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Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
Green & Sustainability - Introduction
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Green & Sustainability - Introduction

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A brief introduction on "Green" and "Sustainability".

A brief introduction on "Green" and "Sustainability".

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  • 1. Introduction: “Green” Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 1
  • 2. Define Green !! Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 2
  • 3. Meaning: Green Money New/Beginner Environment Friendly Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 3
  • 4. “Green” in today’s perspective It’s used in a way which portrays an environment friendly quality of an activity or a product Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 4
  • 5. The Way forward !! Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 5
  • 6. Terms: Impact on the Planet Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 6
  • 7. Ecological Footprint  It is a measure of human demand on the earth’s ecosystem.  It’s a tool for estimating the consumption (or) depletion of earth’s resources for our day-to-day needs and activities  It is a standard measurement of a unit’s influence on its habitat based on CONSUMPTION and POLLUTION  Units: Global Hectares (gha) Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 7
  • 8. Bio-Capacity  Itis the earth’s capacity to regenerate its resources  The total amount of productive area available Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 8
  • 9. Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 9
  • 10. Ecological Overshoot  It is the deficit created when the human footprint is larger than the biocapacity  It first happened in mid of 1980’s and kept on increasing ever since  In 2003,  Total Biocapacity: 11.2 gha  1.8 gha per person  Ecological Footprint: 14.1 gha  2.2 gha per person  Demand exceeded supply by 25%  Took 1.25 years for earth to regenerate the resources consumed by humans in the year 2003. Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 10
  • 11. Five Factors influencing Ecological Overshoot  Population  Consumption of goods and services per person  Footprint Intensity  Bioproductive area  Bioproductivity Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 11
  • 12. Population  Fewer offspring  Offering women access to better education, economic opportunities, health care opportunities are proven approaches  These investments also enhance the health and educational outcomes of their children Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 12
  • 13. Consumption  Reduction of goods and services per person • Potential depends on the economic situation  People living below the poverty line have to increase consumption to move out of poverty  The more affluent people can reduce consumption without compromising their quality of life !! Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 13
  • 14. Intensity of the Footprint  The amount of resources consumed during production of goods and services can be significantly reduced • Energy Efficiency • Manufacturing process and equipment • Home appliances • Minimizing waste generation • Reuse and Recycle • Efficient Transport • Reduced usage of distance goods Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 14
  • 15. Bioproductive area  Lands which are degraded can be reclaimed through careful management  Through Terracing and Irrigation, marginal lands can be more productive  Good land management will ensure that the bioproductive areas are not lost Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 15
  • 16. Bioproductivity  The yield or productivity of an area  Depends on the ecosystem and the way it is managed  Agricultural tech can boost productivity but can also diminish bio-diversity  Energy Intensive agriculture and heavy reliance on fertilizer • May yield results but at a larger footprint associated with increased inputs • Impoverish soil which leads to reduced soil fertility  Climate change mitigation can also help maintain yield !! Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 16
  • 17. India’s Ecological Footprint (2003): 0.8 ghg per person • Ranked 125 th out of 152 nations measured • Despite this low average consumption per person, due to its large population, India has the 3 rd largest total Footprint , exceeded by USA and China Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 17
  • 18. Global Ecological Footprint 1.5 Human Demand on Biosphere: Ecological Footprint 1961 - 2003 Number of Earths 1.0 Humanity’s food, fiber, built-up land and nuclear Footprint Humanitys food, fiber, built-up land and nuclear footprint 0.5 CO2 Portion of Humanity’s Ecological Footprint CO2 portion of humanitys Ecological Footprint 0.0 1961 1966 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001Source: Global Footprint Network, USA Our Present requirement – 1.51 earths ! (2007) Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 18
  • 19. Ecological debt  India: An ecological deficit of 100% approx • Ecological Footprint: 0.78 gha per person • Biocapacity: 0.40 gha per person  Debt due to: Rapid growth of population • India’s per capita Footprint to decrease • Increased per capita consumption of Fossil fuels • Greater Carbon Footprint • Decrease in India’s per capita biocapacity • 1961: 0.7 gha per person • 2003: 0.4 gha per person Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 19
  • 20. Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 20
  • 21. Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 21
  • 22. Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 22
  • 23. Water Footprint• India has the Largest Total Water Footprint of any country in the world • 987 billion m3 per year• India contributes • 17% to global population • 13% to global water footprint Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 23
  • 24. Life Spans of people, assets and infrastructurePresenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 24
