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  • (p. 13) Political power is getting people to do what you want them to do. It is not finite or rational.(p.13) U.S. Politics, Comparative Politics, International Relations, Constitutional Law, Public Policy, Political Theory
  • Comteanpositivism was an optimistic philosophy, holding that as we accumulate valid data by means of scientific observation—without speculation or intuition—we will perfect a science of society and with it improve societyBehavioralists: Behavioral studies were especially good in examining the “social bases” of politics, the attitudes and values of average citizens (voting behavior)Rational-choice theorists argue that one can generally predict political behavior by knowing the interests of the actors involved, because they rationally choose to maximize their interests
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    • 1. Unit 5: Midterm Review
    • 2. Important Notes
      Midterm Exam
      50 questions drawn from Units 1-4
      You will have 3 hours to take the exam, but you only have 1 chance.
      You must complete the exam by Tuesday, July 12th.
      You cannot make-up the exam.
      General Points
      Study the vocabulary words
      Review the Power Points for each unit.
    • 3. Unit 1
      What is meant by all things being political?
      Is it the “master” science as suggested by Aristotle?
      What is political power?
      What conditions are determined by who has political power?
      What subfields are contained within political science?
      What do each contribute to the study?
    • 4. Unit 1
      The SCIENCE of Political Science
      What is required for scholarship?
      Reason, Balance, Evidence, and Theory
      Process of studying politics:
      Development of hypothesis
      Collection of data (quantified v. qualitative)
      Empirical evaluation
      Development of theories
      Retesting and alterations of theory
    • 5. Unit 2
      What is theory?
      Who was the father of political theory? What did he argue?
      What is contractual theory?
      Who developed this theory?
      What are natural rights?
      What obligations do citizens and government have to one another?
      Where do we see this theory reflected in the American system?
      Be sure to know what Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau added to this general body of theory.
    • 6. Unit 2
      Classical Theories: Marx
      Nothing happens by accident, everything has a cause!
      What is Marx’s basic theory?
      Focus on Institutions
      Constitutions were fundamental to this process to determine how institutions were supposed to act
      Contemporary Theories
      What is positivism and how does it influence the study of political science?
      Rational Choice
    • 7. Unit 2
      What is ideology?
      Classical Theories
      Liberalism: Smith
      Government intervention in the economy retards growth and development
      Which modern ideology reflects Smith’s views?
      Classicalism: Burke
      Agreed with Smith that free markets were best
      Opposed liberalism, believing they placed too much faith in human reason
      He argued that humans were irrational and must be held in check by strong social instititutions
    • 8. Unit 2
      Modern Theories
      Modern Liberalism
      Free markets take away freedom
      Focus on positive rights
      Modern Conservatism
      Limited intervention in the economy
      Strong social institutions such as religion
      Other theories?
      Communism and Post-Communism
    • 9. Unit 3
      What is meant by an effective, weak or failed state?
      Be sure you know what characteristics define each.
      Examples of each type of state.
      What types of government exist?
      Rule By One: Monarchy/Tyranny
      Rule By Few: Aristocracy/Oligarchy
      Rule By Many: Policy/Democracy
      What is a constitution?
      What is contained within a constitution?
      What is the notion of constitutionalism?
    • 10. Unit 3
      Electoral Systems: Single-Member v. Proportional
      What are the fundamental differences between these two systems?
      What are the benefits and drawbacks of each system?
      What is a FPTP system and how does it influence electoral outcomes?
    • 11. Unit 4
      Parliamentary v. Presidential: Power Structures
      Organization of Executive Brach
      Arrangement between legislature and executive
      Role of parties
      Checks and Balances/Separation of Powers
      Defining Characteristics
      Split-ticket voting
      Gridlock v. Deadlock
      Accountability (the Vote of Confidence)
      Party Voting