Is e D s nTp                        n i r e i is                          d      g                     F r f ra l Hg D n i...
Is e D s nTp t a Afra l Hg D n i           n i r e i is o n f d be ih e s y             d     g         o            t    ...
Is e D s nTp t a Afra l Hg D n i            n i r e i is o n f d be ih e s y              d     g         o            t  ...
Is e D s nTp t a Afra l Hg D n i           n i r e i is o n f d be ih e s y             d     g         o            t    ...
Is e D s nTp t a Afra l Hg D n i           n i r e i is o n f d be ih e s y             d     g         o            t    ...
Is e D s nTp t a Afra l Hg D n i           n i r e i is o n f d be ih e s y             d     g         o            t    ...
Is e D s nTp t a Afra l Hg D n i           n i r e i is o n f d be ih e s y             d     g         o            t    ...
Is e D s nTp t a Afra l Hg D n i           n i r e i is o n f d be ih e s y             d     g         o            t    ...
Is e D s nTp t a Afra l Hg D n i           n i r e i is o n f d be ih e s y             d     g         o            t    ...
Is e D s nTp t a Afra l Hg D n i           n i r e i is o n f d be ih e s y             d     g         o            t    ...
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Insider Design Tips to an Affordable High Density Interconnect (HDI) PCB

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Are you a Printed Circuit Board designer, electrical system designer or manager, or an electrical engineer? High-Density Interconnect (HDI) is part of your world now, and our free downloadable guide will help you use HDI technology in your projects today!

The Free HDI Guide will help you:
• Use High Density Interconnect PCB design and layout techniques to optimize your board layout for cost and performance
• Decide on what material is right for your application
• Use Sierra Circuits HDI Design Planning tool kit for a quicker design strategy and solution
HDI-PCB manufacturing advantages:
• HDI-PCB manufacturing makes PCBs smaller, lighter, and thinner while also providing superior electrical performance and signal integrity!
• HDI technology allows for more real estate which in turn results in faster signal routing during layout design stage
• Superior reliability of small-blind vias over TH vias

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Transcript of "Insider Design Tips to an Affordable High Density Interconnect (HDI) PCB"

  1. 1. Is e D s nTp n i r e i is d g F r f ra l Hg D n i o Af d be ih e s y o t Itro n c ( D) C s nec n e tH IP B . D s n r G iet H I C T c n lg e i e’ ud o D P B e h oo y g s O j te be i cv T e up s o tip p r t d myty D P B ei .y o g h t e o e o rv e h p roe fh a e i o e sfH IC D s nB d i ta, h p t poi s s i g n w d d s n rwt a etr n es n i o a d o fi e c ite D P B ei PoesIti ei es i b t u d r a d g fn cn d nen h H IC D s n rcs n h g h e t n g . s g i , e o e oa deso ky u so sh t l tclytm D s n r Ma a es u ew h p t d rssme e q et n taE c i Ss d i e ra e ei es n g r g / , E c i ln i es n P B ao t ei es yh v: l tc E g era d C Lyu D s n rma ae e ra n g Wh t H IC tcn l y ai D P B eh o g? s o Wh iH Ieo n moemp r n? ys D b cmig r i ot t a Wh t a etr to t s rd s n o H I ai b t meh d o t t ei fr D? s e a g F ayw wl rv e o wt i omai a o th S r Cr i H I ei i l, e ipoi yu i n r t n b u te i r iu s D D s n nl l d h f o ea c t g P n i T oa d o i e sh d s n r l n g o ln h w t l te ei es a n hp g .S r Cr i,18 sEe n vn eS n ya ,A906i r iu s10 Wet vl A e u ,u nvl C 48 ea c t y e ©cp r h S r Cr i, c19-00 o y g t i r iu sI .9821 i ea c t n
