Appendix for USHMM

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Appendix for USHMM

  1. 1. EXPANDED FINDINGS
  2. 2. METHODOLOGYBetween June 30th - July 10th, PSB conducted 1,000 telephone interviewsamong U.S. General Population Audience Sample Size Margin of Error All - U.S. General Population 1,000 +/- 3.10% Young – 18 to 34 226 +/- 6.52% Age Middle – 35 to 54 389 +/- 4.97% Older – 55+ 385 +/- 4.99% Male 474 +/- 4.50% Gender Female 526 +/- 4.27% Northeast 180 +/- 7.30% Midwest 204 +/- 6.86% Region South 390 +/- 4.96% West 226 +/- 6.52% Non-college graduates 539 +/- 4.22% Education College graduates 441 +/- 4.67% Democrat 385 +/- 4.99% Party Independent 260 +/- 6.08% Republican 219 +/-6.62% 2
  3. 3. METHODOLOGYThis poll is based on telephone interviews conducted from June 30th through July 10th with 1,000 U.S general population (age 18+). The margin of error for this poll was 3.1%. Below is a description of PSB’s sampling approach:PSB’s sampling approach utilizes industry best-practices – reaching a high-quality, random, and demographically-representative sample of the U.S. general population, acquired by contacting both landline and cellphone telephone numbers.The landline telephone sample for this poll was selected using the Genesys system, which produces random digit dialing (RDD) numbers. This system uses various geographic and demographic criteria* to determine area codes and exchanges, and then randomizes the final 4 digits to form a complete telephone number. This process ensures that both listed and unlisted numbers are included in the sample.To enhance coverage and to account for the growing number of cellphone-only households, the landline telephone sample was supplemented with cellular phone numbers, reached through the random dialing of cellphone numbers – allowing for a proper ratio of landline-only, cellphone- only and dual phone users For this poll, 75% of the interviews were conducted by landline and 25% were conducted by cell phone.All numbers were checked against known inaccurate or business numbers to improve accuracy.*Note that the geographic or demographic criteria utilized by this system were based on U.S. Census data and PRIZM cluster categorization, updated quarterly along with geographic exchange information. 3
  4. 4. GENOCIDE AND SYRIA ARE NOT TOPCONCERNSIn your opinion, what are the2-3 most important U.S. foreign Non- Coll.-policy, global issues today? All Young Mid. Older Male Fem. NE MW S W Coll. Educ. Dem. Ind. Rep.MULTIPLE RESPONSES PERMITTED(UP TO 3)War in Afghanistan 24 23 21 27 19 28 22 27 23 23 25 22 27 25 19European economy 23 20 24 23 28 18 29 26 19 21 17 29 23 25 21Human rights 22 25 21 22 18 26 18 23 22 26 24 20 28 25 10Counterterrorism 19 16 18 21 19 19 17 21 19 17 19 18 16 18 26Middle East 19 17 22 16 21 17 17 17 21 19 14 24 15 18 27China 19 20 22 16 24 15 16 18 22 18 17 22 17 21 22Iran 16 18 15 17 22 11 16 15 16 19 15 18 12 17 25Nuclear arms control 16 18 18 14 15 17 19 12 16 18 18 15 19 15 11Prevention of mass atrocities and 13 14 14 12 9 17 17 13 11 14 14 12 14 14 11genocideFree trade 11 9 13 10 12 10 13 18 9 7 10 12 10 10 11Syrian uprising 10 8 8 12 9 10 9 11 7 12 9 11 12 8 11North Korea 10 9 13 7 10 9 8 9 9 12 10 10 10 11 10Russia 4 3 4 5 5 4 3 3 5 4 5 3 3 5 7Other foreign policy issues 8 7 7 11 9 8 11 3 11 7 7 10 8 8 7 4
