2. How multiple social systems inﬂuence each other. Large and small groups exists. Society. Countries. Organizations. Teams. Our decisions about our identity make or break groups. But dominant associations in society inﬂuence our choices.If a lot of people make the same choice, it inﬂuences society. Social groups adapt using identity. This is not only dependent on our current sentiments. This is also dependent on other scales of the social system.
3. Acknowledgements This presentation is the sequel to my presentation:The Adaptive Cycle In Social Systems I encourage you to read it ﬁrst. The concept of adaptive cycles on multiple scales in systems is called Panarchy and developed by C.S. Holling. For more information, visit Resilience Alliance website.
4. Multiple scales Society Organization Individual Social systems exists on multiple scales. Society, organizations, countries, teams. Large and small.The individual is smallest element of a system.
5. Adaptive cycles on multiple scales Society Organization Individual On all scales social systems have adaptive cycles. Lower scales are faster than higher scales. Even an individual has a cycle in his search for identity.
6. Summary previous presentation:How groups adapt using identity Bill Wine Aﬁcionado George Some groups our more resilient then others.Some groups become large and dominant, while others stay small. For a while. We associate ourselves with groups. Our collection of associations is our identity. Our decisions about our identity make or break groups. This is largely dependent on our current sentiments.
7. Groups - adaptive cycle Positive sentiments Negative sentiments CheeseHomogeneous Aﬁcionado groups Wine Aﬁcionado Compliant groups Open and Wine Aﬁcionado Beer Closed and collapsing balanced Aﬁcionado Diverse groups Wine Beer Beer Deviant groups Aﬁcionado Aﬁcionado Open and Aﬁcionado Closed, small, multiple attracting Summary previous presentation.
8. Smallest element Individual The individual is smallest element of a system.It has also an adaptive cycle in respect to associations. The cycle of the mind.
9. Individual Positive sentiments Negative sentiments Cheese Constructive Aﬁcionado focus and Wine Aﬁcionado Tunnel focusemphasis on one Wine Aﬁcionado on single identity Beeraspect of identity Aﬁcionado Consideringmultiple options Wine Beer Identity crisis after BeerCurious about Aﬁcionado Aﬁcionado Aﬁcionado breakdown or “self ” disappointment Search for identity
10. Interconnectedness Society Organization Individual The scales are interconnected.What happens on one scale can inﬂuence another scale.
11. Interconnectedness“Finer scales can enhance resilience of the focal system when they are allowed to change so that innovationand novelty can be introduced, in a controlled way, into the focal system. They can reduce the resilience of the focal system if they are tightly linked, such that disturbances rapidly spread from one ﬁne-scale component to the next.” (focal system is the system you are looking at) from “Assessing and managing resilience in social-ecological systems: Volume 2 supplementary notes to the practitioners workbook” by Resilience Alliance.
12. Remembering Society Organization IndividualThe higher level is “homogeneous” or “compliant” (one dominant association). This inﬂuences a lower level in “diversity”. The dominant association the lower level “chooses” is determined by the dominant on the higher level.
13. Remembering - illustration In search for a political view?The dominant view in your social surroundings inﬂuences your choice.
14. Revolt Society Organization Individual On a lower level new associations become dominant. When this happens fast, often and in larger amountsthe dominant association on higher level is challenged / eroded.
15. Revolt - illustration Critical mass. Minority views spread fast. When enough people hold this new anddifferent view, it challenges the dominant view on the higher scale.
16. How multiple social systems inﬂuence each other. Large and small groups exists. Society. Countries. Organizations. Teams. Our decisions about our identity make or break groups. But dominant associations in society inﬂuence our choices.If a lot of people make the same choice, it inﬂuences society. Social groups adapt using identity. This is not only dependent on our current sentiments. This is also dependent on other scales of the social system.
17. Thanks to dr Ali Anani for our extensive discussions. Thanks to Resilience Alliance forproviding the Panarchy concept on their website. BasDeBaar.com