  2. 2. Is e D s nTp t a Afra l Hg D n i n i r e i is o n f d be ih e s y d g o t Itro n c ( D) C nec n e tH IP B D s nr G i tH IC Tcn l y ei es u eo D P B eh o g g ’ d o Wh ts D? a iH I H I tn sfr IH D N I ITR O N C . sten mesg et a H I C i D s d o HG E S Y N EC N E T A h a a sg T t n t o u gs , n D P B s s caatre b i h h e sy fo o e ta d o t gnecn et n taueh h rc i d yt i d ni o cmp n ns n rui i r n co sh t s te ez i l et C tcn l i . n D d s ns ytvrn tr a i p r r ne ei . a sP B eh o g sA H Iei ib i ey aue h h ef ma c d s n t oe g s g o g H I ein ssh l et d a csn h P B necn et n eh oo yK e i i D d s ue tea sa vne i te C itro n c o tcn lg .epn n g t i g mi teaettt o te rP B eh o g, e a d fi e h H IC s sh s n h l ss e fh at C tcn l yw cn en te D P B a toe d t a o pi e cci o rsh t s sme rl fh s f trsmioi ,ld n b r d r td iu b ad taue o o a o teee ue: c v sbi a d ui n r t l a r a n e v s c v seh i e,ut p C l n t n a d i s n lefr ne i / r i tcn u sb i- P Ba ai s n h h i ap r ma c a mio a q lu mi o g g o cni rt n. o s eai s d o O e fh ky r i f trit ah v moe o n co s e ae o te r td n o te e din a osso ci e r cn et n p rra fh Pi e vg c e i n Cr i o r.h rsl ia r cmp c d nea do e l e cu t C s iu B adT i eu sn moe o at e s,n l r yro n P B. ct s t , w a A v na e o d a tg s f N t n d e i k te C smae,g tr n ti e;u H IC s rv e muh o o l o st e h P B s lri e, d h n r t D P B poi a c y ma l lh a sp r r l tclefr ne I l i : u ei e c i p r ma c.n u n o e ra o cd g n b d H I D: B t r l tclefr ne n s n l tgi et E c i p r ma c a d i ai e ry e e ra o g n t Lw r o e n c s a ;o e E /F o e N i a d r s l Lw r MI I s o tk R S lr i a d i t mae S e n We h. l z g C sO t zt nH Iei rd cs vrl ot y erai te u eol es ot pi ai : D d s n e ue oea csb d c s g h n mb r f yr mi o g l e n a a ds e s o ae t a T N A DTC N L G P B ei frh smeeeo n i a cmp rd o SA D R E H O O Y C d s n o te a l lf z g v cmpei o l txy R d cd ein i : D tcn l y lw fr r raett o te o r w i e ue D s T g meH I h o g ao so moe els e n h b ad h h e o l a c rsl if tri arui d r g h l o t ei s g eu sn a e s n l t g ui tea u d s n t e t s g o n n y g a MoeR lbeD s n: td s o d c db I a doh rn ut og n ai s r ea l ei sSu i cn ut y P n te i s y ra i t n i g e e C d r z o h v tl d b u sp r rea i y fma-ld i oe T v sT iid e o h ae a e a o tu ei rlbl o s l i v s vr H i .h s u t te k o i i t l n a b a s f th th v ap crt (Rd ph o i trai il sh n :cmp rd o H a tate i setai A -e t t d meert ) e ta 1 o ae t T c a o a oss 1 w i h s n R rae ta 6 tag e a h h s 0 . h h a a A getrh n : h t o s s i a 2: c 1 g 1S r Cr i,18 sEe n vn eS n ya ,A906i r iu s10 Wet vl A e u ,u nvl C 48 ea c t y e ©cp r h S r Cr i, c19-00 o y g t i r iu sI .9821 i ea c t n
  3. 3. Is e D s nTp t a Afra l Hg D n i n i r e i is o n f d be ih e s y d g o t Itro n c ( D) C nec n e tH IP B D s nr G i tH IC Tcn l y ei es u eo D P B eh o g g ’ d o Wh ts r ig a i din v C mpe a dD neD v e: i pncu t n h hd ni d v e akg s uha o l n e s ei sHg i o n a d i e sy ei p ca e sc s x c h p ce n g e t c b l gi ary (G ) ci- a p ca i (S) Wi b n a d Fp ci B A, a r r s B A, h s l akg g C P, r o d n l h l d a i p Gs teice s d h n ra e ci-nb ad(O )a dss m- -akg (P ael d gf tr Wh na o l h o -o r C B,n yt i p ca e S ) r e i a os p c r e n i a n c . e cmpe a dd ned v eh s l g pncu t n a eyo pt , ia s i os l t n e s ei a aa e i o n a d vr l ih i s l tmp sbe o w c t mo i x peee c fr rfrn e o d s naP Bwt arao a l n mb r faes n /rh kes s gs n adP B eig C i h esn be u e o l r a do ti n s ui t d r C y c n a tcn l yT e o t n H I eh o g.h sl i ? D! o uo H I D? P B ei es i te C d s n rce h g t C mp c P B: s vr h gg ts lrf tr n cep r t nee i rai rt, o at C sA eey i es mae, s a d h a e a a vrn es g ae tn l ae c n flwn rao so te oo i esn frh l g te ei es r f e wt i rai ls lr C s e a da e ue n mb r f C h d s n rae a d i n es g mae P B i s n rd cd u e o P B g c h c ny l z i rae a o t n f D: n esd d pi o H I c o l esIo ew r t uecn e t n l o -D d s n, n w u rq i al g a r f n ee o s o vni a n nH I ei sma y o l e u e a e y . o g d r r n mb r f C l esH Irv e a matro t n u