  5. 5. DEATH, MASS-KILLING, MURDER AND THEHOLOCAUST ARE TOP OF MINDASSOCIATIONS WITH GENOCIDE TOP OF MIND ASSOCIATIONWhat’s the first word that comes to mind when thinking of genocide? Showing All – No words excluded Under 35 Over 55 5
  6. 6. NEARLY 1 IN 2 ARE ABLE TOCORRECTLY DEFINE GENOCIDEWhich of the following best Non- Coll.- All Young Mid. Older Male Fem. NE MW S W Dem. Ind. Rep.describes genocide? Coll. Educ.Destruction of a racial, ethnic, 46 55 48 39 48 44 42 46 44 53 40 55 45 50 43religious or national groupMass killing of civilians 33 27 32 37 35 31 38 29 34 29 35 30 33 30 37Widespread human rights abuses 8 5 7 11 5 11 7 9 8 8 8 7 7 8 10Large scale war crimes 5 7 6 4 7 4 6 6 6 4 7 4 6 5 4Other 5 3 5 5 3 6 6 7 4 3 5 3 5 4 2 6
  7. 7. RELIGIOUS AND ETHNIC GROUPS SEEN ASMOST LIKELY VICTIMS OF GENOCIDEWhich of the following kinds ofgroups are most likely to be victims Non- Coll.-of genocide or mass atrocities in All Young Mid. Older Male Fem. NE MW S W Coll. Educ. Dem. Ind. Rep.any part of the world? MULTIPLERESPONSES PERMITTED (UP TO 3)Religious groups 59 60 61 57 62 57 56 56 62 58 57 62 55 58 68Ethnic groups 53 50 54 53 54 52 56 56 47 57 45 62 52 58 58Racial groups 45 48 46 41 41 48 47 45 44 43 44 46 49 42 43Political groups 23 19 21 27 24 22 18 21 26 22 23 22 24 20 24Gay/homosexual groups 21 27 19 20 16 26 19 20 23 22 26 15 26 22 12Economic classes 19 17 23 17 19 20 21 24 16 20 20 18 18 21 16Physically or mentally disabled 11 10 11 11 7 14 9 12 9 12 12 9 12 9 7groups 7
  8. 8. MAJORITY CONCERNED ABOUT GENOCIDEBECAUSE OF MORAL PRINCIPLES ANDSYMPATHY FOR VICTIMSWhen you hear aboutgenocide or mass atrocities, Non- Coll.- All Young Mid. Older Male Fem. NE MW S W Dem. Ind. Rep.how much does it concern Coll. Educ.you personally?TOTAL CONCERNED 86 83 86 88 86 87 87 87 84 89 85 89 90 85 86TOTAL NOT CONCERNED 13 15 13 11 14 12 12 13 14 10 13 10 9 14 13Don’t know 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 0 2 1 2 0 1 0 1[If Concerned] Which of thefollowing are reasons whyyou become concerned Non- Coll.- All Young Mid. Older Male Fem. NE MW S W Dem. Ind. Rep.when you hear about N=862 N=187 N=335 N=340 N=405 N=457 N=157 N=178 N=327 N=200 Coll. Educ. N=345 N=221 N=188genocide or mass atrocities? N=456 N=393MULTIPLE RESPONSESPERMITTEDMoral principles 75 75 78 73 76 75 75 74 75 78 71 81 72 80 75Sympathy for victims 70 67 72 69 65 74 72 76 67 68 70 70 68 75 66Risk of conflict spreading 50 51 52 48 47 53 52 44 49 56 54 46 48 56 45National security 39 39 37 40 35 41 34 36 43 36 45 32 39 40 40Victims are of the sameethnicity, background, or 37 40 35 37 34 40 34 35 40 36 43 31 40 33 35religion as meEconomic implications 33 29 33 36 30 37 29 35 34 34 37 30 35 31 32 8
  9. 9. MAJORITY FAMILIAR WITH 7 OF 8 GENOCIDES – ARMENIA THE EXCEPTIONHow familiar are you with the Non- Coll.-following cases of mass atrocities? All Young Mid. Older Male Fem. NE MW S W Coll. Educ. Dem. Ind. Rep.Showing Total FamiliarHolocaust (1933-1945) 91 91 92 90 93 91 90 95 91 91 89 95 88 96 95Syria (2011 – Present) 73 61 75 80 78 69 73 72 72 76 69 79 74 75 75Rwanda (1994) 70 63 75 70 73 68 73 74 67 71 62 80 71 73 69Bosnia (1995) 69 48 78 74 76 63 73 73 66 69 62 79 64 77 72Libya (2011) 67 59 66 74 74 61 68 65 66 71 63 73 68 70 69Darfur, Sudan (2003-2010) 65 58 67 68 67 64 67 70 63 65 58 74 67 69 63Cambodia (1975-1979) 62 42 59 77 64 60 63 65 61 60 56 68 62 69 58Armenia (1915-1923) 29 25 28 33 35 25 33 27 25 36 23 36 31 30 27 9
