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Transcript

  • 1. PO 101: Intro to Political Science
    Unit 7: Public Opinion, Political Parties, and Participation
  • 2. Administrative Matters…
    Unit 8 (Runs today through July 12)
    Discussion Board (2 THREADS!!!)
    KEYNES/HAYEKand INTERVENTION
    Seminar 2 Tomorrow Night
    UNIT 6 AND 7 QUIZZES – TONIGHT AND FRIDAY!!!
    UNIT 8 QUIZ - 30 QUESTIONS – 60 MINUTES
    Chapter 16
    Questions from you folks?
  • 3. Remember This…The Political Process
    Public Opinion
    Political Parties Interest Groups
    Why Aggregate Interests?
  • 4. Interest Groups
    S
  • 5. What are Interest Groups?
    An interest group is a group of people that organizes to be heard and influence government programs and policies.
  • 6. TYPES OF INTERST GROUPS - Public vs. Private
    Classification based on the “GOALS” that the group pursues…Do they pursue ends for EVERYONE or MEMBERS ONLY?
  • 7. What Makes an Interest Group Powerful?
    1. Resources, Resources, Resources
    2. Size
    3. Leadership
    4. Cohesiveness
    The most effective groups like the NRA and AARP have all of these.
  • 8. Power 25
  • 9. Interest Group Strategies
    Interest Groups have very different strategies from Political Parties:
    ACCESS – Ability to have face to face contact with a decision maker.
    What does it take to gain ACCESS?
    Lobbying, Lawsuits, Amicus CuraeBriefs, Grassroots (Astro Turf)
  • 10. Political Parties
    Parties are quite different from Interest Groups!
    GOALS are the SAME!
    Strategies and Scope DIFFERENT
    Parties are:
    Inclusive
    Broad
  • 11. Parties and Democracy
    Many political scientists believe that parties are essential to democracy, serving as the main instrument of popular sovereignty and majority rule. What parties DO makes our democracy work.
    • Keeping officials responsive – Compete in Elections
    • 12. Including a broad range of groups – Winning Majorities
    • 13. Stimulating political interest – Mobilizing Voters
    • 14. Ensuring accountability – Knowing who is Responsible
    • 15. Make Sense of Complexity in Politics – Party Labels
    • 16. Making government work – Encourage Cooperation
  • The Case for Strong Parties
    Partisanship is not America’s political problem; instead, our parties are not strong enough to function effectively.
    STRONG parties promote CHOICE!
    Parties are the principle organizations that…
    1. Recruit Candidates for public office (Choice)
    2. Organize and Run Competitive Elections (Choice)
    3. Present Alternative Policies to the Electorate (Choice)
    4. Accept Responsibility for Operating the Gov.
    5. Act as the Organized Opposition to the Party in Power (Choice)
  • 17. Political Parties
    Simplifying Choices for Voters
    Voters are pretty Dumb! (Rationally Ignorant)
    Clear and Consistent policy positions taken by parties offer valuable information about candidates and cues on policy issues.
    Once voters know which party usually represents their interests, the party label can be a very useful shortcut.