e o P Ba r D poi s s r sl i . y . d e uo Itgaigsvrl C sit as geP B Wi H Isvrl x t gP B cnb ne rt n eea P B no i l C : t D, eea eii C s a e n h sn i e rtdno s g h h e sy C ia r e i t n e. n gae i a i l i d ni P Bn moe ffic n ma n r t t ne g t e S n l tgi Dsil eA P B h v i op rtdcci ta rq i h h rp e i a I e ry i pi : s C s aen roae iu sh te u e i e sed g n t c n c r t r g s n lrni n,atr i t sa dh h r l krtsih s e u e ee h h r i a t si sf e re i , n i e c c ae,t a rq i d vn i e g a t o s s me g o r g s n lne ryl e a de c i l efr nerq i me t T eerq i ah h i a i gi e l n l tc p r ma c e u e ns h s e u e i g t t vs e ra o r . r g d ge o S n lI e ry Dsile t b i l ne d r g P B D s n a d e re f i a n gi i pi o e mpe td ui g t t c n me n C ei ng Ma uatr gw i H Irv e. n f ui , h h D poi s c n c d Maig D w r fr o - h F sSe ! k H I ok o y u T e it tp n r Ag o rl o tu it akyusl “ H I C tcn l yg i t sl ara o d u fh mb s o s o r f I D P B eh o g o g o o e el e e, s o n v po l a d ev a el up s imy ei ? Y u h u ko eat w y o n e rbe n sre rap roen d s n” o so l n w xcy h yu ed m g d l H I C tcn l yi yu P Ba tevr b g n go ted s npoesWe e D P B eh o g n o r C t h ey e i i f h ei rcs o nn g . ’v poi d o ea l o w e yu h u cni r D P B eh o g. aeeyu rv e sme xmpe f h n o so l o s eH IC tcn l yWh t ro r d s d d o v r sn, imprteh to b vrc aa o t h thsaermte e s r e o st i e i tayu e e l rb uw atee rf h vr t t a is av ye o y a! O c yu e ak dte r s pw h p yu ifi dte oo i d s n eie rm ne o ’ tcl h fis t , e o e o wl n h flwn ei rc f v e te l l g g p o u vrue l s ey sf . uS r Cr i,18 sEe n vn eS n ya ,A906i r iu s10 Wet vl A e u ,u nvl C 48 ea c t y e ©cp r h S r Cr i, c19-00 o y g t i r iu sI .9821 i ea c t n
  4. 4. Is e D s nTp t a Afra l Hg D n i n i r e i is o n f d be ih e s y d g o t Itro n c ( D) C nec n e tH IP B D s nr G i tH IC Tcn l y ei es u eo D P B eh o g g ’ d o T eB n fs h e ei t T eeaen sot t w e icme t H I ei .Hg D ni I ecn et C imoe h r r o h r us h n t o s o D D s n i e sy n r n c P B s r c g h t t o cmpe ta s n adP B.tstee r,eymp r n ta yupa o t o r D d s n o l h n t d r C s Ii h rf evr i ot th t o l u yu H I ei x a , o a n g t aPa n d o l en poes n oh r o s eai s e i a vneWan g Iivr d u i H I ei t rcs a d te cni rt n w ln d a c. ri : s ey i l n D d s n o d o l n t i l n ma rh n e iP B t c r a a a eto g t mpe t j ca g sn C s ut e s n f r u h! me o r u t h ffic t g A po c p ra h A S r Cr i w h v otn en o d s n rn wt H I ei e d p e ei i f m t i r iu s e ae f se h w ei es e o D D s n n u rd s n g r ea c t e g g gn o srt a e se d g ek o te r atmp. f n h i ei b cme vrep ni fr c c f rp n i w es n h fis t ah t n t e t t te d s n eo s ey x e s eo Oe r g v f rai . a i tn bc o Aw l h u h o t p rah o teoh r a d rsl i a ei ta n t n p r r a e to g t u a po c, n h te h n ,eu sn d s n h t o o l ef ms s l t g y o ep c db t a o n u g tH r ae o ky e ett pa n g o r D d s n: x et ,u i l o b d e. ee r sme e b n fiso l i yu H Iei s e ss nn g H r ae o ky e ett pa n g o r D d s n: ee r sme e b n fiso l i yu H Iei s nn g A od ot d s ntrt n. ne ei s ae i ae d wt a rp r n es n i o v i csy ei i ai s O c d s n t tg s rma e i po eu d r a d g f l g e o g r e h t n b d e a dma uatr gcc t ,o wl ea l t ao csy ei i rt n.Y u u gt n n f ui yl i yu ib be o vi ot d s n t ai s o r c n e me l d l g e o d s nwl i l b moeo t l tr o e c i l efr nea dyuwl aeb t r ei ile e r pi i ems f l tc p r ma c n o ih v et g lk y ma n e ra o l e cnrlvrh ma uatr g o t oe te n f ui . o c n O t l ein Wi a l n d p rahee i o h v h d o d o rd c te u e o pi D s . t pa e a po c,vnf u ae a t a d re ue h n mb r f ma g h n y s n l yriwl o l v yuwt a tc-ps utr s cnt i dta te ei n vr i al est in te e o i s k g a , l a h a u t c e o o s a e h th d s n ee r u rn g fi i e, eo ssb pi lo i d u t ma uatr. o wl a o h v rasc n h s b cme u o t , r s i l o n f ue Y u i l ae