  10. 10. INTERNATIONAL BODIES SEEN AS MOST RESPONSIBLE FOR PREVENTING OR STOPPING GENOCIDEWhen there is a risk of genocide ormass atrocities, who do you think is Non- Coll.- All Young Mid. Older Male Fem. NE MW S W Dem. Ind. Rep.most responsible for preventing or Coll. Educ.stopping them?International bodies (e.g. UnitedNations, NATO, EU, African Union, 43 33 44 46 42 43 49 37 42 44 40 45 49 46 33etc)Countries directly involved in the 31 35 34 25 31 31 30 38 31 25 30 32 27 34 35conflictNeighboring countries to where the 10 12 7 11 10 9 6 9 11 11 11 9 10 9 11conflict is taking placeUnited States 8 11 5 8 8 7 5 6 8 10 8 7 7 4 11Non-governmental organizations 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1(e.g. Red Cross, Oxfam) 10
  11. 11. ONLY 1 IN 5 ARE FAMILIAR WITH“RESPONSIBILITY TO PROTECT”Are you familiar with the Non- Coll.-“Responsibility to All Young Mid. Older Male Fem. NE MW S W Coll. Educ. Dem. Ind. Rep.Protect” initiative?Yes 21 21 18 23 23 18 24 15 20 24 23 18 23 20 20No 77 79 79 73 73 80 73 84 78 72 74 79 75 78 76Don’t know 2 0 3 4 3 2 3 1 2 4 2 3 2 2 4Given this statement, howeffective do you think theinternational community is Non- Coll.- All Young Mid. Older Male Fem. NE MW S W Dem. Ind. Rep.at protecting civilians from Coll. Educ.genocide or massatrocities?TOTAL EFFECTIVE 43 59 39 39 40 46 45 40 47 39 47 39 52 38 33TOTAL NOT EFFECTIVE 55 39 58 60 58 51 53 60 51 57 49 60 46 62 65Don’t know 2 3 3 2 2 3 2 0 3 4 3 1 2 1 2 11
  12. 12. 1 IN 3 SAY MILITARY INTERVENTION WOULD BE EFFECTIVE IN STOPPING GENOCIDE 1 in 3 also say education would be effective in preventing genocideIn your opinion, what methods orefforts would be most effective inpreventing and/or stopping Non- Coll.- All Young Mid. Older Male Fem. NE MW S W Dem. Ind. Rep.genocide or mass atrocities? Coll. Educ.MULTIPLE RESPONSES PERMITTED(UP TO 2)Military intervention 33 32 40 28 40 28 30 34 35 32 33 34 31 33 41Education of populace in tolerance 31 42 29 28 24 38 33 32 30 32 31 32 30 35 28Arresting perpetrators 30 26 36 28 31 30 35 32 30 25 33 27 27 30 34Diplomatic negotiations 21 18 19 24 17 25 21 20 21 21 22 20 25 22 19Economic sanctions 21 18 20 25 25 18 21 20 21 24 18 26 22 20 23Humanitarian relief 14 14 12 15 9 18 14 15 11 17 12 15 16 12 12Development assistance 11 15 9 10 10 11 13 13 8 12 9 12 13 11 8None of the above 3 2 2 4 3 3 1 2 5 2 3 2 3 3 1 12
  13. 13. 2 IN 3 FEEL GENOCIDE IS PREVENTABLEAND EDUCATION CAN HELPDo you think that genocide is Non- Coll.- All Young Mid. Older Male Fem. NE MW S W Dem. Ind. Rep.preventable? Coll. Educ.Yes 66 69 69 63 68 65 63 64 65 73 68 65 74 62 61No 29 27 29 29 30 28 32 32 30 21 27 30 21 33 34Don’t know 5 4 2 8 2 7 5 3 5 6 4 5 4 5 5 13
  14. 14. 25% SAY THE U.S. SHOULD ENGAGE IF A GOVERNMENT ITSELF IS RESPONSIBLE FOR CIVILIAN DEATHSThinking generally about various Non- Coll.-acts against civilians, when should All Young Mid. Older Male Fem. NE MW S W Coll. Educ. Dem. Ind. Rep.the U.S. engage in conflict?When there are large scale human 28 31 29 26 26 30 27 29 28 29 26 32 31 27 26rights abusesWhen a government itself is 25 25 26 25 27 23 23 27 26 23 28 22 25 25 26responsible for mass civilians deathsWhen there are large numbers of 16 18 17 12 14 17 16 17 14 17 17 14 16 15 16members of a group killedWhen there is a reasonable chance 11 11 8 13 10 11 13 10 11 9 11 11 10 10 12of successOther 16 13 16 16 18 13 18 13 17 14 14 17 14 17 14 14
