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PHILIPPINELITERATURE 1ST YEAR HIGH SCHOOL ENGLISH LESSONS
Unit IV:THE CONTEMPORARY PERIODLESSON 13 TREASURED MEMORIES Reading 1: “Tartanilla” Lesson: Onomatopeia Reading 2: “i apologize, waling-waling” Lesson: Finding Messages in Poetry Review about Free Verse
VOCABULARY LISTENING SPEAKING STUDY GRAMMAR WRITING AND RESEARCHRecognizing Cause- Reading Reading a Using PlottingWords Taken Effect Poetry Aloud Table Adjectives InformationFrom Relationship on a TableMythology by Causality The Positions and Functions of Adjectives Using A and An Correctly Comparing Adjectives Recognizing Adjective Endings Making Clear and Correct Comparisons
ONOMATOPOEIAthe use of words that imitate the sounds associatedwith the objects or actions they refer to Example: bang hiss crackle giggle
The steaks sizzled on the grill.Clap your hands a little louder.The water bubbled up from the sink.Zing, went the violin strings.The owl hooted as it sat in the tree.
Messages in poetry The idea about life that a poet writes about is called the theme or message of the poem. Example: love violence anger childhood nature sorrow
Free versea poem that has no regular rhyme or rhythm Many contemporary poets prefer to write in free verse for more freedom of expression.
Example: Nature It’s a beautiful thing We go outside and it’s right there But we do not seem to notice it With trees growing all around us Birds searing in the air
Words Taken From Mythology Many English expressions today come from Greek and Roman myths and legends.
Example: mercurial temper (apt to change moods abruptly and with little cause) herculean task (work that needs great strength and endurance)
CAUSE-EFFECT RELATIONSHIP One event is the reason another event happens. Cause - the event that happens first Effect - result; what happens due to the cause (can be an event or a change in behavior)
He’s late for work due to heavy traffic. effect cause
Cue words of the cause-effect relationship: • in order • because • that • therefore • so that • since • if - then Sometimes, there are no cue words. TIME FOR CHECKUP!
Reading poetry aloud Why? To communicate the ideas and feelings of the speaker in the poem.How:1. Emphasize key words and phrases through pitch and volume of voice.2. Vary reading pace.
3. Read slowly and loudly enough. a. Pronounce words distinctly. b. Pause only at commas, periods, and break in ideas4. Read as though you are speaking to someone.
READING A TABLETable 1: Final Medal Tally of the 22nd SEA GamesCountry Gold Silver Bronze Total 1. Determine what the tableVietnam 135 96 44 275 is about.Thailand 90 93 28 211 2. Study the headingsIndonesia 67 56 34 157 at the top of each column.Philippines 22 45 77 144Malaysia 16 53 70 139 3. Use the headings for the rows and columns to locateSingapore 4 34 84 122 specific information.
USING ADJECTIVES An adjective is a word that describes, limits, or points out a noun.• SOME ADJECTIVES DESCRIBE. the man with a large jaw
• SOME ADJECTIVES POINT OUT. These arethis, that, these, and those. This wallet is mine.• SOME ADJECTIVES TELL HOW MANY. five months sixth column
• SOME ADJECTIVES ARE INDEFINITE.These are many, some, any, other, few, andeither. many teachers• THE ARTICLES A, AN, AND THE AREADJECTIVES. a ball
• PROPER ADJECTIVES ARE DERIVEDFROM PROPER NOUNS. Filipino citizen• COMMON NOUNS ARE SOMETIMESUSED AS ADJECTIVES. flower garden
• SOME ADJECTIVES ARE MADE UP OFTWO OR MORE HYPHENATED WORDS(COMPOUND WORDS). happy-go-lucky students
The positions and functions of adjectives I see the green leaves on the trees. (modifier) The leaves of the tree are green. (predicate adjective) The boy painted the leaves green. (objective complement)
Using a and an correctly•Use a before consonant sounds (not letters) a hotel a university•Use an before vowel sounds (again, not letters) an hour an honest man
Comparing adjectives Comparative Adjectives compare two objects. Superlative Adjectives are used in a comparison of three or more objects.
Positive What to do Comparative Superlative short add –er/-est + shorter than the shortest than/the rich add –er/-est + richer than the richest than/the cute add –r/-st + cuter than the cutest(ending in e) than/the sleepy change y to i sleepier than the(ending in y) before adding sleepiest –er/-est + than/the
Some adjectives of two syllablesand all of three or more syllablesare compared by using more orless for the comparative degree,and most or least for thesuperlative degree.
Positive Comparative Superlativebeautiful more beautiful most beautifulfrequent less frequent least frequentsudden more sudden most sudden
Irregular Adjectives – no specific rule in forming thecomparative and superlative degrees Positive Comparative Superlative good better best much more most far farther farthest further furthest
Some adjectives thatcannot be compared: absolute perfect correct round complete square equal supreme first unique last unanimous
Recognizing adjective endings ADJECTIVE ENDING EXAMPLE -al emotional, sentimental -an Asian, American -ant pleasant, defiant -ar polar, popular -ary visionary, cautionary -ate affectionate, fortunate -en woolen, earthen
ADJECTIVE ENDING EXAMPLE -ent confident -ish foolish -ive massive -like catlike -ly friendly -ous humorous -y dustyNote: Not all words ending in –ly are adjectives.
Making clear and correct comparisons• The qualities compared should be of the same class. Incorrect: Clara’s dress is longer than Maria. (Clara’s dress is compared to Maria) Correct: Clara’s dress is longer than Maria’s.
• Avoid double comparison. Incorrect: It was the most happiest day of my life. (happiest is already in the superlative degree, no need for most) Correct: It was the happiest day of my life.
Plotting information on a table An excellent way to display data or information in an organized fashion A table must have a title to show what it’s all about. There must be headings in the rows and columns. TIME FOR CHECKUP
Reference:Language in Literature Philippine Literature Revised Edition by Ribo and Reyeshttp://bigcsshop.hubpages.com/hub/100-Word-Examples-of-Onomatopoeiahttp://www.notredamewelland.com/school/images/clubs/Digital-Damers_Free-Verse-Poem.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.notredamewelland.com/school/clubs_Digital_Damers.htm&h=587&w=373&sz=54&tbnid=FAGjgb9QZAZt1M:&tbnh=90