elt s ma ffic t c l s ii ep c t n a d e ae u pesn srre frlh i otn d s n eemi nsuh s x et i s n b svd n l a tupi so a temp r t ei d tr n tsc a ao a s l a g a te u e o l esl n t n yl , ae n sae i sa d ia d a s e. h n mb r f yr a ai cc st c a d p c s e,n v n p d i s a , mi o e r z a z Fs r s g pa n d p rah p e s p h d s n rcss n cnlw i a o ty gn at . i a l e a po c sed u te ei poesi i a t he l s i i eUn n g gfi y l s an b d e.ts u h p ta o r l n da po c wl i yui i tnow eh r s gH I u g t Iio r o e h t u pa e p rah ig e o n g i n lv s h t h te ui D n D s nG i le wl e ueyu l e cu t i i a t , rf s gH I ei s bo tl ei u en s ird c o ra r o n s n cnl o iui D D s n a sl e g di l y gfi y n g u y n cs r I ia o lwyu o o ae o r pi si tth b g n g ees y t l l ao o t cmp r yu o t n r h ate e i i . a . wls l o g nn O s c so h pa n d p rah bt l t te l e a po c ae n I pa n da po c is ky o h sces fnH I ei , e w ysttl o flw d f l e p rah s o e t te ucs o a D d s nt n h iisl too e ? a n g h in l T ees n kyesn Wheh P Bao t ei C Dto h v b e rao a le i tt h rio e e rao . i te C l u d s n A o l ae en esn by ffic n a l y g s e i l ni ted tidC Dmeh n mse u e fr D,h r aeh rla y O LV L mpe t g h eae A me n l ca i rq i d o H I ee r ad n T P E E s r t y H I D S N G IE aaa l fr Ss m E g er Ma a es T ee r, Ss m D EIG UD S vibe o yt l e n i es n g r h rf e yt n / . o e E g er Ma a esaen t bet poi terq it d s npa n gg i net te n i es n g r r o a l o rv e h e u i ei l i u a c o h n / d se g nn d L Y U D S N R tain cs rfr sces l D D s n n P Ba rai . h rsl A O T EI ESh t ees yo a ucs uH I ei a d C f i t n T eeu ? G s a f g bc o t T e ei moe f ncme o t sfh H Ietrs ae enst e t te ei i a h d s n r ot o s u a ite D f ue h v b e tc d o h d s n n n g e a ih g a -o ma n rrte ta b a tuy l n da di e rtdf m teb g n g T ee d dh c n e,ah rh n eui l pa e n n gae r h e i i ! h n fl n t o nn rsliA U S T F C O Y n U ISIN D S Nta cnnu s n cn t a dcs eu s N N A I A T R a d NN P IG EI h ta i ri i a ti n ot t S R G c gfi me p n le. eaitsS r Cr i,18 sEe n vn eS n ya ,A906i r iu s10 Wet vl A e u ,u nvl C 48 ea c t y e ©cp r h S r Cr i, c19-00 o y g t i r iu sI .9821 i ea c t n
  5. 5. Is e D s nTp t a Afra l Hg D n i n i r e i is o n f d be ih e s y d g o t Itro n c ( D) C nec n e tH IP B D s nr G i tH IC Tcn l y ei es u eo D P B eh o g g ’ d o K y o s eain e C n i rt s d o Tk i o co n a o l e i ote ei b frd c i v a d a s e aen acu t cmpe v w fh d s n e e ei n i n p d i s t me n t e t n g o e t dg a yuaei l ni ,oyud n p i yusli oacre.T epi r o r mpe t g s o o ’ a t o r fn on r h r y ma z i y u H I e in n or D D s g cni rt na ti p i i tepa n gs g i rui d ni .R ui o s eai t h o tn h l i t e s o t g e sy o t g d o s n nn a n t e y h i i o n fi e ih ei n h o r, g c c n d ni id tr n db teh hpncu t n pt d v eo teb ad fr e sys eemi t o Srtg — ac e ks t ey a h c lt i ea l a G .B Apncu t n B Apt aeb t i otn p rmees xmpe B A G i o n a d G ih r oh mp r t aa tr , c a taa eto t g e sy h tff crui d ni . n t Vada tr i imee, Wh nyuaed c i yu B Ap ds e d tk i oacu th asmby e o r ei n o r G a i , o ae n co n te s dg z t e l poes n te C d s n u sh to aeoo i . o ea l p d o a rcsa d h P B ei rl tayu r flwn F r xmpe a t p d g e l g , P dda tra d a i mee, n sai a dsl r s w baet octa d s np rmees Iyuae p c g n o emak e r w ri l ei aa tr f o r n d ic g . Ta ewdha ds a e rc it n p c co s ga ii p da po c,o r G p ds e ed t acu to te i h oi v - -a p rahyu B A a i n e so co n frh s e n an z o teaea d ca i l di d c -a w i ke i te orcp d i fh l rn meh n ay r e miov s he epn h cr t a s e s cl l l r i l g e z z rq i d yh B Aasmby rcs e u e b te G s r e lpoes . B Ap d i a d c -a i so lb d tr n d l g i t c wdh n G a s e n miov s e h u e eemi a n wt r e i a d z r i z d e o h a t sai . e e d g n h pt o yu B A( yo ea l 0 mm)h t c p c g D p n i o te ih fo r G s frxmpe . n n c a ,8 , er e