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Unit C Computer Software
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Unit C Computer Software

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  • 1. Computer Concepts – Illustrated 8 th  edition Unit C: Computer Software
  • 2. Objectives
    • Introduce computer software
    • Introduce operating systems
    • Compare operating systems
    • Define office productivity software
    • Define graphics software
    Computer Concepts – Illustrated 8th Edition Computer Concepts – Illustrated 8th Edition
  • 3. Objectives (continued)
    • Define entertainment and education software
    • Define business and science software
    • Understand utilities
    • Understand licenses and copyrights
    • Install and uninstall software
    Computer Concepts – Illustrated 8th Edition Computer Concepts – Illustrated 8th Edition
  • 4. Introducing Computer Software
    • Software or computer programs
      • Files that provide a computer with instructions and data for carrying out a task
    • Two categories of software:
      • System software : designed for computer-specific tasks
      • Application software : helps you carry out tasks using a computer
        • Productivity software
        • Groupware
    Computer Concepts – Illustrated 8th Edition Computer Concepts – Illustrated 8th Edition
  • 5. Computer Concepts – Illustrated 8th Edition Computer Concepts – Illustrated 8th Edition Figure C-1: Software categories
  • 6. Introducing Operating Systems
    • Operating system (OS)
      • Manages a computer’s resources by interacting with software and hardware
        • Computer resources: CPU, RAM, storage space, peripherals, etc.
    • Boot process : started when computer is turned on
      • Loads the operating system
    • Task Manager
      • Displays a list of processes that are being executed by the processor
    Computer Concepts – Illustrated 8th Edition
  • 7. Introducing Operating Systems (continued) Computer Concepts – Illustrated 8th Edition Table C-2: Ways you use an operating system
  • 8. Comparing Operating Systems
    • Three main operating systems for personal computers: Windows , Mac OS , Linux
      • Windows: developed by Microsoft
        • Windows 7: latest version of Windows
      • Mac OS: used on Apple Macintosh computers
        • Mac OS X (Snow Leopard): latest version
      • Linux: developed by Linus Torvalds
        • Available as a free download
    • You can run Windows OS on a Mac computer if you have an Intel Mac
    Computer Concepts – Illustrated 8th Edition
  • 9. Computer Concepts – Illustrated 8th Edition Figure C-5: The Windows 7 GUI
  • 10. Computer Concepts – Illustrated 8th Edition Figure C-7: Mac OS X GUI
  • 11. Computer Concepts – Illustrated 8th Edition Figure C-9: Linux operating system with Ubuntu graphical desktop
  • 12. Defining Office Productivity Software
    • Office productivity software
      • Integrates word processing, spreadsheet, database, drawing, presentation capabilities
    • Word processing software
      • Used to produce documents
      • Microsoft Word, OpenOffice Writer
    • Spreadsheet software
      • For projects with repetitive calculations
      • Microsoft Excel, OpenOffice Calc
      • Worksheet : a grid of columns and rows
    Computer Concepts – Illustrated 8th Edition
  • 13. Defining Office Productivity Software (continued)
    • Database software
      • Provides tools needed to create a database
      • Database
        • A collection of data that is stored electronically as a series of records in tables
      • Microsoft Access, OpenOffice Base
    • Presentation software
      • Provides all the tools needed to make a series of electronic slides
      • Microsoft PowerPoint, OpenOffice Impress
    Computer Concepts – Illustrated 8th Edition
  • 14. Computer Concepts – Illustrated 8th Edition Figure C-13: A slide in a presentation
  • 15. Defining Graphics Software
    • Graphics
      • Picture, drawing, sketch, photograph, image, or icon on screen or printed output
    • Graphics software
      • Helps you create, display, modify, manipulate, and print graphics
    • Paint software
      • Used to create sophisticated images
    Computer Concepts – Illustrated 8th Edition
  • 16. Defining Graphics Software (continued)
    • Drawing software
      • Provides tools to create simple images
    • Photo editing software
      • Includes features that help you improve the quality of photos
    • Clip art : collection of graphic images
    • 3D graphics software
      • Provides a set of tools for creating wire-frame models that represent three-dimensional objects
    Computer Concepts – Illustrated 8th Edition
