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World Conflicts - 20th Century Military and Political Events. U.S. Military Intelligence Reports in ProQuest History Vault. By Rachel Hally
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World Conflicts - 20th Century Military and Political Events. U.S. Military Intelligence Reports in ProQuest History Vault. By Rachel Hally

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ProQuest® History Vault U.S. Military Intelligence Reports collection offers comprehensive documentation of developments and events in the key nations of the world during the period from World War I …

ProQuest® History Vault U.S. Military Intelligence Reports collection offers comprehensive documentation of developments and events in the key nations of the world during the period from World War I to the final campaigns of World War II. This presentation covers use cases for this exciting collection.

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  • So, the first topic on the agenda is “what are U.S. Military Intelligence Reports, 1911-1944
    After World War I, the U.S. military developed a sophisticated intelligence gathering capability. As they gathered intelligence, the military officials were concerned with much more than strictly military intelligence, American military attachés and their staffs also reported on a wide range of topics, like politics, social and economic conditions, and foreign affairs of the countries in which they were stationed.
    The intelligence reports in this module include interviews with military and government officials, evaluations of political parties and movements, brief biographies of important military and political leaders and eyewitness coverage and analyses of military action. The Military intelligence personnel lived in and traveled through the countries they were stationed in, and they compiled reports from their travels as you saw with the Canton pictures on the previous slide and we will see more examples as we go through the presentation.
    The collection includes maps, photos, combat estimates, and the cartographic index of world events, shown on the left above.
    The countries covered are China, Japan, France, Germany, Italy, Soviet Union, Argentina, Mexico
    As I go through the presentation, one argument I hope to convincingly make is that this is much, much more than a Military history product. It is just as much if not more an international relations and area studies product.
    It is also a fantastic history product for all universities that teach the period between World War I and World War II, which basically every university offers multiple classes on this topic.

    Finally, when paired with the World War II module in History Vault, you get the U.S. view of major areas of the World from 1911-1945. Researchers will get a different perspective on this same time period by searching Documents on British Policy overseas.
  • Our first use case is from the University of Washington where they teach classes on the following:
    HSTEU 413 Europe: 1914-45 (5) I&S HSTEU 432 Germany: 1914-1945
    HSTEU 445 The Rise and Fall of the Soviet Union
    HSTEU 452 Eastern Europe Since 1918

    HSTEU 512 Core Seminar in the History of Modern Europe (-5) An introduction to historiographical classics and exemplary new works in the various fields of modern European history. Members of the seminar choose research topics and present the results of their research to the seminar

    These classes could make good use of both the Military Intelligence module and the World War II module that we released in November 2013.
    The European countries covered in this module are France, Italy, Germany, and the Soviet Union, and the section of this module on Combat Estimates covers 25 countries in Europe.
    The combat estimates are particularly valuable for understanding the recovery from World War I and the lead-up to World War II. The combat estimates also reveal the strategic concerns of the United States in Europe in the yeard from 1920-1943.
    Beyond the combat estimates, some of the topics covered in the Military Intelligence module that students in these classes could investigate would be
    Communism in France, French political parties, France’s recovery from World War I,
    Germany files cover topics such as post-World War I German disarmament and German preparations for World War II.
    Italy files cover internal politics in Italy, as well as Italian foreign relations, including the Italian invasion of Ethiopia in 1935.
  • Second use case is from the University of Chicago where they teach several courses on Japan and China in their History department and they also have an East Asian Languages and Civilizations program.
    Courses on The Japanese Empire and Nation Formations in East Asia
    Course called Japan at War. Students are asked to write a 15 page paper on a topic of their choice.
    The course focuses on the war with China and World War II – covering 1937-1945. So, you could use this module and the World War II module in History Vault.

    Here we are looking at documents that illustrate social conditions in Japan.
    In this particular case, we see a document on the attempted coup of February 26, 1926 in Japan, and also on the Great Kanto Earthquake of 1923 when more than 140,000 people died.
    This is much more than military history. It is on the ground reporting from U.S. Military officials. In many ways, it continues the man or woman on the street view that is so essential to History Vault modules. Here, we have the U.S. government official on the street, often literally in a foreign country.