t a wdh n v s e wl eemi a o t m n mb r fi al es i a d i i s id tr n n pi t az l e mu u e o s n l yr g a . A S r Cr i, e h v c ae a H I ei P n i T o (i rq it t i r iu sw ae r td n D D s n l n g o lwt e u i ea c t e g a n h se a oi msta asto r n i ei Sa i seii a o t m v s e l rh )h t ss u E g er g tff n p cy g n pi g t is n n fn mu i i , a z p d i ,n t c wdh e e d g p n h d se n mb r fi al es a s ea d r e i d p n i u o te ei d u e o s n l yr z a t n r g a . Y u a se h tnmp r n rlv s e,a s e,n t c wdh n sae o cn e w aa i ot to i i sp d i sa d r e i a d p c a e az z a t pa ite vrl tc-p t c r. l n h oea s k s ut e y la u r uS r Cr i,18 sEe n vn eS n ya ,A906i r iu s10 Wet vl A e u ,u nvl C 48 ea c t y e ©cp r h S r Cr i, c19-00 o y g t i r iu sI .9821 i ea c t n
  6. 6. Is e D s nTp t a Afra l Hg D n i n i r e i is o n f d be ih e s y d g o t Itro n c ( D) C nec n e tH IP B D s nr G i tH IC Tcn l y ei es u eo D P B eh o g g ’ d o Wh ts ai G t cse et ema uatr gra y C s c-pn n ts s g u e a ot ff cv, n f ui - d P B t k imi e ui o r i c n e Fe H Itcu P n e to re D Sakp l n ro l a . a u u n Ser Crut’ ir i i a c s S r Cr i a n u cs u i e nn tofr l tcln i es n i r iu s n o ne a n u o le o l E c i E g era d ea c t q i o e ra n H I tc u Pa n r D Sa k p l e n P B ao t ei esh t i s o fi e c t b i H Ieh o g i o C Lyu D s n rtag e cn d ne o ud D Tcn l yn g v l o t te pb o rs D s n D Lyusi th fist b g tn a h i c b ad. ei H Iao tr h te r i y et g r g g t me i T o? ol cmpee D P B tcu imi ts o l H IC Sakpn n e. t u Hg l hs ihi t g G t cmpee tcu b fr te C Lyu s r : e a o l s kp e e h P B ao tt t t a o as Smpen usBGo tus i lip t, I up t Poi te o l i i omai leatss n ls t o te ei s rv e h towt n r t ni f eti are i fh d v e d h f o k s g i me c ue , x m B Apn o n a d n m B Apt ,n te o l i sdmai mu G icu tn mimu G iha d h towl i c l rtr cmpee D Sakp pi s eun o l H Itcu o t n. t o C mp r P BSak p pin Isa t o ae C tcu O t sntnl o y Ec H IC Sakp pi cme wt cmpeenomai a o t ah D P B tcu o t n o s i o l i r t n b u o h t f o d l tc,o p r e hst c wdh n sae n ky n f tr g ie rscp e w i t r e i a d p c a d e ma ua ui e ci g ,a t c n s p rq i d T e tcu P n e a o rv e a ot d x ae o t se u e . h Sakp l n rl poi s csi e b sd n e r a s d n cmpei s te l tcln i e a d C D s n ra maenome o l t o h E c i E g ern P B ei e cn k i r d xy e ra n g f d c i s vn e r l o t e i . eio ee b f ea u b g s sn o y n Ma uatr gra y n fcui - d n e H v cn d ne h to ae ei i t a H IC Sakp h t ae o fi e c tayu r d s n g o n D P B tcu tai gn s ma uatr gra y T e o la b e b if m a a toi iH I n f ui - d . h toh s en utr n uh ryn D c n e lo t Ma uatr g eh o g a d ah D P B tcu h s en etd o n f ui Tcn l y n ec H IC Sakp a b e ts fr c n o e acrc a d i y l cuay n h h id g e. S v d s n trt n a e ei i ai s g e o I ta o e d g p i aes h no t l D d s nao t h to n ed fn i u wt l - a -pi H Iei l u, e o l s n h st ma g y t astte D P B ei e t s rite i t i co wt a rvn ss h H IC D s n ro t t h r h d et n i poe is g a n g r i h s cu ,a s e,n t c wdh n sae t kpp d i sa d r e i a d p c. a z a t Pin a d v i bly r ig n A al it c a i T e nn towl e o l nayo ai td i . l s v i h o le o l ib cmpi trfr l e t i l me mi me P ae it e s w wpoo x rscm/d w . tepes o h i r .S r Cr i,18 sEe n vn eS n ya ,A906i r iu s10 Wet vl A e u ,u nvl C 48 ea c t y e ©cp r h S r Cr i, c19-00 o y g t i r iu sI .9821 i ea c t n
