Young people in BiH: voluntarism, pro-social values and employability
Research <ul><li>Part of an ongoing project conducted by proMENTE social research for SEEYN. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Field r...
Sample <ul><li>975 complete telephone interviews with young people 16-30 </li></ul><ul><li>In July and September 2006 </li...
Sample: ethnic area
Sample: sex
Sample: age
Sample: education
Sample: employment <ul><li>Nearly 70% have no employment </li></ul>
Employment by sex and age <ul><li>Females have less work </li></ul><ul><li>About 3/4 of the 19-24 age group do no paid wor...
How many young people volunteer? <ul><li>About 86% have never volunteered </li></ul><ul><li>Around 14% have volunteered – ...
Which young people volunteer? <ul><li>More males than females say they are or have been volunteers </li></ul><ul><li>Nearl...
Where do young people volunteer? <ul><li>Not one person said they had volunteered outside BiH </li></ul><ul><li>Less than ...
Kinds of volunteering  <ul><li>Young people in BiH do many different kinds of volunteering </li></ul><ul><li>(there is lit...
Volunteering and work <ul><li>Almost no young people who have any paid work are volunteering now. But many of them have vo...
Reasons for not volunteering <ul><li>More than 30% say they have no time </li></ul><ul><li>About 10% say they do not know ...
Reasons for not volunteering <ul><li>Around one quarter of those who are at secondary school are “potential volunteers“ (s...
Who will volunteer next year? <ul><li>Young people think it is quite possible that they will volunteer in the next year </...
Who will volunteer next year? <ul><li>Secondary school pupils are the most interested in volunteering, especially in their...
Voluntarism, employability and pro-social values <ul><li>We asked about pro-social values and employability (the SEEYN obj...
Do volunteers have more pro-social values? <ul><li>All these differences are statistically highly significant (p<.000) eve...
Are volunteers more employable? <ul><li>Both these differences are statistically highly significant (p<.000) even when all...
Identity  <ul><li>We asked how important the following things are:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1)    Your ethnic group </li></u...
Summary <ul><li>Main findings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Very high youth unemployment: About 3/4 of the 19-24 age group do no p...
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Young people in BiH: voluntarism, pro-social values and employability

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  • Young people in BiH: voluntarism, pro-social values and employability

    1. 1. Young people in BiH: voluntarism, pro-social values and employability
    2. 2. Research <ul><li>Part of an ongoing project conducted by proMENTE social research for SEEYN. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Field research before and after 2006 workcamps across the region </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What kind of people volunteer at workcamps? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Do workcamps improve prosocial values and employability? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To be completed in a few weeks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A representative sample of young people in BiH (presented here) </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Sample <ul><li>975 complete telephone interviews with young people 16-30 </li></ul><ul><li>In July and September 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Representative for BiH (sex and region) </li></ul>
    4. 4. Sample: ethnic area
    5. 5. Sample: sex
    6. 6. Sample: age
    7. 7. Sample: education
    8. 8. Sample: employment <ul><li>Nearly 70% have no employment </li></ul>
    9. 9. Employment by sex and age <ul><li>Females have less work </li></ul><ul><li>About 3/4 of the 19-24 age group do no paid work at all </li></ul>
    10. 10. How many young people volunteer? <ul><li>About 86% have never volunteered </li></ul><ul><li>Around 14% have volunteered – a figure not very different from many other countries </li></ul>
    11. 11. Which young people volunteer? <ul><li>More males than females say they are or have been volunteers </li></ul><ul><li>Nearly one third of men 19-24 have volunteered or are volunteering now. </li></ul>
    12. 12. Where do young people volunteer? <ul><li>Not one person said they had volunteered outside BiH </li></ul><ul><li>Less than 1% had volunteered outside their home town </li></ul><ul><li>= Young people in BiH volunteer only in their own towns </li></ul>
    13. 13. Kinds of volunteering <ul><li>Young people in BiH do many different kinds of volunteering </li></ul><ul><li>(there is little difference between the sexes except that more males mention volunteering for academic purposes) </li></ul>
    14. 14. Volunteering and work <ul><li>Almost no young people who have any paid work are volunteering now. But many of them have volunteered before. </li></ul>
    15. 15. Reasons for not volunteering <ul><li>More than 30% say they have no time </li></ul><ul><li>About 10% say they do not know how to volunteer or have no opportunity </li></ul><ul><li>(Males more often say that they are not interested) </li></ul><ul><li>(Females more often say they have no time because of family) </li></ul>N = 363 who gave a reason No time
    16. 16. Reasons for not volunteering <ul><li>Around one quarter of those who are at secondary school are “potential volunteers“ (say they lack information or opportunites) </li></ul><ul><li>The better educated more often say they hadn’t thought about volunteering </li></ul>Potential? Potential? Potential? Potential?
    17. 17. Who will volunteer next year? <ul><li>Young people think it is quite possible that they will volunteer in the next year </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Especially if they have volunteered before </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many would be interested in volunteering outside their town or in another country </li></ul></ul>Disagree strongly / undecided / agree strongly
    18. 18. Who will volunteer next year? <ul><li>Secondary school pupils are the most interested in volunteering, especially in their home town </li></ul>Disagree strongly / undecided / agree strongly
    19. 19. Voluntarism, employability and pro-social values <ul><li>We asked about pro-social values and employability (the SEEYN objectives). Each is measured by a series of separate questions </li></ul><ul><li>Values – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Voluntarism (e.g. “Even volunteers can make a big difference in the world”) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tolerance (e.g. “I don't mind socializing with people I don’t agree with”) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social activism (e.g. “I would be glad to commit myself to helping to deal with specific social or environmental problems”) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Readiness to challenge others (e.g. “I am prepared to argue with anyone who is biased towards other groups of people”) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Employability – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge (e.g. “I have a good idea about how a manager or employer thinks”) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Confidence (e.g. “I am good at presenting myself to a future employer”) </li></ul></ul>
    20. 20. Do volunteers have more pro-social values? <ul><li>All these differences are statistically highly significant (p<.000) even when allowing for sex, education, employment and age </li></ul><ul><li>Amount of volunteering is a much better predictor of these pro-social values than any other variables (sex, age, education, employment) </li></ul>Strongly / disagree / neutral / agree / strongly
    21. 21. Are volunteers more employable? <ul><li>Both these differences are statistically highly significant (p<.000) even when allowing for sex, education, employment and age </li></ul><ul><li>Amount of volunteering is a much better predictor of employability than any other variables (sex, age, education, employment) </li></ul>Strongly / disagree / neutral / agree / strongly
    22. 22. Identity <ul><li>We asked how important the following things are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1)    Your ethnic group </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2)    The country of which you are a citizen (if different from above) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3)    Your family </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4)    Your group of friends </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5)    Your religion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6)    The European continent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>7)    The European Union </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Surprisingly, these are all strongly related to one another. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>So e.g. young people who identify strongly with their ethnic group also tend to identify with Europe. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>However they are NOT related to amount of volunteering </li></ul>
    23. 23. Summary <ul><li>Main findings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Very high youth unemployment: About 3/4 of the 19-24 age group do no paid work at all </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>About 86% have never volunteered </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The group doing most volunteering is young men aged 19-24 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Young people in BiH do many different kinds of voluntary work, nearly always near where they live </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>About 10-30% of young people who can be considered „potential volunteers“ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Volunteers are more employable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Volunteers have more pro-social values </li></ul></ul>

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