  • 25. India’s Ecological Footprint India Footprint, Biocapacity and GDP 0.90 600 Footprint 0.80 500Global hectares per capita 0.70 GDP per capita. constant 2000 US$ Biocapacity 0.60 400 Ecological Debt 0.50 Growing over time 300 0.40 GDP 0.30 200 0.20 100 0.10 0.00 0 1961 1966 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 Source: Global Footprint Network, USA Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 25
  • 26. How to approach this deficit ? Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 26
  • 27. Sustainability Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 27
  • 28. Sustainability  “Sustainable development meets the needs of the present without compromising the future generations ability to meet their own” World commission on Environment and Development, UN in 1983 Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 28
  • 29. Sustainability - Approach  Triple Bottom Line (TBL) or (3BL) • Captures an expanded spectrum of values and criteria for measuring organizational success • Economic (or) Financial • Social • Ecology (or) Environment • Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) • Initiatives followed by firms demonstrating their TBL approach and activities • “People, Planet & Profit” (or) “The Three Pillars” Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 29
  • 30. People  Human Capital  Perceives on implying fair and beneficial business practices towards labour, the community in the region of their business  Few issues like: • No child labour • Fair pay for its workers • Maintain safe work environment • “Give Back” • By contributing strength and growth of its community such as health care and education  Quantifying this bottom line is subjective and also problematic • Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) has come up with guidelines to enable corporations and NGO’s to comparably report on the social impact of a business Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 30
  • 31. Planet  Natural Capital  Sustainable Environmental Practices  Few issues like: • No harm to the environment • Operating at better SEC values • Reducing Manufacturing waste generation • “Cradle-to-Grave” • Uppermost approach for Manufacturing businesses • Conducting a “Life Cycle Assessment” • Will determine the true impact of the manufactured product on the environment/ecology • No disposal of toxic and other harmful wastes into the environment  TBL approach: “ Ecologically destructive manufacturing must not be given a free ride in the society” Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 31
  • 32. Profit  Economic capital  Within a sustainability framework, the ‘profit’ is seen as the real economic impact the organization has on its economic environment  In TBL approach • Traditional accounting profit + Social & Environmental impacts, unless the profits of other entities are included as social benefits Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 32
  • 33. How to aware people of these activities of thecompanies ? Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 33
  • 34. Sustainability Reporting  The trend of publishing Financial reports annually or quarterly has been a practice • Done for displaying the financial position of the firm to the stakeholders  As the awareness on the environmental issues has risen, the stakeholders are required to know the environmental impact of the firm  This led to publishing “Sustainability Report”  The key organization which standardized the reporting format and ensures the quality of the report is “Global Reporting Initiative (GRI)” • Update: GRI G3.1 guidelines released on 23rd march 2011 Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 34
  • 35. Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 35
  • 36. Application Level Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 36
  • 37. Third Parties Involved with assurance for Sustainability reporting Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 37
  • 38. Greenhouse Effect Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 38
  • 39. “Venus is too hot, Mars is too cold, and Earth is justright." Reason – Green House effect ! Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 39
  • 40. A planets climate is decided by its mass, its distance from the sun and the composition of its atmosphere Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 40
  • 41. "Venus is too hot, Mars is too cold, and Earth isjust right."  Temperature depends on Green House effect  Mars has a thin atmosphere  0.03 % of atmosphere is CO2  Temp of (-) 50°C  Lower than our deep freeze !  Venus has a thick cloud  95 % of atmosphere is CO2  Temp of 420°C  Bake a cake ! Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 41
  • 42. Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 42
  • 43. Green House Gases (GHG) Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 43
  • 44. GHG Concentration levels GHG Unit 1750 2007 GWP1 CO2 ppm 280 384 12 CH4 ppb 700 1857 253 N2O ppb 270 321 2984 CFC 12 ppt 0 541 109005 HFC 134a ppt 0 49 14306 SF6 ppt 0 6.4 22800GWP – Global Warming Potential* Effect of Man-made GHG’s : Equivalent to 1 % increase in power ofsun Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 44
  • 45. Average temp of earth : 15 deg C Without GHG : -17.8 deg C Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 45
  • 46. Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 46
  • 47. What is Global Warming ? Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 47
  • 48. Global Warming  The Greenhouse effect helps sustain life on planet Earth !! • The Greenhouse Gases are responsible • Warming is the output  From the Industrial era, the amount of Greenhouse Gases have risen tremendously • This is creating greater “Warming” than required • Effect: Rising Global Temperature Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 48
  • 49. Global Warming – Stats !!  Global Warming • 1880 – 1970 : 0.4°C • In 2008, the global average surface air temperature was +0.44°C above global mean for 1951-1980 baseline • 10 warmest years have been recorded between 1997-2008 • Average global temperatures for the years 2005 & 2010 are rated the hottest years ever recorded – NASA GISS Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 49