  7. 7. Is e D s nTp t a Afra l Hg D n i n i r e i is o n f d be ih e s y d g o t Itro n c ( D) C nec n e tH IP B D s nr G i tH IC Tcn l y ei es u eo D P B eh o g g ’ d o C o s ter h h oeh i t g Maei sl t ns fo r , otn frl C d s n. iep c l i otn fr tr le co iocus i r t a P B ei sIs seil mp r t a ei , c n e mp a o l to g t c n ay H I C ma uatr gb cueteeaea d i a ma uatr gcnt i s h t D P B n f ui ea s h r r d i n l n f ui o s a t ta rn a o P BMaei C tr l a pa a o . rp r tr le co ia omp r n frao t ei s c maeis l rl Po e maei sl t n s l i ot to l u d s n i e tr l y e e ra a ei o s g a a y c g n wl ff c te l tcl efr ne fh s n lrcs T e hs ati n s o te ia eth e c i p r ma c o te i at e. h p yi lh kes fh l c a maei ii otn w e cni r gteap c rt o temiov t b pae . tr l mp r t h n o s ei h setai fh c -a o e l d as a d n o r i t T e urn s n ad setaifr mio ii0 5 . h miov d meeso l h cr tt d r ap crt o a c v s . : ( e c -a i trh u e a o r a 71T r i a d b l g rh n h h i t fh maei is e ert g o h n xa j e t yr ea e ta te e h o te tr l ip n t i t te etda n l e. r g at an c a ) D SG L Y U G IE IE E I N A O T UD LN S a b   A c d (rssco v w Coset n i ) i e   b (pi ) T Vw o eS r Cr i,18 sEe n vn eS n ya ,A906i r iu s10 Wet vl A e u ,u nvl C 48 ea c t y e ©cp r h S r Cr i, c19-00 o y g t i r iu sI .9821 i ea c t n
  8. 8. Is e D s nTp t a Afra l Hg D n i n i r e i is o n f d be ih e s y d g o t Itro n c ( D) C nec n e tH IP B D s nr G i tH IC Tcn l y ei es u eo D P B eh o g g ’ d o C o s ter h h oeh i t g Oh r maei cni rt n ae te mai m wts n i tmp rtr,mai m te e tr l o s eai s r h a g s d o e xmu o i t d g e eaue ha n f q e c o s n la dce i to temaep ni (T) T e x m tmp rtr r u ny fi a n o ffic ns fh r lx a s n C E . h mai x mu e eaue mu P BMaei C tr l a h r rf s ota tmp rtr w i teP Birq i dt wts n wto t ff cn i ee e r t h te eaue h h h C s e u e o i t d i u a et g t e c r ha h i s meh n ai e ry Is say x rs dn e re C lu. x mf q e c rf so h ca i l tgi .t uu l epes id ges e i Mai c n t i l e ss mu r u nye rt te e e h h sf q e c ta te l tcli a razd n h P B r o eai a. h iuu l i etr u ny h th e c i s n l ele o te C ae p rt g tT i s say g e e ra g s i n s l epesdi MH o G z O r n i ei Sa wl s yute atsre i d r gcci x rs n z r H . u E g er g tff iak o h f eti t e n n l s s me ui iu n r t o eai a d e n r wd w te e co o maei taw u meto re u e ns p rt n n h l ar o n h sl t n f tr l t o l e yu rq i me t o p o ei ah d r . Ao g wt teei ms ted l tccntn o temaei a d ted l tcl so ln i h s t ,h ie r o s t f h h e e ci a tr l n h ie r o r a e ci s d s ai f tr ia o l v arl imaei sl t n ii t n a o wl l pa i l e n tr le co . sp o c ls y t o s a ei H IO I : DT PC P B TR L XMU TMPR T R C MA EI MA I M E EA U E A Wh t o s ad e T e x m tmp r ue e rt te h maimu e ea r rf so h t e i a? t n me tmp rtr w i te C irq i d o e eaue h h h P Bse u e t c r wts n wto tff cn i meh n a i t d i u a et gt ca i l ha h i s c i e ryIs say x rs dn e re n gi . iuu l epes iD ges t t t l e C lu. ei ss AP B ietc tr l h n u j td o C d l r maei, e sbe e t e ci aw c Wh ii yst h h re eaue, y eo pat o i e tmp rtrsma b cme l i r g sc nee? ed d g s . h ue lp rt g e eaue l s T e sf o eai tmp rtr ay u n rn es e wte e eaue h r i a g ib l h tmp rtr w eet o s r d ga i i o pat maei. t t e rd gn a l i tr l as n t sc a F r Q i Sl t nrf t te S r o a u k e co , e o h “i r c ei er ea Wh r cn ee a Q i Maei Sl t n u e,n te u k tr le co G i ” d h c a ei d a w fi dt en i ? “i rP B tr l fr t n h e” S r C Maei I omai S et ea an o . T e poi vrd tidnomai o h y rv e ey eae i r t n n d l f o mot f C maeis n te po et s so P B tr la d h i rp re. a r i H wd w o o e C o s a C maei w oe g Gas h oe P B tr l h s T (l a s uet si? t ni n e eaueimoe h n r r si tmp rtr) a t o s r ta o e u l te x m wts n i q at h mai o mu i t d g ha n tmp rtr rq i d o te C .o e eaue e u e frh P BF r r ea l IT p 20 e Cco s a C xmpe f o = 0 d g ,h oe P B : maei w oe g =20 e C tr l h s T > 0 d g a I o =20 e Cco s a C maei f p 0 d g ,h oe P B tr l T a Wok g rn i w oe g =20 e C h s T > 0 dg Ea l xmpe: rf r g o h maei set h e rn t te tr lh e, e ei a t flwn maeis eeo n t h v a oo i l g tr lw r fu d o ae a T o > 20 e C g f = 0 dg F48 R R 0H T= 0 g 20 N 001 40-3 T= 1 g 20 I2 S 0 6 T= 2 g 20 N 001 90-3 T= 2 g 20 N 00 70 T= 5 g 20 R 40/30 O 0345 T= 7 g 20 A di a d i nl to F r C maei sl t na oh r o P B tr le co ,n te a ei C ni rt n: o s eai s d o i otn cni rt nsh Hg et mp r to s eai ite i s a d o h Wh t et aN x ? Fe u ny t h h h e c i liu o rq e c aw i te l tc cci f c e ra r t te C wl e p rt g t h P B ib o eai a. l nS r Cr i,18 sEe n vn eS n ya ,A906i r iu s10 Wet vl A e u ,u nvl C 48 ea c t y e ©cp r h S r Cr i, c19-00 o y g t i r iu sI .9821 i ea c t n
