Chapter 3 psychology perspectives on learning and educational technology

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Chapter 3 psychology perspectives on learning and educational technology

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Chapter 3 psychology perspectives on learning and educational technology

  1. 1. Khon Kaen University Fun Fruit Nutrition Kanomkok Psychology Perspectives on learning and Educational Technology Present by Kanomkok 1987 Street Ave City, State 60623, US. Balanced Nutrition Coming to Fruition www.funFruit.com
  2. 2. Present by Kanomkok group 1987 Street Ave City, State 60623, US. Balanced Nutrition Coming to Fruition www.funFruit.com
  3. 3. Problem-based learning ครูสมศรีเป็นครูสอนวิชาสังคมศึกษา เป็นผู้มีความรู้และมีความเชี่ยวชาญในด้านนี้ เป็นอย่างดี โดยวิธีการสอนนักเรียนในแต่ละครั้ง ครูสมศรีมักจะสอนหรือบรรยายให้ นักเรียนจา และสื่อการสอนที่นามาใช้ในประกอบการสอนก็เป็นในลักษณะที่เน้นการถ่ายทอดความรู้ด้วย ไม่ ว่าจะเป็นหนังสือเรียน, การสอนบนกระดาน หรือแม้กระทั่งวิดีโอที่นามาเปิดให้นักเรียนได้เรียน โดยครูสมศรีมีความเชื่อที่ว่า การสอนที่ดีและมีประสิทธิภาพนั้น คือสามารถทาให้นักเรียนสามารถ จาเนื้อหา เรื่องราวในบทเรียนให้ได้มากที่สุด ส่วนนักเรียนของครูสมศรีก็เป็นประเภทที่ว่ารอรับ เอาความรู้จากครูแต่เพียงอย่างเดียว ดาเนินกิจกรรมการเรียนตามที่ครูกาหนดทั้งหมด เรียนไปได้ ไม่นานก็เบื่อ ไม่กระตือรือร้นที่จะหาความรู้จากที่อื่นเพิ่มเติม ครูให้ทาแค่ไหนก็ทาแค่นั้นพอ ซึ่งจากวิธีการสอนของครูสมศรีและลักษณะของนักเรียนที่กล่าวมาทั้งหมด ได้ส่งผล ให้เกิดปัญหาขึ้นคือ เมื่อเรียนผ่านมาได้ไม่นานก็ทาให้ลืมเนื้อหาที่เคยเรียนมา ไม่สามารถคิดได้ ด้วยตนเองและไม่สามารถที่จะนามาใช้แก้ปัญหาในชีวิตประจาวันได้ 1987 Street Ave City, State 60623, US. Balanced Nutrition Coming to Fruition www.funFruit.com
  4. 4. Missions Why instructional media of Somsri teacher dose not success. Analyze about The basic concept of the teaching design and learning materials and What is the relationship between that. What are the basis for instructional designs & instructional medias among changing of social world & new educational paradigms, explain and give an example. 1987 Street Ave City, State 60623, US. Balanced Nutrition Coming to Fruition www.funFruit.com
  5. 5. Mission 1 The reason why instructional media of Somsri teacher dose not success.  The teacher creates instructional media without theoretical foundation of instructional designs. 1987 Street Ave City, State 60623, US. Balanced Nutrition Coming to Fruition www.funFruit.com 5
  6. 6. Mission 1 The reason why instructional media of Somsri teacher dose not success.  Focus on teaching the students to memorize large amounts of information. The learner is receiver of information  Teacher-centered: teacher is center of attention and provider of information 1987 Street Ave City, State 60623, US. Balanced Nutrition Coming to Fruition www.funFruit.com 6
  7. 7. Mission 2 The basic concept of the teaching design and learning materials. Of learning theory is a group of principles, that explain how human learning. As well as how to acquire ability and new knowledge. And there are several theories that describe learning. Which those theories can be divided into 3 groups. Behaviorism constructivism cognitivism 1987 Street Ave City, State 60623, US. Balanced Nutrition Coming to Fruition www.funFruit.com 7
  8. 8. Mission 2 Behaviorism - The design focus to enable the students to remember to get the most amount of knowledge. - The role of the student as a learner is a recipient of information. Teachers will be presenting information, and create an environment that the students will have to absorb a lot of information. 1987 Street Ave City, State 60623, US. Balanced Nutrition Coming to Fruition www.funFruit.com 8
  9. 9. Mission 2 cognitivism - Change the knowledge of the students in both quantity and quality. - Cognitive attention on. "Interaction" between external stimuli and internal stimuli is cognition. - Process development will focus on intelligence more than focusing only on the development of behavior in response to stimuli. 1987 Street Ave City, State 60623, US. Balanced Nutrition Coming to Fruition www.funFruit.com 9
