Iceland

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Iceland

  1. 1. ICELAND
  2. 2. NAME AND CAPITAL
  3. 3. Name and capital <ul><li>Republic of Iceland </li></ul><ul><li>Is a Nordic and European island country in the North Atlantic Ocean </li></ul>
  4. 4. Name and capital <ul><li>The capital and the largest city is Reykjavík </li></ul>
  5. 6. YEAR OF ENTRY IN THE EU.
  6. 7. Year of entry in the EU. <ul><li>It is a official candidate state </li></ul>
  7. 8. POLITICAL SYSTEM
  8. 9. Political system <ul><li>Iceland is a representative democracy and a parliamentary republic. </li></ul><ul><li>The modern parliament, Alþingi, was founded in 1845 as an advisory to the monarch. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Political system <ul><li>It is arguably the world's oldest parliamentary democracy  </li></ul><ul><li>There are a president of the state </li></ul><ul><li>Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson </li></ul>
  10. 11. Political system <ul><li>The head of government is the prime minister (currently Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir ) </li></ul><ul><li>Together with the cabinet, is responsible for executive government. </li></ul>
  11. 12. TOTAL AREA
  12. 13. Total area <ul><li>The country has a total area of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Area total:  103,000 sq km  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Land:  100,250 sq km  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water:  2,750 sq km </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. POPULATION
  14. 15. Population <ul><li>The original population of Iceland was of Nordic and Gaelic origin. </li></ul>
  15. 17. CURRENCY
  16. 18. Currency <ul><li>Icelandic króna </li></ul><ul><li>The Danish krone was introduced to Iceland in 1874 </li></ul>
  17. 19. Currency <ul><li>It is said that by joining the EU and adopting the euro, Icelandic trade could increase by 60% </li></ul><ul><li>CHANGE </li></ul>1 EUR 161.52 ISK 1 ISK 0.0062 EUR
  18. 20. OFFICIAL LANGUAGES
  19. 21. Official languages <ul><li>Iceland's official written and spoken language is Icelandic. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A North Germanic language descended from Old Norse. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>English is widely spoken as a secondary language. </li></ul><ul><li>Danish is also widely understood and spoken. </li></ul>
  20. 22. TYPICAL FOOD AND DRINK
  21. 23. Typical food and drink <ul><li>Most of Iceland's cuisine is based on fish , lamb , and dairy products </li></ul><ul><li>Þorramatur is a selection of traditional cuisine consisting of many dishes. </li></ul>
  22. 24. TRADITIONS
  23. 25. Traditions <ul><li>A significant portion of Icelanders still believe in the existence of elves and ghosts </li></ul>
  24. 26. New Year's Eve <ul><li>New Year's Eve is one of the great traditions in Iceland. </li></ul><ul><li>New Year's Eve in Iceland starts at 6.00 pm with the mass at Reykjavík's Cathedral </li></ul><ul><li>After dinner, families with children usually go together to attend a big fire in the neighbourhood. </li></ul>
  25. 27. Christmas <ul><li>In Iceland there are 13 &quot;Santas&quot;, Yule Lads or Yulemen according to the traditions in Iceland </li></ul>
  26. 28. MUSIC AND ANTHEM
  27. 29. Music and anthem
  28. 30. Music and anthem
  29. 31. GEOGRAPHICAL FEATURES
  30. 32. Geographical features <ul><li>Iceland is located in the North Atlantic Ocean </li></ul><ul><li>Latitudes 63° and 67° N , and longitudes 25° and 13° W . </li></ul>
  31. 33. <ul><li>that the island is highly geologically active with many volcanoes notably: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hekla </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eldgjá </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Herðubreið </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eldfel </li></ul></ul>
  32. 34. WEATHER
  33. 35. Weather <ul><li>The climate of Iceland's coast is subpolar oceanic. </li></ul><ul><li>Generally speaking, the south coast is warmer, wetter and windier than the north. </li></ul>
  34. 36. <ul><li>The lowest temperatures in the northern part of the island range from around -25 to -30 °C </li></ul><ul><li>Warm summer days can reach 20–25 °C </li></ul>
  35. 37. MORE INFORMATION
  36. 38. Sport <ul><li>The main traditional sport in Iceland is Glíma </li></ul>
  37. 39. Literature <ul><li>Iceland's best-known classical works of literature are the Icelanders' sagas </li></ul>

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