  9. 9. Is e D s nTp t a Afra l Hg D n i n i r e i is o n f d be ih e s y d g o t Itro n c ( D) C nec n e tH IP B D s nr G i tH IC Tcn l y ei es u eo D P B eh o g g ’ d o H v apa ae l n T e oan mb r faes f o r n l D P Bid tr n db B A(rh h h spncu t h ttl u e o l ro yu fi aH I C s eemi c ,g s y o t g a , l e y G o te i et i o n g d v e s n lbek u, e u eo s n l yr a w l sh n mb r f o ea d ru d ei ) i a ra- t h n mb r fi al es s e a te u eo p w rn go n fr o r C o yu P B l esT en mb r f o e a dgo n l es a b d tr n db tk gi oacu th a r h u e o p w r n ru d a r cn e eemi y . y e y ai n co n te n t n mb r f ru d,h n mb r f iee t j vl g si tecci a w la s n l u e o go n s te u e o d rn ma r o a e n h iu , s e s i a ff o t r t l g Sa ku a d tc -p n i e rycnrl e a c rq i me t n gi / t i d ne e u e ns t t o o mp r . Mi oVa c i r T e e u nen h h h l es rp to eh r i a p w r ru decia oh r c rh t h sq e c iw i tea rae u tg te(g l o e, o n ,t s n tef t ta c y sn , g ) ao a ets n l efr ne n ao so a a ne P Bs utr.ts las o dpate o ff c i ap r ma c a d lw fr b l cd C t c e Iia y g o rcc t sg o l a r u w i Srcue t trs u od rh l esn b l cd n e. o so lh v te u eopa e n s n l yrb t retea ria a ne ma n rY u h u aeh n mb r f l a d i al es oh y a d n g a O D o b t E E (ohE E i teb s fr b l cds utr)T e so l a ob D r oh V N b t V N s h et o a a ne t c e h y h u l e a r u . d s smmeray l e . y tcl pa d il c Mio iSrc rs a a o ae bgi at n h ma uatr gpoess c te d et c V t t e cn l h v a i mp co te n f ui rcs i e h y i cy r a uu s c n ,n r l a eth n mb r fa n t ncc s T e r vr t n yuh v o w i l es c -a ff c te u e o l ai yl . h moe ai i s o ae f h h a rmiov mi o e ao c y r i s ra ds po ,h moen mb r fa n t ns p aen e e b teP Bma uatr g t t n t n te r u e o l ai t s r ed d y h C a o mi o e n f ui . c n Wh h l es te mio v s r a d s p o c ae a sbcnt co ,a d ec i a r h c y c i t t n t s n r ts r a as o e u - s ut n n ah o r i sbcnt co wlrq i a et l n t ncc .T el n t npoesi d fi e a u - s ut n i e u e n x a a ai yl ( a ai rcs s en d s o r i l r r mi o e h mi o pes ga e o cp e l es i d l tc i b t en w a j e to p raes n e h a rsn st fo p ra rwt ie rsn ew e t o da n cp e l ru d r et i y h e ci c y a d rs r t fr a ll e P Ba n t) n pes e o om mu iyr C l ae u ta mi . G tn d s n ep rm te C Ma uatrrT o c o a o d hn ? et g ei h l f i g o h P B n fcue:o mu h f g o tig La i o yu P B a rao to c h stpo a d o s en g n o r C f i tro muh a i rs n cn. n bc s Mot C f raos aeflse o t h ie g er gsp ot ob a l t poi b s s P B a i tr h v eh d u te n i ei u p r t e be o rv e ai bc r n n d c f d ak nyu H IC l o t T iigetnomai ,u o lu t a eti l e AP B e b c o o r D P Ba u. h s ra i r t nb t n p o cr n e l C e y s f o y a v. f rao wl e o tk i o co n yu d c i - k g rei w e l k g to riu a i tr isl m aen acu to r eio mai ctr h no i ayu cci bc l d t sn n i a on r t sh mai o B M.fo w n a tcrv wo yu l o t h r in n e t w s yu t ce ts r O I u a t s i ei fo r yu, ees o ed o at o ri c y rt e a t e me w i go aep nermte C f rao’ n i e. h rae nn w b o laaa lta a i fr rso s f tn o h P Ba i tr e g erT ee ro le e to vibeh t bc s n i s l wl rv e h sri q i la d i get ea.Fedm. m a d etrF cm) ipoi ti ev e u k n wt rad ti ( e f c l d s c cy h l r o n B t D M. e o An wd s n o lrm Ser Crutt g t D d s n rpa ir h! e ei to f g o ir i i o e H I ei es ln ti t a c s g g A S r Cr i,u e g er g tffh s en ri d n h tpc d cs dn h atla d t i r iu so r n i ei s ea c t n n a a b e t n o te o i i us iti rc n ae s s e s ie cna a z ted s nf m a osc o