Indian parliamentary system
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Indian parliamentary system

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This is the presentation made by Prime Point Students to IIT students.

This is the presentation made by Prime Point Students to IIT students.

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Indian parliamentary system Indian parliamentary system Presentation Transcript

  • Indian ParliamentK. Srinivasan2 April 2013IITM, HSCK. SrinivasanPrime Point Foundation2 April 2013 atIITM, HSCIndian Parliament – An overview
  • What we will discuss today• An overview of Indian Parliament• How Parliament functions?• How to track the performance oflegislators?• Our role
  • How do you perceive theParliament?What are the constituents ofParliament
  • Four pillars of democracy• Executive• Legislature• Judiciary• Media
  • Overview of Parliament• Indian constitution came into forcefrom 26thJan 1950.• Parliament consists of President,Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha• Lok Sabha (545 members) andRajya Sabha (245 members)
  • • The Constitution of India cameinto force on January 26, 1950.• The first general elections underthe new Constitution were heldduring the year 1951-52 and thefirst elected Parliament came intobeing in April, 1952.
  • 15thLok Sabha• The current Lok Sabha is the 15thLok Sabha – came into being on 4thJune 2009 (543 elected + 2nominated)• 3 Sessions every year – Budget(Feb to April), Monsoon (July &Aug) and Winter (Nov and Dec)
  • 15thLok Sabha• So far 12 Sessions completed. 13thsession in progress.• 303 sittings - 2009 (54), 2010 (81)2011 (73) and 2012 (74)• Before 1980, average 100 workingdays
  • A day in Parliament• 11 AM – Question hour• 12 Noon – Zero Hour• 2 PM to 6 PM – GovernmentBusiness (In Rajya Sabha upto 5PM)• Members follow party line.
  • Debates• Government Bills, Matters ofurgent importance, Callingattention motion,• Rule 377, 184, 193 etc.• Upto March 2013, 15716 times• Top 100 MPs contribute 9079(58%)
  • Debates• National Average 32.9 permember• Arjun Ram Meghwal is topper with386 times• Kerala average 59.2 top amongstates• Tamilnadu 41.4
  • Private Members Bills• On Friday evening, Members canintroduce their own bill• Need not be party oriented• 372 Private Bills so far• Hansraj Gangaram Ahir 31 Billsand Arjun Ram 20 Bills
  • Questions• Starred and Unstared• Though 20 listed for oral answers,around 6 or 7 only answered.• So far 1.22,081 questionsanswered. Top 100 Membersraised 61,017 Questions (50%)
  • Questions• Anandarao Adsul (1055) andGajanan Babar (977) are toppers.• National average 255• Maharashtra 424 tops• Tamilnadu 325
  • Attendance• Every member is expected to signthe attendance (Ministers andopposition leaders exempted)• Attendance National average 77%• Rajasthan tops with 88%• Tamilnadu 74%
  • Some of the challenges• Disruption in Parliament – In 201236% of allotted time was lost• 31 bills were introduced in 2012and 22 only passed.• At the end of 2012, 104 bills remainuncleared
  • Challenges• Eleven bills were passed in 2012with less than 30 minutes debate• Only 10% of starred questionswere answered orally.• Frequent disruptions in QuestionHour.
  • MPLads• Local Area Development Fund ofRs.2 crores to all MPs• Implemented by District collectors,on the instructions of the MPs
  • How to track the performance?• Participation in debates, raisingquestions, introduction or privatemembers bills and attendance.• Utilisation of MPLad funds• Contribution to the constituency /nation
  • Our role• Connect with the legislators.• Assessing the performance• Healthy partnership of the peoplewith legislators
  • Important websites• www.loksabha.nic.in• www.rajayasabha.nic.in• www.prsindia.org• www.sansadratna.in• www.mplads.nic.in
  • Interaction with a top performing MPQ and A
  • Thank youK. SrinivasanPrime Point Foundationwww.prpoint.comprpoint@gmail.com91766 50273