Heather Hilburn – Shape East – Sustainable Innovation and Social EnterpriseTopics:- What makes a Vibrant City?- Failure of Scale - Development/Regeneration vs the LocalCommunity- Ownership is Key- Finding Catalysts - Case Studies- Enterprise & Governance Models- Next Steps- Sustainable Innovation & Social EnterpriseFrom Professional Guidance to Community Action
Catalyst Case Studies: The Viewtube on the GreenwayPartnering : Forming Strategic AlliancesTriangle of Funding partners, Capacity partners and Risk Partners all important, in the case ofthe ViewTube partners included the London Wildlife Trust, Olympic Development Agency,Thames Water, London Thames Gateway and Leaside“Discovering the Greenway”Part of London 2012 Open Weekend, 25th July2009Part of Discovering Places, aLondon 2012 Cultural Olympiadproject led by Heritage Link,in partnership with NaturalEngland & CABEProgramme & Capacity Partners:Discovering PlacesThe Architecture CrewThe Architecture FoundationThe Building ExploratoryFundamentalInst of Civil EngneersLondon Wildlife TrustLessons Learned: the private sector can comeup with elegant solutions but the business case hasto come from the community “sector”
Catalyst Case Studies: Wimpole Community FarmLessons Learned: community ledenterprise can get up and running, be selfgoverning very quickly and require littleintervention, local leaders will emergenaturally.Lessons Learned: you can trust acommunity group with your assetCase Studies: Hermitage Community MooringsLessons Learned: communities can own,operate and finance their own initiativesEnterprise and Governance ModelsA social enterprise is any for-profit or non-profit organization that applies capitalisticstrategies to achieving philanthropic goals.A social enterprise is a business with primarily social objectives whose surpluses areprincipally reinvested for that purpose in the business or in the community, rather than beingdriven by the need to maximise profit for shareholders and owners. Social enterprises tackle awide range of social and environmental issues and operate in all parts of the economy. Byusing business solutions to achieve public good, it is believed that social enterprises have adistinct and valuable role to play in helping create a strong, sustainable and socially inclusiveeconomy.A cooperative (also co-operative; often referred to as a co-op) is a business organizationowned and operated by a group of individuals for their mutual benefit. Cooperatives aredefined by the International Cooperative Alliances Statement on the Cooperative Identity asautonomous associations of persons united voluntarily to meet their common economic,social, and cultural needs and aspirations through jointly owned and democratically controlledenterprises.
A cooperative may also be defined as a business owned and controlled equally by the peoplewho use its services or by the people who work there.A community interest company (CIC) is a new type of company introduced by the UnitedKingdom government in 2005 under the Companies (Audit, Investigations and CommunityEnterprise) Act 2004, designed for social enterprises that want to use their profits and assetsfor the public good. CICs are intended to be easy to set up, with all the flexibility and certaintyof the company form, but with some special features to ensure they are working for thebenefit of the community.Social enterprises are diverse. They include local community enterprises, social firms, mutualorganisations such as co-operatives, and large-scale organisations operating nationally orinternationally. There is no single legal model for social enterprise. They include companieslimited by guarantee, industrial and provident societies, and companies limited by shares;some organisations are unincorporated associations and others are registered charities.Next Steps – GovernmentNew rights for communities:1) To express an interest in taking over Council services. Triggers a procurement process, socould result in aprivate company winning the tender instead of the community group.2) To nominate public assets as having a community value. If council proposes to sell assetson this list, therewill be a longer bid period to give community groups time to put a bid together3) Council can propose tax increases over the national guidance, but residents must vote toapprove theincrease.4) To develop neighbourhood plans (can be simple or detailed), these must be approved in alocal referendum.Planning dept will be required to provide technical assistance to communities, Govt will fundsources of adviceand help.
5) A community organisation will be able to propose any kind of development. If it issupported in a localreferendum and meets minimum criteria, no planning permission will be needed. Govt willsupport the provisionof advice to community groups wishing to build.6) Planners will have less supervision from Central Govt in formulating local plans.7) CommunityNext Steps - What is your project, who are your partners?Please contact Hollie McNishh.firstname.lastname@example.org Covent Garden | Cambridge | CB1 2HST : 01223 462606 | F: 01223 362236 | www.shape-east.org.uk