t f i .T e a a s s r wt d tr n gte a n l e h ei r y g o h lt p i o v w h i n l i t t i eemin h ii n e r ys a s h i d ni o temot e n i cmp n n. h n tru hass mai st f u so s n e sy fh t s d ma d g o o e tT e ,ho g n yt t e o q et n a d e c i a s es s go rnh ueH I sia c d s nto, ecnrcmme da e o s c-p nw rui u i-o s D A s tne ei o l n s g w a eo n st ft ku a rcmme d t n ta me t o rot efr ne n t l e e d. eo n ai sh t e y u cs p r ma c a d i i n e s o , o men C n ls n oc i uo I tip p r e ae ule ky eio se u e fr pa n da po c t H I ei . n h a e w h v o tn d e d c i rq i d o a l e p rah o D D s n We s i sn r n g h p i rv e yu i a ep r n es n i o te D D s n rcsa w l smp r n o et oi s o wt d e e u d r a d g fh H I ei Poes s e a i ot t p d h t n g l a tcs n t so k H I oko yu rk a d i t mae D w rfro ! i pS r Cr i,18 sEe n vn eS n ya ,A906i r iu s10 Wet vl A e u ,u nvl C 48 ea c t y e ©cp r h S r Cr i, c19-00 o y g t i r iu sI .9821 i ea c t n
  10. 10. Is e D s nTp t a Afra l Hg D n i n i r e i is o n f d be ih e s y d g o t Itro n c ( D) C nec n e tH IP B D s nr G i tH IC Tcn l y ei es u eo D P B eh o g g ’ d o A ot bu S r Cr i iaU b sdma uatrr f i D ni I ecn et C s H I C S O r i r iu ss S ae ea c t n f ue o Hg e sy n r n c P B (D P B ) u c h t t o seitiq i tr,i tcn l y n s lo d m po ut n f r td iu b ad. p c l s u kunh h eh o g a d ma t me i rd co o pi e cci o rs ay c g o l u i n r t . Ser Crut ir i i a c s O r a a i i i l eae miov sbi a db re v sfi ei s n sae,e u ni u cp bl e n u l r c i , ld n ur d i ,n le a d p cssq e t l is cd s t r a n i a n l n t nv - -a tcn l y Wi o r -o s Y Gl e mah e, e a l e di2 l a ai ,ii p d eh o g. t u i h ue A a r ci sw cna r r mi mi o an o h n s n s ll a , o 5 mio ,i mio i . i r Cr i h s l po erd n le a a i y Wi o r sr r 0 c ns e c v s S r iu s a a o i ee fi ei cp bl . t u l e r z r a ea c t s n n i t h a d etma i ss msw cnpoi cnie t rcs n sae d w t 3 mio s n i c i g g yt , e a rv e o stn t e a d p cs o n o 5 c n i r n e d s a r d mee. a o p c len e u ni b i a pi t n,s g y i lC maeisi F4 i trWe l seii isq e t l ud p lai sui tpc P B tr lle R , a s az a l c o n a a k P lmi ,n R C We a poi u t 4 udu l es n x e i ded i sTpcl c o i d a d C . cn rv e p o b i -pa ro ep d e l t . y i mio y e d l y t a me a r v s utrsnl e tce mioi ,ui mioi ,tg ee o s p e mioi . i t c e i u s kd c v sb r d c v ss g rd rt p d c v s a r u cd a r a e r a a e r a F r u mio l t n s cs n pbsbt tsw cnpoi b i -ptcn l y i fi e o o r c e c o i pb a d c u s ae, e a rv e udu eh o g wt n r er c r d l o h le a dsae d w t 4 mio sh htmp rtr maeisle o i d ,tce mio i s n p cs o n o 0 c n, i e eaue tr l i p lmi s kd c n r g a ,k y e a r v sb r drstr a dmu ii e cv y cs We ae rv e mio l t n pb wt i , ui eios n a e s , l-e d ai pb. h v poi d c e c o i cs i tt r t d r er c h fi e ih ei s o n o 0 mio s s g 0 c nae r e v - -a tcn l y n ti n pt d v e d w t 20 c n, i 5 mio l di d ii p d eh o g a d h c c r un r s l an l o n b i -pmaeis O r u lycek i l esr c c a les n wr b n a i y S me udu l tr l u q at h csn u uf e l nn s a d i o d bl . o a. i cd a e i e it ea l o sr c fi i i l e S,NG E EI,ot o . xmpe fuf e n hn u O PE I,N P S fG l s a s cd G d O r n i ei sp ot rv e vl besg et n wt te ko l g o h hsed u E g er g u p r poi s a a l u g so s i h i n we e f i p e n n d u i h r d g d s n, n l /itlh hd ni pbma uatr gd s nrl a dd s nfr s mby ei sa a gd i , i e sy c g o ga g t n f ui ei u s n ei o as l c n g e g e rl . po d o r aa n rci are o sl t n n rv woyu d s n Sri snl e u sU l yu d ta d ee e f cnu ai a d ei fo r ei . ev e i u e a v e to e g c cd ss m l ed s nsh maicpuepbao t n pbpb D M. yt e lei ,ce t a tr,c l u, d c/ca F e v g c y aS r Cr i,18 sEe n vn eS n ya ,A906i r iu s10 Wet vl A e u ,u nvl C 48 ea c t y e ©cp r h S r Cr i, c19-00 o y g t i r iu sI .9821 i ea c t n

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