  • 50. * NASA GISS dataPresenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 50
  • 51. Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 51
  • 52. Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 52
  • 53. Climate Change ! Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 53
  • 54. Climate Change  Impact of GHG on climate change • Proven beyond doubt  Several countries • Already impacted by climate change • Business, agriculture, services, economy affected  Need to evolve a holistic approach globally to combat climate change Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 54
  • 55. Climate Change - Potential Impacts  Sea Level • Rise of 1-3 feet in the next 100 years  Melting of Glaciers • Threat for drinking water  Health Impacts • Increased disease (particularly waterborne diseases)  Climate • Erratic monsoons • Droughts • Cyclones  Agriculture • Net Loss in world’s food supply Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 55
  • 56. Effect on Glaciers Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 56
  • 57. Himalayan Glacier  Covers 17% of greater Himalayan region  Largest area after polar regions • 113,000 square km area  9 largest rives serving 1.3 billion people  Gangotri • Rate of depletion is 3 times more than the 200 year depletion rate Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 57
  • 58. Gangotri Glacier Retreat Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 58
  • 59. Effect of sea level rise6 Crore people have to shift in Calcutta and Bangladesh Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 59
  • 60. Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 60
  • 61. How to tackle this at a global level ?? Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 61
  • 62. Albert Arnold “Al” Gore Jr  45th Vice President of US (93-01) served under President Bill Clinton  Received a Nobel Peace Prize along with IPCC in 2007  Award winning, popular book and documentary on “An Inconvenient Truth” (06-07)  Establishments • Generation Investment Management (founded 2004) • The Alliance for Climate Protection (founded 04-05)  Author, Businessman, Congressman and an Environmental activist Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 62
  • 63. Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 63
  • 64. IPCC http://www.ipcc.ch/  Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change  Introduction • Established by UNEP and WMO • To provide the world with knowledge on climate change and its potential environmental, socio and economic impacts  A Scientific body • 194 countries are a part of it • Head quarters is located in Geneva, Switzerland Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 64
  • 65. UNFCCC http://unfccc.int/  United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change  Introduction • Various countries have joined hands in the form of an International treaty • Established with a focus on what can be done to reduce global warming and to cope with the inevitable rise in temperatures  Kyoto Protocol was framed on 11th December 1997 Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 65
  • 66. Kyoto Protocol  An International Agreement on Climate Change • Adopted in Kyoto, Japan • 16th February 2005 (entered into force)  Introduction • Set binding targets for 37 industrialized countries and European community to reduce GHG emissions • 5% against 1990 level over 5 year period (2008-2012) • Established a mechanism to appreciate the nations which have implemented it • Emission trading • Clean Development Mechanism • Joint Implementation • These mechanism stimulated the Green Investment market !!!! Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 66
  • 67. WRI http://www.wri.org/  World Resources Initiative  Introduction • A Global Environment Think Tank • Provides practical strategies for putting research ideas into implementation on environmental fronts  Work with government, companies and civil society to build solutions to urgent environmental challenges Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 67
  • 68. CIIwww.cii.in/  Confederation of Indian Industry  Introduction • Non-government, Not-for-Profit, Industry led and Industry managed organization • CII catalyses change by working closely with government on policy issues, enhance efficiency and expand business opportunities for Industry  Established 7 Centres of Excellence on different fronts Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 68
  • 69. CII – Godrej GBC http://www.greenbusinesscentre.com/  Sohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre  Introduction • A Centre of Excellence • 3rd Green Building in the world, 1st outside USA • Offers advisory services to industry on Environmental aspects in the areas of • Green Buildings • Energy Efficiency • Water Management • Renewable Energy • Green business incubation and Climate Change activities  Works closely with various international organizations like WRI, Global Footprint Network, Climate Leaders, US AID, UNEP, Asia-Pacific Partnership and many others Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 69
  • 70. Few more Lectures on !!  Energy Efficiency & Renewable  New Concepts in the Green World  GHG & Climate Change  Industrial Ecology  Introduction to Green Business  Green Economy Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 70
  • 71. Summary Defined Green ! Terms • Ecological Footprint • Biocapacity • Ecological overshoot & its factors • Ecological debt Sustainability • Definition • Approach: TBL • Sustainability Reporting Greenhouse Effect Greenhouse Gases • What do they do ! • Sector-wise emission figures Global Warming Climate Change and its Impacts Few Organizations working on these issues Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 71
  • 72. Thank YouRavi Teja Pabbisettyravi546@gmail.com Presenter: Ravi Teja Pabbisetty 72

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