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Civic education in divided Latvian schools
 

Civic education in divided Latvian schools

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  • リ Aptaujas dati uzrādīja � rievu � skolu skolēnu atsve 喨 n ā 啾 n os no valsts - skolēni un skolotāji 啾 j ās skolās ir mazāk iedro 喨 n āti pilsoniskajai līdzdalībai, neredz tai jēgu un no valsts puses izjūt mazāku aizsardzību. Vairāk kā 50% skolēnu un skolotāju � rievu � skolās uzskata, ka protestiem pret netaisnīgiem valdības lēmumiem nav jēgas.

Civic education in divided Latvian schools Civic education in divided Latvian schools Presentation Transcript

  • Civic education in divided Latvian schools Linda Curika, Centre for public policy PROVIDUS Network of Education Policy Centers || www.edupolicy.net
  • Why is this important to teach democracy and tolerance?
    • Knowledge about how state functions helps a person to protect his rights
    • Tolerance is a necessary personal quality for a person who lives in a country with more than 30% of ethno-linguistic minorities
    • Tolerance is a necessary personal quality for a person who lives in a world as it is today
    • Imigration and emigration
    • Those who do not feel accepted as a part of state, become a part of “grey economics”
    Network of Education Policy Centers || www.edupolicy.net
  • Myth #1
    • Latvians are a calm Nordic country, and we all are tolerant people. Those stories about rascism and intolerance are not about us.
    Myth #2 It is all about the change of generations - young generation is democratic, open-minded and tolerant Myth #3 If there are any problems between Russians and Latvians, they are present only at the political level, not in real life Network of Education Policy Centers || www.edupolicy.net
  • “ Attitudes of all ethnic groups should be taken into consideration when making political decisions” Network of Education Policy Centers || www.edupolicy.net
    • RS: “Latvians think that Russians are dangerous”
    • LS: ”Russians are dangerous”
    RS: “Latvians do not respect us” LS: ”Russians do not respect us” Network of Education Policy Centers || www.edupolicy.net
  • When power relations break into curriculum
    • Teachers: “Curriculum expresses the latvian opinion on processes”
    • Russian school teachers and students see ethnical stereotypes in school curriculum
    • Russian school teachers and students: our career opportunities and opportunities for meaningful civic participation are lower than for latvians .
    Network of Education Policy Centers || www.edupolicy.net
  • History that divides Students: “History teacher has told that the role of minorites has been different from what is written in history books” Network of Education Policy Centers || www.edupolicy.net
  • Encouragement for participation
    • I agree that those, who critisize the country, are not loyal citizens
      • 15.9% students in “Latvian school”
      • 20.8% students in “Russian school”
    • It is good to protest if the government makes an unfair law
      • 87.8% students in “Latvian school”
      • 81.3% students in “Russian school”
    Network of Education Policy Centers || www.edupolicy.net
  • Encouragement for participation Network of Education Policy Centers || www.edupolicy.net
  • What will be the future?
    • “ I would agree to study in school, where both Latvians and Russians study”
    • Common education for both groups would threaten cultural identity of russian students
    Network of Education Policy Centers || www.edupolicy.net
  • Interaction between the groups
    • Low interaction ratio between Latvian and Russian students
    • More than 90% of students from “Russian” as well as “Latvian” schools make majority of their friends inside their ethno-linguistic group
    • Ethnic division between schools reflects in insufficient connection between students in real life
    • This might lead to wrong opinions about other group, force students to follow stereotypes and make it difficult to live in any multicultural environment
    Network of Education Policy Centers || www.edupolicy.net
  • Interaction between the groups
    • How many friends from the other group do you have?
    Network of Education Policy Centers || www.edupolicy.net
  • Conclusions and recomendations
    • Encourage informal connections between students from both ethnic groups
    • Instead of forcing “latvian view” on historical fairness through curriculum, it should be made a process where opinions of all ethnic groups are taken into consideration
    • Students in “Latvian” as well as “Russian” schools have a low trust for civic participation and low knowledge about tools of participation - it is necessary to consider introducing a separate subject for civic knowledge
    • Political situation, which is characterised by asymetric power relations between largest ethnolinguistic groups in the country, creates necessity for teachers and students in “Russian” schools to empasize ethnical identity instead of civic education
    Network of Education Policy Centers || www.edupolicy.net
  • Thank you!
    • NETWORK OF EDUCATION POLICY CENTERS
    • Amruševa 8, 10 000 Zagreb, Croatia
    • W: www.edupolicy.net
    • E: [email_address]
    CENTRE FOR PUBLIC POLICY PROVIDUS 13 Alberta, Riga, Latvia W: www.providus.lv, www.politika.lv E: [email_address] Network of Education Policy Centers || www.edupolicy.net