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04 - Interest Groups
04 - Interest Groups
04 - Interest Groups
04 - Interest Groups
04 - Interest Groups
04 - Interest Groups
04 - Interest Groups
04 - Interest Groups
04 - Interest Groups
04 - Interest Groups
04 - Interest Groups
04 - Interest Groups
04 - Interest Groups
04 - Interest Groups
04 - Interest Groups
04 - Interest Groups
04 - Interest Groups
04 - Interest Groups
04 - Interest Groups
04 - Interest Groups
04 - Interest Groups
04 - Interest Groups
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04 - Interest Groups

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  • 1. Clicker Question<br />Do you currently have political INTERESTS?<br />A. Yes<br />B. No<br />
  • 2. Clicker Question<br />Are you currently a member of an INTEREST group?<br />A. Yes<br />B. No<br />
  • 3. Interest Groups<br />CHAPTER 11 – INTEREST GROUPS<br />S<br />
  • 4. What is an Interest Group?<br />An interest group is a group of people that organizes to be heard and influence government programs and policies. <br />More narrow in focus (exclusive) than political parties – involve themselves in policies not personnel.<br />
  • 5. Clicker Question<br />Do you agree or disagree that political interest groups are good for American democracy? <br /> a. Strongly agree<br /> b. Agree<br /> c. Disagree<br /> d. Strongly disagree <br />
  • 6. Interest Groups and Democracy<br />Interest groups represent the interests of their members, encourage political participation, enhance democracy, educate and mobilize voters, lobby, and monitor governmental activity. <br />However, not all interests are represented equally; their politics can sometimes work to the advantage and disadvantage of others. <br />Pluralism – The theory that all interests ARE and SHOULD be free to compete for influence in the government.<br />
  • 7. Types of Interest Groups<br />Business and Agricultural – Economic Sectors, Large Corporations, Chamber of Commerce, Farm Bureau Federation… <br />Labor – AFL-CIO, United Mine Workers, National Education Association, Teamsters…<br />Professional Associations – AMA, ADA, ABA, American Bankers Association…<br />Public Interests – Sierra Club, Common Cause, ACLU, NRA<br />Ideological Groups – People for American Way, Christian Coalition, Tea Party Patriots<br />Public-Sector Groups – National League of Cities, Brookings Institution, CATO Institute, universities, <br />
  • 8. Clicker Question<br />Would you join an Interest Group focusing on the right of Undergraduates? <br /> a. YES<br /> b. NO<br />What would this group focus on?<br />
  • 9. Potential Interest Groups<br />Many public policy “interests” are not organized into “groups.” either because no one has organized them or because there is no way to organize the group.<br />Examples: Undergraduates, Tall People, Left-Handed People, The Homeless, Sex-Offenders…<br />The Elderly were a “potential interest” until AARP was founded in 1958.<br />
  • 10. Clicker Question<br />ALL “interests” present in society should be free to organize and attempt to influence the government.<br /> a. Strongly agree<br /> b. Agree<br /> c. Disagree<br /> d. Strongly disagree <br />
  • 11. Clicker Question<br />Sex-Offenders should have the right to organize and influence the government? <br /> a. Strongly agree<br /> b. Agree<br /> c. Disagree<br /> d. Strongly disagree <br />
  • 12. Overcoming Free-Riding<br />So, how do you get people (with common interests) to organize into a group?<br />ANSWER: Give’em Stuff!<br />Selective Benefits<br />1. Informational – GPSA, Journal of Politics<br />2. Material – National Geographic Magazine, AAA<br />3. Solidary – People like me…<br />4. Purposive - GreenPeace<br />
  • 13.
  • 14. Who Joins?<br />Interest group membership is not random!<br /> People with higher incomes, higher education levels, and management or professional occupations are more likely to be group members than those in lower socioeconomic levels. <br />
  • 15.
  • 16. Clicker Question<br />What does an Interest Group need MOST to be powerful?<br />A. Money<br />B. Good Selective Incentives<br />C. A large membership<br />D. A clear message<br />
  • 17. What Makes an Interest Group Powerful? <br />1. Resources, Resources, Resources<br /> 2. Size<br /> 3. Leadership<br /> 4. Cohesiveness<br />The most effective groups like the NRA and AARP have all of these.<br />
  • 18.
  • 19. Clicker Question<br />In grassroots mobilization, interest groups:<br />A. deal directly with just junior members of Congress <br />B. file suits in state and local courts <br />C. deal directly with lower-level bureaucrats <br />D. attempt to involve the general citizenry and voters <br />
  • 20. Interest Group Strategies<br />Sometimes we classify the strategies of interest groups as INSIDER or OUTSIDER – the key difference is ACCESS.<br />Lobbying (Access) - INSIDER<br />Using The Courts - BOTH<br />Mobilizing Public Opinion - BOTH<br />Using Electoral Politics - BOTH<br />
  • 21. Interest Groups use both DIRECT and INDIRECT strategies to influence elected officials.<br />
  • 22. Clicker Question<br />Do you believe former members of Congress should or should not be allowed to lobby their former colleagues? <br /> A. Allow former members of Congress to lobby<br /> B. Do not allow former members of Congress to lobby <br />

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