  15. 15. MAJORITY SAYS THE U.S. SHOULDPREVENT OR STOP MASS ATROCITIES INOTHER PARTS OF THE WORLDDo you think the U.S. shouldprevent or stop genocide or mass Non- Coll.- All Young Mid. Older Male Fem. NE MW S W Dem. Ind. Rep.atrocities from occurring in Coll. Educ.another part of the world?Yes 69 73 71 64 73 65 71 71 65 72 69 69 72 67 67No 25 21 24 28 21 28 24 21 28 23 25 24 23 27 23Don’t know 6 6 5 8 6 7 6 9 6 5 6 7 5 7 10 15
  16. 16. AMERICANS ARE UNCERTAIN IN WHICH CASES U.S. SHOULD ABSOLUTELY ENGAGEAre there any cases in which theU.S. should absolutely engage in Non- Coll.- All Young Mid. Older Male Fem. NE MW S W Dem. Ind. Rep.the various ways mentioned earlier Coll. Educ.in the survey?Mass killings 14 18 13 11 12 15 11 17 14 12 15 12 12 12 18Genocide 11 13 13 8 14 8 13 9 11 10 8 15 12 12 10Crimes against humanity 11 9 10 13 9 12 13 10 10 12 11 11 12 14 6Severe and widespread human 10 9 11 10 9 11 9 9 11 10 10 10 13 8 7rights abusesMass atrocities 9 9 10 9 10 9 9 10 8 10 9 9 10 10 10Ethnic cleansing 7 5 9 6 8 6 7 9 8 5 6 8 5 9 9Dictatorship 6 6 5 6 6 5 3 7 5 7 8 3 7 4 5War Crimes 4 4 4 3 4 4 4 4 4 3 4 3 4 3 5Other 16 12 15 18 16 16 17 15 16 16 17 15 14 17 16None of the above 7 9 5 9 7 7 7 4 8 8 7 7 6 7 7 16
  17. 17. OVER 3 IN 4 SUPPORT U.S. TAKINGMILITARY ACTION TO STOP GENOCIDESOf those who support, less than a third would reconsider if U.S.soldiers died in military actionDo you support or oppose the U.S. Non- Coll.-taking military action to stop All Young Mid. Older Male Fem. NE MW S W Coll. Educ. Dem. Ind. Rep.genocide or mass atrocities?TOTAL SUPPORT 78 79 80 76 80 76 70 81 79 80 80 77 77 75 85TOTAL OPPOSE 18 19 17 20 17 20 26 17 17 17 18 20 20 21 12Don’t know 4 3 3 5 4 4 4 2 4 4 3 4 3 4 4[If support] Would your answer Non- Coll.-change if you knew that at least All Young Mid. Older Male Fem. NE MW S W Dem. Ind. Rep. Coll. Educ.100 U.S. soldiers would die in N=776 N=178 N=309 N=289 N=375 N=401 N=125 N=164 N=307 N=180 N=299 N=196 N=185 N=428 N=336military action?Yes 31 31 30 34 26 36 30 31 32 31 34 28 32 35 24No 62 62 65 58 67 56 60 61 62 63 59 65 62 58 69Don’t know 7 7 5 9 6 7 10 8 6 6 7 6 7 7 6 17
  18. 18. MORE THAN HALF SAY A MULTILATERAL APPROACH IS THE MOST EFFECTIVE MILITARY STRATEGY IN STOPPING GENOCIDEIn your opinion, which militarystrategies are most effective in Non- Coll.- All Young Mid. Older Male Fem. NE MW S W Dem. Ind. Rep.stopping genocide or mass Coll. Educ.atrocities?Multilateral action – U.S. andseveral other countries combining 53 56 53 51 51 54 53 54 53 50 52 54 51 50 58effortsMilitary action facilitated entirely byinternational bodies like the United 27 26 28 27 27 27 27 28 25 30 25 30 31 31 20NationsUnilateral action – U.S. takingcharge alone, even if it is not 10 10 10 10 14 6 8 8 12 10 11 9 8 11 13supported by international bodieslike the United NationsNone of the above 5 4 5 7 4 6 6 4 6 5 6 4 5 5 4Other 3 2 3 3 3 2 4 3 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 18
