Chapter 8 - Participation and Voting

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  • 1. Participation and Voting Chapter 8
  • 2. Clicker QuestionAre you here? a. Yes b. No
  • 3. Clicker QuestionDo you believe it is right to participate in a political protest if you are dissatisfied with the policies of our government? a. Yes b. No
  • 4. Clicker QuestionHave you participated in a political protest because you were dissatisfied with the policies of our government? a. Yes b. No
  • 5. Clicker QuestionDo you believe it is a problem that citizens with lower incomes and less education are significantly less likely to participate in politics? a. Yes b. No
  • 6. Clicker QuestionDo you think the policies enacted by our elected representatives would be different if EVERYONE voted? a. Yes b. No
  • 7. Clicker QuestionThe Constitution was amended to allow women the right to vote in all public elections in: a. 1870 b. 1885 c. 1920 d. 1948
  • 8. Clicker QuestionDo you support women’s suffrage? a. YES b. NO
  • 9. Key TermsSuffrage – The right to vote. USAGE: Women were extended suffrage in _____.Franchise – ALSO, the right to vote…or the group of people who have the right to vote. USAGE: In America the franchise includes all adults _____ or older.
  • 10. Political ParticipationPolitical participation refers to a wide range of activities designed to influence government.Today, voting is the typical form of participation, although political participation also includes activities like petitioning, protesting, and campaigning.
  • 11. Types of ParticipationVoting – Casting a vote, campaign contributions, sign posting, etc.Lobbying - Exerting direct pressure on elected officials.Public Relations – An effort to sway public opinion on behalf of an issue or cause.Litigation – Using the courts to seek relief or effect some type of changeProtest – Assembling crowds to confront a government or other official organization.
  • 12. Frequency of Participation
  • 13. Clicker QuestionWhat is your view of the protests in NYC and other cities focusing on economic inequalities and the roll of money in politics (Occupy Wall Street)? a. Very Favorable b. Somewhat Favorable c. Somewhat Unfavorable d. Very Unfavorable
  • 14. Clicker QuestionThe most recent expansion of the franchise in the United States took place in 1971, when the: a. Motor Voter Act was passed b. poll tax was abolished c. Supreme Court struck down white primaries d. voting age was reduced from twenty-one to eighteen
  • 15. Historical Turnout
  • 16. Clicker QuestionWhich country has higher voter turnout than the United States? a. Mexico b. Germany c. Italy d. All of the above
  • 17. % % % % % % % % % % % Argentina Voter Turnout Around the World Australia Austria Belgium Bolivia Brazil Canada Chile DenmarkDomican Republic Ecuador Finland Average = France 70% Germany Greece Iceland Ireland Italy Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands Norway Peru Portugal Spain Sweden Switzerland Thailand Turkey United Kingdom United States Venezuela
  • 18. Clicker QuestionAre you Here? a. Yes b. No
  • 19. Clicker QuestionWould you be more likely to vote if election day were a holiday? a. Yes b. No
  • 20. Clicker QuestionWould you be more likely to vote if you could vote at any polling location? a. Yes b. No
  • 21. Clicker QuestionWould you be more likely to vote if we had more parties on the ballot? a. Yes b. No
  • 22. The Calculus of Voting (Why is Turnout so HIGH?) R = pB − C + DR = the reward gained from voting in a givenelectionp = probability of vote “mattering”B = Benefit of voting--differential benefit of onecandidate winning over the otherC = Costs of voting (time/effort spent)D = citizen duty, goodwill feeling, psychological andcivic benefit of voting
  • 23. Who Does Vote?Both the decision to vote and particular voting behavior is associated with a number of demographic factors. What factors predict voting behavior? Income Education Age Race/Ethnicity Gender Strength of Partisanship
  • 24. Voting and Demographics
  • 25. Voting and Demographics
  • 26. Why is Turnout So Low?Demographics – Expansion of groups traditionally associated with low voting rates – Young, African Americans, Latinos.Barriers to Voting – Only 2/3 of eligible voters were registered during the past 3 decades. (Motor Voter 1993)Lack of Attractive Choices – Because we only have 2 parties it becomes an either/or situation.Too Much Complexity – Too much time and effort is involved in being informed because we vote on almost everything.Voter Fatigue – Americans vote far more often than people in parliamentary regimes – The only country that votes more than the US is Switzerland.Citizen Disaffection – Poor candidates and contentious or negative campaigning may have kept people away from the polling booths – Apathy, Cynicism, Alienation.
  • 27. Clicker QuestionWould you support expandingthe electorate to those betweenthe ages of 16 and 18? a. YES b. NO
  • 28. Why or Why Not?Reasons:
  • 29. Clicker QuestionReasons:-Can’t join the military; not legal adults-Not mature enough-Uneducated-May not understand the complexity - Not sophisticatedenough to make reasonable decisions-No jobs – Politics Doesn’t Affect them…-They wouldn’t vote anyway-Would vote frivolously-Not enough “at stake” – Too dependent on parents
  • 30. Clicker QuestionDo you believe thatPOOR/WORKING CLASS people aresometimes PURPOSEFULLYdisenfranchised? a. YES b. NO
  • 31. Clicker QuestionThe “Calculus of Voting” suggests thatpeople will only vote if the ___________outweigh the __________. a. Democrats, Republicans b. Issues, Laziness c. Benefits, Costs d. Costs, Benefits
  • 32. Clicker QuestionJoe walks into his voting station and the election judge asks him which partys ballot he would like to vote on today. Joe is in a)a closed primary state. b)an open primary state. c)a caucus state. d)a dictatorship.
  • 33. Types of ElectionsPrimary Election – Elections held to select a party’s candidate for the general election.OPEN primary – A primary election in which the voter can wait until the day of the primary to choose which party to enroll in to select candidates for the general election.CLOSED primary – A primary election in which voters can only participate in the nomination of candidates if they are formally enrolled as a member of that party for a period of time prior to the primary day.
  • 34. Clicker QuestionDo you believe that OPENPRIMARIES are FAIR? a. YES b. NO