  • 17. Computer Concepts – Illustrated 8th Edition Figure C-15: Photo editing software
  • 18. Defining Entertainment and Education Software
    • Computer games
      • Entertainment Software Rating Board (ESRB) ratings
    • Music CDs
      • Can be created using a CD ripper software
    • MP3 player and MP3 files
      • Convert music from other formats into a format for digital music players
      • Save a file as an MP3 file
    Computer Concepts – Illustrated 8th Edition
  • 19. Defining Entertainment and Education Software (continued)
    • Audio editing software
      • Used to make digital voice and music recordings
    • To edit video and create DVDs:
      • Video editing software
      • DVD authoring software
    • Educational software
      • Used to learn and practice new skills
    Computer Concepts – Illustrated 8th Edition
  • 20. Computer Concepts – Illustrated 8th Edition Figure C-19: Burning an audio CD
  • 21. Defining Business and Science Software
    • Project management software
      • An important tool for planning and managing large or small projects
    • Accounting software and finance software
      • Used to keep a record of monetary transactions and investments
    • Mathematical modeling software
      • Provides tools for solving a wide range of math, science, and engineering problems
    Computer Concepts – Illustrated 8th Edition
  • 22. Computer Concepts – Illustrated 8th Edition Figure C-22: Project management software
  • 23. Defining Business and Science Software (continued)
    • Statistical software
      • Used to analyze large sets of data in order to discover relationships and patterns
    • Internet software solutions
      • Can be used directly from the Internet
    • Software suite
      • A collection of application software sold as a single package
    Computer Concepts – Illustrated 8th Edition
  • 24. Understanding Utilities
    • Utility software (or utilities)
      • A type of system software, designed to perform a specialized task
      • Many utilities come with operating system
        • Some of these run in the background
      • Third-party utilities
      • Compression utility
      • Security utilities
      • Document reader utility
      • Device driver
      • Desktop widget
    Computer Concepts – Illustrated 8th Edition
  • 25. Computer Concepts – Illustrated 8th Edition Figure C-29: Desktop widgets
  • 26. Understanding Licenses and Copyrights
    • Software license or license agreement
      • Legal contract that defines the ways in which you may use a computer program
    • Categories of software:
      • Public domain software
      • Proprietary software
    • EULA (end-user license agreement)
      • Displayed on the screen during installation
    • Shrink-wrap license : goes into effect as soon as you open the packaging
    Computer Concepts – Illustrated 8th Edition
  • 27. Understanding Licenses and Copyrights (continued)
    • Types of software licenses:
      • Single-user license
      • Site license
      • Multiple-user license
      • Concurrent-use license
    • In most countries, computer software is protected by copyright
    • Intellectual property
      • Ownership of certain types of information, ideas, or representations
    Computer Concepts – Illustrated 8th Edition
  • 28. Installing and Uninstalling Software
    • Before installing software, check its system requirements
    • Installation process
      • Setup program guides you through the installation process
    • Activation
      • Required by many software publishers
    • Updates: patches, service packs, and software upgrades
    • Uninstall program: to remove software
    Computer Concepts – Illustrated 8th Edition
  • 29. Talking Points: What Are the Consequences of Software Piracy?
    • Software piracy is easy to do but illegal
    • Software piracy takes many forms
      • Counterfeiting
        • Large-scale illegal duplication of software and sometimes even its packaging
      • Internet piracy
        • Uses the Web to distribute unauthorized software illegally
      • Software piracy
        • Has a negative effect on the economy
        • Negatively affects customer service
    Computer Concepts – Illustrated 8th Edition
  • 30. Summary
    • This chapter introduced:
      • System software and application software
      • Types of software available for creating and editing graphics, video, and music
      • Types of software used for education and reference, entertainment, and business
      • Utility software
      • Software copyrights and licenses
      • Installing software and uninstalling software
    Computer Concepts – Illustrated 8th Edition Computer Concepts – Illustrated 8th Edition