  19. 19. OVER HALF ARE CONVINCED THAT U.S.SHOULD HAVE OR SHOULD TAKE ACTIONIN SPECIFIC INTERNATIONAL CONFLICTSThinking about past and morerecent international conflicts,how convinced are you that the Non- Coll.- All Young Mid. Older Male Fem. NE MW S W Dem. Ind. Rep.U.S. should have taken military Coll. Educ.action in the following cases?Showing ConvincedBosnia (1995) 63 51 70 65 71 57 61 65 63 64 58 69 62 67 63Rwanda (1994) 62 64 68 56 66 59 61 68 60 63 59 67 64 63 62Darfur, Sudan (2003-2010) 60 64 62 55 63 57 58 65 58 60 61 59 59 63 62Libya (2011) 59 64 58 59 61 58 58 62 57 63 59 60 64 56 60Syria (2011 – Present) 55 56 59 52 57 54 54 55 54 61 59 52 57 53 58 19
  20. 20. THERE IS SUPPORT FOR U.S. ACTIONS IN SYRIAWhich of the following actions bythe U.S. government would you Non- Coll.- All Young Mid. Older Male Fem. NE MW S W Dem. Ind. Rep.support to stop atrocities in Syria? Coll. Educ.MULTIPLE RESPONSES PERMITTEDHelping refugees to flee the violence 63 61 65 61 62 63 62 64 62 64 62 64 64 65 58Freezing trade except for food and 59 51 64 59 59 60 57 57 59 63 55 65 59 60 62medicine for the victimsSending U.S. ground forces but only 55 49 60 54 52 59 52 59 53 59 55 57 59 60 52as part of an international forceAir strikes on government and 44 39 50 41 50 39 37 49 45 43 47 41 37 48 51military targetsSending U.S. ground forces to 38 48 38 32 36 40 34 35 40 40 46 29 42 38 33protect civiliansProviding arms for rebels to defend 32 26 33 35 35 29 34 31 28 40 31 34 33 34 29themselvesNo action 6 6 6 7 7 6 7 5 7 6 6 7 4 7 8 20
  21. 21. THERE IS SUPPORT FOR U.S. ACTIONS IN SUDANWhich of the following actions bythe U.S. government would you Non- Coll.- All Young Mid. Old. Male Fem. NE MW S W Dem. Ind. Rep.support to stop atrocities in Sudan? Coll. Educ.MULTIPLE RESPONSES PERMITTEDHelping refugees to flee the violence 61 58 64 59 60 62 57 65 60 62 59 64 62 64 58Freezing trade except for food and 57 49 62 57 57 57 52 57 57 61 55 61 57 59 57medicine for the victimsSending U.S. ground forces but only 56 48 63 54 55 57 56 59 54 57 55 59 58 62 54as part of an international forceAir strikes on government and 40 33 48 36 47 34 34 46 39 41 41 39 36 43 45military targetsSending U.S. ground forces to 38 49 38 30 35 40 35 35 38 41 43 32 38 37 37protect civiliansProviding arms for rebels to defend 27 19 30 29 30 25 29 28 23 32 27 28 26 30 26themselvesNo action 6 6 6 8 7 6 6 5 8 5 6 7 4 8 5 21
  22. 22. POWER AND POLITICS ARE CONSIDERED MOST SIGNIFICANT CAUSE OF GENOCIDEIn your opinion, what causes Non- Coll.- All Young Mid. Older Male Fem. NE MW S W Dem. Ind. Rep.genocide? MULTIPLE RESPONSES N=684 N=171 N=282 N=231 N=338 N=346 N=135 N=146 N=275 N=128 Coll. Educ. N=259 N=176 N=148PERMITTED N=365 N=308Power and politics 52 54 55 47 55 50 48 55 51 55 51 54 52 52 52Ignorance 50 51 50 49 44 55 53 48 51 48 51 49 51 51 43Religious and/or ethnic differences 45 39 47 46 44 45 39 51 43 48 48 41 44 43 49Intolerance 36 37 39 31 33 39 39 42 31 35 33 40 36 39 36Other 12 12 11 11 10 13 13 14 9 11 10 13 12 9 13 22
  23. 23. GENOCIDE IS A CURRENT CONCERN AND IS SEEN AS MORE LIKELY IN TOUGH ECONOMIC TIMESWhich of the following is closer to Non- Coll.- All Young Mid. Older Male Fem. NE MW S W Dem. Ind. Rep.your view? Coll. Educ.Genocide is still very much a concern 94 93 95 94 94 94 94 96 94 93 92 97 94 95 94and could occur todayGenocide is a thing of the past; it is 4 5 4 4 5 4 4 2 5 6 6 2 5 4 4unlikely to happen in current timesDont know 2 1 1 2 1 2 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 Non- Coll.-Which of the following is closer to All Young Mid. Older Male Fem. NE MW S W Dem. Ind. Rep. Coll. Educ.your view? N=522 N=129 N=233 N=160 N=263 N=259 N=98 N=131 N=233 N=60 N=190 N=140 N=118 N=285 N=229Genocides are more likely to occur 57 64 57 50 56 58 59 58 55 57 54 61 61 63 47during tough economic timesGenocides are equally likely to occurduring tough economic times and 38 32 38 43 38 37 32 38 40 38 40 34 34 34 47when the economy is doing wellDon’t know 6 5 5 7 6 5 9 4 5 5 6 5 5 4 6 23
