyses change by working closely with government on policy issues, enhance efficiency and expand business opportunities for Industry  Established 7 Centres of Excellence on different fronts Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 68
  69. 69. CII – Godrej GBC http://www.greenbusinesscentre.com/  Sohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre  Introduction • A Centre of Excellence • 3rd Green Building in the world, 1st outside USA • Offers advisory services to industry on Environmental aspects in the areas of • Green Buildings • Energy Efficiency • Water Management • Renewable Energy • Green business incubation and Climate Change activities  Works closely with various international organizations like WRI, Global Footprint Network, Climate Leaders, US AID, UNEP, Asia-Pacific Partnership and many others Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 69
  70. 70. Few more Lectures on !!  Energy Efficiency & Renewable  New Concepts in the Green World  GHG & Climate Change  Industrial Ecology  Introduction to Green Business  Green Economy Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 70
  71. 71. Summary Defined Green ! Terms • Ecological Footprint • Biocapacity • Ecological overshoot & its factors • Ecological debt Sustainability • Definition • Approach: TBL • Sustainability Reporting Greenhouse Effect Greenhouse Gases • What do they do ! • Sector-wise emission figures Global Warming Climate Change and its Impacts Few Organizations working on these issues Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 71
  72. 72. Thank YouRavi Teja Pabbisettyravi546@gmail.com Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 72
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