  10. 10. Mission 2 constructivism - Based learning happens when the learner has created a knowledge representation in working memory wakefulness. - Role of students are doing and teachers is to help each student achieve knowledge. It must organizing learning environments allow learners to learn more effectively. The cognition is focused on the learner. "Centre" 1987 Street Ave City, State 60623, US. Balanced Nutrition Coming to Fruition www.funFruit.com 10
  11. 11. Mission 2 Relation to the concept of the teaching design and learning materials. Change of principles of learning and instruction into plans for learning activities. Which aims to improve the standard of education. And promote learning But Instructional Design And learning to achieve success at it. Will rely on intermediaries in bringing information to the learner. Intermediaries such Instructional media relationships between concepts. 1987 Street Ave City, State 60623, US. Balanced Nutrition Coming to Fruition www.funFruit.com 11
  12. 12. Mission 3 What are the basis for instructional designs & instructional medias among changing of social world & new educational paradigms, explain and give an example. 21st Century Skills • • • • • Integrated learning Active Learning On-demand Collaborative Learning for life 1987 Street Ave City, State 60623, US. Student Center • • • • Global community Analytical thinking Problem solving Creating & Innovating Balanced Nutrition Coming to Fruition www.funFruit.com 12
  13. 13. Mission 3 1987 Street Ave City, State 60623, US. Balanced Nutrition Coming to Fruition www.funFruit.com 13
  14. 14. Mission 3 What are the basis for instructional designs & instructional medias ? 1. Contents • • • Corresponds to the different contents Ex. Laboratory for anatomy subject Ex. Documentary for evolution subject 2. Ability of students • • Corresponds to the different capability of each student Ex. Students who are blind can not learn in general learning style. Teachers should design specific learning style including specific medias for them. In addition, students who got specific learning disorder should be done in the same way. Moreover, teachers should realize to prior knowledge of learners as well. 1987 Street Ave City, State 60623, US. Balanced Nutrition Coming to Fruition www.funFruit.com 14
  15. 15. Mission 3 What are the basis for instructional designs & instructional medias ? 3. Technology • • In 21st century, technology would be played an important role for education. Teacher should select those innovation appropriately to the contents and students’ abilities. Ex. For molecular content, animation is used to show the structure of small molecules which can not be seen by common eyes. 4. Theory • • Teachers need to know learning theories to use in learning management. Ex. From constructivist theory, teachers present and support student to find attitude and mental representation. Moreover, they should give students learning from observation, doing, explanation etc. Students would get skill for knowledge construction for themselves. 1987 Street Ave City, State 60623, US. Balanced Nutrition Coming to Fruition www.funFruit.com 15
  16. 16. Learning Theories Behaviorism Cognitivism Constructivism 1987 Street Ave City, State 60623, US. Balanced Nutrition Coming to Fruition www.funFruit.com 16
  17. 17. Mission 3 Constructivist instructional Design • • • • • Problem Base Resource Scaffolding Collaboration Coaching 1987 Street Ave City, State 60623, US. Balanced Nutrition Coming to Fruition www.funFruit.com 17
  18. 18. Members Miss Kanokkhwan  Miss Jaroonlak  Mr. Teetawat  Miss Chunthanet  Miss Sarunya  Mr. Proranat  Miss Pattiya  1987 Street Ave City, State 60623, US. Marayat Worakhot Najantad Nasaro Pinatuwong Yakum Pong-aram 565050305-4 565050310-1 565050315-1 565050327-4 565050340-2 565050278-1 565050281-2 Balanced Nutrition Coming to Fruition www.funFruit.com
  19. 19. Thank You 1987 Street Ave City, State 60623, US. Balanced Nutrition Coming to Fruition www.funFruit.com

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