GAMES OF CHANCE
IN BRITISH AND
AMERICAN HISTORY
Catherine Johnson
ALA June 2014
Games of Chance in British and American History
Sources:
• U.S. Serial Set
• CRS Reports
• Congressional Hearings
• Execut...
Native American Gambling Traditions
7/2/2014 4Sources: U.S. Serial Set Reports, 1852, 1903, 1905
Fascination, Intensity of...
7/2/2014 5
Native American Gambling Games: Implements and Songs
Sources: U.S. Serial Set reports 1902, 1941
Beautiful obje...
British and Colonial Gambling Laws
7/2/2014Sources: Colonial State Papers 1677, 1728; House of
Commons Parliamentary Paper...
Stock-jobbing and Scrippomony
7/2/2014 7
Sources: Parliamentary Papers 1734; Executive
Branch Documents 1853 Thomas Jeffer...
Sources: U.S. Serial Set 1844, 1858 8
The Cantonese:
Unemployed—Vagrants, Gamblers, “Bad Men”
Gambling in China—The Opium ...
British Licensing of Gambling in Hong Kong--1867
“The government has no
right to countenance and
sanction vice”
Source: Pa...
Gambling in the Army
10
British Army Courts-Martial for Gambling 1889
“The vice of gambling prevails to a very
considerabl...
State Lotteries
11
State lotteries…
Their power for evil increasing
1891
Source: U.S. Serial Set, 1891; Hearings 1984
“A m...
Legal Gambling in the U.S.: Demise and Comeback
Source: CRS report 2011 12
1911
“Moribund”
2011:
Some
form of
gambling
leg...
“Vice, Gambling, and Booze”
Source: U.S. Serial Set 1931 13
Rubbing elbows
with the
underworld 1931
Gambling…
a cohesive
influence
Source: U.S. Serial Set 14
Gathering for The Sun Dance 1950
Gambling and Organized Crime 1950
Source: U.S. Serial Set 1950 15
Gangster Operations
Promotional Games of Chance 1968
Investigates alleged misuse of
games of chance as a
marketing strategy, the impact
on ret...
Punters Passing the Time 1978
Source: Parliamentary Papers 1978 17
Betting offices…open, but
bleak and depressing—a
“chara...
Indian Gaming Regulatory Act 1988
Source: CRS reports 1988, 2011, 2014 18
Federal Standards for Indian Gaming
Participation TV Gambling 2007
Source: Parliamentary Papers 2007 19
Call TV Quiz Shows “A Rip-Off”
U.S. Gaming Revenue 2010
Source: Hearings 2011 20
1976 $3 billion
1994 $39.9 billion
2010 $61 billion
Remote Gaming
Source: CRS report 2011: Hearings 2011
21
Internet gambling study: the most
involved bettors played every fi...
Gambling in Macau 2013
22
Concerns for US:
Money laundering
Source: Congressional Research Digital Collection
CRS report
M...
Games of Chance…
Evil
Relaxing and joyous
Revenue-raising
Serious endeavor
Illegal
Legal
Fascinating
Thrilling
Addictive
C...
Games of Chance in British and American History. By Catherine Johnson
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Games of Chance in British and American History. By Catherine Johnson

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Gambling and games of chance in US Federal government documents and British government documents.

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Games of Chance in British and American History. By Catherine Johnson

  1. 1. GAMES OF CHANCE IN BRITISH AND AMERICAN HISTORY Catherine Johnson ALA June 2014
  2. 2. Games of Chance in British and American History Sources: • U.S. Serial Set • CRS Reports • Congressional Hearings • Executive Branch Documents • Colonial State Papers • House of Commons Parliamentary Papers 7/2/2014 3
  3. 3. Native American Gambling Traditions 7/2/2014 4Sources: U.S. Serial Set Reports, 1852, 1903, 1905 Fascination, Intensity of Interest, Addiction
  4. 4. 7/2/2014 5 Native American Gambling Games: Implements and Songs Sources: U.S. Serial Set reports 1902, 1941 Beautiful objects, unexpected rhythm
  5. 5. British and Colonial Gambling Laws 7/2/2014Sources: Colonial State Papers 1677, 1728; House of Commons Parliamentary Papers 1711 “Laws of the Massachusetts Colony That Are Repugnant and Contrary to the Laws of England” 1677 Virginia restrictions on gambling 1728 British efforts to restrict gambling 1711 Remedies for Evil
  6. 6. Stock-jobbing and Scrippomony 7/2/2014 7 Sources: Parliamentary Papers 1734; Executive Branch Documents 1853 Thomas Jefferson Speculation in stocks…worse than public gambling 1734 Speculation in bank scrip…the spirit of gaming is incurable 1791
  7. 7. Sources: U.S. Serial Set 1844, 1858 8 The Cantonese: Unemployed—Vagrants, Gamblers, “Bad Men” Gambling in China—The Opium War Period Gambling Houses— ”Prohibited by Law”
  8. 8. British Licensing of Gambling in Hong Kong--1867 “The government has no right to countenance and sanction vice” Source: Parliamentary Papers 1868-69 9 “Larceny among servants is 75% less than it had been before licenses were issued”
  9. 9. Gambling in the Army 10 British Army Courts-Martial for Gambling 1889 “The vice of gambling prevails to a very considerable extent in our Army…” 1898 Protecting “the boys” World War IISources: Parliamentary Papers 1892; U.S. Serial Set 1898; Hearings 1961
  10. 10. State Lotteries 11 State lotteries… Their power for evil increasing 1891 Source: U.S. Serial Set, 1891; Hearings 1984 “A moral question” 1984
  11. 11. Legal Gambling in the U.S.: Demise and Comeback Source: CRS report 2011 12 1911 “Moribund” 2011: Some form of gambling legal and regulated in all but two States
  12. 12. “Vice, Gambling, and Booze” Source: U.S. Serial Set 1931 13 Rubbing elbows with the underworld 1931
  13. 13. Gambling… a cohesive influence Source: U.S. Serial Set 14 Gathering for The Sun Dance 1950
  14. 14. Gambling and Organized Crime 1950 Source: U.S. Serial Set 1950 15 Gangster Operations
  15. 15. Promotional Games of Chance 1968 Investigates alleged misuse of games of chance as a marketing strategy, the impact on retail oil dealers, small business competitors, and consumers Source: Hearings1968 16
  16. 16. Punters Passing the Time 1978 Source: Parliamentary Papers 1978 17 Betting offices…open, but bleak and depressing—a “characteristic British compromise”
  17. 17. Indian Gaming Regulatory Act 1988 Source: CRS reports 1988, 2011, 2014 18 Federal Standards for Indian Gaming
  18. 18. Participation TV Gambling 2007 Source: Parliamentary Papers 2007 19 Call TV Quiz Shows “A Rip-Off”
  19. 19. U.S. Gaming Revenue 2010 Source: Hearings 2011 20 1976 $3 billion 1994 $39.9 billion 2010 $61 billion
  20. 20. Remote Gaming Source: CRS report 2011: Hearings 2011 21 Internet gambling study: the most involved bettors played every fifth day, placing a median of 188 bets
  21. 21. Gambling in Macau 2013 22 Concerns for US: Money laundering Source: Congressional Research Digital Collection CRS report Macau has 6 gaming licenses, 3 of which are subsidiaries of Nevada gaming companies
  22. 22. Games of Chance… Evil Relaxing and joyous Revenue-raising Serious endeavor Illegal Legal Fascinating Thrilling Addictive Criminal enterprise Good for business ???? 7/2/2014 23
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