Henry VIII and the Catholic Church By: Amber Ferger Rachel Zaporowski
Explain why Henry VIII broke from the Catholic Church, confiscated its lands, and executed Thomas More.
Henry VIII Thomas More
Henry VIII was the king of England from April 22 1509 to January 28 1547
He is known as the man who tore apart the Roman Catholic Church
Who was Henry VIII?
Henry VIII was a Roman Catholic.
He even wrote a best-selling book criticizing the Lutherans and defending the Catholic faith.
“ Defender of the Faith”
"Defender of the Faith"
In the Catholic Church, one was not allowed to divorce
+ = The Roman Catholic Church
When Henry wanted a divorce from Catherine of Aragon, and the pope wouldn’t let him, Henry grew angry.
So angry that he actually threatened the English Clergy and the pope’s authority of England.
After Catherine and Henry got married, Catherine gave birth to a daughter. Unfortunately, Henry wanted a son, and because Catherine was in her forties, she couldn’t supply him with one. His daughter couldn’t be a queen because Henry was only the second monarch in the Tudor dynasty and England wasn’t secure enough to be ruled by a queen yet. So in order for Henry to have an heir to the throne, he needed a son.
1. Catherine couldn’t give birth to a son
2. He had fallen in love with
Anne Boleyn, the sister of
one of his many mistresses
Why did Henry VIII want to divorce Catherine of Aragon?
A previous pope had granted Henry VIII a license to marry Catherine because she was his brothers widow. Weren't there other Catholics that got divorced without being excommunicated? Louis XII James IV's widow Margaret
When the pope says no, go to Parliament! Henry went to Parliament to see if they could give him an annulment (a divorce that is “okayed” by the church). Parliament set up a series of Acts that limited the papal power and influence in England. This brought about the English Reformation. Church NO! YES! Parliament
Henry got divorced! Legally, too.
He married Anne Boleyn, and she became queen.
Pope excommunicated Henry
What happened after Parliament set up the acts?
What happened to Henry after he was excommunicated? *Parliament and Henry together agreed to break from the Catholic Church. *England was governed by the king, and that he had authority over everyone. *Excommunications from Rome were not valid.
Act of Supremacy Stated that the king was the supreme head of the Church of England (which was now Protestant) So, Henry granted himself power over all of the English Church. =
Unfortunately, all the monastic* lands were broken up and sold off (Dissolution of Monasteries)
What happened to all the religious land? *characteristic of monks or nuns, their manner of life, or their religious obligations
Who did the people pledge loyalty to? This is where Thomas Moore comes in. People had to choose who they would choose their allegiance to- the Catholic Pope, or the Protestant Church of England. ? ?
He became King Henry’s personal secretary.
Who was Thomas More?
More had come to believe that the rise of Protestantism was a threat to social and political order in Christian Europe; he supported Catholicism.
I’m Catholic, not Protestant!
The king began to lose trust of More when he did not sign a letter requesting the pope to declare Henry and Catherine's marriage to be annulled
Wait, if More was Henry's assistant, then why did Henry execute him?
Yes, More resigned on May 16, 1532, the day after Henry VIII had taken away the freedom of the Church from the Parliament, a freedom that had always been a part of English law.
If they both had different ideas, did More leave?
In 1533, the Act of Restraint of Appeals cut judicial ties between England and Rome.
He refused to attend the coronation of Anne Boleyn in June 1533; seen as a snub.
In 1534, More was one accused of involvement with Elizabeth Barton, a nun who opposed Henry's separation with Rome.
The Act of Supremacy established the king as the superior figure of the Church of England. To deny the authority was considered treasonous.
More was found guilty of treason for his refusal to affirm the king's supremacy and then beheaded on July 6, 1535.