A walkthrough of the LEOP giving a basic overview of it’s structure and content.
Basic structure of the LEOP
Contents of the forward section
This is an overview of the county’s demographics, governmental structure and response functions. The 12 operational functions are broadly addressed. The annexes add more detail. Functional Responsibility Charts identify entities with primary and secondary responsibilities across functions.
In day-to-day emergencies, the first responders assume direction and control of the incident. During a disaster (typically more than one operational period) tactical operations are handled by the Incident Commander.Resource coordination and strategic long range planning are managed within the Emergency Operations Center (EOC). Communication and Coordination between Incident Command and the EOC are essential.
Attachments 1 and 2 are contact lists of all people/organizations with responsibilities as part of the EOC staff during an emergency response.An Incident Status Report and Sample Disaster Declaration are essential documents found in Attachments 3 and 4. At the onset of what could be a major disaster, an ISR is submitted to NEMA. Additional ISR’s can be submitted as the situation changes. When it is apparent that local resources are depleted and additional resources are needed, a local disaster declaration is signed and sent to NEMA. The ISR and local disaster declaration are used in determining needs for a state disaster declaration to release state assets and recommending a request by the governor for a presidential disaster declaration.
Annex B identifies how warnings and communication are transmitted and received and to whom. Who can talk to whom and how.
Attachments provide further information describing warning and communications systems and their capabilities.
After immediate life safety issues are addressed, the extent of damage needs to be determined so additional help and resources may be obtained. Based on the information that’s gathered, an Incident Status Report (ISR) is completed and sent to NEMA. The information will affect decisions regarding issues like debris management and Public or Individual Assistance.Public Assistance = Public Infrastructure (Roads, bridges, water systems etc.)Individual Assistance = Private citizens
Policy decisions about debris removal, separation, collection and disposal should be made in advance by elected officials.
Procedures for timely dissemination of accurate and consistent public information need to be established.People need to know what’s happening, who’s affected and what to do.Most of all, they need to be reassured that they are being told the truth by those in authority.Attachment 1 lists media outlets (radio, tv, newspaper etc…)
Evacuation is nothing more than the relocation of people to a safe place. However, it can take a lot of coordination.Considerations include: people with access and functional needs, livestock, pets and animals. Where do they go? How do they get there? For how long? How will they will be notified to return?Evacuation actions specific to floods and dam failure.
The primary responsibilities of fire services are the prevention and suppression of fires, providing rescue services and responding to hazardous material incidents.Attachment 1 identifies specific personnel, equipment and special teams that are within the county.
This appendix identifies actions required to minimize damage to human health, the environment and property caused by a spill or release of hazardous materials, including a radioactive materials.
Attachment 1 includes a list of facilities with extremely hazardous materials or community right-to-know materials and vulnerable areas near each facility.Attachments 2 and 3 have a Hazardous Material Incident Report Form and the emergency notifications process and roster.
This annex defines the roles and responsibilities related to medical, public health, behavioral health, the Medical Reserve Corps and social services.Each operation is described separately, but close coordination is required to fulfill the overall responsibility of minimizing the affect of adverse factors to protect the health of citizens during and after an emergency or disaster.
Attachment 1 lists fixed facilities i.e. hospitals, assisted living, clinics etc... Attachment 2 lists first responder emergency medical services and their capabilities (fire & EMS).Attachment 3 addresses the Medical Reserve Corps and activation of Emergency System for Advance Registration of Volunteer Health Professionals. Attachment 4 is a map of the MRC regions across the state.
Provides guidance for conducting mass vaccination or prophylaxis of the population during an incident or outbreak (tetanus, pandemic flu).
The purpose of Appendix 2 and it’s attachments is to provide coordinated measures and actions related to an agricultural emergency to detect, control and eliminate diseases, infestations, contamination and contagions to animals, plants and food as rapidly as possible.
This annex assigns responsibilities and provides guidance for coordination between law enforcement agencies to ensure the safety of all citizens, to maintain law and order, protect public property, and provide protection for essential industries, supplies and facilities.
The purpose of this annex is to provide guidelines for assessing threats and reducing a community’s vulnerability to terrorism.Having a plan will not always stop terrorism like this, but should it occur, less time is wasted in determining who’s in charge allowing more time to be spent responding to the event.
Annex I addresses the immediate and temporary care of displaced persons including those with access and functional needs. It also addresses the care, sheltering and essential needs of household animals.
Attachments to Annex I provide a list of facilities designated for mass care and forms that can be copied and used for registration of evacuees and household animals acceptable in shelters.Usage agreements (MOUs) are encouraged.
The purpose of Annex J is to outline procedures necessary for the protective sheltering of citizens and transients if severe weather or other hazardous events threaten or occur.Tornadoes, winter storms and prolonged heat are the typical events that may require protective shelter.Attachment 1 identifies specific shelter locations.
Annex K provides plans and procedures for restoring public services essential for basic human needs.Debris removal and restoration of public access are examples of activities addressed in this annex.
This annex provides guidelines for the procurement, storage, control, allocation and accounting of materials, labor, equipment and contracted services (documenting expenses).Attachments 1 and 2 identify transportation and equipment resources available to the county.
This appendix provides guidance and direction for the effective, safe and efficient use of volunteers during a disaster.The primary role of the volunteer coordinator is the coordination of disaster work requirements with the available volunteer assets.
Attachment 1 outlines the citizen corps program and associated volunteer programs that may provide resources during a disaster.Attachment 2 contains a variety of forms that can be used as job aids in volunteer coordination.
ANNEX A: Direction & Control• Centralized and CoordinatedManagement• Support of Emergency Response
Attachment 1County Elected Officials & Staff Attachment 2City/Village Elected Officials & Staff Attachment 3Incident Status Report Attachment 4Sample Disaster Declaration City & Village TabsANNEX A
ANNEX B: Communications &Warning Information & Guidance Available Systems Interoperability