  24. 24. WE HAVE A MORAL OBLIGATION TO STOP AND PREVENTWhich of the following is closer to Non- Coll.- All Young Mid. Older Male Fem. NE MW S W Dem. Ind. Rep.your view? Coll. Educ.Nations have a moral obligation toprevent and take action during large-scale atrocities, even if this means 73 72 77 70 78 69 69 82 70 75 71 78 74 78 74violating a country’s nationalsovereigntyThe international community shouldrespect a country’s nationalsovereignty at all times and not 22 24 19 25 18 26 27 17 25 19 24 19 22 20 21intervene, even during large-scaleatrocitiesDon’t know 4 4 4 5 4 5 4 1 5 6 5 3 4 3 5Which of the following is closer to your Non- Coll.- All Young Mid. Older Male Fem. NE MW S W Dem. Ind. Rep.view? Coll. Educ.Genocide occurs mainly becausepolitical or military leaders order or 63 58 69 60 65 61 59 69 59 67 57 71 64 64 63encourage people to killGenocide occurs mainly becauseordinary people from different groups 31 37 26 33 29 33 34 26 35 27 37 25 31 32 29hate each other so much that theydecide to kill each otherDon’t know 6 5 5 6 6 6 7 5 5 6 6 4 5 3 7 24
  25. 25. MAJORITY BELIEVES IT IS IN U.S.’ NATIONAL SECURITYINTEREST TO PREVENT OR RESPOND IN THE EVENTOF GENOCIDE OR MASS ATROCITIESDo you think it is in the U.S.’national security interest to Non- Coll.- All Young Mid. Older Male Fem. NE MW S W Dem. Ind. Rep.prevent or respond in the event Coll. Educ.of genocide or mass atrocity?Yes 71 77 70 69 68 75 66 78 69 74 77 65 74 64 76No 23 18 25 24 27 19 27 17 26 20 18 29 21 32 18Don’t know 6 5 5 6 5 7 7 5 5 6 5 6 5 5 6 25
  26. 26. 76% BELIEVE EDUCATION CAN HELPPREVENT FUTURE ATROCITIESDo you think that education Non- Coll.-about the history of genocide can All Young Mid. Older Male Fem. NE MW S W Coll. Educ. Dem. Ind. Rep.help prevent future atrocities?Yes 76 83 76 72 73 79 75 76 76 77 78 75 84 73 70No 21 15 22 24 26 17 22 22 21 19 19 22 14 23 27Don’t know 3 2 2 4 2 4 3 2 3 4 3 3 2 3 3 26
  27. 27. MAJORITY SAYS THE PRESIDENT NEEDSCONGRESSIONAL APPROVAL TO TAKE MILITARYACTION IN THE EVENT OF GENOCIDEDo you think the President of theUnited States needs Congress’s Non- Coll.- All Young Mid. Older Male Fem. NE MW S W Dem. Ind. Rep.approval to take military action N=765 N=180 N=311 N=265 N=372 N=384 N=146 N=165 N=290 N=155 Coll. Educ. N=334 N=284 N=197in the event of genocide or mass N=408 N=334atrocities?Yes 69 73 69 64 71 66 65 72 70 65 65 73 56 76 82No 28 24 28 31 26 30 29 27 27 30 31 25 40 22 17Don’t know 3 2 3 5 3 4 6 1 3 5 4 2 4 3 1 27
  28. 28. MAJORITY IS UNCERTAIN IF ICC ISEFFECTIVEBased on what you knowabout the ICC, do you Non- Coll.-think that having a court All Young Mid. Older Male Fem. NE MW S W Coll. Educ. Dem. Ind. Rep.like the ICC is effective atpreventing genocide?Yes 34 46 30 33 37 33 36 32 36 33 37 32 41 31 29No 50 44 54 49 53 48 47 56 48 50 47 54 44 54 56Don’t know 16 10 16 18 11 20 17 11 16 17 16 14 14 15 15 28

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