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Women In The Middle Ages

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  • 1. Women in the Middle Ages
    • Index
    • Women and the Clergy in The Middle Ages
    • Women in the Inquisition
    • The Minstrels and women in The Middle Ages
    • Healers and witches in The Middle Ages
  • 2.
    • Women and the Clergy in The Middle Ages
    • Women held a difficult position in the
    • middle ages society. They were limited
    • to household tasks such as cooking,
    • cleaning, baking, bread, weaving,
    • spinning and sewing. The women were
    • the centre of the family and the houses.
  • 3.
    • In The Middle Ages there were schools for
    • children and for girls, separated. In them,
    • the girls were learning Latin, to read, to
    • write and principally the Holy Writ.
  • 4.
    • When the girls become women a regular
    • day in their life is like this:
    • .They quickly get dressed in their long
    • tunics and wash their faces and hands.
    • .Then they put on a
    • breakfast with bread
    • and water.
  • 5.
    • . They are in charge of:
    • .embroidery, and
    • carding wool
    • .dinner-bread, water, and
    • fried goose eggs
    • .walking over to help with the sheep
    • .working in the fields of wheat
  • 6.
    • . praying at the church
    • .delivering cloth goods
    • to the castle
    • .supper-fried fish, fried goose
    • eggs,
    • bread and water
    • .preparing for bed
    • .prayers before bed then
    • retiring
  • 7.
    • In the Middle Ages, men and common women, had the same offices or labours. There was no difference. There were women blacksmiths, merchants, and apothecaries.
  • 8.
    • Others were midwives, worked in the fields, or were engaged in creative endeavours such as writing, playing musical instruments, dancing, and painting.
    • The women had many offices, though the only that were exclusively feminine, were those where one was working with silk
  • 9.
    • Being a famous woman in The Middle Ages was difficult.
    • However we can find some of them, such as Christine de Pisan and Joan of Arc
  • 10.
    • Christine de Pisan
    • Christine was Italian, the daughter of an astrologer. Her father wanted her to be educated, so she learned French, Latin, Arithmetic, and Geometry.
  • 11.
    • At the age of 15, she married Etienne du
    • Castel, who was twenty-four. He died
    • two years later, leaving her with
    • three children and numerous relatives to
    • support. She used her skill as a writer and
    • poetess to earn a living.
    • She was one of the few
    • true feminists before
    • the modern era.
  • 12.
    • Joan of Arc
    • As a teenager, Joan believed she heard the
    • voices of angels telling her to help the
    • future Charles VII, who
    • had been deprived
    • of his inheritance
    • by the English and
    • the Burgundians,
    • to regain his throne.
  • 13.
    • Impressed, Charles sent her to raise the
    • siege at Orléans, which she did
    • successfully, driving the English from the
    • city and allowing Charles VII to be
    • crowned at Rheims
  • 14.
    • She was soon captured by Burgundians
    • and sold to the English, who found her
    • guilty of witchcraft and wearing a man's
    • clothes.
    • She was burned
    • at the stake in 1431
    • and canonized
    • in 1920.
  • 15.
    • The church was very powerful in The
    • Middle Ages.
    • They ruled everybody
    • including the kings and
    • emperors.
    • The church at this time
    • was the Roman Catholic
    • Church which was headed
    • by the Pope .
  • 16.
    • All the Pope had to do was tell a king,
    • "Do this or I will excommunicate you
    • and all your people”.
    • Excommunication was the biggest threat,
    • it meant that the king and
    • his people would not be
    • able to do the holy
    • sacraments and therefore
    • (according to the Catholics)
    • they would go to Hell instead of Heavens .
  • 17.
    • During the middle ages, the Church was a major part of everyday life. The Church served to give people spiritual guidance and it served as their government as well.
    • Now, in the 21th century, the church’s role has diminished. It no longer has the power that it used to have.
  • 18.
    • Women in the Inquisition
    • The Inquisition was a
    • Roman Catholic tribunal
    • for discovery and punishment
    • of heresy .
  • 19.
    • The role of women was very different from the role they have nowadays. In those days, women were submissive to men, we mean they didn´t take part in any issue. During the inquisition, they were blamed for everything and accused of witchcraft .
  • 20.
    • T hese prejudices against women made
    • them a major victim of the Inquisition and
    • women were considered prone to evil.
  • 21.
    • If they had some knowledge or cured
    • diseases, they were humiliated and
    • everyone said their work was the work of
    • evil .
  • 22.
    • Women could not even make decisions about their life, they didn´t decide whether they wanted to marry or not, since everything depended on their parents and husband. In exceptional cases in which women were emancipated, they were persecuted by society.
