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Young people in BiH: voluntarism, pro-social values and employability
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Young people in BiH: voluntarism, pro-social values and employability

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Young people in BiH: voluntarism, pro-social values and employability Young people in BiH: voluntarism, pro-social values and employability Presentation Transcript

  • Young people in BiH: voluntarism, pro-social values and employability
  • Research
    • Part of an ongoing project conducted by proMENTE social research for SEEYN.
      • Field research before and after 2006 workcamps across the region
        • What kind of people volunteer at workcamps?
        • Do workcamps improve prosocial values and employability?
        • To be completed in a few weeks
      • A representative sample of young people in BiH (presented here)
  • Sample
    • 975 complete telephone interviews with young people 16-30
    • In July and September 2006
    • Representative for BiH (sex and region)
  • Sample: ethnic area
  • Sample: sex
  • Sample: age
  • Sample: education
  • Sample: employment
    • Nearly 70% have no employment
  • Employment by sex and age
    • Females have less work
    • About 3/4 of the 19-24 age group do no paid work at all
  • How many young people volunteer?
    • About 86% have never volunteered
    • Around 14% have volunteered – a figure not very different from many other countries
  • Which young people volunteer?
    • More males than females say they are or have been volunteers
    • Nearly one third of men 19-24 have volunteered or are volunteering now.
  • Where do young people volunteer?
    • Not one person said they had volunteered outside BiH
    • Less than 1% had volunteered outside their home town
    • = Young people in BiH volunteer only in their own towns
  • Kinds of volunteering
    • Young people in BiH do many different kinds of volunteering
    • (there is little difference between the sexes except that more males mention volunteering for academic purposes)
  • Volunteering and work
    • Almost no young people who have any paid work are volunteering now. But many of them have volunteered before.
  • Reasons for not volunteering
    • More than 30% say they have no time
    • About 10% say they do not know how to volunteer or have no opportunity
    • (Males more often say that they are not interested)
    • (Females more often say they have no time because of family)
    N = 363 who gave a reason No time
  • Reasons for not volunteering
    • Around one quarter of those who are at secondary school are “potential volunteers“ (say they lack information or opportunites)
    • The better educated more often say they hadn’t thought about volunteering
    Potential? Potential? Potential? Potential?
  • Who will volunteer next year?
    • Young people think it is quite possible that they will volunteer in the next year
      • Especially if they have volunteered before
      • Many would be interested in volunteering outside their town or in another country
    Disagree strongly / undecided / agree strongly
  • Who will volunteer next year?
    • Secondary school pupils are the most interested in volunteering, especially in their home town
    Disagree strongly / undecided / agree strongly
  • Voluntarism, employability and pro-social values
    • We asked about pro-social values and employability (the SEEYN objectives). Each is measured by a series of separate questions
    • Values –
      • Voluntarism (e.g. “Even volunteers can make a big difference in the world”)
      • Tolerance (e.g. “I don't mind socializing with people I don’t agree with”)
      • Social activism (e.g. “I would be glad to commit myself to helping to deal with specific social or environmental problems”)
      • Readiness to challenge others (e.g. “I am prepared to argue with anyone who is biased towards other groups of people”)
    • Employability –
      • Knowledge (e.g. “I have a good idea about how a manager or employer thinks”)
      • Confidence (e.g. “I am good at presenting myself to a future employer”)
  • Do volunteers have more pro-social values?
    • All these differences are statistically highly significant (p<.000) even when allowing for sex, education, employment and age
    • Amount of volunteering is a much better predictor of these pro-social values than any other variables (sex, age, education, employment)
    Strongly / disagree / neutral / agree / strongly
  • Are volunteers more employable?
    • Both these differences are statistically highly significant (p<.000) even when allowing for sex, education, employment and age
    • Amount of volunteering is a much better predictor of employability than any other variables (sex, age, education, employment)
    Strongly / disagree / neutral / agree / strongly
  • Identity
    • We asked how important the following things are:
      • 1)    Your ethnic group
      • 2)    The country of which you are a citizen (if different from above)
      • 3)    Your family
      • 4)    Your group of friends
      • 5)    Your religion
      • 6)    The European continent
      • 7)    The European Union
    • Surprisingly, these are all strongly related to one another.
      • So e.g. young people who identify strongly with their ethnic group also tend to identify with Europe.
    • However they are NOT related to amount of volunteering
  • Summary
    • Main findings
      • Very high youth unemployment: About 3/4 of the 19-24 age group do no paid work at all
      • About 86% have never volunteered
      • The group doing most volunteering is young men aged 19-24
      • Young people in BiH do many different kinds of voluntary work, nearly always near where they live
      • About 10-30% of young people who can be considered „potential volunteers“
      • Volunteers are more employable
      • Volunteers have more pro-social values