    University of Chicago also has relevant courses in Modern Europe, and Latin America as well as on the other major topics covered in History Vault, including slavery and the civil rights movement.
  • The period between World War I and World II saw the flowering of radical political ideas, both on the left and right of the political spectrum. On the left, communism and socialism developed these years, led by the Communist revolution in Russia, while Fascist also grew at this time.
    Because the Military Intelligence officials were concerned with a broad range of political, economic, and social conditions, this module contains excellent documentation on radical political movements between the World Wars.
    Here we see documents from France on the left of the slide and Mexico on the right of this slide. The Mexico collection for example contains documentation on Francisco Pancho Villa as well as on several political parties, the Mexican Revolutionary Party, the National Revolutionary Party, the Anti-Reelection Party, an the Confederation of Mexican Workers. And, we could find similar examples for all of the other countries covered in this module.
    And what makes this content even more interesting is when you combine it with some of the documentation on radical politics that is in other History Vault modules – specifically Immigration, Black Freedom 1, World War II, Law and Society module, and NAACP Papers
  • Here is another example. Our 4th use case. This time we are going to focus on events in China, that are also covered well in this module.
    By way of background, we have found that 178 schools in North America have Asian Studies Programs and many of them would be interested in the excellent content in this module.
    But our example today is from San Diego State University, where they have a course called China in Revolution and another course called Hotspots in Modern Chinese History.
    San Diego State’s history department also has a course on Japan in the Modern World.
    So, for this topic, San Diego State would be a good candidate for both the Military Intelligence module and the World War II module of History Vault
    Staying with China, the Military Intelligence module has on the ground reporting on major events in China during this time period, including the 1911 revolution that toppled the imperial dynasty, the civil war that started in 1927 between the Nationalist Forces and the Communist Forces, the Mukden Incident that Japan used as a pretext for its invasion of Manchuria in 1931, and the Second Sino-Japanese war that started in 1937 and continued until the end of World War II.
    All of these topics as well as many others like Chinese politics, with detailed reporting on the growth of communism in China during this time, can be explored in this module.
    Here you see a “comment on current events” and an analysis of some of the religions groups in China in the 1920s.
  • These images are from a report on the City of Canton prepared by the Military Intelligence Division in January 1922. Gives you an idea of the type of detail in the files and the module contains similar reports for many other locations in China, again giving you that on the ground perspective . It is this type of detail that can help a student to make their research paper stand out.
    So, a student or class at San Diego State University studying life in China during the pivotal years between World War I and World War II will find many excellent documents in this module.

  • Transcript

    • 1. WORLD CONFLICTS - 20TH CENTURY MILITARY AND POLITICAL EVENTS U.S. Military Intelligence Reports in ProQuest History Vault
    • 2. ProQuest History Vault – U.S. Military Intelligence Reports
    • 3. ProQuest History Vault: U.S. Military Intelligence Reports, 1911- 1944
    • 4. ProQuest History Vault: U.S. Military Intelligence Reports, 1911- 1944 Use Case #1 University of Washington Courses include HSTEU 413 Europe: 1914-45 HSTEU 432 Germany: 1914-1945 HSTEU 445 The Rise and Fall of the Soviet Union HSTEU 452 Eastern Europe Since 1918
    • 5. ProQuest History Vault: U.S. Military Intelligence Reports, 1911- 1944 Use Case #2 University of Chicago University of Chicago East Asian Languages and Civilizations
    • 6. ProQuest History Vault: U.S. Military Intelligence Reports, 1911- 1944 and World War II modules Use Case #3: M.A. Student at Rutgers University writing about Radical politics between the World Wars
    • 7. ProQuest History Vault: U.S. Military Intelligence Reports, 1911- 1944 Use Case #4 San Diego State University Use Case #4: Life in China, 1911-1941
    • 8. ProQuest History Vault: U.S. Military Intelligence Reports, 1911- 1944 Use Case #4 San Diego State University Use Case #4: Life in China, 1911-1941
    • 9. ProQuest History Vault: U.S. Military Intelligence Reports, 1911- 1944 Use Case #5 UNC and Duke
    • 10. ProQuest History Vault: U.S. Military Intelligence Reports, 1911- 1944 Use Case #5 UNC and Duke
    • 11. ProQuest History Vault: U.S. Military Intelligence Reports, 1911- 1944 Use case #6 Kent State University Use Case #6: Senior Honors Project on U.S. views of and relations with Germany from the end of World War I to World War II
    • 12. ProQuest History Vault: U.S. Military Intelligence Reports, 1911- 1944 Use Case #7 University of North Texas Courses include: •World War I •World II •China’s 20th Century Wars • Korea, Vietnam, and the American Military Experience
    • 13. QUESTIONS? Thank You! Rachel Hally History Vault Product Manager rachel.hally@proquest.com 7/2/2014 14