  • 23.
    • We can say that during the Inquisition in the Middle Ages, exchanges of cultures between different people from Europe were broken. The persecution of Jews and Arabs and all people who weren’t Christians, produced a decline in the world of culture .
  • 24.
    • The Minstrels and women in The Middle Ages
    • Their social function was one of the
    • most singular and extravagant of the
    • medieval days.
  • 25.
    • They were instrumentalists, right-handed
    • jugglers and acute poets. They also were
    • adventurous people without job neither
    • profit, that alternated their musical
    • exhibitions with the thefts in squares .
  • 26.
    • However, above all, the minstrels were
    • transmisors of fundamental culture during
    • the Middle Ages: they transmitted music
    • poetry, news, social events in a world of
    • illiterate people and impregnated of oral
    • tradition.
  • 27.
    • Women were active as menestrelles and
    • joglereusses. Permorfers themselves, they
    • travelled as part of small groups of
    • entertainers.
  • 28.
    • Entertainment for rich people centred
    • around the spectacles of jousting and feasts or banquets. The role of women
    • in the medieval parties
    • was that to prepare all the
    • necessary things for the
    • banquets and also
    • to entertain men.
  • 29.
    • Women's involvemente with medieval music took a variety of forms; they served at times as audience, as participant like singers and dancers, as sponsor, and as creator.
  • 30.
    • Perhaps the most famous of the medieval
    • women composers is Hildegard of Bingen.
    • She was a re markable woman, at a time
    • when few women wrote, she produced
    • many works of theology and visionary
    • writings.
  • 31.
    • Hildegard had a vision that changed the course of her life. A vision of god gave her instant understanding of the meaning of the religious texts, and commanded her to write down everything she would observe in her visions.
  • 32.
    • Hildegard was able to finish her first
    • visionary work Scivias ("Know the Ways
    • of the Lord") and her fame began to
    • spread through Germany and beyond.
  • 33.
    • In addition to Scivias she wrote two other
    • works of visionary writing:
    • - Liber vitae meritorum (1150-63) (Book of
    • Life's Merits)
    • - Liber divinorum operum (1163) ("Book of
    • Divine Works"), in which she wrote about
    • her theology of microcosm and macrocosm.
    • Man as a mirror through which the splendor
    • of the macrocosm was reflected.
  • 34.
    • She also wrote books on natural history
    • and curative power: Liber subtilatum
    • ("The book of subtleties of the Diverse
    • Nature of Things").
  • 35.
    • Music was extremely important to
    • Hildegard.
    • She wrote hymns and sequences in honor
    • of saints and founded a vibrant convent,
    • where her musical plays were performed
  • 36.
    • Healers and witches in The Middle Ages
    • Healers and witches were like doctors that
    • used to do magic to cure people.
    • They were considered respectable, but
    • they were hated
    • and feared too .
  • 37.
    • They practiced black and white magic in
    • their rituals, because of this their rituals
    • were considered satanic so, for this reason,
    • those women were persecuted.
  • 38.
    • Witches were very prone to use certain
    • herbs and animal parts in order to make
    • potions which, they thought, could heal
    • the wounded or extend life as well as other
    • spells.
  • 39.
    • Medieval people were especially scared of
    • this because of natural disasters and
    • phenomena including eclipses,earthquakes.
  • 40.
    • Healers were considered witches. Perhaps
    • the church perceived these women, with
    • their special, often esoteric, healing skills,
    • as a threat to its supremacy in the lives of
    • its parishioners. The result was the brutal
    • persecution of unknown numbers of
    • mostly peasant women.
  • 41.
    • The medicine in the middle ages was a
    • mixture of existing ideas from antiquity and
    • spiritual influences. There was no tradition
    • of scientific medicine, and observations
    • went hand-in-hand with spiritual influences .
  • 42.
    • Ideas about the origin and cure of diseases were based on a world view in which factors such as destiny, sin, and astral influences played as great a part as any physical cause.
  • 43.
    • If we had lived in the Middle Ages, we
    • would probably have helped a witch,
    • because i t wasn’t fair the “witches-hunt”,
    • they were human beings and didn’t
    • deserve being burnt at the stake.
    • We could have been arrested but we think
    • that it is more important to save people
    • from death if you can.
  • 44.
    • Marina Domínguez
    • Rafael Fernández
    • Javier Gross
    • Miguel Angel Martínez
    • 1º Bachillerato Sociales 2
    • I.E.S La Rosaleda
    • Málaga 2009